Gustav Mahler

~ Person

Annotation

Wikipedia

Gustav Mahler (German: [ˈmaːlɐ]; 7 July 1860, Kaliště in Bohemia, now Czech Republic – 18 May 1911, Vienna in Austria-Hungary) was an Austrian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 his compositions were rediscovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

Born in Bohemia (then part of Austrian Empire) as a German-speaking Jew of humble circumstances, Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner, Mozart, and Tchaikovsky. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively limited; for much of his life composing was necessarily a part-time activity while he earned his living as a conductor. Aside from early works such as a movement from a piano quartet composed when he was a student in Vienna, Mahler's works are generally designed for large orchestral forces, symphonic choruses and operatic soloists. These works were frequently controversial when first performed, and several were slow to receive critical and popular approval; exceptions included his Symphony No. 2 and the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Some of Mahler's immediate musical successors included the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Dmitri Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955 to honour the composer's life and work.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2014 The Symphony Edition Beethoven, Schumann, Dvořák, Mahler; Rafael Kubelík 1
2016 Sämtliche Symphonien Gustav Mahler; Markus Stenz, Gürzenich-Orchester Köln 1
5 Symphonie / Kindertotenlieder Gustav Mahler; Herbert von Karajan 1
Bizet: L'Arlésienne / Mahler: Symphonie n°5 Georges Bizet, Gustav Mahler; Alfred Scholz, Anton Nanut 1
Meditation, Volume 2 Massenet, Gounod, Chopin, Bruckner, Mahler, Schubert 1
Symphonies 1-10 / Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Radio-Sinfonie-Orchester Frankfurt, Eliahu Inbal 1
Symphonies Nos. 1, 2 / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Columbia Symphony Orchestra, Bruno Walter 1

Album + Compilation + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1999 Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 2 'Resurrection' Mahler; Sheila Armstrong, Anna Reynolds, Münchner Philharmoniker, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Rudolf Kempe 1
1999 Schubert / Mozart / Dvořák / Mahler / R Strauss Schubert, Mozart, Dvořák, Mahler, R Strauss; Lucia Popp, Geoffrey Parsons, Irwin Gage 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1981 Symphony no. 8 in E-flat major “Symphony of a Thousand” Gustav Mahler; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Tanglewood Festival Chorus, Seiji Ozawa 1
1984 Symphonie no. 9 Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Karajan 2
1988 Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 3
1988 Symphonie No. 4 Mahler; Concertgebouworkest Amsterdam, Leonard Bernstein, Helmut Wittek 2
1989 Symphonie Nr. 5 (1988 live recording) Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt, Lucia Popp 1
1989 Symphony no. 2 "Resurrection": live at Masada Mahler; The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 2
1992 Symphonie no. 9 Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 2
1992 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 1
1993 Symphony no. 4 in G major Gustav Mahler; Slovenska filharmonija, János Kovács 1
1993 Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 2
1998 Symphonies nos. 1 & 9 / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Kurt Masur, Håkan Hagegård 1
1998 Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim 1
1998 The Mahler Broadcasts 1948-1982 Mahler; New York Philharmonic 2
2000 Mahler: Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Lieder und Gesänge aus der Jugendzeit / Rückert-Lieder Mahler; Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Karl Engel 1
2000 Symphony no. 1 (1979 recording) Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 2
2000 Symphony no. 2 Gustav Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 2
2000 Symphony No. 3 Gustav Mahler; Deutsches Symphonie‐Orchester Berlin, Kent Nagano, Dagmar Pecková 2
2000 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; New Philharmonia Orchestra, Jascha Horenstein 1
2000 Symphony no. 10 Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 2
2001 Symphony no. 3 Gustav Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
2001 Symphony No. 6 Gustav Mahler; Antonio Pappano & Orchestra dell’Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia 1
2002 Symphony no. 3 Gustav Mahler; Berliner Philharmonic Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
2002 Symphony no. 9 Gustav Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 3
2002 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
2002 Symphonie 2 "Auferstehung" Mahler; Chor & Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Otto Klemperer, Heather Harper, Janet Baker 1
2002 Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 3
2002 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
2003 Symphony no. 2 “Resurrection” Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Sir John Barbirolli 1
2004 La Mer / Symphony no. 2 in C minor "Resurrection" Debussy, Mahler; Lucerne Festival Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
2005 Symphony no. 8 in E-flat major Mahler; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 1
2005 Symphony No. 6 Gustav Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 2
2005 Symphony No. 2 "Resurrection" Mahler; Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin 1
2005 Mahler: Symphony No. 4 / Berg: Sieben Frühe Lieder Gustav Mahler, Alban Berg; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado, Renée Fleming 1
2005 Symphonie no. 3 Gustav Mahler; Bayerisches Staatsorchester, Zubin Mehta 1
2005 Symphony 5: Recorded Live in Symphony Hall Gustav Mahler; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Sakari Oramo 2
2006 Songs of a Wayfarer / Symphony no. 1 in D major Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 1
2006 Symphony no. 6 / Piano Quartet Gustav Mahler; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Christoph Eschenbach, David Kim, Choong-Jin Chang, Efe Baltacıgil 2
2007 Symphony No. 1 Gustav Mahler; Mariss Jansons, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra 1
2008 Mahler 9 Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 2
2008 Symphony no. 6 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 2
2008 Symphony no. 1 in D major Gustav Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 2
2008 Symphony no. 4 in G major Gustav Mahler; Staatskapelle Dresden, Giuseppe Sinopoli, Juliane Banse 1
2008 Symphony no. 3 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Tiffin Boys' Choir, Anna Larsson, Valery Gergiev 2
2008 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
2008 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 2
2009 BBC Music, Volume 18, Number 2: Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, Karen Cargill, Johan Botha, Donald Runnicles 1
2009 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam, Bernard Haitink 1
2010 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Christoph Eschenbach 1
2010 Symphony no. 4 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Laura Claycomb, Valery Gergiev 1
2010 9. Symphonie Beethoven/Mahler; Tonkünstler-Orchester Niederösterreich, Kristjan Järvi 1
2010 Symphony no. 2 "Resurrection" Gustav Mahler; Yvonne Kenny, Jard van Nes, London Philharmonic Orchestra and Choir, Klaus Tennstedt 1
2010 Songs With Orchestra Gustav Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
2011 Mahler 2 "Resurrection" Mahler; Kate Royal, Magdalena Kožená, Rundfunkchor Berlin, Berliner Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 1
2011 Symphony no. 8 Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 2
2011 Symphony No. 5 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 1
2011 Symphonie no. 3 Gustav Mahler; Bamberger Symphoniker, Jonathan Nott, Mihoko Fujimura 2
2011 Symphony no. 9 in D major Gustav Mahler; Slovenska filharmonija, Emmanuel Villaume 1
2012 Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Manfred Honeck 1
2012 Symphony no. 10 in F-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; Sydney Symphony Orchestra & Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
2013 Mahler 9 Gustav Mahler; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Gustavo Dudamel 1
2013 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Sarah Connolly, Toby Spence, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Yannick Nézet-Séguin 2
2013 Symphony no. 2 Mahler; Elena Mosuc, Zlata Bulycheva, London Symphony Chorus, London Symphony Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 1
2013 Symphony no. 1 Including "Blumine" Gustav Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Vladimir Jurowski 1
2013 Symphony no. 8 "Symphony of a Thousand" Gustav Mahler; New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski 2
2016 Symphony No. 2 "Resurrection" Gustav Mahler; Münchner Philharmoniker, Valery Gergiev, Anne Schwanewilms, Olga Borodina 1
2016 Mahler: Symphony X Gustav Mahler, Yoel Gamzou; International Mahler Orchestra 1
Symphony no. 3 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Bernard Haitink, Michelle DeYoung 1

