Debut

~ Release group by Björk

Annotation

The initial CD was released with 11 tracks (standard and limited) in July 1993. Later in November a 12-track edition (with "Play Dead" as a bonus track) was released in multiple variations of pressings, most sharing cat# and barcode. They need to be separated using a combination of information found on the back, in the booklet and on the CD to identify a particular release. Additionally a 1-minute silent pre-gap to the bonus track 12 "Play Dead" (causing a track 11 duration of 4:32) was added to some versions without any visible difference in artwork.

How to distinguish releases:

tplp 31 cdx / 5016958020620

Identifiers:
Silence: One minute silence after "The Anchor Song" (track 11 approx. 4:32 / on some later versions a reduced silence of 10 seconds was appended)
Sample credit: Booklet page 11, last credit (after 'The Young Americans'): "1: Features samples from "Going Down" by Antonio Carlos Jobim, courtesy of..."
Made in England: The text "Made in England" is printed on the disc label

Known releases with associated matrix codes:

  • PDO version 1: Silence: NO, Sample credit: NO, Made in England: YES --> MAYKING RECORDS TPLP31CDX 10266901 01 %
  • PDO version 2: Silence: YES, Sample credit: NO, Made in England: YES --> MAYKING RECORDS TPLP31CDX 10268181 02 &
  • PDO version 3: Silence: YES, Sample credit: YES, Made in England: YES --> MAYKING RECORDS TPLP31CDX 10268181 02 &

All PDO versions were most likely already part of the initial release.

  • Mayking version 1: Silence: ???, Sample credit: YES, Made in England: YES --> TPLP31CDX :· MASTERED BY MAYKING (mirrored)
  • Mayking version 2: Silence: ???, Sample credit: YES, Made in England: NO --> TPLP31CDX :· MASTERED BY MAYKING (mirrored)
  • DOCdata version 1: Silence: ???, Sample credit: YES, Made in England: YES --> TPLP31CDX :: MASTERED BY DOCDATA IFPI LA31
  • DOCdata version 2: Silence: ???, Sample credit: YES, Made in England: NO --> TPLP31CDX :: MASTERED BY DOCDATA IFPI LA31
  • Telford version 1: Silence: 10s, Sample credit: YES, Made in England: NO --> OLI TPLP31CDX (mastering SID: IFPI LP76)
  • Telford version 2: Silence: ???, Sample credit: ???, Made in England: NO --> Sound Performance 020 8691 2121 OLI TPLP31CDX (mastering SID: IFPI L???)

All Mayking/DOCdata versions were glass mastered at the same plant (in London), but pressed at two different plants (at least), causing different imprints on the disc label. However, depending on the presence/absence of a silent pre-gap, both versions 1 and/or both versions 2 may be the same release on MusicBrainz. Both "Telford" versions (made in Telford) are only sparsely documented and may even be identical.

  • MPO version: Silence: ???, Sample credit: YES, Made in England: NO --> TPLP CD 31 X 03 @@@ 1 (on disc: Made in France)

The MPO version is only sparsely documented and details may be incorrect.

  • Sony version: Silence: NO, Sample credit: YES, Made in England: ??? --> OLI TPLP31CDX 01 or OLI TPLP31CDX 02 (mastering SID: IFPI LY34)

521 323-2 / 731452132321 (European releases)

Identifiers:
Silence: One minute silence after "The Anchor Song" (track 11 approx. 4:32)
Sample credit: Booklet page 11, last credit (after 'The Young Americans'): "1: Features samples from "Going Down" by Antonio Carlos Jobim, courtesy of..." (also includes "Made in England" below credits)
On back: Label M (Mother Records logo) or M+I (Mother Records + Island logo) / Label code 0309 or 0407 / Rights society BIEM STEMRA, BIEM MCPS or white box (instead of rights society) / Price code BA 900 or (in a white box) UN 899
On CD: Label M (Mother Records logo) or M+I (Mother Records + Island logo) / Label code 0309 or 0407 / Rights society BIEM STEMRA or BIEM MCPS

