Gustav Mahler

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Gustav Mahler (German: [ˈmaːlɐ]; 7 July 1860, Kaliště in Bohemia, now Czech Republic – 18 May 1911, Vienna in Austria-Hungary) was an Austrian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 his compositions were rediscovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

Born in Bohemia (then part of Austrian Empire) as a German-speaking Jew of humble circumstances, Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner, Mozart, and Tchaikovsky. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively limited; for much of his life composing was necessarily a part-time activity while he earned his living as a conductor. Aside from early works such as a movement from a piano quartet composed when he was a student in Vienna, Mahler's works are generally designed for large orchestral forces, symphonic choruses and operatic soloists. These works were frequently controversial when first performed, and several were slow to receive critical and popular approval; exceptions included his Symphony No. 2 and the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Some of Mahler's immediate musical successors included the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Dmitri Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955 to honour the composer's life and work.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1997 Mahler: Kindertotenlieder / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Strauss: Notturno Mahler, Strauss; Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Linda Finnie 1
1997 Symphony No. 4 / “Adagietto” from Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; The London Philharmonic, Lucia Popp, Klaus Tennstedt 2
1997 Symphony no. 4 in G / Adagio from Symphony no. 10 Gustav Mahler; Академический симфонический оркестр Московской филармонии, Большой симфонический оркестр имени П. И. Чайковского 1
1998 Symphony no. 3 in D minor Gustav Mahler; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Anna Larsson, Esa-Pekka Salonen 2
1998 Symphony no. 6 "Tragic" Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1998 Symphony no. 1 “Titan” Gustav Mahler; Vienna Symphony Orchestra, Jascha Horenstein 1
1998 Adagios Gustav Mahler 1
1998 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler, Jessye Norman, Siegfried Jerusalem, Berliner Philharmoniker & James Levine 1
1998 Schubert: String Quartet, D. 810 "Death and the Maiden" / Beethoven: String Quartet, op. 95 "Serioso" Schubert / Beethoven arr. Mahler; Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra, Marco Boni 1
1998 Shostakovich: Festive Overture / Mahler: Adagietto / Beethoven: Piano Concerto no. 3 Shostakovich, Mahler, Ludwig van Beethoven; New Monash Orchestra, André de Quadros, Yuri Rozum 1
1998 Symphonie no. 3 / Des Knaben Wunderhorn Mahler; Birgit Remmert, City of Birmingham Symphony Youth Chorus, Ladies of the City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 2
1998 Symphony no. 4 Mahler; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle, Amanda Roocroft 2
1998 Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Sir John Barbirolli, New Philharmonia Orchestra 2
1998 Symphony No. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly 1
1998 Symphony no. 6 "Tragic" Mahler; Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Yoel Levi 1
1998 Symphony no. 6 / Rückert Lieder / Kindertotenlieder Gustav Mahler; Christa Ludwig, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1998 Symphony no. 9 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1998 Symphony no. 9 / Metamorphosen Mahler, Strauss; Wiener Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 2
1998 Symphony No.1 "Titan" / Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Ljubljana Symphony Orchestra, Anton Nanut 1
1999 Symphony no. 2 "Resurrection" Mahler; Dallas Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, Andrew Litton 1
1999 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
1999 Symphony no. 3 Mahler; Kerstin Meyer, Ladies of the Hallé Choir, Boys of Manchester Grammar School, Hallé Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1999 Symphony no. 8 Mahler; Joyce Barker, Hatt, Giebel, Meyer, Watts, Neate, Orda, van Mill, London Symphony Orchestra, Jascha Horenstein 1
1999 Des Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler; Anne Sofie von Otter, Thomas Quasthoff, Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
1999 Symphonies 4 & 5 Gustav Mahler; Sir Georg Solti 1
1999 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Minnesota Orchestra, 大植英次, Michelle DeYoung, Jon Villars 1
1999 Gustav Mahler: Symphony no. 4 / Alban Berg: Seven Early Songs Mahler / Berg; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly; Barbara Bonney 1
1999 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; King, Fischer‐Dieskau, Wiener Philharmoniker. Leonard Bernstein 1
1999 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Murray Dickie, Philharmonia Orchestra, Paul Kletzki 1
1999 Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Kindertotenlieder / Ruckert-Lieder Mahler; Hidenori Komatsu, Radio-Philharmonie Hannover, Cord Garben 1
1999 Mahler: Symphony no. 4 / Berlioz: Overture Le Corsaire Mahler, Berlioz; Heather Harper, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1999 Symphonies nos. 8 & 10 Mahler; The Copenhagen Boys Choir, Philharmonischer Chor, Berlin, The Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra & Choir, Leif Segerstam 1
1999 Symphony No. 1 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1999 Symphony No. 1 "The Titan" (Radio Symphonie Orchester Ljubljana feat. conductor: Anton Nanut) Gustav Mahler 1
1999 Symphony no. 4 in G major Gustav Mahler; Nederlands Philharmonisch Orkest, Hartmut Haenchen 2
1999 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Harold Farberman 1
1999 Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Junge Deutsche Philharmonie, Rudolf Barshai 1
1999 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Daniele Gatti 1
1999 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Mahler; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Frank Shipway 1
1999 Symphony No. 9 Gustav Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Benjamin Zander 1
2000 Symphony No. 4 Mahler; Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez, Juliane Banse 3
2000 Symphony No. 3 in D minor (Dallas Symphony Orchestra, feat. conductor: Andrew Litton) Gustav Mahler 1
