Legal name: Eleanora Fagan Gough

Wikipedia

Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), better known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz singer with a career spanning nearly thirty years. Nicknamed "Lady Day" by her friend and music partner Lester Young, Holiday had a seminal influence on jazz music and pop singing. Her vocal style, strongly inspired by jazz instrumentalists, pioneered a new way of manipulating phrasing and tempo. She was known for her vocal delivery and improvisational skills, which made up for her limited range and lack of formal music education.

After a turbulent childhood, Holiday began singing in nightclubs in Harlem, where she was heard by the producer John Hammond, who commended her voice. She signed a recording contract with Brunswick Records in 1935. Collaborations with Teddy Wilson yielded the hit "What a Little Moonlight Can Do", which became a jazz standard. Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Holiday had mainstream success on labels such as Columbia Records and Decca Records. By the late 1940s, however, she was beset with legal troubles and drug abuse. After a short prison sentence, she performed at a sold-out concert at Carnegie Hall, but her reputation deteriorated because of her drug and alcohol problems.

Though she was a successful concert performer throughout the 1950s with two further sold-out shows at Carnegie Hall, Holiday's bad health, coupled with a string of abusive relationships and ongoing drug and alcohol abuse, caused her voice to wither. Her final recordings were met with mixed reaction to her damaged voice but were mild commercial successes. Her final album, Lady in Satin, was released in 1958. Holiday died of cirrhosis on July 17, 1959. A posthumous album, Last Recording, was released following her death.

