Gabriel Fauré

~ Person


Gabriel Urbain Fauré (French: [ɡabʁiɛl yʁbɛ̃ fɔʁe]; 12 May 1845 – 4 November 1924) was a French composer, organist, pianist and teacher. He was one of the foremost French composers of his generation, and his musical style influenced many 20th-century composers. Among his best-known works are his Pavane, Requiem, nocturnes for piano and the songs "Après un rêve" and "Clair de lune". Although his best-known and most accessible compositions are generally his earlier ones, Fauré composed many of his most highly regarded works in his later years, in a more harmonically and melodically complex style.

Fauré was born into a cultured but not especially musical family. His talent became clear when he was a small boy. At the age of nine, he was sent to a music college in Paris, where he was trained to be a church organist and choirmaster. Among his teachers was Camille Saint-Saëns, who became a lifelong friend. After graduating from the college in 1865, Fauré earned a modest living as an organist and teacher, leaving him little time for composition. When he became successful in his middle age, holding the important posts of organist of the Église de la Madeleine and director of the Paris Conservatoire, he still lacked time for composing; he retreated to the countryside in the summer holidays to concentrate on composition. By his last years, Fauré was recognised in France as the leading French composer of his day. An unprecedented national musical tribute was held for him in Paris in 1922, headed by the president of the French Republic. Outside France, Fauré's music took decades to become widely accepted, except in Britain, where he had many admirers during his lifetime.

Fauré's music has been described as linking the end of Romanticism with the modernism of the second quarter of the 20th century. When he was born, Chopin was still composing, and by the time of Fauré's death, jazz and the atonal music of the Second Viennese School were being heard. The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, which describes him as the most advanced composer of his generation in France, notes that his harmonic and melodic innovations influenced the teaching of harmony for later generations. During the last twenty years of his life, he suffered from increasing deafness. In contrast with the charm of his earlier music, his works from this period are sometimes elusive and withdrawn in character, and at other times turbulent and impassioned.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1963 Requiem / Cantique de Jean Racine Gabriel Fauré; L'Orchestre National de l'Opéra de Monte-Carlo, Louis Frémaux 2
1978 Requiem / Cantique de Jean Racine Gabriel Fauré; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, Louis Frémaux, Norma Burrowes, Brian Rayner Cook 1
1983 Complete Solo Piano Works, Volume 1: The Nocturnes nos. 1-7 Gabriel Fauré; Paul Crossley 1
1983 Symphony in D minor / Pelléas et Mélisande Franck, Fauré; New Philharmonia Orchestra, Andrew Davis 1
1983 The Nocturnes nos 8-13 / Pièces Brèves, op. 84 Gabriel Fauré; Paul Crossley 1
1985 Bizet: Jeux d'enfants / Ravel: Ma Mère l'Oye / Fauré: Dolly Suite Bizet, Fauré, Ravel; Katia & Marielle Labèque 1
1986 Requiem Gabriel Fauré; Lucia Popp, Simon Estes, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Staatskapelle Dresden, Sir Colin Davis 1
1986 Piano Quartets Gabriel Fauré; Domus 2
1986 Faure: Requiem / Ravel: Pavane pour une infante défunte Fauré, Ravel; Philharmonia Orchestra, Philharmonia Chorus, Carlo Maria Giulini, Kathleen Battle, Andreas Schmidt 1