2000 Symphony no. 4 Mahler; Lisa della Casa, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner 1
2000 Symphony no. 2 "Resurrection" Mahler; Cotrubas, Ludwig, Wiener Philharmoniker, Zubin Mehta 3
2000 Symphony no. 6 Mahler; Saint Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra, Thomas Sanderling 1
2000 Symphony no. 4 Mahler; Eva Johansson, Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 1
2000 Mahler: Symphony no. 7 / Bruckner: Symphony no. 9 Mahler, Bruckner; Hallé Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
2001 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Violeta Urmana, Michael Schade, Wiener Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 3
2001 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Concertgebouworkest Amsterdam, Eugen Jochum, Nan Merriman, Ernst Haefliger 1
2001 Symphony no. 8 in E-flat Gustav Mahler; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly 1
2001 Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Benjamin Zander 2
2001 Symphony No. 4 Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Benjamin Zander, Camilla Tilling 1
2001 Symphony No. 4 in G / Symphony No. 7 in E minor "Song of the Night" Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, James Levine 1
2001 Symphony no. 1 in D major Gustav Mahler; Florida Philharmonic Orchestra, James Judd 1
2001 Symphony no. 6 Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas 2
2001 Symphony no. 9 / Kindertotenlieder Mahler; Janet Baker, London Symphony Orchestra, Scottish National Orchestra, Jascha Horenstein 1
2002 Mahler: Kindertotenlieder / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Wagner: Wesendonk-Lieder Gustav Mahler, Richard Wagner; Kirsten Flagstad 1
2002 Symphony no. 9 in D major Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Bruno Walter 2
2002 Symphonie n°6 "Tragique" Gustav Mahler; Orchestre National de France, Bernard Haitink 1
2002 Symphony no. 1 Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
2002 Symphony No. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; David Briggs 1
2002 Das klagende Lied Gustav Mahler; Hallé Orchestra and Choir, Kent Nagano 1
2002 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Waltraud Meier, Siegfried Jerusalem, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim 2
2002 Des Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler; Bonney, Goerne, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly 1
2002 Symphony no. 2 "Resurrection" Gustav Mahler; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly, Melanie Diener, Petra Lang, City of Prague Philharmonic Chorus 1
2002 Symphony No. 3 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez, Anne Sofie von Otter 2
2002 Symphony No. 7 (Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra feat. conductor: Kirill Kondrashin) Gustav Mahler 1
2002 Symphony no. 9 Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Sir John Barbirolli 1
2002 Symphony no. 10 (Reconstructed by Joe Wheeler) Gustav Mahler; Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Robert Olson 1
2003 Symphony no. 3 in D minor / Kindertotenlieder Gustav Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas, Michelle DeYoung 2
2003 Symphony no. 6 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Mariss Jansons 1
2003 Symphony No. 2 in C minor "Resurrection" Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Gilbert Kaplan 2
2003 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Dame Janet Baker, Ludovic Speiss, BBC Symphony Orchestra & Rudolf Kempe 1
2003 Symphony no. 4 in G major (arr. Erwin Stein) / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (arr. Arnold Schönberg) Gustav Mahler; Smithsonian Chamber Players, Kenneth Slowik 1
2003 Mahler: Symphony no. 1 in D major / Ives: Central Park in the Dark / The Unanswered Question Mahler, Ives; SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg, Michael Gielen 1
2003 Symphony no. 4 Gustav Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
2003 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; Melbourne Symphony Orchestra, Markus Stenz 1
2004 Symphony no. 3 Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Benjamin Zander 1
2004 Mahler 3 / Bach-Suite Gustav Mahler; Petra Lang, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly 2
2004 Symphonies No. 1-9 / Adagio Gustav Mahler; SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg, Michael Gielen 1
2004 Symphony no. 2 in C minor Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
2004 Mahler: Symphonies Nos. 10 (Barshai reconstruction), & 5 Gustav Mahler; Рудольф Борисович Баршай, Junge Deutsche Philharmonie 1
2004 Quinta Sinfonía Gustav Mahler 1
2004 Symphonie Nr. 1 Mahler; Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, Emil Tabakov 1
2004 Symphonie Nr. 2 Mahler; Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, Emil Tabakov 1
2004 Symphonie Nr. 3 Mahler; Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, Emil Tabakov 1
2004 Symphonie Nr. 4 Mahler; Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, Emil Tabakov 1
2004 Symphonie Nr. 5 Mahler; Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, Emil Tabakov 1
2004 Symphonie Nr. 6 Mahler; Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, Emil Tabakov 1
2004 Symphonie Nr. 7 Mahler; Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, Emil Tabakov 1
2004 Symphonie Nr. 8 Mahler; Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, Emil Tabakov 1
2004 Symphonie Nr. 9 / 10 Mahler; Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, Emil Tabakov 1
2004 Symphony No. 3 Gustav Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Marjorie Thomas, Tölzer Knabenchor & Rafael Kubelík 1
2004 Symphony No. 9 Gustav Mahler; Gustav Kuhn, Orchestra Filarmonica Marchigiana 1
2005 Lieder Gustav Mahler; Quasthoff, Urmana, von Otter, Wiener Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 2
2005 BBC Music, Volume 13, Number 7: Symphony No. 6 Gustav Mahler; BBC Philharmonic, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
2005 Mahler: Symphony No.6 Gustav Mahler; Klaus Tennstedt, London Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2005 Symphony no. 9 in D major Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas 2
2005 Symphony no. 8 "Symphony of a Thousand" Mahler; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa 2
2005 Symphony no. 7 Gustav Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas 2

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