Known releases with associated matrix codes:

  • PMDC Germany version 1: Silence: YES, Sample credit: NO, on back: M / 0309 / STEMRA / BA 900, on CD: M / 0309 / STEMRA --> 521 323-2 02 > (stamped: MADE IN GERMANY BY PMDC)
  • PMDC Germany version 2: Silence: YES, Sample credit: YES, on back: M / 0309 / STEMRA / BA 900, on CD: M / 0309 / STEMRA --> 521 323-2 02 > (stamped: MADE IN GERMANY BY PMDC)
  • PMDC Germany version 3: Silence: YES, Sample credit: YES, on back: M / 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: M / 0309 / MCPS --> 521 323-2 02 > (stamped: MADE IN GERMANY BY PMDC or MADE IN GERMANY BY UNIVERSAL M & L)
  • PMDC Germany/UK pressing: Silence: YES, Sample credit: YES, on back: M / 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: M / 0309 / MCPS --> 521 323-2 02 > (stamped: MADE IN UK BY PMDC or MADE IN THE UK BY UNIVERSAL M & L)
  • EDC Germany version: Silence: ???, Sample credit: YES, on back: M / 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: M / 0309 / MCPS --> <4x Universal logo> 07314 521 323-2 03 * 50979141 (stamped: Made in Germany by EDC / mastering SID: IFPI LV26)
  • PMDC UK version 1: Silence: NO, Sample credit: YES, on back: M / 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: M / 0309 / MCPS --> 5213232 01 6 (stamped: MADE IN THE UK BY PMDC or (repressed) ...BY UNIVERSAL M & L or ...BY DISCTRONICS / mastering SID: IFPI L136)
  • PMDC UK version 2: Silence: NO, Sample credit: YES, on back: M / 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: M / 0309 / STEMRA --> 5213232 01 6 (stamped: MADE IN THE UK BY UNIVERSAL M & L / mastering SID: IFPI L136)
  • EDC Blackburn version: Silence: NO, Sample credit: YES, on back: M / 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: M / 0309 / MCPS --> 5213232 03 <4x Universal logo> (stamped: MADE IN THE UK / mastering SID: IFPI L135)
  • PMDC France version 1: Silence: NO, Sample credit: NO, on back: M+I / 0407 / STEMRA / BA 900, on CD: M+I / 0407 / STEMRA --> 521 323-2 00 L7 (no company credit stamped in matrix / on CD: Made in France by PMDC / on back: 'distribution PolyGram' logo)
  • PMDC France version 2: Silence: NO, Sample credit: NO, on back: M+I / 0407 / MCPS / BA 900, on CD: M+I / 0407 / MCPS --> 521 323-2 00 L7 (stamped: Made in France by Universal M&L / on CD: Made in France by PMDC / on back: 'distribution PolyGram' logo)
  • PMDC France version 3: Silence: NO, Sample credit: NO, on back: M+I / 0407 / MCPS / UN 899, on CD: M+I / 0407 / MCPS --> 521 323-2 00 L7 (stamped: Made in France by Universal M&L / on CD: Made in France by PMDC / on back: 'distribution PolyGram' logo)
  • PMDC France version 4: Silence: NO, Sample credit: YES, on back: M / 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: M+I / 0407 / MCPS --> 521 323-2 00 L7 (stamped: Made in France by Universal M&L / on CD: Made in France by PMDC)
  • PMDC France version 5: Silence: NO, Sample credit: YES, on back: M / 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: M / 0309 / MCPS --> 521 323-2 00 L7 (stamped: Made in France by Universal M&L)
  • Optimal version: Silence: ???, Sample credit: NO, on back: M / 0309 / STEMRA / BA 900, on CD: M / 0309 / STEMRA --> 521 323-2 [A] 4
  • Arvato version: Silence: ???, Sample credit: YES, on back: M / 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: M / 0309 / MCPS --> <4x Universal logo> arvato 56149255/00731452132321 21 (mastering SID: IFPI LP73)

521 323-2 / 731452132321 (Australian releases)