Single

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1992 Adagietto From Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Gilbert Kaplan 1

Other + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2002 Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Des Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1960 Das Lied von der Erde (Le Chant de la Terre) Mahler; Grace Hoffmann, Helmuth Melchert, Südwestfunk Orchester Baden-Baden, Hans Rosbaud 1
1966 Symphony No. 6 Gustav Mahler 1
1984 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Brigitte Fassbaender, Francisco Araiza, Berliner Philharmoniker, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1999 Mahler: Lieder Kindertotenlieder, 5 Ruckertlieder, Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler, Dame Janet Baker & Sir John Barbirolli 1
1999 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Kathleen Ferrier, Set Svanholm, New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Bruno Walter 1
2001 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Kerstin Thorborg, Charles Kullman, Wiener Philharmoniker, Bruno Walter 5 1
2009 Symphony no. 9 Gustav Mahler; Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, Alan Gilbert 1
Intégrale en 2 disques de Le Chant de la Terre Gustav Mahler; Ernst Haefliger, Nan Merriman, Orchestre du Concertgebouw d'Amsterdam, Eduard van Beinum 1
Music to De-stress Gustav Mahler; The Arcangelos Chamber Ensemble 1
Musique originale du Ballet de Maurice Béjart: Chant du Compagnon errant - Serait-ce la mort ? Gustav Mahler - Richard Strauss 1
Symphony no. 1 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Jascha Horenstein 1
Symphony No. 3 (Excerpts): Svetlanov Gustav Mahler 1

Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1993 Die Klassiksammlung 30: Mahler: Die großen Sinfonien Gustav Mahler; Simfonični orkester RTV Slovenija, Anton Nanut 1
1995 Die Klassiksammlung 74: Mahler: Musik der Jahrhundertwende Gustav Mahler 2
2009 Grandes compositores da música clássica, Volume 23: Mahler Gustav Mahler 1

Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1999 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 2
2000 BBC Music, Volume 8, Number 9: Symphony no. 1 in D Gustav Mahler; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Manfred Honeck 1
2000 Symphony no. 9 Gustav Mahler; Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
2001 Symphony No. 9 (Wiener Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Bruno Walter) Gustav Mahler 1
2001 Symphony no. 6 (live, 1968-12-06) Gustav Mahler; Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 2
2001 Symphony no. 7 Gustav Mahler; Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 2
2003 Symphony no. 6 Gustav Mahler; Rundfunk‐Sinfonieorchester Saarbrücken, Günther Herbig 1

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