György Ligeti (contemporary classical composer)

~ Person

Legal name: Ligeti György Sándor


György Sándor Ligeti (/ˈlɪɡəti/; Hungarian: Ligeti György Sándor, pronounced [ˈliɡɛti ˈɟørɟ ˈʃaːndor]; 28 May 1923 – 12 June 2006) was a Hungarian composer of contemporary classical music. He has been described as "one of the most important avant-garde composers in the latter half of the twentieth century" and "one of the most innovative and influential among progressive figures of his time".

Born in Transylvania, Romania, he lived in Hungary before emigrating to Austria in 1956, and became an Austrian citizen in 1968. In 1973 he became professor of composition at the Hamburg Hochschule für Musik und Theater until he retired in 1989. He died in Vienna in 2006.

Restricted by the authorities of Communist Hungary, only when he reached the west in 1956 could he fully realise his passion for avant-garde music and develop new compositional techniques. After experimenting with electronic music in Cologne, his breakthrough came with orchestral works such as Atmosphères, for which he used a technique he later dubbed micropolyphony. After writing his "anti-opera" Le Grand Macabre, Ligeti shifted away from chromaticism and towards polyrhythm for his later works.

He is best known by the public for the use of his music in film soundtracks. Although he did not directly compose any film scores, excerpts of pieces composed by him were taken and adapted for film use. Most famously this occurred in the films of Stanley Kubrick, particularly with the music from 2001: A Space Odyssey, which also contained pieces from other classical composers.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1987 Ligeti: Études pour piano, premier livre / Messiaen: Vingt regards sur l'Enfant-Jésus (sélection) György Ligeti, Olivier Messiaen; Volker Banfield 1
1988 Kammerkonzert / Ramifications / Lux aeterna / Atmosphères György Ligeti 1
1988 Streichquartett Nr. 1 / Streichquartett Nr. 2 György Ligeti; Arditti-String-Quartet 1
1991 Le Grand Macabre György Ligeti 1
1993 Trio für Violine, Horn und Klavier / Passacaglia ungherese / Hungarian Rock / Continuum / Monument · Selbstportrait · Bewegung György Ligeti 1
1993 Of Eternal Light Monk, Messiaen, Gordon, Ligeti, Sherman, Moran; Musica Sacra 1
1994 Cello Concerto / Piano Concerto / Chamber Concerto (Ensemble Modern feat. conductor: Peter Eötvös) György Ligeti 1
1994 Concertos for Cello, Violin & Piano György Ligeti 1
1994 Boulez Conducts Ligeti: Concertos for Cello / Violin / Piano Ligeti; Ensemble InterContemporain, Jean-Guihen Queyras, Saschko Gawriloff, Pierre-Laurent Aimard & Pierre Boulez 1
1996 The Complete Piano Music, Volume I György Ligeti; Fredrik Ullén 2
1996 Continuum / 10 Stücke für Bläserquintett / Artikulation / Glissandi / 2 Etüden / Volumina György Ligeti 1
1996 Requiem / Aventures / Nouvelles Aventures György Ligeti 1
1996 Ligeti Edition 3: Works for Piano: Études / Musica ricercata György Ligeti; Pierre-Laurent Aimard 2
1997 Ligeti Edition 1: String Quartets and Duets György Ligeti; Arditti String Quartet 1
1997 Ligeti Edition 2: A Cappella Choral Works György Ligeti; London Sinfonietta Voices, Terry Edwards 1
1997 Ligeti Edition 4: Vocal Works: Madrigals / Mysteries / Aventures / Songs György Ligeti; The King’s Singers; Philharmonia Orchestra; Esa-Pekka Salonen 1
1997 Ligeti Edition 5: Mechanical Music György Ligeti; Pierre Charial, Françoise Terrioux, Jürgen Hocker 1
1997 Ligeti Edition 6: Keyboard Works: Piano Four-Hands / Piano / 2 Pianos / Harpsichord / Organ György Ligeti; Irina Kataeva, Pierre-Laurent Aimard, Elisabeth Chojnacka, Zsigmond Szathmáry 1
1997 Sciarrino: Autoritratto nella notte / Ligeti: 6 Bagatellen / Doppelkonzert / Schoenberg: Kammersymphonie Nr. 1 Sciarrino, Ligeti, Schoenberg; Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Claudio Abbado 1
1998 Ligeti Edition 7: Chamber Music: Trio for Violin, Horn and Piano / Ten Pieces & Six Bagatelles for Wind Quintet / Sonata for Solo Viola György Ligeti; Saschko Gawriloff, Marie Luise Neunecker, Pierre-Laurent Aimard, London Winds, Tabea Zimmermann 1