1986 String Quartets Debussy, Ravel, Fauré; Quatuor Viotti 4 1
1987 Fauré: Requiem / Bernstein: Chichester Psalms Fauré, Bernstein; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Richard Hickox 1
1987 Pelléas et Mélisande / Dolly / Après un rêve / Pavane / Elégie (Boston Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Seiji Ozawa) Gabriel Fauré 1
1987 Complete Solo Piano Works, Volume 4: The Nine Préludes op. 103 / The Five Impromptus opp. 25, 31, 34, 91 & 102 / Thème et Variations in C sharp minor op. 73 Gabriel Fauré; Paul Crossley 1
1987 Musique de nuit Fauré, Pierné, Satie, Koechlin; Lajos Lencsés, Gisèle Herbert 1
1987 Ravel: Piano Concertos / Fauré: Fantaisie / Franck: Symphonic Variations Ravel, Fauré, Franck; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Alicia de Larrocha 1
1987 Requiem Fauré; Armstrong, Fischer-Dieskau, Orchestre de Paris, Daniel Barenboïm 2
1988 Requiem (1893 version) And Other Sacred Music Fauré; The Cambridge Singers, Members of the City of London Sinfonia, John Rutter 2
1988 Requiem / Pelléas et Mélisande / Pavane Fauré; Te Kanawa, Milnes, Dutoit, Montréal 1
1988 Musique de chambre, Volume 1 Gabriel Fauré 2
1988 Amsterdam Guitar Trio Plays Music by Debussy, Fauré, & Chopin Debussy, Fauré, Chopin; Amsterdam Guitar Trio 1
1988 Faure: Requiem / Monteverdi: Madrigali e Arie profane Fauré, Monteverdi; Nadia Boulanger 1
1988 Quatuors pour piano et cordes Gabriel Fauré; Marguerite Long, Trio Pasquier, Jacques Thibaud, Maurice Vieux, Pierre Fournier 1
1988 Requiem / Messe des pêcheurs de Villerville Gabriel Fauré, André Messager; Philippe Herreweghe, Agnès Mellon, Peter Kooy, Chœur de la Chapelle Royale, Ensemble Musique Oblique 2
1989 Requiem / Messe Basse / Cantique de Jean Racine / Motets Gabriel Fauré; Corydon Singers, English Chamber Orchestra, Matthew Best 5 2
1989 La Chanson d'Eve and Other Songs Gabriel Fauré; Dame Janet Baker, Geoffrey Parsons 1
1989 Le Requiem de Fauré à Saint-Eustache Gabriel Fauré 1
1989 Requiems Fauré, Duruflé; Choir of King’s College, Cambridge, Stephen Cleobury 1
1989 Violin Sonatas Fauré, Debussy, Franck; Joshua Bell, Jean-Yves Thibaudet 1
1990 Piano music Gabriel Fauré; Pascal Rogé 1
1990 Cello Concertos Saint-Saëns, Lalo, Fauré; Gaspar Cassadó, Bamberger Symphony, Jonel Perlea 1
1990 Pelléas et Mélisande Schönberg, Sibelius, Fauré; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 2
1991 Sonates pour violoncelle Gabriel Fauré, Claude Debussy; Paul Tortelier, Jean Hubeau 1
1991 Sonates pour violoncelle et piano Fauré; Roland Pidoux, Jean-Claude Pennetier 1
1992 Romantic French Music for Guitar and Orchestra Debussy, Fauré, Satie; CSSR State Philharmonic Orchestra, Peter Breiner, Gerald Garcia 1
1992 Franck / Fauré / Debussy Franck, Fauré, Debussy; Dimitri Ferschtman, Mila Baslawskaya 1
1992 Piano Quartets, opp. 15 & 45 Fauré; Emanuel Ax, Isaac Stern, Jaime Laredo, Yo‐Yo Ma 2
1992 Requiem / Cantique de Jean Racine / Motets / Messe basse Gabriel Fauré, Magali Dami, Peter Harvey, Ensemble Vocal et Instrumental de Lausanne, Michel Corboz 1
1993 Requiem / Pavane Gabriel Fauré; Robert Chilcott, John Carol Case, Choir of King’s College, Cambridge, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Sir David Willcocks 1
1993 Mélodies Fauré; Nathalie Stutzmann, Catherine Collard 1
1993 Violin Sonata No. 1 / Violin Sonata / Violin Sonata No. 1 Gabriel Fauré, Claude Debussy, Camille Saint‐Saëns; Chee-Yun, 江口玲 1
1994 Nocturnes, Volume 1 Fauré; Jean Martin 1
