Gabriel Fauré

~ Person


Middle name: Urbain

Annotation last modified on 2010-05-14 06:02 UTC.


Gabriel Urbain Fauré (French: [ɡabʁiɛl yʁbɛ̃ fɔʁe]; 12 May 1845 – 4 November 1924) was a French composer, organist, pianist and teacher. He was one of the foremost French composers of his generation, and his musical style influenced many 20th-century composers. Among his best-known works are his Pavane, Requiem, nocturnes for piano and the songs "Après un rêve" and "Clair de lune". Although his best-known and most accessible compositions are generally his earlier ones, Fauré composed many of his most highly regarded works in his later years, in a more harmonically and melodically complex style.

Fauré was born into a cultured but not especially musical family. His talent became clear when he was a small boy. At the age of nine, he was sent to a music college in Paris, where he was trained to be a church organist and choirmaster. Among his teachers was Camille Saint-Saëns, who became a lifelong friend. After graduating from the college in 1865, Fauré earned a modest living as an organist and teacher, leaving him little time for composition. When he became successful in his middle age, holding the important posts of organist of the Église de la Madeleine and director of the Paris Conservatoire, he still lacked time for composing; he retreated to the countryside in the summer holidays to concentrate on composition. By his last years, Fauré was recognised in France as the leading French composer of his day. An unprecedented national musical tribute was held for him in Paris in 1922, headed by the president of the French Republic. Outside France, Fauré's music took decades to become widely accepted, except in Britain, where he had many admirers during his lifetime.

Fauré's music has been described as linking the end of Romanticism with the modernism of the second quarter of the 20th century. When he was born, Chopin was still composing, and by the time of Fauré's death, jazz and the atonal music of the Second Viennese School were being heard. The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, which describes him as the most advanced composer of his generation in France, notes that his harmonic and melodic innovations influenced the teaching of harmony for later generations. During the last twenty years of his life, he suffered from increasing deafness. In contrast with the charm of his earlier music, his works from this period are sometimes elusive and withdrawn in character, and at other times turbulent and impassioned.

