Billie Holiday

~ Person

Legal name: Eleanora Fagan

Wikipedia

Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), professionally known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz musician and singer-songwriter with a career spanning nearly thirty years. Nicknamed "Lady Day" by her friend and music partner Lester Young, Holiday had a seminal influence on jazz music and pop singing. Her vocal style, strongly inspired by jazz instrumentalists, pioneered a new way of manipulating phrasing and tempo. She was known for her vocal delivery and improvisational skills, which made up for her limited range and lack of formal music education. There were other jazz singers with equal talent, but Holiday had a voice that captured the attention of her audience.

After a turbulent childhood, Holiday began singing in nightclubs in Harlem, where she was heard by the producer John Hammond, who commended her voice. She signed a recording contract with Brunswick Records in 1935. Collaborations with Teddy Wilson yielded the hit "What a Little Moonlight Can Do", which became a jazz standard. Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Holiday had mainstream success on labels such as Columbia Records and Decca Records. By the late 1940s, however, she was beset with legal troubles and drug abuse. After a short prison sentence, she performed a sold-out concert at Carnegie Hall, but her reputation deteriorated because of her drug and alcohol problems.

Though she was a successful concert performer throughout the 1950s with two further sold-out shows at Carnegie Hall, Holiday's bad health, coupled with a string of abusive relationships and ongoing drug and alcohol abuse, caused her voice to wither. Her final recordings were met with mixed reaction to her damaged voice but were mild commercial successes. Her final album, Lady in Satin, was released in 1958. Holiday died of cirrhosis of the liver on July 17, 1959. A posthumous album, Last Recording, was released following her death.

