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Mstislav Leopoldovich "Slava" Rostropovich, KBE (Russian: Мстисла́в Леопо́льдович Ростропо́вич, Mstislav Leopol'dovič Rostropovič, pronounced [rəstrɐˈpovʲɪtɕ]; 27 March 1927 – 27 April 2007), was a Soviet and Russian cellist and conductor. He is considered to be one of the great cellists of the 20th century. In addition to his interpretations and technique, he was well known for both inspiring and commissioning new works, which enlarged the cello repertoire more than any cellist before or since. He gave the premieres of over 100 pieces, forming long-standing friendships and artistic partnerships with composers including Dmitri Shostakovich, Sergei Prokofiev, Henri Dutilleux, Witold Lutosławski, Olivier Messiaen, Luciano Berio, Krzysztof Penderecki, Alfred Schnittke, Norbert Moret, Andreas Makris and Benjamin Britten.

Rostropovich was internationally recognized as a staunch advocate of human rights, and was awarded the 1974 Award of the International League of Human Rights. He was married to the soprano Galina Vishnevskaya and had two daughters, Olga and Elena Rostropovich.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1970 Double Concerto in A minor, Op. 102 Brahms; Oistrakh, Rostropovich, The Cleveland Orchestra, Szell 2
1974 Cellokonzert / Rokoko Variationen Schumann, Tchaikowsky; Mstislav Rostropowitsch 1
1983 The Cello Sonatas Johannes Brahms; Mstislav Rostropovich, Rudolf Serkin 2
1983 "London" Trios, nos. 1-4 / Divertissement, op. 100, nos. 2 & 6 Haydn; Jean-Pierre Rampal, Isaac Stern, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1983 Shostakovich: Symphony no. 5 / Prokofiev: Romeo & Juliet Suite no. 1 Shostakovich, Prokofiev; National Symphony Orchestra, Rostropovich 1
1983 Symphony no. 5 Dmitri Shostakovich; National Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovic 3
1987 Cello Concertos Lutosławski, Dutilleux; Mstislav Rostropovich, Orchestre de Paris, Baudo, Lutosławski 2
1987 Don Quixote Richard Strauss; Mstislav Rostropovich, Ulrich Koch, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1987 Dvorak: Concerto pour violoncelle / Tchaikovski: Variations Rococo Dvorak, Tchaikovski; Mstislav Rostropovitch, Seiji Ozawa, Boston Symphony Orchestra 1
1987 Schubert: Arpeggione Sonata / Schumann: Fünf Stücke im Volkston / Debussy: Cello Sonata Schubert, Schumann, Debussy; Rostropovich, Britten 2
1987 The Flute Quartets Mozart; Rampal, Stern, Accardo, Rostropovich 2
1987 Triplo Concerto per violino, violoncello, pianoforte e orchestra in Do maggiore Op. 56 / Sonata per pianoforte No. 17 in Re minore Op. 31 No. 2 "La tempesta" Beethoven; Oistrakh, Rostropovich, Richter, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1988 Prokofiev: Symphonie concertante / Shostakovich: Concerto pour violincelle No. 1 Prokofiev, Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa, Mstislav Rostropovich 2
1989 Chopin: Cello Sonata, op. 65 / Polonaise, op. 3 / Schumann: Adagio & Allegro, op. 70 Frédéric Chopin, Robert Schumann; Mstislav Rostropovich, Martha Argerich 1
1989 Streichquintett C-dur, D 956 Franz Schubert; Melos Quartet, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1990 Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk, op. 29 Shostakovich; Mstislav Rostropovich, Ambrosian Opera Chorus, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Galina Vishnevskaya, Nicolai Gedda, Dimiter Petkov 1
1990 Learner's Manual Dmitri Shostakovich; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1990 Mozart - Telemann - J.C. Bach - Reicha Jean-Pierre Rampal, Isaac Stern, Mstislav Rostopovich 1
1990 Piano Concertos 1 & 3 Tchaikovsky; Vladimir Feltsman, National Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1990 Symphonie Nº 7 “Leningrad” Chostakovitch; National Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovitch 2
1991 Return to Russia Мстислав Ростропович 1
1991 Cello Concertos nos. 1 & 2 Haydn; Mstislav Rostropovich, Academy of St. Martin in the Fields, Iona Brown 2
1991 Mystère de l'instant / Métaboles / Timbres, espace, mouvement Dutilleux; Collegium Musicum, Paul Sacher, Orchestre National de France, Mstislav Rostropovitch 1
1991 Symphony No. 15 in A major, op. 141 Dmitri Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1991 Variations on a Rococo Theme / Souvenir de Florence P. Tchaikovsky; The Borodin Quartet, M. Rostropovich, G. Talalyan, Геннадий Николаевич Рождественский 1
1991 Viola Concerto / Trio Sonata Alfred Schnittke; Yuri Bashmet, Moscow Soloists, London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1992 Streichquintett C-Dur Franz Schubert; Emerson String Quartet, Mstislav Rostropovich 2
1992 Cello Concerto no. 2 / In memoriam... Schnittke; London Symphony Orchestra, Ozawa, Rostropovich 1
