Capitol Records (imprint of Capitol Records, Inc.)

~ Label

Annotation

1942

Capitol Records was born out of Johnny Mercer frustration not being able to obtain satisfactory recording conditions for his work, and upon a suggestion from Glenn Wallichs.

Mercer made an initial arrangement in January 1942 with Buddy DeSylva (at that time head of production at Paramount Studios), who will agree to put in a total of $25,000 to help things start.

On February 7, Liberty Records was created. Due to the failure to obtain rights on the name, though, it was changed to Capitol Records, which was effectively created on April 9.

Later in May was held the first recording session of the new label (a Paul Whiteman session), like most of the early recordings, at C.P. MacGregor's Recording Studios (729 S. Western Avenue, Hollywood, CA, USA).

On May 21, Cow-Cow Boogie (the first gold Capitol single) is recorded by Freddie Slack.

Later on, Glenn Wallichs invent the concept of giving away promotional pre-releases to disc-jockeys - soon imitated by other companies, that move was crucial in making Capitol early success - including Cow-Cow Boogie.

On June 4, Capitol officially starts activity in a new office, 1483 Vine Street, Hollywood, CA, USA. Capitol will stay there until 1946. The first batch of employees includes (besides Mercer & Wallichs) Dave Shelly, Floyd Bittaker, and Dave Dexter, Jr. (later on famous for turning off the Beatles twice).

On June 12, Billie Holiday records with Paul Whiteman (Travelin' Light).
Soon after, the first reviews of Capitol records appears in Billboard Magazine.
On July 1, Capitol finally releases a first batch of 9 singles, numbered 101 to 109, soon the be praised and a commercial success.

On July 30, the Petrillo Ban starts, helping in the end of Big Band orchestras.

By the end of the year, Capitol made $195,000, signing Tex Ritter, Martha Tilton, Johnny Mercer, Ella Mae Morse, Freddie Slack, Margaret Whiting and Johnnie Johnston, and hiring Paul Weston as musical director.

1943-1955

1955

Bought by EMI.

Notes

Had subsidiaries: SBK, EMI America Records and EMI-Manhattan Records.
Distributed by: Capitol Records (US), Parlophone/EMI Records (UK)

Complicated history, with recent merges including with Priority Records in 2001.
Some of the back catalog reissued by Blue Note.
Also made a career out of messing records.

Annotation last modified on 2008-02-09 01:47 UTC.

