Style / Titles
|Status: This is an official style guideline.|
When entering a new release into MusicBrainz, the titles should be normalized by following these guidelines.
This page provides a summary of the important guidelines, please follow the links to the full guidelines when you need more information.
Album and song titles are often found in upper‐case on the back cover of CDs. For example, the album Songs of Love and Hate is written as “SONGS OF LOVE AND HATE” on the cover. This is usually the choice of a graphic designer, not the artist. So, instead of copying the title from the cover, we follow certain rules to capitalize a title. The rules are different for each language.
Please see Style/Language for more information.
Extra title information
Additional information on a release or track name that is not part of its main title, but intended to distinguish it from different releases or tracks with the same main title (such as version/remix names or live recording info), should be entered in parentheses after the main title. Featured artists should not be entered like extra title information, but as part of the artist credits. See the featured artists guideline.
Titles and subtitles of mixes/versions are formatted according to the appropriate language's guidelines; the other parts of this extra information should be in lower case except for words that would normally be capitalised in the language.
For recordings, follow the same guidelines, with the exception of live performance data. For that, follow the specific guidelines for live recordings.
- Situations Like These (album version)
- Bear Witness (Automator's 2 Turntables and a Razorblade re-edit)
If your language requires the use of title caps or other non-standard capitalization rules (e.g. English), you may need to distinguish the title part and the descriptive part of the extra title information (ETI). If the ETI contains no names or title, keep to lower case. If it contains a distinct title, use the title capitalization rules. In case the ETI is a combination of title and descriptive parts, use lower case for the descriptive part only. The latter often contains words like mix, remix, live, remaster, edit, etc.
Some cases of additional information that is not part of the title and also not intended to distinguish the track should be removed:
- "Song (bonus track)": just "Song"
- "Song (new song)": just "Song"
- "Song (The Beatles cover)": just "Song", with the recording linked to the appropriate The Beatles work with the recording of relationship (and the "cover" attribute).
Use a colon (:) to separate any subtitles. If there is an alternative dividing punctuation mark such as the question mark (?) or exclamation point (!), use that mark instead of the colon.
- Biography: The Greatest Hits
- Who Cares a Lot? Greatest Hits (already has "?")
- Greatest Hits – Live Flash (already has "–")
Multiple titles / Splits
When a release is a re-release of two or more other releases, a track includes two or more songs, or a split release has different titles for each artist, the title should be split as " Title 1 / Title 2" (space, slash, space). For otherwise unnamed split releases, use "Artist 1 / Artist 2" as the title.
The artist credit for tracks and recordings containing multiple songs by different artists, and for split releases and release groups should similarly be "Artist 1 / Artist 2".
- This Is the Modern World / All Mod Cons by The Jam (two releases in one)
- Outsider / 14:31 / 110 Mistakes by Burufunk / Global Communication / MOT (track with 3 songs)
- The Faith / Void by The Faith / Void (split release)
- But White Light/White Heat (single title with a slash - the guideline only applies for multiple titles!).
When a release or track is part of a series, separate the volume or part name from the title with a comma. If the title already ends with an alternative punctuation mark, such as a question mark (?) or an exclamation point (!), use that mark instead of the comma.
- Sonates, Vol. 3
- The Best Smooth Jazz... Ever! Vol. 4 (separated by !)
- Shine On You Crazy Diamond, Parts I–V
- Authority? Pt. 2 (separated by ?)
- The Piano Works 3 (no volume/part name, so no separator needed)
If a release includes a designation such as EP/E.P., 7", CD, LP or single as part of its title, include it in the release title. If a format designation is not explicitly part of the title, it should not be added.
- Flatline EP (EP is on the title)
- Broken (EP is just the release group type)
Performers in titles
Release and release group titles shouldn't generally contain performers unless they are clearly part of the title (either the performer includes it when mentioning the album, or the title seems "unfinished" without the performer name).
- "The Best of Tangerine Dream", not just "The Best Of" (compare with "The Best").
- "Her Majesty the Decemberists", not just "Her Majesty" (per performer usage)
- But "Plays Metallica by Four Cellos", not "Apocalyptica Plays Metallica by Four Cellos", even though the title seems unfinished, because artist intent is above guidelines.
Exceptions and edge cases
Sometimes it isn’t clear how the guidelines should be applied in a particular edge case. Currently, there are special guidelines for one edge case: