Johannes Brahms

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Johannes Brahms (German: [joˈhanəs ˈbʁaːms]; 7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period. Born in Hamburg into a Lutheran family, Brahms spent much of his professional life in Vienna, Austria. His reputation and status as a composer is such that he is sometimes grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach and Ludwig van Beethoven as one of the "Three Bs" of music, a comment originally made by the nineteenth-century conductor Hans von Bülow.

Brahms composed for symphony orchestra, chamber ensembles, piano, organ, and voice and chorus. A virtuoso pianist, he premiered many of his own works. He worked with some of the leading performers of his time, including the pianist Clara Schumann and the violinist Joseph Joachim (the three were close friends). Many of his works have become staples of the modern concert repertoire. An uncompromising perfectionist, Brahms destroyed some of his works and left others unpublished.

Brahms has been considered, by his contemporaries and by later writers, as both a traditionalist and an innovator. His music is firmly rooted in the structures and compositional techniques of the Classical masters. While many contemporaries found his music too academic, his contribution and craftsmanship have been admired by subsequent figures as diverse as Arnold Schoenberg and Edward Elgar. The diligent, highly constructed nature of Brahms's works was a starting point and an inspiration for a generation of composers. Embedded within his meticulous structures, however, are deeply romantic motifs.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1996 Clarinet Quintets Brahms, Reger; Schoenberg Quartet, Pierre Woudenberg 1
1996 Ein Deutsches Requiem Johannes Brahms; University of Miami Symphony Orchestra and Chorale, Thomas M. Sleeper 1
1996 Horn Trios Brahms, Koechlin, Duvernoy; Ifor James, Paolo Ghidoni, Tiziano Mealli 1
1996 Mozart: Clarinet Quintet K.581 / Brahms: Clarinet Quintet op.115 Mozart, Brahms; Wiener Konzerthaus Quartett, Leopold Wlach 1
1996 Os grandes clássicos: Concerto no. 2 para piano e orquestra, op. 83 Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Piano Pieces, op. 116-119 Brahms; Hélène Grimaud 1
1996 Piano Works, Volume 9: 51 Exercises, WoO 6 Johannes Brahms; İdil Biret 1
1996 Sonata no. 3 in F minor, op. 5 Johannes Brahms; Kocsis 1
1996 String Sextets Johannes Brahms; Die Kammermusiker Zürich 1
1996 Symphonies 3 & 4, Serenade No. 1 Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, István Kertész 1
1996 Symphony no. 1 in C minor, op. 68 / Tragic Overture Johannes Brahms; Philharmonia Cassovia 1
1996 Symphony no. 4 / Ein Deutsches Requiem / Schicksalslied Johannes Brahms; Eugen Jochum, Jessye Norman, Jorma Hynninen, Klaus Tennstedt 1
1996 Symphony nos. 1-3 / Tragic Overture / Academic Festival Overture Brahms; Eugen Jochum 1
1996 The Classical Collection: Romantic Chamber Music: Lyrical Masterworks: Sonatina for Violin & Piano / Piano Trio / Cello Sonata Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Ungarische Tänze - Für Klavier zu vier Händen Johannes Brahms; Hector Moreno, Norberto Capelli 1
1996 Violin Concertos Brahms, Schumann; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi, Joshua Bell 1
1996 Violin Concertos Felix Mendelssohn & Johannes Brahms 1
1997 Symphonies nos. 1-4 / Tragic Overture Brahms; Philharmonia Orchestra, Thomas Sanderling 1
1997 Streichquintette Brahms; Hagen Quartett, Gérard Caussé 2
1997 Choral Works Johannes Brahms; Blomstedt, Abbado, Preston 1
1997 Clarinet Sonatas nos. 1 and 2 / Scherzo / Lieder, op. 91 Johannes Brahms; Kálmán Berkes, Jenő Jandó 1
1997 Walzer / Liebeslieder-Walzer Brahms; Wilhelm Backhaus 1
1997 BBC Music, Volume 5, Number 8: Symphony No. 4 / Zigeunerlieder Johannes Brahms 1
1997 Doppelkonzert / Horntrio Brahms; Frank Peter Zimmermann, Heinrich Schiff, Marie Luise Neunecker, Wolfgang Sawallisch, London Philharmonic Orchestra 1
