Achille-Claude Debussy (French: [aʃil klod dəbysi]; 22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer. He is sometimes seen as the first Impressionist composer, although he vigorously rejected the term. He was among the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Born to a family of modest means and little cultural involvement, Debussy showed enough musical talent to be admitted at the age of ten to France's leading music college, the Conservatoire de Paris. He originally studied the piano, but found his vocation in innovative composition, despite the disapproval of the Conservatoire's conservative professors. He took many years to develop his mature style, and was nearly 40 when he achieved international fame in 1902 with the only opera he completed, Pelléas et Mélisande.

Debussy's orchestral works include Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (1894), Nocturnes (1897–1899) and Images (1905–1912). His music was to a considerable extent a reaction against Wagner and the German musical tradition. He regarded the classical symphony as obsolete and sought an alternative in his "symphonic sketches", La mer (1903–1905). His piano works include two books of Préludes and two of Études. Throughout his career he wrote mélodies based on a wide variety of poetry, including his own. He was greatly influenced by the Symbolist poetic movement of the later 19th century. A small number of works, including the early La Damoiselle élue and the late Le Martyre de saint Sébastien have important parts for chorus. In his final years, he focused on chamber music, completing three of six planned sonatas for different combinations of instruments.

With early influences including Russian and far-eastern music, Debussy developed his own style of harmony and orchestral colouring, derided – and unsuccessfully resisted – by much of the musical establishment of the day. His works have strongly influenced a wide range of composers including Béla Bartók, Olivier Messiaen, George Benjamin, and the jazz pianist and composer Bill Evans. Debussy died from cancer at his home in Paris at the age of 55 after a composing career of a little more than 30 years.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1947 La damoiselle élue / Piano Concerto for the Left Hand Debussy, Ravel; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Bidu Sayão, Rosalind Nadell, Robert Casadesus 1
1949 Franck: Sonata in A major / Debussy: Sonata no. 3 Franck, Debussy; Zino Francescatti, Robert Casadesus 1
1953 Douze etudes pour le piano Claude Debussy; Monique Haas 1
1953 Ravel: Quartet in F major / Debussy: Quartet in G minor, op. 10 Ravel, Debussy; Budapest String Quartet 1
1954 La Mer / Iberia Claude Debussy; Orchestre du Théâtre des Champs-Elysées, D. E. Inghelbrecht 1
1955 Debussy: Sonata for Flute, Viola and Harp / Syrinx for Unaccompanied Flute / Roussel: Trio for Flute, Viola and Cello, op. 40 Debussy, Roussel; Julius Baker, Laura Newell, Lillian Fuchs, Harry Fuchs 1
1955 Debussy: The Blessed Damozel / Berlioz: Summer Nights Claude Debussy, Hector Berlioz; Victoria de los Ángeles, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch 1
1955 Quatuor en sol mineur, op. 10 / Sonate pour violoncelle et piano Debussy; Quatuor Pascal, Raya Garbousova, Arthur Balsam 2
1956 Ravel: La valse, Boléro, Mother Goose Suite / Debussy: Nocturnes: Nuages, fêtes Ravel, Debussy; Ferrante and Teicher 1
1957 Le quatuor à cordes / Sonate pour flûte, alto et harpe / Sonate pour violoncelle et piano Claude Debussy 1
1957 Mendelssohn: Midsummer Night’s Dream / Debussy: Afternoon of a Faun Mendelssohn, Debussy; Viennese Symphonic Orchestra, Kurt Woess 1
1957 The Sea Debussy, Ibert; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch 2
1958 Debussy: La Mer / Prelude à l’apres-midi d’un faune / Ravel: Rapsodie espagnole Debussy, Ravel; L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Ernest Ansermet 1
1958 Ravel: Quartet in F major / Debussy: Quartet in G minor, op. 10 Ravel, Debussy; The Budapest String Quartet 2
1959 La Mer / Nocturnes Debussy; Orchestra of the Cento Soli, Choir of the Paris Opera, Louis Fourestier 1
1959 Monique Haas spielt Debussy, Roussel, Bartók, Hindemith; Monique Haas 1
1960 Debussy: La mer / Tänze für Harfe / Roussel: Bacchus et Ariane Claude Debussy, Albert Roussel; Suzanne Cotelle, Orchester Lamoureux, Paris, Igor Markevitch 1
