Johannes Brahms

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Johannes Brahms (German: [joˈhanəs ˈbʁaːms]; 7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period. Born in Hamburg into a Lutheran family, Brahms spent much of his professional life in Vienna, Austria. His reputation and status as a composer is such that he is sometimes grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach and Ludwig van Beethoven as one of the "Three Bs" of music, a comment originally made by the nineteenth-century conductor Hans von Bülow.

Brahms composed for symphony orchestra, chamber ensembles, piano, organ, and voice and chorus. A virtuoso pianist, he premiered many of his own works. He worked with some of the leading performers of his time, including the pianist Clara Schumann and the violinist Joseph Joachim (the three were close friends). Many of his works have become staples of the modern concert repertoire. An uncompromising perfectionist, Brahms destroyed some of his works and left others unpublished.

Brahms has been considered, by his contemporaries and by later writers, as both a traditionalist and an innovator. His music is firmly rooted in the structures and compositional techniques of the Classical masters. While many contemporaries found his music too academic, his contribution and craftsmanship have been admired by subsequent figures as diverse as Arnold Schoenberg and Edward Elgar. The diligent, highly constructed nature of Brahms's works was a starting point and an inspiration for a generation of composers. Embedded within his meticulous structures, however, are deeply romantic motifs.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1984 Liebestraum: Romantic Piano Music Fryderyk Chopin, Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Liszt, Sergei Rachmaninov, Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms, Franz Schubert 1
1985 Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem / Bruckner: Te Deum Brahms, Bruckner; Wiener Singverein, Wiener Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1985 Violin Concertos Beethoven, Brahms; Jascha Heifetz 2
1986 Smetana: Die Moldau / Dvořák: Slawische Tänze / Brahms: Ungarische Tänze / Borodin: Polowetzer Tänze / Liszt: Les Préludes Smetana, Dvořák, Brahms, Borodin, Liszt; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim 2
1987 Quintets and Sextets Johannes Brahms; Amadeus Quartet 1
1987 Brahms: Female Choruses • Schubert: Three Choruses Brahms, Schubert; Kodály Zoltán Female Choir, Hungarian Radio & Television Chorus 1
1987 Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 2 / Beethoven: Sonata No.23 Brahms, Beethoven; Sviatoslav Richter, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Erich Leinsdorf 5 2
1987 Concertos pour violon Brahms, Sibelius; Ginette Neveu, Philharmonia Orchestra, Issay Dobrowen, Walter Süsskind 1
1988 4 Symphonies Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1988 Ave Maria Bach/Gounod, Mozart, Schubert, Bruckner, Brahms 1
1988 Brahms: Symphonie 4 / Liszt: Les préludes Johannes Brahms, Franz Liszt; Philharmonia Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan 2
1988 Concertos pour violon Mendelssohn, Brahms; Yehudi Menuhin 2
1988 Violin Concerto / Alto Rhapsody / Haydn Variations Brahms; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1989 Liszt: Ungarische Fantasie / Ungarische Rhapsodien Nr. 2 & 5 / Brahms: 4 Ungarische Tänze Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms; Shura Cherkassky, Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan 2
1989 Sämtliche Sinfonien Brahms; Philharmonia Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1989 Symphonie Nr. 4 / Haydn-Variationen Johannes Brahms; Claudio Abbado 2
1989 Wolf, Duparc, Schubert, Brahms Wolf, Duparc, Schubert, Brahms; Lotte Lehmann 1
1990 Brahms: Hungarian dances / Dvorak: Slavonic Dances Brahms, Dvořák; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1990 Violin Concerto / Double Concerto Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Gidon Kremer, Mischa Maisky 3
1990 Piano Concerto No. 2 / Tragic Overture / Academic Festival Overture Johannes Brahms 1
1990 Piano Quartet no. 1 in G minor / Piano Quartet no. 2 in A Brahms; Pro Arte String Quartet, Artur Rubinstein / Busch String Quartet, Rudolf Serkin 1
1990 Schubert: Symphonie N° 4 en Ut mineur; "Tragique", D. 417 / Brahms: Symphonie N° 1 en Ut mineur, op. 68 Franz Schubert, Johannes Brahms; Orchestre Symphonique de la Radiodiffusion de Cologne, Otto Klemperer 1
