Annotation

For a survey of recordings of Mahler's symphonies, see https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=Q3dy15LA4eQC.

Annotation last modified on 2017-10-12 01:00 UTC.

Wikipedia

Gustav Mahler (German: [ˈmaːlɐ]; 7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 his compositions were rediscovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century. When BBC Music Magazine surveyed 151 conductors to name their top three symphonies, Mahler was represented with three symphonies in the top-ten list.

Born in Bohemia (then part of Austrian Empire) as a German-speaking Jew of humble circumstances, Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner, Mozart, and Tchaikovsky. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively limited; for much of his life composing was necessarily a part-time activity while he earned his living as a conductor. Aside from early works such as a movement from a piano quartet composed when he was a student in Vienna, Mahler's works are generally designed for large orchestral forces, symphonic choruses and operatic soloists. These works were frequently controversial when first performed, and several were slow to receive critical and popular approval; exceptions included his Second Symphony, Third Symphony, and the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Some of Mahler's immediate musical successors included the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Dmitri Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955 to honour the composer's life and work.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1985 Das klagende Lied Mahler; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle, Helena Döse, Alfreda Hodgson, Robert Tear, Sean Rea 5
1985 Lieder eins fahrenden Gesellen / Kindertotenlider / 4 Rückert-Lieder Mahler; Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Karl Böhm, Rafael Kubelik 1
1985 Symphonie no. 5 Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli 1
1985 Symphonies nos. 9 & 10 (Adagio) Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1985 Symphony no. 1 Gustav Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 2
1985 Symphony no. 1 Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 2
1985 Symphony no. 1 / Adagietto from Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Vienna Philharmonic, Lorin Maazel 1
1985 Symphony no. 2 Gustav Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Helen Donath, Doris Soffel, Eliahu Inbal 1
1985 Symphony no. 3 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1985 Symphony No.7 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1986 Symphony no. 3 Gustav Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Doris Soffel, Eliahu Inbal 1
1986 Symphony no. 4 Gustav Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal, Helen Donath 2
1986 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 3
1986 Quartet no. 14 in D minor / Der Tod und das Mädchen (Lied) Franz Schubert, arr. Gustav Mahler; English Chamber Orchestra, Jeffrey Tate, Ann Murray 1
1986 Symphonie no. 9 Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 5 1
1986 Symphonie Nr. 3 Mahler; New York Choral Artists, Brooklyn Boys Chorus, Christa Ludwig, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 2
1986 Symphonies Nos. 7, 9 & 10 Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 2
1986 Symphonies Nos. 8, 10 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1986 Symphony no. 1 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1986 Symphony No. 7 Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 1
1987 Symphonies no. 1 in B-flat, op. 38 “Spring” / No. 2 in C, op. 61 Robert Schumann, Gustav Mahler; Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra, Aldo Ceccato 1
1987 Symphony no. 3 / Kindertotenlieder Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1987 Symphonies Nos. 9 & 10 Adagio Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra & Eliahu Inbal 1
1987 Symphony no. 8 Gustav Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 2
1987 Symphony no. 2 Mahler; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Tanglewood Festival Chorus, Seiji Ozawa, Kiri Te Kanawa, Marilyn Horne 1
1987 Kindertotenlieder / 5 Rückertlieder / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Mahler; Janet Baker, Sir John Barbirolli 2
1987 Kindertotenlieder / Rückert Lieder / Des Knaben Wunderhorn Mahler; José van Dam, Orchestre National de Lille, Jean‐Claude Casadesus 1
1987 Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Kindertotenlieder / Rückertlieder Mahler; Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau 1
1987 Sinfonie Nr. 1 D-dur "Der Titan" Gustav Mahler; Süddeutsche Philharmonie, Denis Zsoltay 2
1987 Symphony no. 2 “Resurrection” Mahler; Cotrubas, Ludwig, Wiener Philharmoniker, Zubin Mehta 3
1987 Symphony no. 2 “Resurrection” Mahler; Arleen Augér, Janet Baker, CBSO Chorus, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 4 4
1987 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta 4
1987 Symphony no. 6 Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 1
1987 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 1
1987 Symphony no. 8 Gustav Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra and Choir, Tiffin School Boys' Choir, Klaus Tennstedt 2
1988 Symphonies no. 3 in E-flat, op. 97 “Rhenish” / No. 4 in D minor, op. 120 Robert Schumann, Gustav Mahler; Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra, Aldo Ceccato 1
1988 Symphony No. 1 “Titan” Mahler; Slovak Philharmonic, Zdeněk Košler 2
1988 Symphonie No. 6 / Rückert-Lieder Gustav Mahler; Hanna Schwarz, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1988 Symphonie Nr. 1 "Der Titan" Mahler; Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Sir Colin Davis 1
1988 Symphony no. 1 Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Bernard Haitink 1
1988 Symphony no. 2 "Resurrection" Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Gilbert Kaplan 3
1988 Symphony no. 2, "Resurrection" Gustav Mahler; Sheila Armstrong, Janet Baker, Edinburgh Festival Chorus, London Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Bernstein 1
1988 Symphony no. 3 / Rückert-Lieder Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas, Dame Janet Baker 1
1988 Symphony no. 4 Mahler; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta, Barbara Hendricks 1
1989 Symphonie no. 1 Mahler; Concertgebouworkest Amsterdam, Leonard Bernstein 5 2