1992 Boris Godounov Moussorgsky; R. Raimondi, National Symphony Orchestra, M. Rostropovitch 1
1993 Cello Concertos C. P. E. Bach, Vivaldi, Tartini; Mstislav Rostropovich, The Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra, Hugh Wolff 1
1993 Brahms: Double Concerto / Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto Brahms, Mendelssohn; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink, Itzhak Perlman, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1993 Cello & Organ Мстислав Ростропович, Herbert Tachezi 1
1993 Symphony no. 11 Dmitri Shostakovich; National Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1994 Violin Concertos No. 1 Prokofiev, Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich, Maxim Vengerov 1
1994 Symphonies nos. 2 & 3 Dmitri Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1995 Dvořák: Cellokonzert / Tschaikowsky: Rokoko-Variationen Dvořák, Tschaikowsky; Mstislav Rostropovich, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1995 Cello-Suiten J.S. Bach; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1995 Mstislav Rostropovich in concert Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1996 Piano Quintet "Trout" / Octet / Arpeggione Sonata / Fantasia D. 934 Schubert; Sir Clifford Curzon, Mstislav Rostropovich, Szymon Goldberg, Radu Lupu, Wiener Oktett 1
1996 Concerto for Three / String Trio / Minuet / Canon Schnittke; Gidon Kremer, Yuri Bashmet, Mstislav Rosropovich 1
1997 Violin Concertos Prokofiev, Glazunov, Shchedrin; Anne-Sophie Mutter, Mstislav Rostropovich, National Symphony Orchestra 1
1997 Cellist des Jahrhunderts Мстислав Ростропович 1
1997 Violin Concertos No. 2 Prokofiev, Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich, Maxim Vengerov 1
1998 Shostakovich: Cello Concerto nos. 1, 2 / Rostropovich: Satires (Pictures of the Past), op. 109 Shostakovich, Mstislav Rostropovich; Mstislav Rostropovich, Moscow State Philharmonic Orchestra, David Oistrakh, Galina Vishnevskaya 2
1998 Trio Élégiaque No. 2 Rachmaninov; Pavel Serebrekov, Mikhail Vajman, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2000 Karajan conducts Tchaikovsky Tchaikovsky; Berliner Philharmoniker, Christian Ferras, Sviatoslav Richter, Mstislav Rostropovich, Herbert von Karajan 1
2000 Magnum Ignotum Giya Kancheli; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2000 The Sonatas for Piano and Cello Beethoven; Mstislav Rostropovich, Sviatoslav Richter 2
2001 The Canticle of the Sun / Music for Flute, Strings and Percussion Sofia Gubaidulina; Emmanuel Pahud, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2001 Cello Concertos Dvořák, Saint‐Saëns; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2003 Britten: Violin Concerto / Walton: Viola Concerto Benjamin Britten, Sir William Walton; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich, Maxim Vengerov 1
2004 The Late String Quartets / String Quintet Franz Schubert; Emerson String Quartet, Rostropovich 1
2004 Cello Concerto in B minor op. 104 Antonín Dvořák; Mstislaw Rostropowitsch, Gregor Piatigorsky 1
2005 Václav Talich Special Edition 5 Antonín Dvořák; Václav Talich, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, František Maxián, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2006 Songs Rachmaninov, Glinka; Galina Vishnevskaya, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2006 Violin Concerto / Double Concerto Brahms; Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra, Kyrill Kondrashin, David Oistrakh, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2006 Lady MacBeth of Mtsensk Shostakovich; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Ambrosian Opera Chorus & Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2007 Cello Concertos Vivaldi, Tartini, Boccherini; Mstislav Rostropovich, Collegium Musicum Zürich, Paul Sacher 2
2008 Die Streichtrios Beethoven; Anne-Sophie Mutter, Bruno Giuranna, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2008 Symphony no. 10 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2011 The Russian Archives: Mstislav Rostropovich plays Russian Cello Concertos Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2012 Tripelkonzert C-dur op.56 Beethoven; David Oistrach, Mstislaw Rostropowitsch, Svjatoslav Richter, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
2015 BBC Music, Volume 23, Number 4: Rostropovich plays JS Bach Cello Suites Nos 2,3 & 6 Johann Sebastian Bach; Mstislav Rostropovitch 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1988 Piano Concertos no. 1 & 2 / Cello Concerto no. 1 Shostakovich; New York Philharmonic, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Leonard Bernstein, André Previn, Mstislav Rostropovich, Eugene Ormandy 1
