Otar Taktakishvili (Georgian: ოთარ თაქთაქიშვილი; Russian: Отар Васильевич Тактакишвили; Tbilisi, 27 July 1924 – 21 February 1989) was a Georgian composer, teacher, conductor, and musicologist.
Otar Taktakishvili graduated from the Tbilisi State Conservatory, while still a student he composed the official anthem of the Georgian SSR. By 1949 he became a Professor of the Tbilisi Conservatory and the conductor and the artistic director of the Georgian State chorus. In 1951 he received his first Stalin Prize (USSR State Prize) for his First Symphony. In 1962, Taktakishvili became Chairman of the Georgian Composers' Union; and in 1965 the Minister for Culture of the Georgian Republic from 1965 until 1983.
He was awarded the title of People's Artist of the USSR in 1974, the Lenin Prize in 1982, and the USSR State Prize in 1951, 1952 and 1967. Throughout his career he also served as a member of the international musical committee of UNESCO, and twice headed the electoral committee for the Tchaikovski competition of pianists in Moscow.
Taktakishvili's works include operas (Mindia, First Love, Abduction of the Moon, Mususi, Three Tales), two symphonies, four piano concertos, two violin concertos and two cello concertos, the symphonic poem Mtsyri and the oratorios In the Steps of Rustaveli and Nikoloz Baratashvili, adaptations of Georgian folk songs (Megruli simgerebi, Guruli simgerebi), and a multitude of compositions for instruments and voice. Probably his best-known work in the West is his sonata for flute and piano.
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