Annotation

For a survey of recordings of Mahler's symphonies, see https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=Q3dy15LA4eQC.

Annotation last modified on 2017-10-12 01:00 .

Wikipedia

Gustav Mahler (German: [ˈmaːlɐ]; 7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 his compositions were rediscovered by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century. In 2016, a BBC Music Magazine survey of 151 conductors ranked three of his symphonies in the top ten symphonies of all time.

Born in Bohemia (then part of the Austrian Empire) as a German-speaking Jew of humble circumstances, Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner, Mozart, and Tchaikovsky. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively limited; for much of his life composing was necessarily a part-time activity while he earned his living as a conductor. Aside from early works such as a movement from a piano quartet composed when he was a student in Vienna, Mahler's works are generally designed for large orchestral forces, symphonic choruses and operatic soloists. These works were frequently controversial when first performed, and several were slow to receive critical and popular approval; exceptions included his Second Symphony, Third Symphony, and the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Some of Mahler's immediate musical successors included the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Dmitri Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955 to honour the composer's life and work.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1996 Lieder Mahler, Mahler, Korngold; Angelika Kirchschlager, Helmut Deutsch 2
1996 Lieder aus Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; Iris Vermillion, Bernd Weikl, Jorma Hynninen, Wiener Symphoniker, Eliahu Inbal 1
1996 Mahler: Symphony no. 1 in D Major "Titan" / Rachmaninoff: The Isle of the Dead Mahler, Rachmaninoff; Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, Dimitri Mitropoulos 1
1996 Symphonies 1 & 2 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1996 Symphony no. 1 Mahler; Svetlanov 1
1996 Symphony no. 2 Mahler; Svetlanov 1
1996 Symphony no. 4 Mahler; Svetlanov 1
1996 Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Hermann Scherchen 3
1996 Symphony No. 5 in C sharp minor (Grand Symphony Orchestra of State Radio and Television feat. conductor: Gennadi Rozhdestvensky) Gustav Mahler; Grand Symphony Orchestra of State Radio and Television, Gennadi Rozhdestvensky 1
1996 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Hermann Scherchen 2
1996 Symphony no. 9 Mahler; Svetlanov 1
1996 Transfiguration Beethoven, Mahler, Schoenberg; Smithsonian Chamber Players, Kenneth Slowik 1
1997 Symphonie No. 5 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 1
1997 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Iris Vermillion, Keith Lewis, Staatskapelle Dresden, Giuseppe Sinopoli 1
1997 Symphony No. 1 in D major “Titan” Gustav Mahler; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 2
1997 Sinfonie Nr.2 c-moll Gustav Mahler; Magdalena Hajossyova, Uta Priew, Staatskapelle Berlin, Otmar Suitner 1
1997 Kindertotenlieder / Rückert Lieder / Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Thomas Hampson, Wolfram Rieger 1
1997 Kindertotenlieder / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Rückert-Lieder Mahler; Bernadette Greevy, National Symphony Orchestra of Ireland, János Fürst 1
1997 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Peter Seiffert, Thomas Hampson, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 2
1997 Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; Lucia Popp, Bernd Weikl, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 1
1997 Mahler: Kindertotenlieder / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Strauss: Notturno Mahler, Strauss; Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Linda Finnie 1
1997 Symphony no. 2 “Resurrection” Mahler; Mimi Coertse, Lucretia West, Vienna Academy Chamber Choir, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Hermann Scherchen 1
1997 Symphony No. 4 / “Adagietto” from Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; The London Philharmonic, Lucia Popp, Klaus Tennstedt 2
1997 Symphony no. 4 in G / Adagio from Symphony no. 10 Gustav Mahler; Академический симфонический оркестр Московской филармонии, Большой симфонический оркестр имени П. И. Чайковского 1
1997 Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Svetlanov 1
1997 Symphony no. 6 Mahler; Rundfunk‐Sinfonieorchester Saarbrücken, Hans Zender 1
1997 Symphony no. 6 Mahler; Svetlanov 1
1997 Symphony no. 7 Gustav Mahler; Rundfunk‐Sinfonieorchester Saarbrücken, Hans Zender 1
1997 Symphony no. 8 Mahler; Svetlanov 1
1997 Symphony no. 9 Mahler; Jesús López Cobos, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra 1
1997 Symphony no. 9 / Des Knaben Wunderhorn Mahler; Brigitte Fassbaender, Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester Saarbrücken, Hans Zender 1
1998 Symphony no. 3 in D minor Gustav Mahler; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Anna Larsson, Esa-Pekka Salonen 2
1998 Symphony no. 6 "Tragic" Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1998 Schoenberg: Verklärte Nacht / Schubert orch. Mahler: Death and the Maiden Schoenberg, Schubert, Mahler; Norwegian Chamber Orchestra, Iona Brown 1
1998 Das klagende Lied Mahler; Urbanová, Rappé, Blochwitz, Hagegård, Hallé Orchestra & Choir, Kent Nagano 2
1998 Mahler: Symphonie No. 2 Gustav Mahler 1
1998 Symphony no. 1 “Titan” Gustav Mahler; Vienna Symphony Orchestra, Jascha Horenstein 1
1998 Schubert: String Quartet, D. 810 "Death and the Maiden" / Beethoven: String Quartet, op. 95 "Serioso" Schubert / Beethoven arr. Mahler; Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra, Marco Boni 1
1998 Shostakovich: Festive Overture / Mahler: Adagietto / Beethoven: Piano Concerto no. 3 Shostakovich, Mahler, Ludwig van Beethoven; New Monash Orchestra, André de Quadros, Yuri Rozum 1
1998 Symphonie no. 3 / Des Knaben Wunderhorn Mahler; Birgit Remmert, City of Birmingham Symphony Youth Chorus, Ladies of the City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 2
1998 Symphonies Nos. 8 & 10 Gustav Mahler; Giuseppe Sinopoli; Philharmonia Orchestra 1
1998 Symphony No. 3 Gustav Mahler; Jesús López Cobos, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Michelle DeYoung 1
1998 Symphony no. 4 Mahler; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle, Amanda Roocroft 2
1998 Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly 2
1998 Symphony no. 6 "Tragic" Mahler; Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Yoel Levi 1
1998 Symphony no. 6 / Rückert Lieder / Kindertotenlieder Gustav Mahler; Christa Ludwig, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1998 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1998 Symphony no. 9 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1998 Symphony no. 9 / Metamorphosen Mahler, Strauss; Wiener Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 2
1999 Symphony no. 3 Mahler; Kerstin Meyer, Ladies of the Hallé Choir, Boys of Manchester Grammar School, Hallé Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1999 Symphony no. 8 Mahler; Joyce Barker, Hatt, Giebel, Meyer, Watts, Neate, Orda, van Mill, London Symphony Orchestra, Jascha Horenstein 1
1999 Des Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler; Anne Sofie von Otter, Thomas Quasthoff, Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 2
1999 Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Kindertotenlieder / Ruckert-Lieder Mahler; Hidenori Komatsu, Radio-Philharmonie Hannover, Cord Garben 1
1999 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Minnesota Orchestra, Eiji Oue, Michelle DeYoung, Jon Villars 1
1999 Symphony no. 4 Gustav Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Bernard Haitink, Sylvia McNair 1
1999 Mahler: Symphony no. 4 / Berg: Seven Early Songs Mahler, Berg; Barbara Bonney, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly 2
1999 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; King, Fischer‐Dieskau, Wiener Philharmoniker. Leonard Bernstein 1
1999 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Murray Dickie, Philharmonia Orchestra, Paul Kletzki 1
1999 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Kathleen Ferrier, Set Svanholm, New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Bruno Walter 1
1999 Mahler: Symphony 9 / Hartmann: Adagio Mahler, Hartmann; Christoph von Dohnányi, Cleveland Orchestra 1
1999 Strauss: Also sprach Zarathustra / Mahler: Totenfeier Strauss, Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1999 Symphonies nos. 8 & 10 Mahler; The Copenhagen Boys Choir, Philharmonischer Chor, Berlin, The Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra & Choir, Leif Segerstam 1
