R.E.M. (Athens, US rock band)

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R.E.M. was an American rock band from Athens, Georgia, that was formed in 1980 by drummer Bill Berry, guitarist Peter Buck, bassist/backing vocalist Mike Mills, and lead vocalist Michael Stipe. One of the first alternative rock bands, R.E.M. was noted for Buck's ringing guitar style (in which he played the notes of a chord one at a time–arpeggio–rather than all together), Stipe's distinctive vocal quality and obscure lyrics, Mills' melodic basslines and backing vocals and Berry's tight but economical style of drumming. R.E.M. released its first single—"Radio Free Europe"—in 1981 on the independent record label Hib-Tone. The single was followed by the Chronic Town EP in 1982, the band's first release on I.R.S. Records. In 1983, the group released its critically acclaimed debut album, Murmur, and built its reputation over the next few years through subsequent releases, constant touring, and the support of college radio. Following years of underground success, R.E.M. achieved a mainstream hit in 1987 with the single "The One I Love". The group signed to Warner Bros. Records in 1988, and began to espouse political and environmental concerns while playing large arenas worldwide.

By the early 1990s, when alternative rock began to experience broad mainstream success, R.E.M. was viewed by subsequent acts such as Nirvana and Pavement as a pioneer of the genre. The band then released its two most commercially successful albums, Out of Time (1991) and Automatic for the People (1992), which veered from the band's established sound and catapulted it to international fame. R.E.M.'s 1994 release, Monster, was a return to a more rock-oriented sound, but still continued its run of success. The band began its first tour in six years to support the album; the tour was marred by medical emergencies suffered by three of the band members.

