Wikipedia

Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber (18 or 19 November 1786 – 5 June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.

Weber's operas Der Freischütz, Euryanthe and Oberon greatly influenced the development of the Romantische Oper (Romantic opera) in Germany. Der Freischütz came to be regarded as the first German "nationalist" opera, Euryanthe developed the Leitmotif technique to an unprecedented degree, while Oberon may have influenced Mendelssohn's music for A Midsummer Night's Dream and, at the same time, revealed Weber's lifelong interest in the music of non-Western cultures. This interest was first manifested in Weber's incidental music for Schiller's translation of Gozzi's Turandot, for which he used a Chinese melody, making him the first Western composer to use an Asian tune that was not of the pseudo-Turkish kind popularized by Mozart and others.

A brilliant pianist himself, Weber composed four sonatas, two concertos and the Konzertstück in F minor (concert piece), which influenced composers such as Chopin, Liszt and Mendelssohn. The Konzertstück provided a new model for the one-movement concerto in several contrasting sections (such as Liszt's, who often played the work), and was acknowledged by Stravinsky as the model for his Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra. Weber's shorter piano pieces, such as the Invitation to the Dance, were later orchestrated by Berlioz, while his Polacca Brillante was later set for piano and orchestra by Liszt.

Weber's compositions for clarinet, bassoon, and horn occupy an important place in the musical repertoire. His compositions for the clarinet, which include two concertos, a concertino, a quintet, a duo concertante, and variations on a theme from his opera Silvana, are regularly performed today. His Concertino for Horn and Orchestra requires the performer to simultaneously produce two notes by humming while playing—a technique known as "multiphonics". His bassoon concerto and the Andante e Rondo ungarese (a reworking of a piece originally for viola and orchestra) are also popular with bassoonists.

Weber's contribution to vocal and choral music is also significant. His body of Catholic religious music was highly popular in 19th-century Germany, and he composed one of the earliest song cycles, Die Temperamente beim Verluste der Geliebten ([Four] Temperaments on the Loss of a Lover). Weber was also notable as one of the first conductors to conduct without a piano or violin.

Weber's orchestration has also been highly praised and emulated by later generations of composers – Berlioz referred to him several times in his Treatise on Instrumentation while Debussy remarked that the sound of the Weber orchestra was obtained through the scrutiny of the soul of each instrument.

His operas influenced the work of later opera composers, especially in Germany, such as Marschner, Meyerbeer and Wagner, as well as several nationalist 19th-century composers such as Glinka. Homage has been paid to Weber by 20th-century composers such as Debussy, Stravinsky, Mahler (who completed Weber's unfinished comic opera Die drei Pintos and made revisions of Euryanthe and Oberon) and Hindemith (composer of the popular Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber).

Weber also wrote music journalism and was interested in folksong, and learned lithography to engrave his own works.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2012 Romantic Symphonies & Overtures Berlioz, Dvořák, Franck, Mendelssohn, Schubert, Schumann, J.S. Straus II, Tchaikovsky, Weber; Philharmonia Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 2
2012 Klarínettukonsertar Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Carl Maria von Weber, Claude Debussy, Jón Nordal; Einar Jóhannesson, Sinfóníuhljómsveit Íslands 1
2015 Arturo Toscanini: Sibelius - Debussy - Weber Sibelius, Debussy, Weber; Arturo Toscanini, BBC Symphony Orchestra 1
Clarinet Quintets Mozart / Weber 1
Orchestral Program Tchaikovsky, Berlioz, Liszt, Sibelius, Weber; Philharmonia Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan 1
Overture “Abu Hassan” / Symphonies no. 29 & 38 / Symphony no. 8 Weber, Mozart, Schubert; Bilkent Youth Symphony Orchestra, Mahir Çakar 1
Trompeten-Konzerte / Fagott-Konzert von Haydn, Hummel, Mozart, Weber; Cuvit, Longinotti, Helaerts, L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Ernest Ansermet 1
Wilhelm Furtwängler: Aufnahmen Recordings 1942-1944, Volume 1 Mozart, Beethoven, Handel, Schubert, Weber; Berliner Philharmoniker, Wilhelm Furtwängler 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2000 Live in Tokyo 1970 Weber, Mozart, Sibelius, Berlioz; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 3
2013 Der Freischutz Weber; Christine Brewer, Sally Matthews, Simon O'Neill, London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Sir Colin Davis 1

Single

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1925 Freischütz: Overture (Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Henri Verbrugghen) Carl Maria von Weber 2

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1988 Der Freischütz (Berliner Philharmoniker, Chor der Deutschen Oper Berlin, feat conductor: Joseph Keilberth, singers: Prey, Wiemann, Grümmer, Otto, Kohn, Schock, Frick) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1988 Concerto no. 1 in F minor for Clarinet, op. 73 / Concerto no. 2 in E flat major for Clarinet, op. 74 Weber; Serge Dangain, Radio Luxembourg Symphony Orchestra, Louis de Froment 1
1996 Der Freischütz (Berliner Philharmoniker, Rundfunkchor Berlin, feat. conductor: Nikolaus Harnoncourt, singers: Holzmair, Cachemaille, Orgonasova, Schäfer, Salminen, Wottrich, Schall) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1998 Der Freischütz Carl Maria von Weber; Gundula Janowitz, Edith Mathis, Peter Schreier, Theo Adam, Staatskapelle Dresden, Carlos Kleiber 1
2006 Concertos pour clarinette Mozart, Weber, Rossini; Jean-Luc Votano, Orchestre Philharmonique de Liège, Louis Langrée 1
Piano Music, Volume 1 Carl Maria von Weber 1
The Best of Weber Carl Maria von Weber 1

Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2011-07-19: BBC Proms 2011: Prom 6: Royal Albert Hall, City of Westminster, London, England, UK Carl Maria von Weber / Johannes Brahms / Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский 1

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