Oscar Wilde

~ Person


Oscar Fingal O'Fflahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of the most popular playwrights in London in the early 1890s. He is best remembered for his epigrams and plays, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, and his criminal conviction for gross indecency for homosexual acts.

Wilde's parents were Anglo-Irish intellectuals in Dublin. In his youth Wilde learned to speak fluent French and German. At university, he read Greats; he demonstrated himself to be an exceptional classicist, first at Trinity College Dublin, then at Magdalen College, Oxford. He became associated with the emerging philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles.

He tried his hand at various literary activities: he wrote a play, published a book of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art" and interior decoration, and then returned to London where he lectured on his American travels and wrote reviews for various periodicals. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversational skill, Wilde became one of the best-known personalities of his day. At the turn of the 1890s he refined his ideas about the supremacy of art in a series of dialogues and essays, and incorporated themes of decadence, duplicity, and beauty into what would be his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890). Wilde returned to the drama, writing Salome (1891) in French while in Paris, but it was refused a licence for England due to an absolute prohibition on the portrayal of Biblical subjects on the English stage. Undiscouraged, Wilde produced four society comedies in the early 1890s, which made him one of the most successful playwrights of late-Victorian London.

At the height of his fame and success, while The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) was still being performed in London, Wilde prosecuted the Marquess of Queensberry for criminal libel. The Marquess was the father of Wilde's lover, Lord Alfred Douglas. The libel trial unearthed evidence that caused Wilde to drop his charges and led to his own arrest and trial for gross indecency with men. After two more trials he was convicted and sentenced to two years' hard labour, the maximum penalty, and was jailed from 1895 to 1897. During his last year in prison he wrote De Profundis (published posthumously in 1905), a long letter that discusses his spiritual journey through his trials, forming a dark counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure. On his release, he left immediately for France, and never returned to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), a long poem commemorating the harsh rhythms of prison life.

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Cele mei frumoase povestiO. Wilde1

Album + Soundtrack

1973The Selfish GiantOscar Wilde, Ron Goodwin And His Orchestra2

Album + Spokenword

2006The Soul of Man Under SocialismOscar Wilde1

Album + Audiobook

1977The Importance of Being EarnestOscar Wilde, Sir John Gielgud, Roland Culver, Dame Edith Evans, Pamela Brown, Celia Johnson, Jean Cadell, Aubrey Mather, Brewster Mason, Peter Sallis1
1996Great TrialsOscar Wilde read by Martin Jarvis1
2004Das Gespenst von CantervilleOscar Wilde gelesen von Thomas Vogt1
2013MeistererzählungenOscar Wilde gelesen von Markus Hoffmann1
2015Das Bildnis des Dorian GrayOscar Wilde gelesen von Wolfgang Reichmann1
2016The Selfish GiantOscar Wilde1
Le crime de Lord Arthur Savile et autres nouvellesOscar Wilde lu par Marie-Françoise Coelho1


2006Das Gespenst von Canterville: Ein OrchesterhörspielOscar Wilde & Henrik Albrecht gespielt vom SWR Rundfunkorchester Kaiserslautern, Andreas Hempel1

Other + Audiobook

1994Das Bildnis des Dorian GrayOscar Wilde1
1998The Happy Prince and Other StoriesOscar Wilde read by Anton Lesser2
2002Der selbstsüchtige RieseOscar Wilde gelesen von Katharina Thalbach1
2006Spöket På CantervilleOscar Wilde1
2009Das Bildnis des Dorian GrayOscar Wilde gelesen von Lutz Riedel1
The Picture of Dorian GrayOscar Wilde1

Other + Audio drama

2009Das Bildnis des Dorian Gray (Teil 1 von 2)Marc Gruppe nach Oscar Wilde1
2009Das Bildnis des Dorian Gray (Teil 2 von 2)Marc Gruppe nach Oscar Wilde1
2011Das Gespenst von CantervilleMarc Gruppe nach Oscar Wilde1
2012Der eigensüchtige Riese & Der glückliche PrinzMara Schroeder-von Kurmin nach Oscar Wilde1
2013The Picture of Dorian GrayDavid Llewellyn, Oscar Wilde, Alexander Vlahos, Miles Richardson, Steffan Rhodri, Thomas Rees-Kaye, James Unsworth, David Blackwell, Paul Jones, Jolyon Westhorpe, Sophie Melville, Ian Hallard, Marilyn Le Conte, Louise Faulkner, Aysha Kala, Marcus Hutton2
2016The Confessions of Dorian Gray Series 05David Llewellyn, Scott Handcock, Roy Gill, Guy Adams, Oscar Wilde, Alexander Vlahos, Samuel Barnett, Sarah Douglas, David Blackwell, Tracey Childs, Stephanie Ellyne, Ben Flohr, Hugh Skinner, Steffan Rhodri, Bernard Holley, Ben Crystal, Lizzie Hopley, Lewis Reeves, John Schwab, Mac McDonald, Daniel Brocklebank, Steven Cree, Geoffrey Breton, Jo Joyner2

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