1990 Symphonies Nos. 1-4 / Haydn Variations / Tragic Overture Brahms; Staatskapelle Dresden, Kurt Sanderling 1
1990 The 4 Symphonies / Haydn Variations / Overtures Brahms; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 1
1990 The Decca Masters, Volume 1 Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Debussy, Tchaikovsky, Brahms; Jascha Heifetz 1
1990 Violin Concerto / Double Concerto Brahms; Yehudi Menuhin, Willi Boskovsky, Emanuel Brabec, Orchestre du Festival de Lucerne, Wiener Philharmoniker, Wilhelm Furtwängler 1
1991 Concerto for Violin and Orchestra / Concerto for Violin, Violoncello and Orchestra Brahms; Isaac Stern, Leonard Rose, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1991 Klavierkonzert Nr. 2 / 6 Klavierstücke op. 118 Johannes Brahms; Anda Géza, Wilhelm Kempff, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 3
1991 Dvořák: Concerto pour violoncelle / Brahms: Double Concerto Dvořák, Brahms; Mstislav Rostropovich, David Oistrakh 2
1991 Symphonie Nr. 1 / Ouvertüre, Scherzo und Finale Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1992 Fantasien / Intermezzi / Klavierstücke Johannes Brahms; Wilhelm Kempff 1
1992 Références: Violinsonaten, Opp. 78, 100 / Horntrio, Op. 40 Johannes Brahms; Adolf Busch, Rudolf Serkin, Aubrey Brain 1
1992 A Brahms Festival Johannes Brahms 1
1992 Brahms: Violin Concerto / Sibelius: Violin Concerto Brahms, Sibelius; Zino Francescatti, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1992 Le Quatuor à cordes Alcan Haydn, Mozart, Brahms; Quatuor Alcan 1
1993 Herbert von Karajan Edition: Beethoven / Brahms / Mozart / Strauss Beethoven, Brahms, Mozart, Strauss; Philharmonia Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan 1
1993 Les Grands Concertos pour Violon Beethoven, Brahms, Sibelius; Christian Ferras, Orchestre Philharmonique de Berlin, Herbert von Karajan 1
1993 Piano Concertos / Overtures / Haydn Variations Brahms; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink, Claudio Arrau 2
1993 Konzert für Violine und Orchester D-Dur, op. 77 / Hungarian Dances for orchestra Johannes Brahms 1
1993 Symphony no. 1 / Variations on a Themy by Haydn Brahms; Chicago Symphony, Levine, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Ormandy 1
1993 Die Klassiksammlung 22: Brahms: Orchesterwerke Johannes Brahms 3
1993 Enesco: Roumanian Rhapsody No. 2 / Brahms: Hungarian Dances / Variations on a Theme of Haydn Enesco, Brahms; London Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
1993 Mozart: Sinfonia Concertante in E-flat / Casadesus: 'Handel' Concerto in B minor / Brahms: Sonata in E-flat Mozart, Casadesus, Brahms; William Primrose, Albert Spalding 1
1993 Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 Brahms; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
1993 Symphony No. 1 & Sonata No. 1 Johannes Brahms 1
1994 Lieder / Die schöne Magelone Brahms; Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Wolfgang Sawallisch, Daniel Barenboim, Sviatoslav Richter, Gerald Moore 2
1994 Piano Pieces Johannes Brahms; Radu Lupu 1
1994 Brahms: Symphony no. 2 / Schicksalslied / Mahler: Kindertotenlieder Brahms, Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Pierre Monteux, Marian Anderson 1
1994 Brahms: Piano Concerto no. 2 / Variations on a Theme by Paganini, Book 2 / Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody no. 12 / Beethoven: Sonata, op. 14 no. 1 Johannes Brahms, Franz Liszt, Ludwig van Beethoven; London Symphony Orchestra, Stanisław Skrowaczewski, Gina Bachauer 1
1994 Klavierstücke / Rhapsodies / Walzes / Intermezzi / Variations Brahms; Mikhail Rudy 1
1994 Konzert und “Regenlied‐Sonate” für Violine Brahms; Orchestre de Paris, Daniel Barenboim, Pinchas Zukerman 1
1994 The Classical Collection 52: Brahms: Symphonic Masterpieces Johannes Brahms 2
1994 The Heifetz Collection, Volumes 11-15: The Concerto Collection Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Bruch, Glazunov, Mendelssohn, Mozart, Prokofiev, Sibelius, Tchaikovsky, Vieuxtemps; Heifetz 1
1994 The Symphonies Brahms; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1995 Serenades 1 & 2 / Haydn Variations Johannes Brahms 3
1995 The Complete Quintets Brahms; Berlin Philharmonic Octet, Werner Haas 1
1995 Szeryng Plays Great Concertos Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Lalo; Henryk Szeryng 1
1995 Brahms: 8 Hungarian Dances / Dvořák: 5 Slavonic Dances Brahms, Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1995 Brahms: Sinfonien, Ungarische Tänze, Haydn-Variationen / Beethoven: Coriolan, Leonore Nr.2 Brahms, Beethoven; Wilhelm Furtwängler, Wiener Philharmoniker, Berliner Philharmoniker 1