1960 Debussy: Quartet / Ravel: Quartet Debussy, Ravel; Juilliard String Quartet 1
1961 Images I / Children’s Corner / Suite bergamasque / Danse Debussy; Jörg Demus 1
1961 Debussy: Images / Stravinsky: Symphonies of Wind Instruments / Ravel: Pavane pour une infante défunte Debussy, Stravinsky, Ravel, Ansermet, L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande 1
1961 Images / Estampes / D’un cahier d’esquisses / Berceuse heroique Debussy; Daniel Ericourt 1
1961 Préludes, livre 1 / Estampes Claude Debussy; Henriette Fauré 2
1962 12 Etudes: Books I and II, Complete Debussy; Charles Rosen 1
1963 Préludes, Vol. 1 Claude Debussy; Monique Haas 2
1963 Préludes, Vol. 2 Claude Debussy; Monique Haas 3
1963 String Quartets Debussy, Ravel; Vlach Quartet 1
1964 Ravel: String Quartet in F major / Debussy: String Quartet in G major, op. 10 Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy; Stuyvesant String Quartet 1
1965 Debussy: Iberia / De Falla: Le Tricorne Claude Debussy, Manuel De Falla; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Jean Fournet 1
1965 La Mer / Daphnis et Chloé, Suite no. 2 / La Valse Debussy, Ravel; Sir John Barbirolli, Hallé Orchestra 1
1966 Debussy: String Quartet in G minor, op. 10 / Ravel: String Quartet in F major Debussy, Ravel; Quartetto Italiano 7
1966 Franck: Sonata / Debussy: Sonata Franck, Debussy; Erick Friedman, André Previn 1
1966 La Mer / Afternoon of a Faun / Daphnis and Chloe Suite no. 2 Debussy, Ravel; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1966 Modest Mussorgsky: Bilder einer Ausstellung / Claude Debussy: La Cathédrale engloutie Mussorgsky, Debussy; New Philharmonia Orchestra London, Leopold Stokowski 1
1966 Schumann: Kinderszenen / Debussy: Children’s Corner R. Schumann, C. Debussy; Jurica Murai 1
1967 3 Sonatas / Syrinx Debussy; Arthur Grumiaux, Maurice Gendron, Roger Bourdin 3
1967 Debussy Debussy; Ivan Moravec 1
1967 Klavir Chopin, Liszt, Debussy, Papandopulo; Pavica Gvozdić 1
1967 La Mer / Nocturnes Claude Debussy; Czech Philharmonic Chorus, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Jean Fournet 1
1967 Piano Music of Debussy Debussy; Charles Rosen 1
1967 Song Recital Schumann, Wolf, Debussy, Poulenc; Régine Crespin, John Wustman 1
1967 Streichquartette Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel; Dänisches Streichquartett 1
1967 Werke für Harfe und Orchester Ravel, Debussy, Händel, Albrechtsberger; Nicanor Zabaleta, Orchestre de Chambre Paul Kuentz, Paul Kuentz 1
1968 Violin Sonatas by 20th Century Composers Prokofiev, Debussy, Milhaud; Ion Voicou, Monique Haas 1
1968 Debussy: Six Épigraphes antiques / Milhaud: Scaramouche / Ravel: Mother Goose Suite Claude Debussy, Darius Milhaud, Maurice Ravel; Walter Klien, Beatriz Klien 1
1968 Debussy: Streichquartett G-moll / Ravel: Streichquartett F-dur Debussy, Ravel; Drolc-Quartett 1
1968 Iberia Debussy, Albeniz; The French National Radio Orchestra, Charles Munch 1
1969 Debussy: Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune / Strawinski: Le sacre du printemps Claude Debussy, Igor Strawinski; Staatskapelle Dresden, Otmar Suitner 1
1969 La Mer / Nocturnes Debussy; Orchestre de Paris, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1969 La Mer / Nocturnes / Clair de Lune / March Écossaise Debussy; L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Ernest Ansermet 1
1969 La Mer / Nocturnes / Prélude á l’apres-midi d’un faun Claude Debussy; Charles Munch, French National Radio Orchestra, French National Radio Chorus 1
1969 Piano Works Debussy; Nikita Magaloff 2
1969 Préludes vols. 1 & 2 Debussy; Friedrich Gulda 2
1969 Weissenberg Plays Debussy Debussy; Alexis Weissenberg 2
1970 Delius: Piano Concerto in C minor / Debussy: Fantaisie for Piano & Orchestra Delius, Debussy; Jean-Rodolphe Kars, London Symphony Orchestra, Alexander Gibson 1
1970 Debussy: Quartet in G minor / Ravel: Quartet in F major Debussy, Ravel; The Parrenin Quartet 1
1970 Pelléas et Mélisande Claude Debussy; George Shirley, Elisabeth Soederström, Donald McIntyre, David Ward, Yvonne Minton, Dennis Wicks, Anthony Britten, The Royal Opera Chorus, Douglas Robinson, The Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Pierre Boulez 2
1970 Suite bergamasque / Danse / Deux arabesques / Pour le piano / La plus que lente / L’Isle joyeuse / Masques Debussy; Tamás Vásáry 4