Much of Holiday's material has been rereleased since her death. She is considered a legendary performer with an ongoing influence on American music. She is the recipient of four Grammy awards, all of them posthumous awards for Best Historical Album. Holiday herself was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1973. Lady Sings the Blues, a film about her life, starring Diana Ross, was released in 1972. She is the primary character in the play and later film Lady Day at Emerson's Bar and Grill; the role was originated by Reenie Upchurch in 1986, and played by Audra McDonald on Broadway (she received a Tony Award for her performance) and in the film.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2000 Midnite Jazz & Blues: The Voice of Jazz Billie Holiday 1
2000 The Great Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2001 ICON: Love Songs Billie Holiday 1
2001 Stormy Weather Billie Holiday 1
2001 The Essential Lady Day Billie Holiday 1
2001 The Lady Sings Billie Holiday 1
2001 Lady Day: The Best of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 2
2001 Lady Day: The Complete Billie Holiday on Columbia (1933-1944) Billie Holiday 2
2001 The Best of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 2
2001 Billie Holiday 49 Original Recordings Billie Holiday 1
2001 Billie's Blues Billie Holiday 1
2001 Complete Original American Decca Recordings Billie Holiday 1
2001 Jazz Greats Charlie Parker & Billie Holiday 1
2001 Midnite Jazz & Blues: Easy to Love Billie Holiday 1
2001 That Ole Devil Called Love Billie Holiday 1
2001 The Classic Decade: 1935-1945 Billie Holiday 1
2001 The Cream of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2001 The Very Best Billie Holiday 1
2001 You Go to My Head Billie Holiday 1
2002 The Man I Love Billie Holiday 1
2002 20th Century Masters: The Millennium Collection: The Best of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2002 The Essential Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2002 Holiday for Lovers Billie Holiday 1
2002 You Go to My Head Billie Holiday 1
2002 A Musical Romance Billie Holiday 1
2002 Billie's Blues Billie Holiday 1
2002 Golden Greats Billie Holiday 1
2002 Portrait Billie Holiday 2
2002 The Chronological Classics: Billie Holiday 1949-1951 Billie Holiday 1
2003 Easy Livin' Billie Holiday 1
2003 The Diva Series Billie Holiday 1
2003 Swing Brother Swing (Collectables) Billie Holiday 1
2003 Love Songs 2 Billie Holiday 1
2003 Blue Moon Billie Holiday 1
2003 Tenderly Billie Holiday 1
2003 All of Me Billie Holiday 1
2003 Bd Jazz Billie Holiday 1
2003 The Chronological Classics: Billie Holiday 1952 Billie Holiday 1
2003 Timeless Classics Billie Holiday 1
2004 Jazz Ballads 12: Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2004 Tenderly Billie Holiday 1
2004 The Complete 1933-1944 Studio Recordings Master Takes, Volume 3: 1937-1938 Billie Holiday 1
2004 The Essential Hits Billie Holiday 1
2004 The Great Vocalists of Jazz & Entertainment: Blue Skies Billie Holiday / Jimmy Rushing 1
2004 The Great Vocalists of Jazz & Entertainment: The Man I Love Billie Holiday 1
2004 Vol. 4 "You're My Thrill" Original 1944-1949 Recordings Billie Holiday 1
2005 Billy Remembers Billie Billie Holiday 1
2005 American Songbook Billie Holiday 1
2005 Just Jazz: The Original Authentic Recordings Billie Holiday 1
2005 Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 5 1
2005 The Complete Verve Studio Master Takes Billie Holiday 1
2005 16 Classic Performances Billie Holiday 1
2005 Night & Day Billie Holiday 1
2005 The Ultimate Collection Billie Holiday 1
2005 This Is Gold: Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2006 God Bless the Child: The Very Best of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2006 Retrospective Billie Holiday 1
2006 That Old Devil Called Love Billie Holiday 1
2006 The Collection Billie Holiday 1
2006 The Essence of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2006 The Ultimate Collection Billie Holiday 1
2006 The Very Best of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2007 Singin' Her Greatest Songs Billie Holiday 1
2007 The Best of Billie Holiday: The Master Takes and Singles Billie Holiday 2
2007 Coleção Folha clássicos do jazz, Volume 12 Billie Holiday 1
2007 A Portrait of an Artist Through Her Quintessential Recordings Billie Holiday 2
2007 Billy's Blues Billie Holiday 1
2007 De legendes van de jazz Billie Holiday / Miles Davis 1
2007 The Great American Songbook Billie Holiday 1
2008 A Lady Sings The Blues Billie Holiday 1
2008 Playlist: The Very Best of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 2
2008 The Essential Collection Billie Holiday 1
2008 The Ultimate Collection Billie Holiday 1
2009 The Best of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2009 The Complete Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2010 The Rough Guide to Jazz and Blues Legends: Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 5 2
2010 Lady Sings the Blues Billie Holiday 1
2010 The Essential Billie Holiday: The Columbia Years Billie Holiday 1
2011 Forever Lady Day Billie Holiday 1
2011 The Complete Masters 1933–1959 Billie Holiday 1
2011 The Real... Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2012 Mitos do jazz, Volume 16: Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2012 Coleção Folha grandes vozes, Volume 15: Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2012 Billie Holiday at the Stratford Shakespearean Festival 1957 Billie Holiday 1
2012 The Ben Webster/Harry Edison Sessions Billie Holiday 1
2014 The Essential Brunswick Recordings Billie Holiday 1
2015 God Bless the Child: Best of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
20 Golden Greats Billie Holiday 1
1935-1942 Billie Holiday 1
1949-1952 Radio and TV Broadcasts Billie Holiday 1
A Fine Romance Billie Holiday 1
A Fine Romance 1 Billie Holiday 1
A Multimedia Record Billie Holiday 1
All of Me Billie Holiday 1
All of Me Billie Holiday 1
American Legends Billie Holiday 1
Anthology Billie Holiday 1
As Time Goes By Billie Holiday 1
Back 2 Back Billie Holiday / Etta James 1
Best of Billie Holiday: 1935-1948 Billie Holiday 1

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