R.E.M. (Athens, US rock band)

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R.E.M. was an American rock band from Athens, Georgia, that was formed in 1980 by drummer Bill Berry, guitarist Peter Buck, bassist/backing vocalist Mike Mills, and lead vocalist Michael Stipe. One of the first alternative rock bands, R.E.M. was noted for Buck's ringing, arpeggiated guitar style, Stipe's distinctive vocal quality and obscure lyrics, Mills' melodic basslines and backing vocals, and Berry's tight, economical style of drumming. R.E.M. released its first single—"Radio Free Europe"—in 1981 on the independent record label Hib-Tone. The single was followed by the Chronic Town EP in 1982, the band's first release on I.R.S. Records. In 1983, the group released its critically acclaimed debut album, Murmur, and built its reputation over the next few years through subsequent releases, constant touring, and the support of college radio. Following years of underground success, R.E.M. achieved a mainstream hit in 1987 with the single "The One I Love". The group signed to Warner Bros. Records in 1988, and began to espouse political and environmental concerns while playing large arenas worldwide.

By the early 1990s, when alternative rock began to experience broad mainstream success, R.E.M. was viewed by subsequent acts such as Nirvana and Pavement as a pioneer of the genre. The band then released its two most commercially successful albums, Out of Time (1991) and Automatic for the People (1992), which veered from the band's established sound and catapulted it to international fame. R.E.M.'s 1994 release, Monster, was a return to a more rock-oriented sound, but still continued its run of success. The band began its first tour in six years to support the album; the tour was marred by medical emergencies suffered by three of the band members.

In 1996, R.E.M. re-signed with Warner Bros. for a reported US$80 million, at the time the most expensive recording contract in history. Its 1996 release, New Adventures in Hi-Fi, though critically acclaimed, fared worse commercially than its predecessors. The following year, Bill Berry left the band, while Stipe, Buck, and Mills continued the group as a trio. Through some changes in musical style, the band continued its career into the next decade with mixed critical and commercial success, despite having sold more than 85 million albums worldwide and becoming one of the world's best-selling music artists of all time. In 2007, the band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in their first year of eligibility. R.E.M. disbanded amicably in September 2011, announcing the split on its website.

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Discography

Album

Year Title RatingReleases
1983 Murmur 4.15 17
1984 Reckoning 3.65 12
1985 Fables of the Reconstruction 4.35 12
1986 Lifes Rich Pageant 4.25 16
1987 Document 4.15 17
1988 Green 4.15 14
1991 Out of Time 3.7 19
1992 Automatic for the People 3.9 17
1994 Monster 4 11
1994 Live in Athens 1992 1
1995 New Adventures in Hi‐Fi 3.35 10
1998 Up 3.75 7
2001 Reveal 3 10
2004 Around the Sun 2 10
2008 Accelerate 3.85 7
2011 Collapse Into Now 3.4 9
Live Monster 1
Remnants: The Complete Rarities Collection 1981–2004 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title RatingReleases
1987 Dead Letter Office 4 6
1988 Eponymous 4 11
1989 Singleactiongreen 5 1
1990 The Collection 1
1991 The Best of R.E.M. 5 2
1992 No. 8 Demos & Outtakes 1
1993 The Automatic Box 3.5 1
1993 The Very Best of R.E.M. 1
1994 Singles Collected 2
1994 Those Were the Days 1
1995 Don't Try This at Home 1
1995 Pop Songs 89-95 1
1995 The Very Best 1
1997 Essential R.E.M.: R.E.M. in the Attic (Alternative Recordings 1985–89) 1
1997 Fan Club & Christmas Funtime 1
1998 The Greatest Hits Collection 1998 1
1999 Gold Collection 1
1999 Pop Songs 89–99 1
2000 Greatest Hits 1
2001 20 Years of R.E.M. 1
2002 21th Century Masters: The Best of R.E.M. - The Millenium Collection 1
2003 Document / Lifes Rich Pageant 1
2003 In Time: The Best of R.E.M. 1988–2003 5 8
2003 A Joyful Noise: In Time With R.E.M. 1
2004 iTunes Originals: R.E.M. 1
2006 And I Feel Fine… The Best of the I.R.S. Years 1982–1987 4 4
2006 And I Feel Fine… The Best of the I.R.S. Years 1982–1987 1
2008 Green / Monster 1
2008 Greatest Hits 1
2011 Part Lies, Part Heart, Part Truth, Part Garbage: 1982–2011 7
2013 Original Album Series 1
2014 Complete Warner Bros. Rarities 1988–2011 2
2014 Complete Rarities - I.R.S. 1982–1987 1
Funtime 1
Gold 1
MTV History 2000 1
Rapid Eye Movement Anthology 1
Rare Frequencies 1
Stab It & Steer It 1
The Greatest '99 1
The Greatest Hits Collection 1

Album + Compilation + Live

Year Title RatingReleases
2004 The Spirit of Radio (live) 2
2008 Collection 1
2014 Unplugged: The Complete 1991 and 2001 Sessions 3 4
2014 Unplugged 1991 1
2014 Unplugged 2001 1

Album + Live

Year Title RatingReleases
1984 1984‐12‐04: SFX Centre, Dublin, Ireland 1
1986 1986‐01‐20: 40 Watt Club Uptown, Athens, GA, USA 1
1990 Carnival of Sorts 1
1990 1984-09-29: Philadelphia 1984: Bayou Club, Boca Raton, FL, USA 1
1991 Low 1
1991 Songs for a Green World 1
1991 Animal's Attractions 1
1991 Perfect Circle 2
1991 Streets of Millionaires 1
1992 1983: 20th Century Boys, Volume 1: Mad Hatter, Athens, GA, USA 1
1992 1992-11-19: Automatic People: 40 Watt Club, Athens, GA, USA 1
1993 1989-04-30: Live USA, Volume 2: Orlando Arena, Orlando, FL, USA 1
1993 1989-04-30: Live USA, Volume 3: Orlando Arena, Orlando, FL, USA 1
1993 1992-11-19: The Trouble with Michael: 40 Watt Club, Athens, GA, USA 1
1993 Accoustic Series 1
1993 American Acoustic Tour 1991 1
1993 Covering 'em 1
1993 Nightswimming: Greatest Hits Live 1
1993 T.G.I.F. 1
1993 Ultra Rare Trax 1
1993 Unreleased Live LP 1
1994 1983-07-09: Rising: Toronto, ON, Canada 1
1994 Hitting the Note 1
1995 1984-04-17: Toto, This Isn't Athens Anymore: Exo-7, Rouen, France 1
1995 1995-02-10: Last Defenders of the Faith: Palastama, Turin, Italy 1
1995 1995-07-30: Live Monster: Milton Keynes, UK 1
1995 Aneurysm '95 1
1995 REVOLUTION 1
1998 1998-11-02: Rockpalast, Grünspan, Hamburg, Germany 2
2001 2001-05-12: The Right to Bear Arms: Cologne, Germany 2
2001 2001-01: R.E.M. In Rio 2001: Rock in Rio Festival, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1
2001 MTV Unplugged 2001 1
2004 Perfect Square 1
2007 Live 4
2008 2008-07-27: Paléo Festival, Nyon, Switzerland 1
2008 Luxembourg Rock Hall 1

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