In 1996, R.E.M. re-signed with Warner Bros. for a reported US$80 million, at the time the most expensive recording contract in history. Its 1996 release, New Adventures in Hi-Fi, though critically acclaimed, fared worse commercially than its predecessors. The following year, Bill Berry left the band, while Stipe, Buck, and Mills continued the group as a trio. Through some changes in musical style, the band continued its career into the next decade with mixed critical and commercial success, despite having sold more than 85 million records worldwide and becoming one of the world's best-selling music artists of all time. In 2007, the band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in their first year of eligibility. R.E.M. disbanded amicably in September 2011, announcing the split on its website.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1990 Where the Pyramid Meets the Eye: A Tribute to Roky Erickson Various Artists 1
1991 I’m Your Fan: The Songs of Leonard Cohen by… Various Artists 3
1991 LA Freeway Various Artists 1
1994 Beat the Retreat: Songs by Richard Thompson Various Artists 1
1996 Sweet Relief II: Gravity of the Situation Various Artists 1
1999 The All Time Greatest Love Songs Various Artists 1
2004 Mary Had a Little Amp Various Artists 1
2005 The Sun: Make Poverty History Various Artists 1
2007 Make Some Noise: The Amnesty International Campaign to Save Darfur Various Artists 2
2010 Mojo Presents: The Madcap Laughs Again! Various Artists 1
2011 RTL Doctor’s Diary Various Artists 1
2012 The Death of Six by Seven (The Death of) Six By Seven 3
2015 Het beste uit radio1 classics 100 volume 2 Various Artists 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1984 Pure Rock 1984 Various Artists 1
1987 Rare Rock Collection: 98 KZEW Rock Against Aids Various Artists 1
1988 Indie City 2 Various Artists 1
1988 The Bride of Post Modern Various Artists 1
1988 Winter Warnerland Various Artists 1
1988 WNEW-FM Cutting Edge CD, Winter '88 Various Artists 1
1989 Greenpeace: Rainbow Warriors Various Artists 4 5
1989 Follow Our Tracks: Music from 9 Road Bound Bands Various Artists 1
1989 Super Stars Super CD Various Artists 1
1989 These People Are Nuts! Various Artists 1
1990 Rock the Planet: Cutting Edge Various Artists 1
1991 Hit Fascination 5/91 Various Artists 1
1991 Never Mind the Mainstream… The Best of MTV’s 120 Minutes, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
1991 The Greatest Hits of 91 Various Artists 1
1991 100% Hits, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
1991 Absolute Music 3 Various Artists 1
1991 Awesome 2 Various Artists 1
1991 Body Heat - Maxi Dance Hits Various Artists 1
1991 Do It Now! Various Artists 1
1991 Het beste uit de Top 40 van '91 Various Artists 1
1991 Mr Music Hits 6 Various Artists 1
1991 Mr Music Hits 1991-11 Various Artists 1
1991 The Greatest Hits 1 — 1991 — 2 Various Artists 1
1992 Rock the First, Volume Two Various Artists 1
1992 Top Hits U.S.A. T108 Various Artists 1
1992 Top Hits U.S.A. T139 Various Artists 1
1992 Absolute Music 6 Various Artists 1
1992 Earthrise: The Rainforest Album Various Artists 5
1992 Forever Various Artists 1
1992 Nr 1 Hits Uit de Top 40: 1965-1991 Various Artists 1
1992 Power Cuts Various Artists 1
1992 Rock Busters, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
1992 The Awards 1992 Various Artists 1
1992 Trademark of Quality Various Artists 1
1993 Top Hits U.S.A. T153 Various Artists 1
1993 The Rolling Stone Collection: 25 Years of Essential Rock Various Artists 2
1993 The Awards 1993 Various Artists 1
1993 Top Hits U.S.A. T168 Various Artists 1
1993 Bravo Hits 4 Various Artists 2
1993 Now That’s What I Call Music! 25 (UK) Various Artists 2 3
1993 Top Hits U.S.A. T184 Various Artists 1
1993 Cutting Edge, Volume 2 Various Artists 2
1993 Born to Choose Various Artists 5 1
1993 Best of 93 Various Artists 1
1993 Now That’s What I Call Music! 26 (UK) Various Artists 2.5 3
1993 Braun MTV Eurochart: November 1993 Various Artists 1
1993 100% Hits, Volume 9 Various Artists 1
1993 Absolute Music 2 Various Artists 1
1993 Cabrio Classics II Various Artists 1
1993 Fido Apresenta Número 1 Various Artists 1
1993 Het beste uit de Mega Top 50 van '93 Various Artists 1
1993 Het Beste uit de Top 100 Allertijden: Editie ’93 Various Artists 1
1993 Le Top des Tops, Vol. 2 Various Artists 1
1993 Now That's What I Call Music 2 (New Zealand original series) Various Artists 1
1993 Ronny's Pop Show 22 Various Artists 1
1993 Subrock: The Best of Independent and Grunge Various Artists 1
1993 The Best of 100% Hits 93 Various Artists 1
1993 The Greatest Hits '93, Volume 3 Various Artists 1
1993 The Greatest Hits '93, Volume 4 Various Artists 1
1993 Unplugged Various Artists 1
1993 Warner Music United Kingdom New Releases, Volume Paul 1 Various Artists 1
1993 What’s Up? The Greatest Rock Hits of the 90’s Various Artists 1
1994 On the Charts: I.R.S. Records 1979-1994 Various Artists 1
1994 Thèmes Légendaires Various Artists 1
1994 Kuschelrock 8 Various Artists 2
1994 Bravo Hits: Best of 94 Various Artists 1 1
1994 Now That’s What I Call Music! 29 (UK) Various Artists 2 3
1994 Absolute Music 18 Various Artists 3 1
1994 Absolute Music 7 Various Artists 1
1994 Braun MTV Eurochart: December 1994 Various Artists 1
1994 100% Hits, Volume 14 Various Artists 1
1994 100% Hits: Best of 1993 Various Artists 1
1994 Kevin Savage's Music Power Various Artists 1
1994 Monster Hits, Volume 5 Various Artists 1
1994 Mountain Stage Sampler Various Artists 1
1994 Once in a Lifetime, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
1994 Slow time Various Artists 1
1994 The Best Years of Your Life, Volume 4 (South Africa) Various Artists 1
1994 The Trip 4 Various Artists 1
1994 Tijdloze honderd, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
1994 What's Up 2 Various Artists 1
1995 The Best Rock Album in the World... Ever! II Various Artists 3 1
1995 Earthrise II Various Artists 3
1995 Slow Motion, Volume 5: Die schönsten Pop-Balladen der Filmgeschichte Various Artists 1
1995 Bravo Hits: Best of 93 Various Artists 1
1995 18 Original Hits by 18 Unoriginal Artists Various Artists 1
1995 100% Hits, Volume 15 Various Artists 1

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