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Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1963 Requiem, Cantique De Jean Racine (Orchestre National De L'Opera De Monte Carlo Cond. Louis Fremaux) Gabriel Fauré 2
1974 Mélodies (soprano: Elly Ameling, baritone: Gérard Souzay, piano: Dalton Baldwin) Gabriel Fauré 2
1978 Requiem / Cantique de Jean Racine (City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra and Chorus feat. conductor: Louis Frémaux, soprano: Norma Burrowes, baritone: Brian Rayner Cook) Gabriel Fauré 1
1979 Musique de chambre, Volume 2 (feat. cello: Frédéric Lodeon, piano: Jean-Philippe Collard, alto: Bruno Pasquier, violin: Augustin Dumay) Gabriel Fauré 2
1983 Complete Solo Piano Works, Volume 1: The Nocturnes nos. 1-7 Gabriel Fauré; Paul Crossley 1
1986 Requiem Gabriel Fauré; Lucia Popp, Simon Estes, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Staatskapelle Dresden, Sir Colin Davis 1
1986 Piano Quartets Gabriel Fauré; Domus 2
1986 Faure: Requiem / Ravel: Pavane pour une infante défunte Fauré, Ravel; Philharmonia Orchestra, Philharmonia Chorus, Carlo Maria Giulini, Kathleen Battle, Andreas Schmidt 1
1987 Fauré: Requiem / Bernstein: Chichester Psalms Fauré, Bernstein; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Richard Hickox 1
1987 Pelléas et Mélisande / Dolly / Après un rêve / Pavane / Elégie (Boston Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Seiji Ozawa) Gabriel Fauré 1
1987 Complete Solo Piano Works, Volume 4: The Nine Préludes op. 103 / The Five Impromptus opp. 25, 31, 34, 91 & 102 / Thème et Variations in C sharp minor op. 73 Gabriel Fauré; Paul Crossley 1
1987 Ravel: Piano Concertos / Fauré: Fantaisie / Franck: Symphonic Variations Ravel, Fauré, Franck; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Alicia de Larrocha 1
1988 Requiem and other choral music (The Cambridge Singers, Members of the City of London Sinfonia feat. conductor: John Rutter) Gabriel Fauré 2
1988 Requiem, Op. 48 / Pelléas et Mélisande, suite, Op. 80 / Pavane, Op. 50 (Chœur et orchestre symphonique de Montréal feat. conductor: Charles Dutoit) Gabriel Fauré 1
1988 Musique de chambre, Volume 1 Gabriel Fauré 2
1988 Quatuors pour piano et cordes Gabriel Fauré; Marguerite Long, Trio Pasquier, Jacques Thibaud, Maurice Vieux, Pierre Fournier 1
1988 Requiem / Messe des pêcheurs de Villerville (Ensemble Musique Oblique, feat. choir: Chœur de la Chapelle Royale, choir: Petits Chanteurs de Saint Louis, conductor: Philippe Herreweghe) Gabriel Fauré 1
1989 Requiem / Messe Basse / Cantique de Jean Racine / Motets Gabriel Fauré; Corydon Singers, English Chamber Orchestra, Matthew Best 5 2
1989 La Chanson d'Eve and Other Songs Gabriel Fauré; Dame Janet Baker, Geoffrey Parsons 1
1989 Le Requiem de Fauré Gabriel Fauré 1
1989 Violin Sonatas Fauré, Debussy, Franck; Joshua Bell, Jean-Yves Thibaudet 1
1990 Piano music (feat. piano: Pascal Rogé) Gabriel Fauré 1
1990 Pelléas et Mélisande Arnold Schönberg, Jean Sibelius, Gabriel Fauré; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 2
1991 Sonates pour violoncelle Gabriel Fauré, Claude Debussy; Paul Tortelier, Jean Hubeau 1
1991 Sonates pour violoncelle et piano Fauré; Roland Pidoux, Jean-Claude Pennetier 1
1992 Romantic French Music for Guitar and Orchestra Debussy, Fauré, Satie; CSSR State Philharmonic Orchestra, Peter Breiner, Gerald Garcia 1
1992 Piano Quartets, opp. 15 & 45 Fauré; Emanuel Ax, Isaac Stern, Jaime Laredo, Yo‐Yo Ma 2
1993 Requiem, Op. 48 / Pavane, Op. 50 (New Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Sir David Willcocks) Gabriel Fauré 1
1993 Mélodies Fauré; Nathalie Stutzmann, Catherine Collard 1
1994 Fauré: Nocturnes, Volume 1 (piano: Jean Martin) Gabriel Fauré 1
1994 Requiem, Original Orchestration / Choral Works Fauré; Monteverdi Choir, Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique, John Eliot Gardiner 1
1994 Franck: Symphonic Variations / D'Indy: Symphony on a French Mountain Air / Fauré: Ballade, op. 19 Franck, D'Indy, Fauré; National Symphony Orchestra of Ireland, Antonio de Almeida, François-Joël Thiollier 1
1994 L'Œuvre pour piano (feat. piano: Jean Doyen) Gabriel Fauré 1
1994 Fauré: Requiem, Op. 48 / Duruflé: Reqiuem, Op. 9 (Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Michel Legrand, soprano: Barbara Bonney, mezzo-soprano: Jennifer Larmore, baritone: Thomas Hampson) Fauré / Duruflé 1
1994 The French Connection Ravel, Debussy, Fauré, Ibert; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 1
1995 Piano Quintets Fauré; Domus, Anthony Marwood 1
1995 The Complete Music for Piano (Kathryn Stott) Gabriel Fauré 1
1995 Aureole Debussy, Ibert, Ravel, Devienne, Fauré; Aureole Trio 1
1995 Complete Works for Cello Fauré; Steven Isserlis, Pascal Devoyon 1
1995 Orchestral Works (BBC Philharmonic feat. Yan Pascal Tortelier) Gabriel Fauré 1
1996 BBC Music, Volume 4, Number 12: Piano Trios Beethoven, Fauré, Brahms; Gould Piano Trio 1
1996 13 Nocturnes - Thème et variations - Ballade - 9 Préludes (feat. piano Jean-Philippe Collard) (disc 1) Gabriel Fauré 3
1996 L'Horizon chimérique (Lydian String Quartet feat. baritone: Sanford Sylvan, piano: David Breitman) Gabriel Fauré 1
1997 Fauré: Requiem / Pergolesi: Stabat Mater Gabriel Fauré, Giovanni Battista Pergolesi 1
1997 Préludes and Impromptus (piano: Pierre-Alain Volondat) Gabriel Fauré 1
1997 Requiems (Ambrosian Singers feat. chorus master: John McCarthy, conductor: Andrew Davis, baritone: Siegmund Nimsgern) Fauré / Duruflé 1
1998 La Naissance de Vénus, œuvres chorales et mélodies (Solistes de Lyon-Bernard Tétu feat. director: Bernard Tétu, piano: Jan-Claude Pennetier) Gabriel Fauré 1
1998 Orchestral Music (RTE Sinfonietta feat. conductor: John Georgiadis) Gabriel Fauré 1
1998 Requiem, Op. 48 (Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire feat. conductor: André Cluytens, soprano: Victoria de los Angeles, baritone: Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau) Gabriel Fauré 1
1999 BBC Music, Volume 7, Number 10: Fauré: Piano Quartet No. 1 / Franck: Piano Quintet (Schubert Ensemble of London) Fauré / Franck 1

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