Gustav Mahler

~ Person

Annotation

Wikipedia

Gustav Mahler (German: [ˈmaːlɐ]; 7 July 1860, Kaliště in Bohemia, now Czech Republic – 18 May 1911, Vienna in Austria-Hungary) was an Austrian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 his compositions were rediscovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

Born in Bohemia (then part of Austrian Empire) as a German-speaking Jew of humble circumstances, Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner, Mozart, and Tchaikovsky. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively limited; for much of his life composing was necessarily a part-time activity while he earned his living as a conductor. Aside from early works such as a movement from a piano quartet composed when he was a student in Vienna, Mahler's works are generally designed for large orchestral forces, symphonic choruses and operatic soloists. These works were frequently controversial when first performed, and several were slow to receive critical and popular approval; exceptions included his Symphony No. 2 and the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Some of Mahler's immediate musical successors included the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Dmitri Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955 to honour the composer's life and work.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
Symphony No. 4 in G Gustav Mahler 1
Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
Symphony No. 5 (Radio Symphony Orchestra, Glasgow) Gustav Mahler 1
Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Bernard Haitink 1
Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli 1
Symphony No. 6 Gustav Mahler; Sir Georg Solti 1
Symphony No. 6 "Tragic" Gustav Mahler 1
Symphony No. 6 in A Minor Gustav Mahler 1
Symphony no. 7 Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
Symphony no. 7 Mahler; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam, Bernard Haitink 1
Symphony No. 7 Gustav Mahler 1
Symphony no. 8 in E-flat "Symphony of a Thousand" / Adagio from Symphony no. 10 in F-sharp minor (disc 1) Gustav Mahler; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
Symphony No. 8 in E-flat major Gustav Mahler 1
Symphony no. 9 Gustav Mahler; Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Jesús López Cobos 1
Symphony no. 9 Gustav Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 1
Symphony no. 9 in D major Gustav Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Kurt Masur 1
Symphony No. 9 in D Major Gustav Mahler 1
The Great Composers 20: Symphonic Excerpts Featuring Themes from Visconti's Film "Death In Venice" Gustav Mahler 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1987 Romantic Favorites for Strings Samuel Barber, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Gustav Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 5 2
1988 Symphony no. 9 / Symphony no. 10 (Adagio) Gustav Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
1989 10 Symphonies (1967-1971 studio recordings) Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 3
1989 Symphonies nos. 1 & 2 Mahler; Columbia Symphony Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, Bruno Walter 1
1990 Symphony no. 1 "Titan" / Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Simfonični orkester RTV Slovenija, Anton Nanut 2
1990 Symphony no. 9 / Kindertotenlieder Mahler; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam, Bernard Haitink 1
1991 The Symphonies Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1991 10 Symphonien Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Concertgebouworkest Amsterdam, Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 5 1
1991 A Portrait: Lieder Gustav Mahler; Christa Ludwig, Walter Berry, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Leonard Bernstein 1
1991 Songs of a Wayfarer / Kindertotenlieder / Rückert-Lieder Gustav Mahler, Andreas Schmidt, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Jesús López-Cobos 1
1991 Symphony no. 1 "Titan" / Symphony no. 2 "Resurrection" Mahler; New York Philharmonic, London Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Bernstein, Edinburgh Festival Chorus, Janet Baker, Sheila Armstrong 1
1992 Symphony No. 3 / 3 Rückert-Lieder / Das irdische Leben / Kindertotenlieder Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein, Jennie Tourel 1
1992 Meditation, Volume 4 Spohr, Telemann, Dittersdorf, Mozart, Purcell, Prokofjew, Quantz, Weber, Mahler 2
1992 Symphonien 5, 9 & 10: Adagio Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 1
1993 Paul Kletzki: Artist Profile: Mahler: Symphony 4 / Mahler: Symphony 5 / Sibelius: Symphony 2 Mahler, Sibelius, Glinka, Rimsky-Korsakov, Schubert, Tchaikovsky; Paul Kletzki 1
1993 The Classical Collection 31: Mahler: The Great Symphonies Gustav Mahler 1
1994 The Symphonies Mahler; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1994 Brahms: Symphony no. 2 / Schicksalslied / Mahler: Kindertotenlieder Brahms, Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Pierre Monteux, Marian Anderson 1
1995 10 Symphonien Mahler; Claudio Abbado 1
1995 Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 10 - Adagio Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 4
1995 Symphony No. 1 "The Titan" Gustav Mahler; Philharmonic Festival Orchestra, Vladimir Petroschoff, Symphonieorchester Innsbruck, Robert Wagner 2
1996 Symphonie no. 1 / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1967 recording) Gustav Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau 1
1996 Symphonies Nos. 2 & 4 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
1996 Symphony no. 1 "Titan" Gustav Mahler; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1996 The Classical Collection 96: Symphonic Poetry Gustav Mahler; Simfonični orkester RTV Slovenija, Anton Nanut 2
1997 Adagio Gustav Mahler 1
1997 Symphonies nos. 1-10 Mahler; Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra & Choir, Leif Segerstam 1
1998 The Complete Symphonies & Orchestral Songs Mahler; Bernstein 1