1989 Cello Suites 1 & 2 / Cello Sonata Britten; Mstislav Rostropovich 2
1989 Klavierkonzert Nr. 2 / Polonaise-Fantaisie As-Dur / Drei Mazurken, op. 59 / Scherzo Nr. 2 b-Moll Frédéric Chopin; Martha Argerich, National Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1991 Cello Concerto no. 2 / Andante cantabile / Chant du ménestrel Shostakovich, Tchaikovsky, Glazunov; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1991 Dvořák: Concerto pour violoncelle / Brahms: Double Concerto Dvořák, Brahms; Mstislav Rostropovich, David Oistrakh 2
1994 Great Works for Cello and Orchestra Vivaldi, Boccherini, Tartini, Tchaikovsky, Shostakovich, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1994 Cello Concerto No. 2 / Symphony No. 5 Schostakowitsch; Mstislav Rostropovich, National Symphony Orchestra, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Osawa 2
1994 Complete Music for Cello and Piano Beethoven; Mstislav Rostropovich, Sviatoslav Richter, Maurice Gendron, Jean Françaix 2
1997 The Russian Years 1950-1974 Mstislav Rostropovich 2
1998 Complete Symphonies Dmitri Shostakovich; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1998 Rostropovich Performs Shostakovich Dmitri Shostakovich; Mstislav Rostropovitch, Chamber Orchestra of Moscow 1
1998 Beethoven: Triple Concerto / Brahms: Double Concerto Beethoven, Brahms; Oistrakh, Rostropovich, Richter, Herbert von Karajan, George Szell 2
1998 Strauss: Don Quixote / Schumann: Cello Concerto Strauss, Schumann; Mstislav Rostropovich, Herbert von Karajan, Leonard Bernstein 4 1
1998 Violin Concerto / Cello Concerto Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; David Oistrakh, New York Philharmonic, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Mstislav Rostropovich, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 2
1999 Deutsche Grammophon Collection: Chopin: Cello Sonata / Polonaise / Schumann: Adagio and Allegro / Scenes From Childhood Fryderyk Chopin, Robert Schumann; Мстислав Ростропович, Martha Argerich 1
2002 Master Cellist Мстислав Ростропович 1
2002 Dvorak: Cello Concerto / Strauss: Don Quixote Dvořák, Strauss; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2002 Violin Concertos Nos. 1, 2 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich, Maxim Vengerov 1
2005 Historic Russian Archives: Mstislav Rostropovich Edition Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2006 DIE ZEIT Klassik-Edition 19: Mstislaw Rostropowitsch spielt Dvořák und Schumann Antonín Dvořák, Robert Schumann; Mstislaw Rostropowitsch 1
2007 The Glory of Rostropovich: 80th Birthday Tribute Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2007 Le violoncelle du siècle Mstislav Rostropovitch 1
2008 Symphonies 1–6 / “Manfred” Symphony / Romeo and Juliet / Francesca da Rimini Tchaikovsky; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2008 Concertos / Orchestral Works Henri Dutilleux; Mstislav Rostropovich, Renaud Capuçon 1
2008 Mstislav Rostropovich Plays Cello Works by… Bach, Dvořák, Handel, Jolivet, Landowski, Prokofiev, Saint‐Saëns, Shostakovich, Tchaikovsky, Vivaldi; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2008 The Complete EMI Recordings Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2011 Symphonies & Concertos Stravinsky; Maxim Vengerov, Simon Rattle, Mstislav Rostropovich, Sir Neville Marriner, Seiji Ozawa, Franz Welser-Möst 1
2012 The Complete Decca Recordings Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2012 Three Concertos Dmitri Shostakovich; Е. Мravinsky, D. Oistrakh / E. Ormandy, М. Rostropovich / L. Bernstein 1
2012 Treasures of Chamber Music, Volume 2 Emanuel Ax, Juilliard String Quartet, Kim Kashkashian, Gidon Kremer, Jaime Laredo, Yo‐Yo Ma, Jean-Pierre Rampal, Mstislav Rostropovich, Rudolf Serkin, Isaac Stern, Tal & Groethuysen 1
Mstislaw Rostropowitsch - A Portrait Мстислав Ростропович 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1992 Life With an Idiot Schnittke; Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich, Dale Duesing, Teresa Ringholz, Howard Haskin 1
1999 5 Cello and Piano sonatas Ludwig van Beethoven; Sviatoslav Richter, Mstisav Rostropovich 1
2001 Khachaturian: Concerto Rhapsody / Shostakovich: Cello Concerto no. 2 / Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations Khachaturian, Shostakovich, Tchaikovsky; Mtislav Rostropovich, London Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Orchestra, George Hurst, Sir Colin Davis 1
2002 Symphony no. 11 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 2
2005 Symphony no. 5 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2005 Symphony no. 8 Shoskotavich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 2

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