Releases

Release Artist Format Tracks Date Country Catalog# Barcode
Swing Blues No.1 / Steel Guitar Rag Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys Vinyl 2 20219
I've Found a New Baby / The General Jumped at Dawn Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra Vinyl 2 101
Cow-Cow Boogie / Here You Are Freddie Slack and His Orchestra 7" Vinyl 2 102
Strip Polka / The Air-Minded Executive Johnny Mercer Vinyl 2 103
Johnny Doughboy Found a Rose in Ireland / Phil, the Fluter's Ball Dennis Day Vinyl 2 104
The Angels Cried / I'll Remember April Martha Tilton 10" Vinyl 2 105
He Wears a Pair of Silver Wings / I'm Always Chasing Rainbows Gordon Jenkins & His Orchestra Vinyl 2 106
The Elks' Parade / I Don't Know Why Bobby Sherwood & His Orchestra Vinyl 2 107
Serenade in Blue / I've Got a Gal in Kalamazoo Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra Vinyl 2 108
Windmill Under the Stars / Conchita Lopez Johnnie Johnston 10" Vinyl 2 109
Spring Will Be a Little Late This Year / Irresistable You Johnnie Johnston Vinyl 2 152
Straighten Up and Fly Right / I Can’t See for Lookin’ The King Cole Trio 10" Shellac 2 154 [none]
The King Cole Trio The King Cole Trio 4×10" Shellac 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 20009, 20010, 20011, 20012, A-8 [none]
Sweet Lorraine / Embraceable You The King Cole Trio 10" Shellac 2 20009 [none]
The Man I Love / Body and Soul The King Cole Trio 10" Shellac 2 20010 [none]
Prelude in C Sharp Minor / What Is This Thing Called Love? The King Cole Trio 10" Shellac 2 20011 [none]
It’s Only a Paper Moon / Easy Listenin’ Blues The King Cole Trio 10" Shellac 2 20012 [none]
His Rocking Horse Ran Away Betty Hutton With Paul Weston & His Orchestra 10" Shellac 2 155 [none]
Patty Cake Man / Invitation to the Blues Ella Mae Morse 10" Vinyl 2 163
Every Time We Say Goodbye / Are You Livin' Old Man? Stan Kenton and His Orchestra Vinyl 2 187
New American Jazz The Capitol Jazzmen 4×10" Vinyl 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 A-3
Mean Old World / I Got a Break, Baby T‐Bone Walker Vinyl 2 10033
Day by Day / Symphony Jo Stafford Vinyl 2 227
Propaganda Papa / Mother's Prayer Wally Fowler and His Georgia Clodhoppers 10" Shellac 2 190 [none]
What More Can a Woman Do? / You Was Right, Baby Peggy Lee 10" Vinyl 2 197
Freddie Slack’s Boogie Woogie Freddie Slack 4×10" Shellac 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 20029, 20030, 20031, 20032, BD 12 [none]
Oklahoma Hills / I'm a Brandin' My Darlin' With My Heart Jack Guthrie Vinyl 2 201
Oklahoma Hills / I'm Brandin' My Darlin' With My Heart Jack Guthrie & His Oklahomans Vinyl 2 201
You Two Timed Me One Time Too Often / Green Grow the Lilacs Tex Ritter and His Texans 10" Shellac 2 206 [none]
Waiting for the Train to Come In / I’m Glad I Waited for You Peggy Lee 10" Vinyl 2 218
The History of Jazz, Volume 1: N'Orleans Origins Various Artists Vinyl 12 T793
Divorce Me C.O.D. / Missouri Merle Travis Vinyl 2 290
(I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons / The Best Man Nat King Cole 10" Vinyl 2 304
The Christmas Song / In the Cool of Evening The King Cole Trio 10" Vinyl 2 311 [none]
Detour / I Wish I Had Never Met Sunshine Wesley Tuttle Vinyl 2 233
I Don’t Know Enough About You / I Can See It Your Way, Baby Peggy Lee 10" Vinyl 2 236
The House of Blue Lights / Hey Mr. Postman Freddie Slack With Rhythm Section and Ella Mae Morse with Don Raye 10" Shellac 2 251
Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside) / They Say It's Wonderful Andy Russell 10" Vinyl 2 252 [none]
(Get Your Kicks on) Route 66 / Everyone Is Saying Hello Again (Why Must We Say Goodbye?) The King Cole Trio 10" Shellac 2 256 [none]
Linger in My Arms a Little Longer, Baby / Baby You Can Count on Me Peggy Lee with Dave Barbour and His Orchestra 10" Vinyl 2 263
Aren't You Kind of Glad We Did? / It's All Over Now Peggy Lee with Dave Barbour and His Orchestra 10" Vinyl 2 292
He’s Just My Kind / It’s a Good Day Peggy Lee 10" Vinyl 2 322
Everything's Movin' Too Fast / It's Lovin' Time Peggy Lee with Dave Barbour and His Orchestra 10" Vinyl 2 343
King Cole Trio, Vol. 2 King Cole Trio 4×10" Shellac 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 BD-29 [none]
St. Louis Woman (1946 original Broadway cast) Harold Arlen Vinyl 10 CE 28
Temptation (Tim-Tayshun) Red Ingle & The Natural Seven 10" Shellac 2 412 [none]
Humpty Dumpty Heart / Today Hank Thompson & His Brazos Valley Boys Vinyl 2 40065
A Nightingale Can Sing the Blues / There’ll Be Some Changes Made Peggy Lee 10" Vinyl 2 15001