Much of Holiday's material has been rereleased since her death. She is considered a legendary performer with an ongoing influence on American music. She is the recipient of four Grammy Awards, all of them posthumous awards for Best Historical Album. Holiday was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1973. Lady Sings the Blues, a film about her life, starring Diana Ross, was released in 1972. She is the primary character in the play and later the film Lady Day at Emerson's Bar and Grill; the role was originated by Reenie Upchurch in 1986 and was played by Audra McDonald on Broadway and in the film.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2010 Baby It's Cold Outside 2 Various Artists 1
2010 Bent Remixes 2001-2004 Various Artists 1
2010 Best Jazz 50 Various Artists 1
2010 Cizano: Erotic Night Various Artists 1
2010 Dallmayr Coffee & Chill, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
2010 Easy Like Sunday Morning Various Artists 1
2010 George Gershwin Songbook Various Artists 1
2010 I Love Jazz Various Artists 1
2010 In the Mood: The Big Band Era Various Artists 1
2010 Root of Blues: 72 Blues Standards That Inspired Generations Various Artists 1
2010 Spirit of Jazz Various Artists 1
2010 The Essential Christmas Crooners Various Artists 1
2010 The Jazz Masters Various Artists 2
2010 White Cliffs of Dover Various Artists 1
2011 Ladies in Jazz: Fabulous Female Jazz Singers Various Artists 1
2011 Top Hits of the 1930s, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
2011 Essential Collection Louis Armstrong 1
2011 The Electro Swing Revolution, Vol. 6 Various Artists 1
2011 50 Best of Blue Note Various Artists 1
2011 Jazz: The Smithsonian Anthology Various Artists 1
2011 Jazz Roots: The Music of the Americas Various Artists 1
2011 Ich mag keinen Jazz, aber das gefällt mir Various Artists 1
2011 Putumayo Presents: Jazz Various Artists 2
2011 The 100 Best Jazz Tunes of the 1950's Various Artists 1
2011 The Rough Guide to Jazz Legends: Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong 1
2011 Pure… Jazz Various Artists 1
2011 Pure… Divas Various Artists 1
2011 Les 100 Légendes de la Soul Various Artists 1
2011 Perfect Jazz Collection II Various Artists 1
2011 "Satchmo": Ambassador of Jazz Louis Armstrong 1
2011 New York, New York Frank SinatraDean MartinSammy Davis Jr.Judy GarlandLouis Armstrong 1
2011 Le Coffret idéal Blues Various Artists 1
2011 So Fresh: Songs For Christmas 2011 Various Artists 1
2011 The Jazz Years - History of Jazz Box set Various Artists 1
2011 100 Years of the Blues Various Artists 1
2011 Le Jazz de Noël : Les plus grands artistes interprètent les plus beaux airs de Noël Various Artists 1
2011 Night & Day: American Standards Various Artists 1
2011 Romance Various Artists 1
2011 Starbucks 40: A 40th Anniversary Collection Various Artists 1
2011 The Complete Collection Tony Bennett 1
2012 101 Best of Jazz Various Artists 1
2012 Pure… 50s Various Artists 1
2012 The Essential Jazz Various Artists 1
2012 Magiel Wagli Various Artists 1
2012 Spirit of Cool Jazz Various Artists 1
2012 Brian Wilson's Jukebox: The Music That Inspired the Man Various Artists 1
2012 Pure… Voices Various Artists 1
2012 50 Finest Jazz Various Artists 1
2012 Les Plus Belles Berceuses Jazz Various Artists 1
2012 Greatest Songs of the 1940s Various Artists 1
2012 Crooners and Christmas Various Artists 1
2012 Social Dance for the Needy Ones DJ Swingy the Kid 3 1
2012 Best of Lounge Music Various Artists 1
2012 De zwarte lijst, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
2012 Epitome of Cool Love Songs Various Artists 1
2012 Jazz Deluxe Various Artists 1
2012 Keep Calm and Ultra Lounge Various Artists 1
2012 Les 100 plus belles chansons d'amour, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
2012 Songs For You Various Artists 1
2013 Pure… Legends Various Artists 1
2013 42: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack Various Artists 1
2013 The Great American Songbook 2 Various Artists 1
2013 Jazz Divas: The Very Best of, Volume 3 Various Artists 1
2013 Swing This Way Various Artists 1
2013 Je n'aime pas toujours le jazz, mais ça j'aime bien Various Artists 1
2013 The Most Essential Jazz Voices Various Artists 1
2013 White Mink : Black Cotton, Volume 3 Various Artists 1
2013 Jukebox Favourites: Best of Jazz Ladies Various Artists 1
2013 I Just Love: A 50s Summer Party! Various Artists 1
2013 Klara Best of Jazz Various Artists 1
2013 Klara Presents: The Original Soundtrack, Part 2 Various Artists 1
2013 Sentimental Moods Various Artists 1
2014 Latest & Greatest Relaxing Songs Various Artists 1
2014 Inspirations: Rocked by Rod Various Artists 1
2014 Studio Rio Presents: The Brazil Connection Various Artists 1
2014 White Christmas Various Artists 2
2014 Borrowed by Bublé Various Artists 1
2014 Great Love Songs of the 1940s Various Artists 1
2014 Late Night Jazz Various Artists 1
2014 Le Jour J : Les chansons de la victoire Various Artists 1
2014 Prima Divas Various Artists 1
2014 Roots of Soul 1928-1962 Various Artists 1
2014 The Real… Jazz: The Ultimate Jazz Collection Various Artists 1
2015 The Many Faces of The Doors Various Artists 2
2015 Silver Linings: Songs of a Lifetime Various Artists 1
2015 Ultimate Divas Various Artists 1
2015 The Very Best of the Irving Berlin Songbook Irving Berlin 1
2015 Christmas With Ella & Friends Various Artists 1
2015 Golden Jazz Box - The Six Best Albums From the Six Best Ladies of Jazz Various Artists 1
2015 Queens of Vocal Jazz Various Artists 1
2015 SWING - 40 songs from the masters of swing Various Artists 1
2015 The Real… Blues: The Ultimate Collection Various Artists 1
2016 Ultimate Voices Various Artists 1
2016 Die Hit-Giganten: Best of Swing & Jazz Various Artists 1
2016 Mississippi Juke Joint Blues (9th September 1941) Various Artists 1
2016 Soul Sisters Remixed - Speakeasy vol.5 by Don Mescal Speakeasy Electro Swing 1
2016 Christmas Cafe Various Artists 1
2016 Joyful Jazz! Christmas With Verve, Vol. 1 Various Artists 1
2016 Joyful Jazz! Christmas with Verve, volume 1: the Vocalists! Various Artists 1
2016 Tea for Two Cafe Jazz Various Artists 1

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