1997 Four Hand Piano Music, Volume 2: Hungarian Dances / Liebeslieder Waltzes Johannes Brahms; Silke-Thora Matthies, Christian Köhn 1
1997 Violinsonaten 1 - 3 Brahms; Anne‐Sophie Mutter, Alexis Weissenberg 2
1997 Schicksallied, Op. 54 / Gesang der Parzen, Op. 89 / Begräbnisgesang, Op. 13 / Nänie, Op. 82 / Vier Gesänge, Op. 17 Johannes Brahms; Helmuth Rilling, Gächinger Kantorei Stuttgart, Bach‐Collegium Stuttgart 1
1997 Volkslieder, Zigeunerlieder op. 103 Johannes Brahms ; Marjana Lipovšek, Anthony Spiri & Folkwang Gitarren Duo 1
1997 BBC Music, Volume 6, Number 1: Yehudi Menuhin Brahms, Bach; Yehudi Menuhin 1
1997 Klavierkonzert Nr. 2 Brahms; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado, Maurizio Pollini 2
1997 Symphony no. 1 / Academic Festival Overture Brahms; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 2
1997 Symphony No. 2 / Variations on a Theme by Haydn Brahms; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
1997 Violin Concerto Johannes Brahms; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink, Herman Krebbers 1
1997 Horn Trio Op. 40 Johannes Brahms 1
1997 Piano Concertos / Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel / Waltzes Brahms; Leon Fleisher, Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 2
1997 Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 Brahms; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
1997 Lieder, Romanzen und Gesänge Johannes Brahms; Kammerchor Stuttgart, Frieder Bernius 1
1997 Violin Concerto / Double Concerto Brahms; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Gidon Kremer, Clemens Hagen 1
1997 Zigeunerlieder / Quartette Johannes Brahms; RIAS-Kammerchor, Marcus Creed, Alain Planès 1
1997 16 Valses / Piano Concerto no. 1 Brahms; Berliner Symphoniker, Eduardo Marturet, Karin Lechner 2
1997 Les 2 Concertos pour piano Brahms; Claudio Arrau, Philharmonia Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1997 Piano Concerto no. 2 Brahms; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink, Alfred Brendel 1
1997 Quartet in C minor op. 51, no. 1 / Quartet in G minor, op. 10 Brahms, Debussy; Artaria Quartet of Boston 1
1997 Sonaten für Klarinette und Klavier Johannes Brahms, Hans Gál; Hans D. Klaus, Nerine Barrett 1
1997 Sonaten für Viola und Klavier Johannes Brahms; Kim Kashkashian, Robert Levin 1
1997 String Quartets / Clarinet Quintet Johannes Brahms; Léner String Quartet, Charles Draper 1
1997 String Quintet, op. 88 / Clarinet Quintet, op. 115 Brahms; Brandis Quartett, Karl Leister, Brett Dean 1
1997 Symphony no. 1 / Hungarian Dances 1-8 Johannes Brahms; The Radio Luxembourg Symphony Orchestra, Louis de Froment 1
1997 Symphony No. 4 / Schicksalslied / Academic Festival Overture Brahms; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Wolfgang Sawallisch 1
1997 The 21 Hungarian Dances and the 16 Waltzes Johannes Brahms; Pavel Gililov, Carmen Daniela 1
1997 The Sonatas for Cello and Piano Brahms; Heinrich Schiff, Gerhard Oppitz 1
1997 Violin Sonatas Brahms; Viktoria Mullova, Piotr Anderszewski 1
1998 Die Streichquartette Op. 51 No. 1 und 2 Johannes Brahms; Melos Quartett 1
1998 Ein deutsches Requiem Johannes Brahms; Berliner Motettenchor, Berliner Philharmoniker, Fritz Lehmann 1
1998 The 21 Hungarian Dances Johannes Brahms; Oscar Shumsky, Frank Maus 1
1998 The Complete Piano Trios / Clarinet Trio / Horn Trio Johannes Brahms; The Florestan Trio, Stephen Stirling, Richard Hosford 2
1998 Four Hand Piano Music, Volume 3: Sonata in F minor / Variations on a Theme by Joseph Haydn Johannes Brahms; Silke-Thora Matthies, Christian Köhn 1
1998 BBC Music, Volume 6, Number 11: Fantasias and Fugues Bach, Liszt, Brahms; Wayne Marshall 1
1998 Works for Violin and Piano Dvořák, Janáček, Brahms; Akiko Suwanai, Boris Berezovsky 1
1998 Brahms: Concerto n°2 Brahms; Arrau, Markevitch 1
1998 A German Requiem Johannes Brahms 1
1998 Klavierkonzert Nr. 1 / Drei Intermezzi, op. 117 Brahms; Leif Ove Andsnes, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 1
1998 Brahms - Violin Sonatas Johannes Brahms; Pamela Frank & Peter Serkin 1