Too Young to Go Steady / Never Let Me Go Nat King Cole Vinyl 2 3390
Swing Low, Sweet Chariot / Speaking of Angels Peggy Lee with Dave Barbour and His Orchestra 10" Vinyl 2 375
Steel Guitar Rag / Three Times Seven Merle Travis Vinyl 2 384
Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette) / Roundup Polka Tex Williams 10" Vinyl 2 40001
Hurry On Down / The Lady’s in Love With You Nellie Lutcher & Her Rhythm Vinyl 2 40012
He's a Real Gone Guy / Let Me Love You Tonight Nellie Lutcher & Her Rhythm 10" Vinyl 2 40017
Chi-baba Chi-baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep) / Ain'tcha Ever Comin' Back Peggy Lee with Dave Barbour and His Orchestra 10" Vinyl 2 419
You're My Best Poker Hand / Long Lost Lover Blues T‐Bone Walker Vinyl 2 70023
Folk Songs of the Hills Merle Travis 4×10" Shellac 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 AD-50 [none]
King Cole Trio, Volume 3 King Cole Trio 3×10" Shellac 2 + 2 + 2 CC-59 [none]
Music Out of the Moon Harry Revel, Les Baxter & Dr. Samuel J. Hoffman Vinyl 6 EBF-2000
Don't Flirt With Me / Rock in the Ocean Hank Thompson & His Brazos Valley Boys Vinyl 2 40085
Nature Boy / Lost April Nat King Cole Vinyl 2 15054
Mary Had a Little Lamb / California Women Hank Thompson & His Brazos Valley Boys Vinyl 2 40112
A Presentation of Progressive Jazz Stan Kenton and His Orchestra 4×10" Shellac 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 CD-79 [none]
Don't Smoke in Bed / Everybody Loves Somebody Peggy Lee Vinyl 2 15151
Green Light / You Remembered Me Hank Thompson Vinyl 2 15187
Second Hand Girl / My Heart Is Jig-Saw Puzzle Hank Thompson Vinyl 2 15296
Mañana (Is Good Enough for Me) / All Dressed Up With a Broken Heart Peggy Lee with Dave Barbour and the Brazilians 10" Vinyl 2 15022
Nature Boy Nat King Cole 10" Shellac 2 15054 [none]
Bubble-loo, Bubble-loo / Why Don’t You Do Right? Peggy Lee 10" Vinyl 2 15118
Yesterday's Mail / What Are We Gonna Do About Midnight Hank Thompson Vinyl 2 15132
I Love You So Much It Hurts / I Don't Want Your Sympathy Jimmy Wakely Vinyl 2 15243
It’s a Good Day / You Was Right, Baby Peggy Lee with Dave Barbour and His Orchestra 10" Vinyl 2 15277
So Tired / Steady Daddy Kay Starr 10" Shellac 2 15314 [none]
Collectors’ Items Various Artists 4×10" Vinyl 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 AD-62
Rendezvous with Peggy Lee Peggy Lee 3×10" Vinyl 2 + 2 + 2 CC 72
Rendezvous with Peggy Lee Peggy Lee 3×7" Vinyl 2 + 2 + 2 CCF 151
Mañana (Is Good Enough for Me) / All Dressed Up With a Broken Heart Peggy Lee with Dave Barbour and the Brazilians 10" Vinyl 2 CL 13001
You Broke My Heart / I Find You Cheatin' on Me Hank Thompson Vinyl 2 15345
Baby, It's Cold Outside / I Never Heard You Say Margaret Whiting and Johnny Mercer 10" Shellac 2 57-567
Budo / Move Miles Davis 10" Shellac 2 15404 [none]
Cryin' For The Carolines / Farewell Waltz Jan Garber & His Orchestra 7" Vinyl 2 54-674 [none]
Tomorrow Night / My Front Door Is Open Hank Thompson Vinyl 2 57-40169
Grass Looks Greener Over Yonder / Soft Lips Hank Thompson Vinyl 2 57-40211
Whoa Sailor / Swing Wide Your Gate of Love Hank Thompson Vinyl 2 57-40218
Cat Has Nine Lives / Give a Little Take a Little Hank Thompson Vinyl 2 57-40264
Peg O' My Heart / Intermission Riff Stan Kenton and His Orchestra 10" Vinyl 2 CL.13191 [none]
I Still Get a Thrill / Farewell to Arms Harry Belafonte Vinyl 2 F1018
Whispering / Sometimes I Feel Like a Motherless Child Harry Belafonte Vinyl 2 F856
I Love You Because / A Link in the Chain of Broken Heart Leon Payne Vinyl 2 40238
Deck the Halls / Winter Wonderland Jan Garber & His Orchestra 7" Vinyl 2 54-90013 [none]
Who Do You Know In Heaven / The Trouble With Me Is You Nat King Cole (unknown) 2 57-680
Deep as the River / Numbers Boogie Harry Belafonte 7" Vinyl 2 57-70037
Deep as the River / Close Your Eyes Harry Belafonte 7" Vinyl 2 57-70039
How Green Was My Valley / They Didn't Believe Me Harry Belafonte Vinyl 2 57-70039
Twenty-Four Hours of Sunshine / The Wedding of Lili Marlene Gordon MacRae and The Starlighters with Paul Weston & His Orchestra 10" Shellac 2 78-101 [none]
By the Light of the Altar Candles / Whippoorwill Waltz Andy Parker and The Plainsmen 10" Shellac 2 78-102 [none]
The Crickets / More Moon Woody Herman and His Orchestra 10" Shellac 2 78-103 [none]
I Wish I Had a Wishbone / There's Yes! Yes! In Your Eyes Kay Starr with Frank DeVol and His Orchestra 10" Shellac 2 78-104 [none]
Mene Mene Teckel / Somebody Broke My Dolly The Jubalaires 10" Shellac 2 78-105 [none]
Ham'n Eggs / Cowpuncher's Waltz Tex Williams and His Western Caravan 10" Shellac 2 78-106 [none]