1998 Bernstein Century: Symphony no. 1 "Titan" / Symphony no. 10 (Adagio) Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1998 Symphony Nr. 1 / Rückert-Lieder Gustav Mahler; Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Berliner Philharmoniker, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Karl Böhm, Seiji Ozawa 1
1998 The Complete Symphonies Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 1
1999 Mahler: Symphonie 9 / Wagner: Siegfried Idyll / Strauss: Metamophosen Richard Wagner, Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauss; Otto Klemperer 1
1999 Brahms: Alto Rhapsody / Franck: Nocturne / Mahler: Songs on the Death of Children - Five Lieder Johannes Brahms, César Franck, Gustav Mahler; Christa Ludwig 1
2000 Das Lied von der Erde / 3 Rückert Lieder Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Bruno Walter, Kathleen Ferrier 2
2000 Symphonie No. 2 C-Moll / Symphonie No. 10 Fis-Moll Mahler; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
2001 The Complete Symphonies Gustav Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 1
2001 Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau 1
2001 BBC Music, Volume 9, Number 8: Mahler: Symphony no. 4 Mahler; Valdine Anderson, BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, Ion Marin 1
2001 Mahler: Adagio & Purgatorio from Symphony No. 10 / Walton: Partita for Orchestra / Stravinsky: Firebird Suite Mahler, Walton, Stravinsky; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 1
2002 Symphonies 1-10 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
2002 The Symphonies / Kindertotenlieder Mahler; Jessye Norman, Kiri Te Kanawa, Marilyn Horne, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa 1
2004 Quadromania: Romantic Songs Mahler, Brahms, Strauss 1
2004 Quadromania: Gustav Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde & Other Vocal Symphonies Gustav Mahler 1
2004 Ruckert Lieder / Lieder aus der Jugendzeit / Des Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler; Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Felix Prohaska, Anny Felbermayer, Alfred Poell, Lorna Sydney, Viktor Gräf 1
2005 The Symphonies Gustav Mahler; Riccardo Chailly, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, RSO Berlin 3
2005 Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon, Volume I: Symphonies 1-4 / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Des Knaben Wunderhorn Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 1
2005 Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon, Volume III: Symphonies 8-10 / Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 1
2005 Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon, Volume II: Symphonies 5-7 / Ruckert-Lieder / Kindertotenlieder Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 1
2006 Symphonies nos. 1-10 / Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Kölner Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester, Gary Bertini 1
2006 Symphonies, Complete Gustav Mahler; Česká filharmonie, Václav Neumann 1
2006 Symphony no. 3 / Das klagende Lied Mahler; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam, Bernard Haitink 1
2007 Symphonies 1 - 10 Mahler; Simon Rattle 1
2007 Gustav Mahler / Dmitri Shostakovich Mahler, Shostakovich; Kremerata Baltica, Gidon Kremer 1
2008 Symphonies Nos. 1 & 3 Mahler; Israel Philharmonic, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta 1
2009 The Complete Symphonies Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 1
2010 The Symphonies Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 1
2010 The Complete Symphonies Gustav Mahler 1
2010 Gustav Mahler: Complete Edition Gustav Mahler 1
2010 The Complete Works Mahler 1
2010 Die 10 Symphonien / Orchesterlieder Gustav Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Staatskapelle Dresden, Giuseppe Sinopoli, Edita Gruberová, Waltraud Meier, Bryn Terfel u.a. 1
2010 Mahler: The People’s Edition Gustav Mahler 5 1
2010 Mahler Adagios Mahler 1
2011 Symphonies 2, 4, 7, 9 / Lieder Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 3
2011 The Mahler Project Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
2012 The Complete Mahler Symphonies Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 5 1
2012 Great Romantic Symphonies Schubert, Brahms, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Berlioz, Mahler, Bruckner, Saint-Saëns, Franck, Dvořák, Strauss 1
2012 Big Mahler Box Gustav Mahler 2
2013 Boulez Conducts Mahler: Complete Recordings Mahler; Pierre Boulez 1
2014 James Levine Conducts Mahler: Symphonies nos. 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 & 10 Mahler; James Levine 1
2014 The Symphony Edition Beethoven, Schumann, Dvořák, Mahler; Rafael Kubelík 1
2016 Sämtliche Symphonien Gustav Mahler; Markus Stenz, Gürzenich-Orchester Köln 1
5 Symphonie / Kindertotenlieder Gustav Mahler; Herbert von Karajan 1
Meditation, Volume 2 Massenet, Gounod, Chopin, Bruckner, Mahler, Schubert 1
Symphonies 1-10 / Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Radio-Sinfonie-Orchester Frankfurt, Eliahu Inbal 1
Symphonies Nos. 1, 2 / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Columbia Symphony Orchestra, Bruno Walter 1

Album + Compilation + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1997 The Complete Recordings Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli 1
1999 Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 2 'Resurrection' Mahler; Sheila Armstrong, Anna Reynolds, Münchner Philharmoniker, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Rudolf Kempe 1
1999 Schubert / Mozart / Dvořák / Mahler / R Strauss Schubert, Mozart, Dvořák, Mahler, R Strauss; Lucia Popp, Geoffrey Parsons, Irwin Gage 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1981 Symphony no. 8 in E-flat major “Symphony of a Thousand” Gustav Mahler; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Tanglewood Festival Chorus, Seiji Ozawa 1
1988 Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 3
1988 Symphonie No. 4 Mahler; Concertgebouworkest Amsterdam, Leonard Bernstein, Helmut Wittek 2
1989 Symphonie Nr. 5 (1988 live recording) Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt, Lucia Popp 1

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