1989 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 3
1989 Symphony no. 9 Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Sir John Barbirolli 2
1989 Symphonie No. 6 / Kindertotenlieder Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Thomas Hampson 1
1989 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler, Maureen Forrester, Richard Lewis, Fritz Reiner & Chicago Symphony Orchestra 1
1989 Des Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler; Lucia Popp, Andreas Schmidt, Concertgebouworkest Amsterdam, Leonard Bernstein 2
1989 Hugo Wolf , Gustav Mahler: Lieder Hugo Wolf, Gustav Mahler; Anne Sofie von Otter 1
1989 Mahler 5 Mahler; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 2
1989 Symphony no. 1 (1962 recording) Mahler; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam, Bernard Haitink 1
1989 Symphony no. 4 Mahler; Kathleen Battle, Vienna Philharmonic, Lorin Maazel 2
1989 Symphony No. 4 Gustav Mahler; Jo Vincent, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra of Amsterdam, Willem Mengelberg 1
1989 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Bernard Haitink 1
1990 Symphonie Nr. 5 Gustav Mahler; Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
1990 Symphony No. 8 Mahler; Sweet, Coburn, Quivar, Fassbaender, Leech, Nimsgern, Estes, Konzertvereinigung Wiener Staatsopernchor, ORF-Chor / Arnold Schönberg Chor, Wiener Sängerknaben, Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1990 Symphonie No. 4 Gustav Mahler; Edith Mathis, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1990 Mahler: Symphony no. 10 / Schoenberg: Verklarte Nacht Mahler, Schoenberg; RSO Berlin, Riccardo Chailly 1
1990 Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Des Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler; Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Daniel Barenboim, Berliner Philharmoniker 1
1990 Mahler 1 Mahler; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
1990 Mahler 6 / Zemlinsky: 6 Maeterlinck-Lieder Mahler, Zemlinsky; Jard van Nes, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Riccardo Chailly 2
1990 Sinfonia n.9 / Kindertotenlieder Mahler; Klemperer, George London, Wiener Philharmoniker, WDR Köln Orchester 1
1990 Sinfonie Nr. 9 D-dur Gustav Mahler; Sinfonieorchester des Südwestfunks Baden-Baden, Michael Gielen 1
1990 Symphonie no. 1 Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Sinopoli 1
1990 Symphonie No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Václav Neumann 2
1990 Symphonie No. 9 D-Dur Gustav Mahler; Wiener Symphoniker, Hermann Scherchen 1
1990 Symphony no. 1 Mahler; Minnesota Orchestra, Edo de Waart 3
1990 Symphony no. 2 “Resurrection” Mahler; Latvian State Academic Choir, Oslo Philhiarmonic Chorus, Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, Felicity Lott, Julia Hamari, Mariss Jansons 1
1990 Symphony No. 4 / Lieder und Gesänge aus der Jugendzeit Mahler; Bruno Walter, Desi Halban, New York Philharmonic 2
1990 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Erich Leinsdorf 2
1990 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1990 Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
1990 Symphony no. 6 / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; Jessye Norman, Berliner Philharmoniker, Bernard Haitink 2
1990 The Great Composers 20: Symphonic Excerpts Featuring Themes from Visconti's Film "Death In Venice" Gustav Mahler 1
1991 Schubert (orch. Mahler): Der Tod und das Mädchen / Schubert: 5 German Dances and 7 Trios with Coda Schubert orch. Mahler; I Musici de Montréal, Yuli Turovsky 1
1991 Symphonie No. 1 in D Gustav Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
1991 Symphony no. 4 / Songs of a Wayfarer Mahler; Judith Raskin, Frederica von Stade, Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell, London Philharmonic, Andrew Davis 3
1991 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1991 Symphonie no. 1 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 1
1991 Symphony No. 8 in E flat major "Symphony of a Thousand" Gustav Mahler; Robert Shaw, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus 1
1991 Das klagende Lied Mahler; Evelyn Lear, Elisabeth Söderström, Grace Hoffman, Stuart Burrows, Ernst Haefliger, Gerd Nienstedt, London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Pierre Boulez 2
1991 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Radio Symphonie Orchester Ljubljana, Anton Nanut 3 2
1991 Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Kindertotenlieder / 5 Rueckert-Lieder Mahler; Gabriele Schreckenbach, Phillip Moll 1
1991 Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Kindertotenlieder / Rückert-Lieder Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Thomas Hampson 1
1991 Mahler: Kindertotenlieder / Wagner: Wesendonck-Lieder / Wolf: 3 Mörike-Lieder Mahler, Wagner, Wolf; Waltraud Meier, Orchestre de Paris, Daniel Barenboim 2
1991 Schnittke: String Quartet no. 3 / Piano Quintet / Mahler/Schnittke: Piano Quartet Schnittke, Mahler; Borodin String Quartet, Ludmilla Berlinsky 1
1991 Sinfonia n. 6 in La minore Gustav Mahler; New Philharmonia Orchestra, Barbirolli 1
1991 Symphonie No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Orchestre National Bordeaux Aquitaine, Alain Lombard 1
1991 Symphonie Nr. 4 Mahler; Elsie Morison, Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
1991 Symphony no. 3 Mahler; Anne Gjevang, Copenhagen Boys' Choir, Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra & Choir, Leif Segerstam 1
1991 Symphony no. 4 / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; Royal Scottish Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Linda Finnie 1
1991 Symphony no. 5 Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Bruno Walter 2
1991 Symphony no. 5 in C sharp minor Mahler; Maurice Abravanel, Utah Symphony Orchestra 2
1991 Symphony No. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta 2
1991 Symphony no. 6 "Tragic" Mahler; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 2
1991 Symphony no. 6 / Todtenfeier Mahler; The Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 1
1992 Mahler: Symphonie no. 7 / Klemperer: Symphonie no. 2 / String Quartet no. 7 Gustav Mahler, Otto Klemperer; Philharmonia Quartet, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 1
1992 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Antoni Wit 2

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