R.E.M.

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Annotation last modified on 2009-06-16 03:33 UTC.

Wikipedia

R.E.M. was an American rock band from Athens, Georgia, that was formed in 1980 by drummer Bill Berry, guitarist Peter Buck, bassist/backing vocalist Mike Mills, and lead vocalist Michael Stipe. One of the first alternative rock bands, R.E.M. was noted for Buck's ringing, arpeggiated guitar style, Stipe's particular vocal quality and obscure lyrics, and Mills' melodic basslines and backing vocals. R.E.M. released its first single—"Radio Free Europe"—in 1981 on the independent record label Hib-Tone. The single was followed by the Chronic Town EP in 1982, the band's first release on I.R.S. Records. In 1983, the group released its critically acclaimed debut album, Murmur, and built its reputation over the next few years through subsequent releases, constant touring, and the support of college radio. Following years of underground success, R.E.M. achieved a mainstream hit in 1987 with the single "The One I Love". The group signed to Warner Bros. Records in 1988, and began to espouse political and environmental concerns while playing large arenas worldwide.

By the early 1990s, when alternative rock began to experience broad mainstream success, R.E.M. was viewed by subsequent acts such as Nirvana and Pavement as a pioneer of the genre. The band then released its two most commercially successful albums, Out of Time (1991) and Automatic for the People (1992), which veered from the band's established sound and catapulted it to international fame. R.E.M.'s 1994 release, Monster, was a return to a more rock-oriented sound, but still continued its run of success. The band began its first tour in six years to support the album; the tour was marred by medical emergencies suffered by three of the band members.

In 1996, R.E.M. re-signed with Warner Bros. for a reported US$80 million, at the time the most expensive recording contract in history. Its 1996 release, New Adventures in Hi-Fi, though critically acclaimed, fared worse commercially than its predecessors. The following year, Bill Berry left the band, while Stipe, Buck, and Mills continued the group as a trio. Through some changes in musical style, the band continued its career into the next decade with mixed critical and commercial success, despite having sold more than 85 million records worldwide and becoming one of the world's best-selling music artists of all time. In 2007, the band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in their first year of eligibility. R.E.M. disbanded amicably in September 2011, announcing the split on its website.

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Discography

Album + Live

Year Title RatingReleases
1980-06-06: Wuxtry Records, Atlanta, GA, USA 1
1981-04-10: So Much Younger Then, Tyrone's O.C., Athens, GA, USA 1
1981-09-22: Tyrone's O.C., Athens, GA, USA 1
1982-01-22: Friday's, Greensboro, NC, USA 1
1982-04-24: Carnival of Sorts: Merlins, Madison, WI, USA 1
1982-10-06: Toad's Place, New Haven, CT, USA 1
1983-07-13: Paradise Rock Club, Boston, MA, USA 1
1984-07-28: Songs From Little America: Fox Theatre, Atlanta, GA, USA 1
1984-12-02: The Lyceum, London, UK 1
1985-10-02: Zeche Bochum, Bochum, Germany 1
1987-09-14: Losing My Religion, Volume 1: Muziekcentrum, Utrecht, Netherlands 1
1987-09-14: Utrecht, Netherlands 1
1989-04-29 & 30: Gravity/Perfect Circle: Westwood One Radio 1
1989-05-15: Pinkpop, Megaland, Landgraaf, Netherlands 1
1991-03-15: From the Borderline: London, UK 1
1991-03-22: Shocking Club, Milan, Italy 1
1991-04-28: Revolution on the Radio: Cultural Center, Charleston, WV, USA 1
1992-11-19: Automatically Live: 40 Watt Club, Athens, GA, USA 1
1992-11-19: This Is It: 40 Watt Club, Athens, GA, USA 1
1995-01-16: Sweet Adelaide: Adelaide Entertainment Center, Adelaide, Australia 1
1995-05-15: Tour '95, Volume 2: Shorline Theatre, Mountain View, CA, USA 1
1995-07-30: Adhesion: Milton Keynes Theatre, Milton Keynes, UK 1
1998-10-25: Show Must Go On: BBC Radio, London, UK 1
1998-11-06: Eclipse the Moon Tonight: BBC Studios, White City, London, UK 1
1998-11-09: Up North: Grand Hotel, Stockholm, Sweden 1
2001-01-13: R.E.M. in Rio 2001: Rio Rock Festival, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1
2001-05-12: Roncalliplatz, Cologne, Germany 1
2003-07-13: Manchester, UK 1
2003-09-30: Toronto, ON, Canada 1
2003-10-25: Lodalen, Oslo, Norway 1
2005-01-17: Hala Tivoli, Ljubljana, Slovenia 1
2005-07-16: Hyde Park, London, UK 1
2008-07-27: Paléo Festival, Nyon, Switzerland 1
Back to Rockville 1
Begin the Begin 1
Blue 1
Drive 1
Freak Marmalade 1
Great Woods 1
Live & Alive, Volume 1 1
Live Collection 1
Live Georgia 1992 1
Live on WLIR 1
Losing My Religion, Volume 3 (Unauthorised live) 1
MTV Unplugged 1
MTV Unplugged 2 1
Passengers 1
R.E.M. Unplugged 1
Radio Dreamtime 1
The Blinding Light 1
The Complete Unplugged Show 1
The Real Ultra Rare Tracks 1
The Wake-Up Bomb 1
This Is It! 1
Unplugged 1

Album + Remix

Year Title RatingReleases
2002 IX 2

Single

Year Title RatingReleases
1981 Radio Free Europe 4
1983 Talk About the Passion 2
1984 S. Central Rain (I’m Sorry) 3
1984 (Don’t Go Back To) Rockville 3
1985 Tighten Up 1
1985 Can’t Get There From Here 2
1985 Driver 8 3
1985 Wendell Gee 3
1985 Life and How to Live It 1
1986 Superman 2
1986 Fall on Me 3
1987 It’s the End of the World as We Know It (and I Feel Fine) 7
1987 The One I Love 4
1988 Finest Worksong 2
1988 Get Up 2
1988 1988 Fanclub Single 1
1988 Turn You Inside‐Out 2
1989 Stand 4
1989 Pop Song 89 4
1989 Orange Crush 2
1989 1989 Fanclub Single 1
1990 1990 Fanclub Single 1
1991 Losing My Religion 6
1991 Shiny Happy People 9
1991 Texarkana 1
1991 Near Wild Heaven 2
1991 Radio Song 3 6
1991 1991 Fanclub Single 1
1991 Losing My Religion / Shiny Happy People 1
1992 Drive 4
1992 Man on the Moon 9
1992 1992 Fanclub Single 1
1992 Ignoreland 1
1992 Sampler 1
1993 The Sidewinder Sleeps Tonite 4 7
1993 Everybody Hurts 6
1993 Find the River 3
1993 1993 Fanclub Single 1
1993 Nightswimming 2
1994 What's the Frequency, Kenneth? 3
1994 Bang and Blame 10
1994 1994 Fanclub Single 1
1994 Tongue 4
1995 Crush With Eyeliner 3

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