1995 Klassik zum Kuscheln: The Romantic Brahms Johannes Brahms 1
1995 Klavierwerke, Vol. IV Johannes Brahms; Peter Rösel 1
1995 Schubert: Death and the Maiden Schubert, Dvořák, Borodin & Brahms 1
1995 The Classical Collection 64: Brahms: Works of Passion Johannes Brahms 1
1996 The Greatest Hits Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Beethoven: "Archduke" Trio / Brahms: Violin Sonata / Schubert: Violin Sonata / Ysaye / Wieniawski / Suk / Kodaly Beethoven, Brahms, Schubert; David Oistrakh 1
1996 Complete Brahms Edition, Volume 3: Chamber Music Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Complete Brahms Edition, Volume 5: Lieder Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Complete Brahms Edition, Volume 7: Choral Works Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Complete Brahms Edition, Volume 1: Orchestral Works Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Complete Brahms Edition, Volume 2: Concertos Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Complete Brahms Edition, Volume 8: Works for Chorus and Orchestra Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Complete Brahms Edition, Volume 4: Piano Works Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Violin Concertos Brahms, Sibelius, Schumann; Gidon Kremer, Herbert von Karajan, Riccardo Muti, Andrei Gavrilov 1
1996 Complete Brahms Edition, Volume 6: Vocal Ensembles Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Brahms: Sonatas for Cello and Piano nos. 1 & 2 / Mendelssohn: Sonata no. 2 in D major op. 58 Brahms, Mendelssohn; János Starker, György Sebök 1
1996 Complete Piano Quartets Brahms; Beaux Arts Trio, Walter Trampler 1
1996 Die Klassiksammlung 92: Brahms: Romantisches Pathos Johannes Brahms 3
1996 Heinrich Neuhaus — Russian Piano School: J. Brahms / R. Schumann J. Brahms, R. Schumann; Heinrich Neuhaus 1
1996 Orchesterwerke 2 Johannes Brahms 1
1996 Piano Concerto no. 2 / Variations on a Theme by Haydn Brahms; Hans Richter-Haaser, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1997 The Four Symphonies Brahms; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
1997 The Three String Quartets / Piano Quintet Johannes Brahms; New Budapest Quartet, Piers Lane 1
1997 Works for Solo Piano Brahms; Julius Katchen 1
1997 Die Klassiksammlung 108: Brahms: Werke der Reifezeit Johannes Brahms 1
1997 Die Klassiksammlung 115: Romantische Kammermusik: Melodische Meisterwerke Schubert, Schumann, Brahms 1
1997 Klavierwerke Johannes Brahms 1
1997 Symphonies nos. 2 & 3 Johannes Brahms; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Wolfgang Sawallisch 2
1997 The Best of Brahms Johannes Brahms 1
1997 The Complete String Quartets / The Complete Clarinet Sonatas Brahms; Quartetto Italiano, George Pieterson, Hephzibah Menuhin 1
1997 The Heifetz Collection, Volume 28: Brahms: Quintet, op. 111 / Beethoven: Trio, op. 70 no. 2 Brahms, Beethoven; Heifetz, Piatigorsky, Pennario 1
1997 The Heifetz Collection, Volume 41: Dvořák: Quintet, op. 81 / Brahms: Sextet, op. 36 Dvořák, Brahms; Heifetz, Piatigorsky, Primrose, Lateiner 1
1997 The Heifetz Collection, Volume 42: Schubert: Fantasie / Brahms: Piano Quartet / Beethoven: Trio Schubert, Brahms, Beethoven; Heifetz, Piatigorsky, Primrose, Lateiner 1
1998 The Violin Sonatas / The Viola Sonatas Brahms; Pinchas Zukerman, Daniel Barenboim 2
1998 Beethoven: Triple Concerto / Brahms: Double Concerto Beethoven, Brahms; Oistrakh, Rostropovich, Richter, Herbert von Karajan, George Szell 2
1998 Piano Concertos 1 and 2 / Variations on a Theme by Haydn / Tragic Overture / Academic Festival Overture Brahms; Daniel Barenboim, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir John Barbirolli 2
1998 Centenary Collection 1954: Brahms - Violin Concerto Johannes Brahms, Pablo de Sarasate, Henryk Wieniawski; David Oistrakh, Igor Oistrakh, Staatskapelle Dresden, Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Franz Konwitschny 1
1998 Dutch Masters, Volume 30 Johannes Brahms; Concertgebouworkest, Eduard van Beinum 1
1998 Musique pour chœur / Choral Masterpieces Johannes Brahms; RIAS-Kammerchor, Marcus Creed 1
1998 Berlioz: Les Nuits d'été / Mendelssohn: Psalm 42 - Infelice / Brahms: Alto Rhapsody / Respighi: La Sensitiva Berlioz, Mendelssohn, Brahms, Respighi; Dame Janet Baker, London Symphony Chorus, City of London Sinfonia, Richard Hickox 1
1998 Brahms / Shostakovich Brahms, Shostakovich; Yuri Bashmet, Moscow Soloists 1

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