Scott Joplin

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Wikipedia

Scott Joplin (c. 1867/68 or November 24, 1868 – April 1, 1917) was an African-American composer and pianist. Joplin achieved fame for his ragtime compositions and was dubbed the "King of Ragtime". During his brief career, he wrote 44 original ragtime pieces, one ragtime ballet, and two operas. One of his first and most popular pieces, the "Maple Leaf Rag", became ragtime's first and most influential hit, and has been recognized as the archetypal rag.

Joplin was born into a musical family of railway laborers in Texarkana, Arkansas, and developed his musical knowledge with the help of local teachers. He grew up in Texarkana, Texas, where he formed a vocal quartet, and taught mandolin and guitar. During the late 1880s he left his job as a railroad laborer and travelled the American South as an itinerant musician. He went to Chicago for the World's Fair of 1893, which played a major part in making ragtime a national craze by 1897.

Joplin moved to Sedalia, Missouri in 1894 and earned a living as a piano teacher; there he taught future ragtime composers Arthur Marshall, Scott Hayden and Brun Campbell. He began publishing music in 1895, and publication of his "Maple Leaf Rag" in 1899 brought him fame. This piece had a profound influence on subsequent writers of ragtime. It also brought Joplin a steady income for life, though he did not reach this level of success again and frequently had financial problems. In 1901 Joplin moved to St. Louis, where he continued to compose and publish, and regularly performed in the community. The score to his first opera A Guest of Honor was confiscated in 1903 with his belongings for non-payment of bills, and is now considered lost.

In 1907, Joplin moved to New York City to find a producer for a new opera. He attempted to go beyond the limitations of the musical form that made him famous, but without much monetary success. His second opera, Treemonisha, was not well received at its partially staged performance in 1915.

In 1916, Joplin descended into dementia as a result of syphilis. He was admitted to a mental institution in January 1917, and died there three months later at the age of 48. Joplin's death is widely considered to mark the end of ragtime as a mainstream music format; over the next several years, it evolved with other styles into stride, jazz, and eventually big band swing.