Identifiers:
Silence: One minute silence after "The Anchor Song" (track 11 approx. 4:32)
Sample credit: Booklet page 11, last credit (after 'The Young Americans'): "1: Features samples from "Going Down" by Antonio Carlos Jobim, courtesy of..." (no marketing/manufacturing notice - versions without sample credit have "Marketed in Australasia by PolyGram" and "Made in Australia" printed below)
On back: Label M (Mother Records logo) or M+P (Mother Records + Polydor logo) / "Marketed in Australasia by PolyGram" and "Made in Australia" printed below barcode box, or in a line bottom center / Human-readable barcode with leading zero (although EAN-13 then, the scanned code is still a 12-digit UPC-A)
On CD: Label M (Mother Records logo) or M+P (Mother Records + Polydor logo) / "Marketed in Australasia by PolyGram" and "Made in Australia" printed below cat# in 3 or 4 lines, or "Marketed in Australasia by Universal" and "Made in Australia" printed in a ring at the edge of the disc / Clear "pressing ring" (or evenly black)

Known releases with associated matrix codes:

  • Disctronics B version: Silence: ???, Sample credit: NO, on back: M+P / Marketed: center line / Leading zero: NO, on CD: M / Marketed: 4 lines / Clear ring: YES --> MADE BY DISCTRONICS B ** 521323-2 ** #02 (mirrored, also known ...#03)
  • PMI Braeside version 1: Silence: NO, Sample credit: NO, on back: M+P / Marketed: center line / Leading zero: NO, on CD: M / Marketed: 4 lines / Clear ring: YES --> IFPI L281 - MADE BY PMI *521323-2* #06
  • PMI Braeside version 2: Silence: NO*, Sample credit: YES, on back: M+P / Marketed: below barcode / Leading zero: YES, on CD: M+P / Marketed: Universal / Clear ring: YES --> IFPI L281 - MADE BY PMI. * 521323-2 * #08
  • SSD Sydney version: Silence: NO*, Sample credit: YES, on back: M+P / Marketed: below barcode / Leading zero: YES, on CD: M+P / Marketed: Universal / Clear ring: YES --> SSD 521323-2 (mastering SID: IFPI LD71)
  • Sony DADC version: Silence: NO, Sample credit: YES, on back: M+P / Marketed: below barcode / Leading zero: YES, on CD: M+P / Marketed: Universal / Clear ring: NO --> <Universal logo> ANZ 5213232 A0000074385X0101 12 (mastering SID: IFPI LV87)
  • SMA Waterloo version: Silence: ???, Sample credit: ???, on back: M+P / Marketed: center line / Leading zero: NO, on CD: M / Marketed: 3 lines / Clear ring: YES --> 521 3232 SMA 20173 (mastering SID: IFPI L480)

NO* = unconfirmed, but very unlikely with silence

521 323-2 / 731452132321 (Other releases)

Known releases by release country with associated matrix codes (if available):
Israel:

  • ABCD version 1: Silence: YES, Sample credit: YES, Label: Mother Records + helicon, on back: LC 0309 / STEMRA / BA 900, on CD: LC 0309 / STEMRA --> 521 323-2 02 > (no stamped company credit, mould SID: IFPI 1U** / black tray)
  • ABCD version 2: Silence: YES, Sample credit: YES, Label: Mother Records + helicon, on back: LC 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: LC 0309 / STEMRA --> 521 323-2 02 > (no stamped company credit, mould SID: IFPI 1U** / "Cherry Series", clear tray)
  • C.D.I. version: Silence: ???, Sample credit: YES, Label: Phonokol

Mexico:

  • Millennium Fase II series: Silence: YES, Sample credit: ???, Label: Mother Records, on back: LC 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: LC 0309 / MCPS --> 521 323-2 02 > (stamped: MADE IN GERMANY, mould SID: IFPI 01** / outer sleeve with "Serie Millenium Fase II - 86" and "BJORK DEBUT")
  • Technicolor Guadalajara version: Silence: ???, Sample credit: YES, Label: Mother Records, on back: LC 0309 / white box / BA 900, on CD: LC 0309 / MCPS --> (939162) 2521323 01 0001 (mastering SID: IFPI L779, mould SID: KK**)
  • Cinram Mexico version: Silence: ???, Sample credit: YES, Label: Mother Records + Universal, on back and CD: no label code, rights society or price code --> #020225MBB 5213232 L381 CINRAM (mirrored)

Argentina:

  • EPSA version: Silence: ???, Sample credit: NO, "Björk Debut + Play Dead" on front cover, Label: Mother Records + Island + (on CD) Universal, rights society SADAIC - BIEM - AADI - CAPIF, no label code or price code --> A7M7D19/21 5213232 / UNIVERSAL EPSA IND. ARG./18873
  • Teltron version: Silence: ???, Sample credit: ???, "Björk Debut + Play Dead" on front cover, Label: Mother Records + Island + Universal --> teltron 31245-1 5213232 / 00 INDUSTRIA ARGENTINA (mastering SID: IFPI LL02, mould SID: IFPI 6C**)

Chile:

  • Universal Music Chile Ltda.: Silence: ???, Sample credit: ???, Label: Mother Records + Island, on back: LC 0407 / MCPS / BA 900, on CD: LC 0407 / MCPS --> ???

South Korea:

  • Sung Eum version 1: Silence: YES, Sample credit: YES, Label: Mother Records + (on back) PolyGram, on back: LC 0309 / STEMRA / BA 900, on CD: additional cat# DG 0649 --> 521 323-2 02 >
  • Sung Eum version 2: Silence: ???, Sample credit: YES, Label: Mother Records + Universal, on back: LC 0309 / STEMRA / BA 900 - different barcode: 8808678203950 (!!!)

Taiwan:

  • Version 1: Silence: ???, Obi, 'U.K. Attack' series
  • Version 2: Silence: ???, Obi mentions "改良版" (Improved Version), early versions with title "一個小印地安人" (One Little Indian) instead of album title, was corrected on later versions

Some other, mainly unofficial versions share the same cat# and barcode, but are clearly different in artwork.

If you own a release that isn't already on MB, don't add your disc ID to any existing release - please create a new release instead!!!

Annotation last modified on 2022-05-07 20:14 UTC.

Wikipedia

Debut is the international debut studio album by Icelandic recording artist Björk, released in July 1993 by One Little Indian and Elektra Entertainment. It was produced by Björk and Nellee Hooper. It was Björk's first recording following the dissolution of her previous band, the Sugarcubes. The album departed from the rock style of her previous work and drew from an eclectic variety of styles, including electronic pop, house music, jazz and trip hop.

Debut received critical acclaim from British music critics, though United States reviews were mixed. It exceeded sales expectations, charting at number two in Iceland, three in the United Kingdom, and 61 in the US. It was certified gold in Canada and platinum in the US, where it remains Björk's best-selling album.

Five singles were released from Debut: "Human Behaviour", "Venus as a Boy", "Play Dead", "Big Time Sensuality" and "Violently Happy". All charted in the UK, with only "Human Behaviour", "Violently Happy" and "Big Time Sensuality" charting on dance and modern rock charts in the US.

Continue reading at Wikipedia... Wikipedia content provided under the terms of the Creative Commons BY-SA license