1971 Images I/II / Children’s Corner Claude Debussy; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 2
1971 La Mer / Trois Nocturnes Debussy; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 2
1971 The Impressionists Satie, Debussy, Ravel, Fauré, Honegger; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Herrmann 1
1971 The Preludes Debussy; Jean-Rodolphe Kars 1
1972 Songs of Debussy Claude Debussy; Anna Moffo, Jean Casadesus 5 1
1972 Daniel Adni Plays Debussy Claude Debussy; Daniel Adni 1
1972 La boite à Joujoux / Children’s Corner / Hommage à Haydn / Berceuse héroïque / La plus que lente Claude Debussy; Noël Lee 1
1972 La Mer / Fêtes / Iberia Debussy; L’Orchestre des concerts Colonne, Pierre Dervaux 1
1972 Le martyre de Saint-Sebastien / Deux rhapsodies pour clarinette, pour saxophone Claude Debussy; Orchestre philharmonique de l’office de radiodiffusion television Française, Marius Constant, Guy Deplus, Daniel Deffayet 1
1972 Mélodies Claude Debussy, Bernard Kruysen, Noël Lee 1
1972 My Favorite Debussy Debussy; Van Cliburn 2
1972 Pour le piano / Estampes / Images Claude Debussy; Noël Lee 1
1972 Streichquartette Debussy, Ravel; LaSalle-Quartett 1
1972 Suite beramasque / Nocturne / Ballade / Arabesques / Danse / Danse bohémienne / Mazurka / Valse romantique / Rêverie / Petit nègre Claude Debussy; Noël Lee 1
1972 С. Франк / К. Дебюсси / М. Равель С. Франк, К. Дебюсси, М. Равель; Екатерина Новицкая 1
1973 Debussy: Sonata no. 2 for Flute, Viola and Harp / Dances for Harp and Orchestra / Ravel: Introduction and Allegro for Harp Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel; Susanna Mildonian 1
1973 Fantasy for Piano and Orchestra / Rhapsody for Clarinet and Orchestra / Rhapsody for Saxophone and Orchestra Claude Debussy; Marylène Dosse, Serge Dangain, Jean-Marie Londeix, Orchestra of Radio Luxembourg, Louis de Froment 1
1973 Images / Deux arabesques / L’Isle joyeuse Claude Debussy; Bernard Ringeissen 1
1973 Martinu / Debussy / Honegger Martinu, Debussy, Honegger; Bruno Kern, Susanne Kern 1
1973 Prelúdios Claude Debussy; Magda Tagliaferro 1
1973 Suite bergamasque Claude Debussy; Claude Helffer 2
1974 Afternoon of a Faun / Nocturnes / Iberia Debussy; Netherlands Radio Philharmonic, Jean Fournet 1
1974 Debussy: Sláčikové kvarteto g-mol, op. 10 / Ravel: Sláčikové kvarteto F-dur Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel; Slovenské kvarteto 1
1974 French Piano Music Debussy, Satie, Saint-Saëns, Chabrier; Cécile Ousset 1
1974 Martinů / Ceremuga / Stravinskij / Debussy Martinů, Ceremuga, Stravinskij, Debussy; Jaroslav Motlík 1
1974 Prélude a l’après-midi dún faune / Printemps / Petite suite / Danse / Sarabande Claude Debussy; Schwedisches Radio-Sinfonie-Orchester, Gary Bertini 1
1974 Quartets Debussy, Ravel; Guarneri Quartet 1
1974 Ravel: Gaspard de la nuit / Debussy: Three Preludes & La plus qua lente Ravel, Debussy; Joaquín Achúcarro 1
1975 12 Études (Complete) Debussy; Anthony di Bonaventura 1
1975 Preludes, Book 1 Debussy; Lívia Rév 2
1976 String Quartets Ravel, Debussy; The Orford Quartet 1
1977 Debussy: Petite suite / Satie: Gymnopédies nos. 1 & 3 / Gnossienne no. 3 / Roussel: Sinfonietta / Poulenc: Deux marches et un intermède Debussy, Satie, Roussel, Poulenc, English Chamber Orchestra; Aviva Einhorn 1
1977 Petite Suite Claude Debussy; Lily Laskine, Orchestre Jean‐François Paillard, Jean‐François Paillard 3
1977 Preludes, Book 2 Debussy; Lívia Rév 1
1977 Printemps / Le Martyre de Saint Sébastien Claude Debussy; Orchestre de Paris, Daniel Barenboim 2
1978 Debussy: Ibéria / Petite suite / Chabrier: España / Ravel: Daphins et Chloé suite no. 1 Debussy, Chabrier, Ravel; György Lehel, Budapest Symphony Orchestra 1
1978 Friedrich Gulda spielt Impressionisten Ravel, Debussy; Friedrich Gulda 3
1978 Klaviermusik zu vier Händen Ravel, Debussy; Alfons & Aloys Kontarsky 2
1978 Préludes, Volume 1 Claude Debussy; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 3
1978 Quatuors à cordes Debussy, Ravel; Le Quatuor Bernède 1
1978 Sunken Cathedral Claude Debussy, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Vincent Persichetti, Chip Davis; Jackson Berkey 1
1978 Yolanda Marcoulescou Sings Debussy & Ravel Debussy, Ravel; Yolanda Marcoulescou 1
1979 Images (1894) / Estampes / Images Series I & II Claude Debussy; Paul Jacobs 2

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