Joplin's music was rediscovered and returned to popularity in the early 1970s with the release of a million-selling album recorded by Joshua Rifkin. This was followed by the Academy Award-winning 1973 film The Sting that featured several of Joplin's compositions, most notably "The Entertainer", whose performance by pianist Marvin Hamlisch received wide airplay. Treemonisha was finally produced in full, to wide acclaim, in 1972. In 1976, Joplin was posthumously awarded a Pulitzer Prize.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1970 Piano Rags by Scott Joplin Scott Joplin; Joshua Rifkin 2
1972 Piano Rags by Scott Joplin, Volume II Scott Joplin; Joshua Rifkin 1
1973 The Red Back Book Scott Joplin; The New England Conservatory Ragtime Ensemble 1
1974 Plays Ragtime Music of the Sting Scott Joplin; Dick Wellstood 1
1974 The Art of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin; New England Ragtime Ensemble 2
1974 The Sting (featuring the music of Scott Joplin, conducted by Ron Falson) Scott Joplin; Ron Falson 2
1975 The Easy Winners Scott Joplin; Itzhak Perlman, André Previn 4
1985 Digital Ragtime / Wall Street Rag Scott Joplin; Joshua Rifkin, The Southland Stingers 1
1987 Piano Rags Scott Joplin; Joshua Rifkin 3
1988 Piano Works: 1899–1904 (feat piano: Dick Hyman) Scott Joplin; Dick Hyman 1
1990 The Red Back Book / Elite Syncopations Scott Joplin; The New England Conservatory Ragtime Ensemble, Gunther Schuller, The Southland Stingers 1
1990 Scott Joplin on Guitar Scott Joplin; Giovanni De Chiaro 2
1992 Scott Joplin’s Rag Time Scott Joplin; Scott Kirby 1
1992 Treemonisha (1975 original cast) Scott Joplin 1
1993 Ragtime Music of Scott Joplin & George Gershwin Scott Joplin & George Gershwin 5 1
1993 Scott Joplin's Greatest Hits Scott Joplin; Robert Strickland 1
1993 Marches, Waltzes & Rags of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin; William Albright 1
1993 The Best of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin; John Arpin 1
1994 Piano Favourites Scott Joplin; William Conley 1
1995 The Complete Rags of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin; William Albright 1
1995 Piano Rags (feat. piano: Roy Eaton) Scott Joplin; Roy Eaton 3
1997 The Complete Piano Music of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin; John Arpin 1
1997 Michael Krücker spielt Scott Joplin Scott Joplin; Michael Krücker 1
1997 The Entertainer - and other rags Scott Joplin, George Gershwin; Thomas Gottschalk 1
1998 The Complete Rags of Scott Joplin, Volume 1 Scott Joplin; Scott Kirby 1
1998 It's Ragtime Scott Joplin 1
1998 Scott Joplin on Guitar, Volume 2 Scott Joplin; Giovanni De Chiaro 1
1999 Scott Joplin on Guitar, Volume 3 Scott Joplin; Giovanni De Chiaro 1
1999 Scott Joplin on Guitar, Volume 4 Scott Joplin; Giovanni De Chiaro 1
2000 The Collected Piano Works, Volume 1 (feat. piano: Richard Glazier) Scott Joplin; Richard Glazier 1
2000 Scott Joplin: Greatest Ragtime Hits Scott Joplin; Jeffrey Reid Baker 2
2002 The Complete Rags, Marches, Waltzes & Songs Scott Joplin; Guido Nielsen 1
2004 Piano Rags Scott Joplin; Alexander Peskanov 1
2004 The King of Ragtime Scott Joplin 1
2005 Rags to Riches: The Essential Hits Scott Joplin; Robert Strickland 3 1
2009 Scott Joplin: The Easy Winners & Other Rag-Time Music / André Previn: A Different Kind of Blues Scott Joplin, André Previn; Itzhak Perlman, André Previn 1
2009 The Entertainer - The Very Best of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin 1
2011 Treemonisha Scott Joplin; The Paragon Ragtime Orchestra, Rick Benjamin 1
2017 Scott Joplin: The Complete Rags, Waltzes & Marches Scott Joplin; William Appling 1
Complete Works, Volume 2 Scott Joplin; Richard Zimmerman 0
Jean-Pierre Rampal Plays Scott Joplin Scott Joplin; Jean-Pierre Rampal 1
The Entertainer Scott Joplin 1
The Ragtime Dance: Rags and Waltzes Scott Joplin; Daniel Blumenthal 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1983 The Entertainer (classic jazz masters) Scott Joplin 1
1987 Ragtime: Original Piano Rolls 1896-1917 Scott Joplin 1
1987 The Scott Joplin Collection Scott Joplin 1
1988 The Scott Joplin Collection Scott Joplin 1
1989 King of Ragtime Writers Scott Joplin 1
1989 The Scott Joplin Story Scott Joplin 1
1990 King of Ragtime Scott Joplin 2
1991 Greatest Hits Scott Joplin 2
1993 Elite Syncopations: Classic Ragtime From Rare Piano Rolls Scott Joplin 1
1993 The Complete Works of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin; Richard Zimmerman 1
1994 Scott Joplin: His Complete Works (feat. piano: Richard Zimmerman) Scott Joplin; Richard Zimmerman 1
1994 Scott Joplin's Piano Rags Scott Joplin 2
1994 The Genius of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin 1
1995 The Entertainer Scott Joplin 1
1997 The Entertainer: The Very Best of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin; Joshua Rifkin 1
1998 The Gold Collection: Original Rags by Scott Joplin, Played by the Composer Scott Joplin 1
1999 The Entertainer and Other Original Rags Scott Joplin 1
1999 The Very Best of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin 1
2000 Super Hits Scott Joplin; E. Power Biggs 1
2001 The Entertainer Scott Joplin 1
2001 The Gold Collection Scott Joplin 1
2002 The Best of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin 2
2002 The Greatest Hits (disc 1) Scott Joplin 1
2003 The Entertainer: Classic Ragtime From Rare Piano Rolls Scott Joplin 1
2005 Original Rags Scott Joplin 1
2007 Ragtime Piano Roll Scott Joplin 1
2008 The All-Time Ragtimer Scott Joplin 1
Les Génies du Jazz (Tome 1, No. 2): Scott Joplin Scott Joplin 1
Ragtime Vol. 1: Original Piano Rolls 1899/1916 Scott Joplin 1
Ragtime: The Music of Scott Joplin Scott Joplin 1
Scott Joplin Scott Joplin 2
Scott Joplin: His Greatest Hits Scott Joplin 1
Take Me to the Land of Jazz Scott Joplin 1

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1973 The Sting: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack Scott Joplin, music conducted and adapted by Marvin Hamlisch 8

Single

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1903 Palm Leaf Rag Scott Joplin 2
1904 The Sycamore Scott Joplin 1
1909 Wall Street Rag Scott Joplin 1
1910 Stoptime Rag Scott Joplin 1
1911 Felicity Rag Scott Joplin 1
1913 Kismet Rag Scott Joplin 1
1914 Silver Swan Rag Scott Joplin 2
1916 Magnetic Rag Scott Joplin 1
1916 Maple Leaf Rag Scott Joplin 1
1916 Something Doing Scott Joplin 2
1916 Weeping Willow Rag Scott Joplin 1
1916 Pleasant Moments Scott Joplin 1
1917 Maple Leaf Rag Scott Joplin 1
1974 Elite Syncopations Scott Joplin 2
1991 Sugar Cane Rag Scott Joplin 1
1992 Heliotrope Bouquet Scott Joplin 1
A Breeze From Alabama Scott Joplin 1
A Real Slow Drag Scott Joplin 1
Bethena Scott Joplin 1
Cleopha Scott Joplin 1
Combination March Scott Joplin 1
Country Club Scott Joplin 1
Eugenia Scott Joplin 1

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