Relationship types / Recording-Work / Performance


This is used to link works to their recordings.

ID: 278
Cardinality of {entity0}: Few relationships (0)
Cardinality of {entity1}: Many relationships (1)
Orderable direction: Forward (1)
UUID: a3005666-a872-32c3-ad06-98af558e99b0

Link phrases


The following attributes can be used with this relationship type:


For works that usually have instruments and vocals, this indicates that the instrumental parts are not relevant to this recording. Examples include rap tracks from hip hop songs that can be remixed and used with different beats.


Indicates that one entity is a cover of another entity.


For works that have lyrics, this indicates that those lyrics are not relevant to this recording. Examples include instrumental arrangements, or "beats" from hip-hop songs which may be reused with different lyrics.


This indicates that this is a karaoke recording of the work. This is different from an instrumental recording in that it is actively meant to sing on top of, and as such the lyrics info is still relevant. It might still contain backing vocals and other sections that would not be present in a true instrumental recording.


This indicates that the recording is of a live performance.


This indicates that the recording is of a medley, of which the work is one part.


This indicates that the recording is not of the entire work, such as excerpts from, conclusion of, etc.

start date

end date


When the dates the recording took place on are known, they should be indicated in the start/end date fields. For recordings from a live concert that starts before and finishes after midnight, you can use the starting date of the concert in both fields.

Use the "live" attribute when the performance had an audience at the time it occurred, i.e. was not prerecorded.

Do not use the "partial" attribute to link to the full work if there is a part-work that corresponds to what was recorded, just link to the part instead.

The "partial" attribute should rarely be used together with "medley", as it is already assumed that only part of the work will be used in a medley.

Use the "instrumental" attribute only for works that have lyrics, and the "a capella" attribute only for works that generally include instrument parts.

Because the lyrics are important to karaoke versions of a song (the intention is that someone would sing them over the karaoke track), karaoke versions should not be marked with the “instrumental” attribute. Use the “karaoke” attribute instead.


A Day in the Life (original stereo studio mix) by The Beatles (UK rock band, “The Fab Four”) is a recording of A Day in the Life from 1967-01-19 until 1967-02-22

All Apologies (live, 1994-02-22: Palaghiaccio di Marino, Rome, Italy) by Nirvana (1980s~1990s US grunge band) is a live recording of All Apologies on 1994-02-22

Such Great Heights by Iron & Wine is a cover recording of Such Great Heights in 2002-11

The Planets: Mars, the Bringer of War (excerpt) by Gustav Holst (composer) is a partial recording of The Planets, op. 32: I. Mars, the Bringer of War

A Day in the Life by Affinity (English jazz-rock band from 1970) is a live instrumental cover recording of A Day in the Life

FREEDOM (KARAOKE) by 東京パフォーマンスドール is a karaoke recording of FREEDOM

Demain, c’est loin (a cappella) by IAM (French rap band) is an a cappella recording of Demain, c’est loin