1999 Symphony No. 1 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 2
1999 Symphony no. 3 Gustav Mahler; Wiener Symphoniker, Hermann Scherchen 1
1999 Symphony no. 3 / Symphony no. 1 Mahler; Shirley Verrett, Boston Symphony, Erich Leinsdorf 1
1999 Symphony no. 4 / Blumine Mahler; Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra, Hartmut Haenchen 3
1999 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Harold Farberman 2
1999 Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Junge Deutsche Philharmonie, Rudolf Barshai 1
1999 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Mahler; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Daniele Gatti 1
1999 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Mahler; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Frank Shipway 1
1999 Symphony no. 6 “Tragic” Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Harold Farberman 1
1999 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; Michael Tilson Thomas, London Symphony Orchestra 1
1999 Symphony No. 9 Gustav Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Benjamin Zander 1
1999 Titan, eine Tondichtung in Symphonieform / Piano Quartet in A minor Gustav Mahler; Norrköping Symphony Orchestra, Ole Kristian Ruud 1
2000 Symphonie no. 4 Mahler; Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez, Juliane Banse 3
2000 Symphony no. 2 in C minor, "The Resurrection" Mahler; SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden‐Baden und Freiburg, Michael Gielen 1
2000 Symphony no. 6 Mahler; Saint Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra, Thomas Sanderling 1
2000 Symphony no. 4 Mahler; Eva Johansson, Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 1
2000 Symphonie No. 5 Mahler; Hermann Scherchen, Orchestre national de l'ORTF 1
2000 10 Mahler; RSO Berlin, Riccardo Chailly 1
2000 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Waltraud Meier, Ben Heppner, Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Lorin Maazel 1
2000 Mahler: Symphony no. 7 / Bruckner: Symphony no. 9 Mahler, Bruckner; Hallé Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
2000 Symphonies 1 & 5 / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; Thomas Hampson, Leonard Bernstein, Wiener Philharmoniker 1
2000 Symphony no. 10 Mahler; Jesús López-Cobos, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra 1
2001 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Violeta Urmana, Michael Schade, Wiener Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 4
2001 Mahler 8 Mahler; Eaglen, Schwanewilms, Ziesak, Fulgoni, Larsson, Heppner, Mattei, Rootering, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly 2
2001 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; Vladimir Ashkenazy, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 3
2001 Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Benjamin Zander, Philharmonia Orchestra 2
2001 Symphony No. 4 Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Benjamin Zander, Camilla Tilling 1
2001 Symphony No. 4 in G / Symphony No. 7 in E minor "Song of the Night" Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, James Levine 1
2001 Symphony no. 6 “Tragic” Mahler; Vladimir Ashkenazy, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 3
2001 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Kerstin Thorborg, Charles Kullman, Wiener Philharmoniker, Bruno Walter 5 1
2001 Des Knaben Wunderhorn Mahler; Leonard Bernstein, Christa Ludwig, Walter Berry, New York Philharmonic 1
2001 Sinfonie Nr. 9 Gustav Mahler; Berliner Sinfonie-Orchester, Kurt Sanderling 1
2001 Sinfonie Nr. 10 Fis-dur Gustav Mahler; Berliner Sinfonie Orchester, Kurt Sanderling 2
2001 Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 Gustav Mahler; Klaus Tennstedt; London Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2001 Symphony 4 / Rückert-Lieder / Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Karajan, Giulini, Fassbaender, Araiza 1
2001 Symphony no. 1 / no. 10: Adagio Mahler; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Hermann Scherchen 2
2002 Symphony no. 2 "Resurrection" Mahler; Nancy Gustafson, Florence Quivar, Prague Philharmonic Choir, Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 1
2002 Mahler: Kindertotenlieder / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Wagner: Wesendonk-Lieder Gustav Mahler, Richard Wagner; Kirsten Flagstad 1

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