1994 Requiem, Original Orchestration / Choral Works Fauré; Monteverdi Choir, Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique, John Eliot Gardiner 1
1994 Franck: Symphonic Variations / D'Indy: Symphony on a French Mountain Air / Fauré: Ballade, op. 19 Franck, D'Indy, Fauré; National Symphony Orchestra of Ireland, Antonio de Almeida, François-Joël Thiollier 1
1994 L'Œuvre pour piano Gabriel Fauré; Jean Doyen 1
1994 Fauré: Requiem / Fauré: Messe basse / Fauré: Cantique de Jean Racine / Vierne: Andantino / de Séverac: Tantum ergo Gabriel Fauré, Louis Vierne, Déodat de Séverac; Lisa Beckley, Nicholas Gedge, Schola Cantorum of Oxford, Oxford Camerata, Jeremy Summerly 2
1994 Fauré: Requiem, Op. 48 / Duruflé: Reqiuem, Op. 9 (Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Michel Legrand, soprano: Barbara Bonney, mezzo-soprano: Jennifer Larmore, baritone: Thomas Hampson) Fauré / Duruflé 1
1994 The French Connection Ravel, Debussy, Fauré, Ibert; Academy of St Martin-in-the-Fields, Sir Neville Marriner 1
1995 Piano Quintets Fauré; Domus, Anthony Marwood 1
1995 The Complete Music for Piano Gabriel Fauré; Kathryn Stott 1
1995 Violin Sonatas nos. 1 and 2 Fauré; Pascal Devoyon, Dong-Suk Kang 1
1995 Aureole Debussy, Ibert, Ravel, Devienne, Fauré; Aureole Trio 1
1995 Complete Works for Cello Fauré; Steven Isserlis, Pascal Devoyon 1
1995 Concertos pour violoncelle Saint-Saëns, Lalo, Fauré; Anne Gastinel, Orchestre National de Lyon, Emmanuel Krivine 1
1995 Fauré: Requiem / Ravel, Koechlin, Schmitt: Orchestral Works Fauré, Ravel, Koechlin, Schmitt; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Sir Neville Marriner 1
1995 Josef Suk Plays Franck, Fauré, Ravel Franck, Fauré, Ravel; Josef Suk, Josef Hála 1
1995 Orchestral Works (BBC Philharmonic feat. Yan Pascal Tortelier) Gabriel Fauré 1
1995 Requiem / Cantique de Jean Racine Fauré; Barbara Hendricks, José van Dam, Orfeón Donostiarra, Orchestre de Capitole de Toulouse, Michel Plasson 2
1996 BBC Music, Volume 4, Number 12: Piano Trios Beethoven, Fauré, Brahms; Gould Piano Trio 1
1996 13 Nocturnes / Thème et variations / Ballade / 9 Préludes Fauré; Jean-Philippe Collard 3
1996 L'Horizon chimérique (Lydian String Quartet feat. baritone: Sanford Sylvan, piano: David Breitman) Gabriel Fauré 1
1997 Fauré: Requiem / Pergolesi: Stabat Mater Gabriel Fauré, Giovanni Battista Pergolesi 1
1997 Préludes and Impromptus Fauré; Pierre-Alain Volondat 1
1997 French Choral Music Saint‐Saëns, Fauré, Debussy, Poulenc, Duruflé, Villette; Elizabeth Lane, Richard Egarr, Nicholas White, The Choir of Clare College, Cambridge, Timothy Brown 1
1997 Piano Quintets 1 & 2 Gabriel Fauré; Peter Orth, Auryn Quartett 1
1997 Requiems (Ambrosian Singers feat. chorus master: John McCarthy, conductor: Andrew Davis, baritone: Siegmund Nimsgern) Fauré / Duruflé 1
1998 Orchestral Music Gabriel Fauré; RTÉ Sinfonietta, John Georgiadis 1
1998 La Naissance de Vénus, œuvres chorales et mélodies (Solistes de Lyon-Bernard Tétu feat. director: Bernard Tétu, piano: Jan-Claude Pennetier) Gabriel Fauré 1
1998 Requiem, Op. 48 (Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire feat. conductor: André Cluytens, soprano: Victoria de los Angeles, baritone: Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau) Gabriel Fauré 3
1999 BBC Music, Volume 7, Number 10: Fauré: Piano Quartet No. 1 / Franck: Piano Quintet (Schubert Ensemble of London) Fauré / Franck 1
1999 BBC Music, Volume 8, Number 1: Love Sacred, Love Profane Fauré, Poulenc, Messiaen; BBC Singers 1