1998 Complete Piano Works, Volume 2 György Ligeti; Fredrik Ullén 1
1999 Le Grand Macabre György Ligeti; Philharmonia Orchestra, Esa-Pekka Salonen 1
2000 Œuvres pour violoncelle seul Dutilleux, Ligeti, Bacri, Crumb, Henze; Emmanuelle Bertrand 1
2000 The Ligeti Project I: Melodien / Chamber Concerto / Piano Concerto György Ligeti 1
2000 Ligeti: Works for Piano & Cembalo György Ligeti 1
2000 Un portrait György Ligeti 1
2002 Opus Number Zoo: Twentieth Century Wind Quintets Ibert, Berio, Ligeti; The Galliard Ensemble 1
2002 Études pour piano György Ligeti; Toros Can 1
2002 The Ligeti Project II (Berliner Philharmoniker feat. conductor Jonathan Nott) György Ligeti 1
2002 The Ligeti Project III György Ligeti 1
2003 Études: Books I and II (1-14a) György Ligeti; İdil Biret 1
2003 The Ligeti Project IV: Hamburg Concerto / Double Concerto / Ramifications / Requiem György Ligeti; Marie Luise Neunecker, Heinz Holliger, Jacques Zoon, Caroline Stein, Margriet van Reisen, London Voices, Terry Edwards, Asko Ensemble, Schönberg Ensemble, Reinbert de Leeuw, Berliner Philharmoniker, Jonathan Nott 1
2004 The Ligeti Project V György Ligeti 1
2006 Complete Piano Music György Ligeti; Fredrik Ullén 1
2008 Lux Aeterna / Im Gestein György Ligeti, Robert Heppener 1
2008 Ludwig Quandt Solo Zoltán Kodály, György Ligeti, György Kurtág, Miklós Rózsa; Ludwig Quandt 1
2009 Sonatas and Etudes Chopin, Scriabin, Liszt, Ligeti; Yuja Wang 2
2009 Alone: Works for Solo Cello Ligeti, Hindemith, Crumb, Ho, Vasks, Sòllima; Li-Wei 1
2009 String Quartets Nos. 1 and 2, Andante and Allegretto (The Parker Quartet) György Ligeti 1
2010 String Quartets 1 & 2 / Lux Aeterna / Ramifications / Choral Works / Six Bagatelles (Artemis Quartet, Groupe vocal De France, Guy Reibel) György Ligeti 1
2011 Requiem / Apparitions / San Francisco Polyphony György Ligeti 1
2012 Ligeti / Beethoven György Ligeti, Ludwig van Beethoven; Jeremy Denk 1
2012 Ligeti / Pintscher / Cage / Xenakis Ligeti, Pintscher, Cage, Xenakis; JACK Quartet 1
2012 Music for Viola György Kurtág, György Ligeti; Kim Kashkashian 1
2012 Bartók / Eötvös / Ligeti Béla Bartók, Eötvös Péter, György Ligeti; Patricia Kopatchinskaja, Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Ensemble Modern, Eötvös Péter 2
2012 1948-2001: A Ligeti Odyssey György Ligeti; Nobuko Imai, Fredrik Ullén, Hans-Ola Ericsson, Schola Heidelberg, Berlin Philharmonic Wind Quintet 1
2013 Musical Toys Sofia Gubaidulina, Unsuk Chin, György Ligeti; Mei Yi Foo 1
2013 Ligeti String Quartets / Barber Adagio György Ligeti, Samuel Barber; Keller Quartett 1
2013 György Ligeti: Violin Concerto, Lontano, Atmosphères, San Francisco Polyphony György Ligeti 1
2014 Cello Concerto / Mysteries of the Macabre / Piano Concerto György Ligeti 1
Lux Aeterna (Groupe Vocal de France) György Ligeti 1
Musica Ricercata; Capriccio 1 & 2; Invention; Monument; Selbstportrait; Bewegung György Ligeti 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1988 Chamber Concerto / Ramifications / String Quartet No. 2 / Aventures / Lux aeterna György Ligeti; Ensemble InterContemporain, Pierre Boulez, LaSalle Quartet 1
1988 Konzert für Violoncello und Orchester / Lontano / Doppelkonzert / San Francisco Polyphony György Ligeti 1
1990 Wien Modern Ligeti, Nono, Boulez, Rihm; Wiener Philharmoniker, Wiener Jeunesse-Chor, Claudio Abbado 1
2000 Violin Concertos, etc. Ligeti / Nørgård 1
2003 String Quartets nos. 1 & 2 / Ramifications György Ligeti 1
2004 BBC Music, Volume 12, Number 11: Wind Quintets Nielsen, Ligeti, Barber, Françaix; Galliard Ensemble 1
2006 Günter-Wand-Edition, Volume 9 I. Stravinsky, B.A. Zimmermann, W. Fortner, G. Ligeti; NDR-Sinfonieorchester, Kölner Rundfunk-Sinfonie-Orchester, Günter Wand 1
2006 Clear or Cloudy: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon György Ligeti 1
2012 Atmosphères György Ligeti 1

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