Album

ReleaseArtistFormatTracksCountry/DateLabelCatalog#Barcode
Official
DebutBjörkCD11
  • GB1993-07-12
One Little Indian RecordsTPLP 31 CD5016958018825
DebutBjörkCD11
  • US1993-07-13
Elektra Entertainment (renamed from Elektra 1989–2004; revived as Elektra 2009-06-01)9 61468-2075596146821
DebutBjörkCD11
Mother Records519715-2731451971525
Debut (BIEM/STEMRA, no Jobim sample credit)BjörkCD12
  • XE1993-11-15
Mother Records521 323-2731452132321
DebutBjörkCD12
  • FR1993-11-15
Island (imprint of Island Records, a division of Universal Music Group), Mother Records521 323-2731452132321
Debut ("Made in England", no sample credit, track 11 is 3:32)BjörkCD12
  • GB1993-11-15
One Little Indian Recordstplp 31 cdx5016958020620
Debut ("Made in England", no sample credit, track 11 is 4:32)BjörkCD12
  • GB1993-11-15
One Little Indian Recordstplp 31 cdx5016958020620
Debut (BIEM/MCPS, white box on back, Jobim sample credit)BjörkCD12
Mother Records521 323-2731452132321
DebutBjörkCD12
  • AU1993-12-20
Mother Records, Polydor (worldwide imprint, see annotation)521 323-2731452132321
DebutBjörkCD11
Elektra Entertainment (renamed from Elektra 1989–2004; revived as Elektra 2009-06-01)CD 61468075596146821
Debut (club edition)BjörkCD11
Elektra Entertainment (renamed from Elektra 1989–2004; revived as Elektra 2009-06-01)E2 61468
Debut (limited edition)BjörkCD11
One Little Indian RecordsTPLP31 CDL5016958018924
DebutBjörkCD11
Elektra Entertainment (renamed from Elektra 1989–2004; revived as Elektra 2009-06-01), BMG Direct Marketing, Inc. (BMG company that owned their direct marketing company/club editions)9 61468-2, D 160021[none]
DebutBjörkCD13
  • JP1994-01-26
Polydor (Japanese domestic releases only!)POCP-14004988005136268
DebutBjörkCD13
  • JP2000-12-20
Polydor (worldwide imprint, see annotation)UICY-90404988005262370
DebutBjörkCD13
  • JP2001-08-18
Polydor (worldwide imprint, see annotation)UICY-32424988005281975
Debut: SurroundedBjörkDualDisc (CD side) + DualDisc (DVD-Video side)12 + 12
  • US2006-07-25
Rhino (reissue label)R2 73322081227332228
Debut: SurroundedBjörkDualDisc (CD side) + DualDisc (DVD-Video side)12 + 12
  • -2006
BMG Direct (BMG’s direct marketing company/club editions), Atlantic (Warner Music imprint), Rhino (reissue label)D168312
DebutBjörkSHM-CD13
  • JP2008-03-26
Polydor (worldwide imprint, see annotation)UICY-934414988005507174
DebutBjörk2×12" Vinyl6 + 5
  • XE2008-06-20
One Little Indian RecordsTPLP31DMM5016958097615
DebutBjörk2×12" Vinyl6 + 5
One Little Indian RecordsTPLP31H5016958041519
DebutBjörkCassette12
  • GB2019-04-26
One Little Indian RecordsTPLP31CS5016958088996
Debut (Bandcamp release)BjörkDigital Media12
  • XW2020-06-18
One Little Independent Records[none]
Debut (made by Disctronics in the UK, BIEM/MCPS)BjörkCD12Mother Records521 323-2731452132321
DebutBjörkDigital Media11
075596146869
Promotion
Debut: Adult Alternative SamplerBjörkCD3
Elektra Entertainment (renamed from Elektra 1989–2004; revived as Elektra 2009-06-01)prcd 8914-2[none]

Relationships

remixes:Björk Bitten by Black Dog
Björk Cut by the Sabres of Paradise
Björk Meets the Masters at Work
The Best Mixes From the Album – Debut for All the People Who Don’t Buy White‐Labels
associated singles/EPs:Big Time Sensuality
Human Behaviour
Venus as a Boy
Violently Happy
live performances:Debut Live
included in:(____surrounded):
Debut / Post
Discogs:https://www.discogs.com/master/34486 [info]
reviews:http://www.rollingstone.com/reviews/album/_/id/217068 [info]
other databases:http://musicmoz.org/Bands_and_Artists/B/Björk/Discography/Debut/ [info]
https://rateyourmusic.com/release/album/bjork/debut/ [info]
Allmusic:https://www.allmusic.com/album/mw0000095292 [info]
Wikidata:Q753601 [info]