1998 Piano Concerto No. 1 Brahms; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado, Maurizio Pollini 2
1998 Works for Piano and Violin Johannes Brahms; Ulf Wallin, Roland Pöntinen 1
1998 Piano Concerto No.1 Johannes Brahms; Arthur Rubinstein, התזמורת הפילהרמונית הישראלית, Zubin Mehta 1
1998 Arno Bornkamp & Ivo Janssen Johannes Brahms, César Franck, Robert Schumann; Arno Bornkamp, Ivo Janssen 1
1998 Beethoven: "Moonlight" Sonata / Franck: Prelude, Choral et Fugue / Brahms: Paganini Variations Ludwig van Beethoven, César Franck, Johannes Brahms; Evgeny Kissin 1
1998 Brahms: The String Quartets / Dvorak: String Quartet "American" Johannes Brahms, Antonín Dvořák; Amadeus Quartet 1
1998 Ein deutsches Requiem Brahms; Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Philharmonia Chorus & Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 3
1998 Oeuvres pour piano #1 Johannes Brahms; Marie‐Josèphe Jude 1
1998 Opera Omnia per Organo Johannes Brahms 1
1998 Piano Concerto no. 1 / Six Piano Pieces Brahms; Peter Donohoe, Philharmonia Orchestra, Yevgeny Svetlanov, 1
1998 Romantische Strasse: Sonatas, Concertos & Waltzes Ludwig van Beethoven, Luigi Boccherini, Johannes Brahms, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1
1998 Sonates pour violoncelle et piano Brahms; János Starker, György Sebök 1
1998 Symphonies nos. 3, 4 Johannes Brahms; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Sir Neville Marriner 1
1998 Symphony no. 2 / Academic Festival Overture / Alto Rhapsody Brahms; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado, Marjana Lipovšek 1
1998 Symphony no. 3, Violin Sonata, Tragic Overture, Symphony no. 4 Johannes Brahms 1
1998 Symphony no. 4 / Academic Festival Overture / Tragic Overture Johannes Brahms; BRT Philharmonic Orchestra, Alexander Rahbari 1
1998 Violin Concertos Brahms, Sibelius; Tasmin Little, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
1998 Violin Sonatas nos. 1-3 Brahms; Kyung-Wha Chung, Peter Frankl 1
1999 Motets / Ave Maria / Psalm XIII / Geistliches Lied Brahms; St. Bride’s Choir, Robert Jones, Matthew Morley 1
1999 Four Hand Piano Music, Volume 4: Serenades nos. 1 and 2 Johannes Brahms; Silke-Thora Matthies, Christian Köhn 1
1999 Clarinet Quintets Mozart, Brahms; Emerson String Quartet, David Shifrin 1
1999 Symphonie no. 1 / Tragische Ouvertüre / Alt-Rhapsodie Brahms; Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer, Christa Ludwig 1
1999 Symphony no. 4 / Haydn Variations / Tragic Overture Johannes Brahms; Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan 1
1999 Symphony no. 4 in E minor, op. 98 / Variations on a Theme by Joseph Haydn op. 56 Johannes Brahms; Italian Philharmonic Orchestra, Alessandro Arigoni 1
1999 Symphony no. 3 & 4 Brahms; Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 1
1999 Four Hand Piano Music, Volume 5: A German Requiem Johannes Brahms; Silke-Thora Matthies, Christian Köhn 1
1999 Lieder Brahms, Liszt; Thomas Quasthoff, Justus Zeyen 2
1999 Lieder Schubert, Brahms, Schumann; Vesselina Kasarova, Friedrich Haider 1
1999 Serenades no. 1 & no. 2 Brahms; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
1999 Lieder Johannes Brahms; Jessye Norman, Daniel Barenboim 1
1999 A German Requiem Johannes Brahms; Mormon Tabernacle Choir, Utah Symphony, Craig Jessop, Janice Chandler, Nathan Gunn 1
1999 Brahms Edition Johannes Brahms 1
1999 Brahms: Piano Concerto no. 2 / Mozart: Piano Concerto no. 27, K595 Brahms, Mozart; Wilhelm Backhaus, Wiener Philharmoniker, Böhm 1
1999 Deutsche Grammophon Collection: Brahms: 4 Ballades, op. 10 / Schubert: Piano Sonata D. 537 / Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 4, op. 7 Brahms, Schubert, Beethoven; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 1
1999 Hungarian Dances (1998 recordings) Brahms; Budapest Festival Orchestra, Iván Fischer 1
1999 Klarinettenquintett, Op.115 / Streichquintett, Op.111 Brahms; Alban Berg Quartet, Sabine Meyer, Hariolf Schlichtig 1
1999 Michelangeli Vol.5: Brahms Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Brahms 1

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