1999 Pelléas et Mélisande / Valses-caprices / Mazurka / Pavane Gabriel Fauré; Pierre-Alain Volondat 1
1999 Piano Trios Debussy, Fauré, Ravel; The Florestan Trio 3
1999 Œuvres complètes pour violoncelle et piano Gabriel Fauré; Peter Bruns, Roglit Ishay 1
2000 String Quartets Ravel, Fauré; Ad Libitum Quartet 1
2000 Four Hand Piano Music: Dolly / Masques et bergamasques Fauré; Pierre-Alain Volondat, Patrick De Hooge 1
2000 Requiem Gabriel Fauré, Maurice Duruflé 1
2000 Pavane / Pelleas et Melisande / Masques et Bergamasques Suite / Fantasie for Flute Fauré; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 1
2001 Night Songs Debussy, Fauré, Strauss, Marx, Rachmaninov; Renée Fleming, Jean-Yves Thibaudet 1
2001 French Violin Masterpieces Chausson, Ravel, Fauré, Debussy, Honegger; Christian Ferras 1
2001 Panorama Gabriel Fauré 1
2001 Requiem / Cantique de Jean Racine / Ballade Fauré; Norma Burrowes, Brian Rayner Cook, John Ogdon, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra Chorus & Orchestra, Louis Frémaux 1
2001 Requiem / La Naissance de Vénus / Cantique de Jean Racine Fauré; Cantillation, Sara Macliver, Teddy Tahu Rhodes, Sinfonia Australis, Antony Walker 1
2001 Requiem / Nocturnes / Trois Mélodies Gabriel Fauré; Emile Naoumoff 1
2002 Requiem / Pelléas et Mélisande / Masques et Bergamasques Gabriel Fauré 1
2002 4 Valses caprices, 6 Impromptus, 8 Pièces brèves Gabriel Fauré; Germaine Thyssens-Valentin 1
2002 13 Barcarolles, Thème & Variations Gabriel Fauré; Germaine Thyssens-Valentin 1
2002 13 Nocturnes Gabriel Fauré; Germaine Thyssens-Valentin 1
2002 L'Œuvre pour violon et piano Gabriel Fauré; Gérard Poulet, Noël Lee 1
2002 Le hautbois inédit Ravel, Debussy, Fauré, Raynal, Rachmaninov, Kabalewsky, Schubert, Savoye; David Walter, Yuki Nakajima 1
2003 Piano Quartets / Piano Quintets Fauré; Pascal Rogé, Quatuor Ysaÿe 1
2003 Requiem / La Naissance de Vénus / Cantique de Jean Racine / Pavane Fauré; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra Chorus, BBC Philharmonic, Yan Pascal Tortelier 1
2003 Musique de chambre 2 Gabriel Fauré; Frédéric Lodéon, Jean-Philippe Collard, Bruno Pasquier, Augustin Dumay 1
2004 Voices of Light Olivier Messiaen, Claude Debussy, Osvaldo Golijov, Gabriel Fauré; Dawn Upshaw, Gilbert Kalish 5 1
2004 Plainte calme Olivier Messiaen, Maurice Ravel, Gabriel Fauré; Alexander Lonquich 1
2004 Les Nuits d'Été Hector Berlioz, Maurice Ravel, Gabriel Fauré; David Daniels, Ensemble Orchestral de Paris, John Nelson 1
2005 The Complete Songs, Volume 1: Au bord de l'eau Gabriel Fauré; Felicity Lott, Jennifer Smith, Geraldine McGreevy, Stella Doufexis, John Mark Ainsley, Christopher Maltman, Stephen Varcoe, Graham Johnson 1
2005 Requiem / Ave Verum / Tantum Ergo / Pavane / Les Djinns / Cantique de Jean Racine / Madrigal Fauré; Christiane Oelze, Harry Peeters, Netherlands Chamber Choir, Limburg Symphony Orchestra Maastricht, Ed Spanjaard 1
2005 The Complete Songs, Volume 2: Un paysage choisi Gabriel Fauré; Jennifer Smith, Geraldine McGreevy, Felicity Lott, Stella Doufexis, John Mark Ainsley, Jean-Paul Fouchécourt, Christopher Maltman, Stephen Varcoe, Graham Johnson 1
2005 The Complete Songs, Volume 3: Chanson d'amour Gabriel Fauré; Felicity Lott, Jennifer Smith, John Mark Ainsley, Jean-Paul Fouchécourt, Christopher Maltman, Stephen Varcoe, Graham Johnson, Ronan O'Hora 1
2005 The Complete Songs, Volume 4: Dans un parfum de roses Gabriel Fauré; Jennifer Smith, Felicity Lott, Geraldine McGreevy, Jean-Paul Fouchécourt, Stephen Varcoe, Graham Johnson 1

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