Gustav Mahler

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Gustav Mahler (German: [ˈmaːlɐ]; 7 July 1860, Kaliště in Bohemia, now Czech Republic – 18 May 1911, Vienna in Austria-Hungary) was an Austrian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 his compositions were rediscovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

Born in Bohemia (then part of Austrian Empire) as a German-speaking Jew of humble circumstances, Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner, Mozart, and Tchaikovsky. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively small; for much of his life composing was necessarily a part-time activity while he earned his living as a conductor. Aside from early works such as a movement from a piano quartet composed when he was a student in Vienna, Mahler's works are generally designed for large orchestral forces, symphonic choruses and operatic soloists. These works were frequently controversial when first performed, and several were slow to receive critical and popular approval; exceptions included his Symphony No. 2 and the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Some of Mahler's immediate musical successors included the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Dmitri Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955 to honour the composer's life and work.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1958 Kindertotenlieder / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Mahler; Kirsten Flagstad, The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
1961 Symphony no. 4 in G major Gustav Mahler; Sylvia Stahlman, Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest, Sir Georg Solti 2
1963 Des Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler; Maureen Forrester, Heinz Rehfuss, Vienna Symphony, Felix Prohaska 2
1964 Kindertotenlieder · 4 Rückert-Lieder Gustav Mahler; Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Berliner Philharmoniker & Karl Böhm 1
1967 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Christa Ludwig, Fritz Wunderlich, Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 8
1967 Kindertotenlieder / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; Janet Baker, Hallé Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1968 Symphonie Nr. 1 D-dur »Der Titan« (1967 recording) Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
1968 Symphony no. 3 (1968 recording) Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, Helen Watts, The Ambrosian Singers, Wandsworth School Boys' Choir 1
1970 Symphony no. 1 in D major Gustav Mahler; Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Paul Kletzki 1
1970 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor / Songs From "Des Knaben Wunderhorn" Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Georg Solti, Yvonne Minton 1
1970 Symphony No. 6 In A Minor / Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra & Sir Georg Solti with Yvonne Minton 1
1971 Boulez dirigiert Mahler: Das Klagende Lied (Erste Gesamtaufnahme) / Adagio aus der Sinfonie Nr. 10 Gustav Mahler; Pierre Boulez 1
1971 Symphonie Nr. 5 / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; Rafael Kubelík, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks 1
1978 Symphony no. 1 Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 2
1982 Symphony No. 2 in C minor "Resurrection" Gustav Mahler 1
1982 Symphony no. 4 Mahler; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell, Judith Raskin 1
1982 Симфония №6 / Четыре песни на слова Ф. Рюккерта Г. Малер; Рафаэль Кубелик, Дитрих Фишер-Дискау, Карл Бём 1
1983 Symphony No. 4 in G major Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt, Lucia Popp 3
1983 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Bruno Walter, Mildred Miller, Ernst Haefliger 2
1983 Symphonie No. 1 D-dur Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 5 2
1983 Symphony No. 2 ''Resurrection'' Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1983 Symphony no. 9 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Georg Solti 2
1984 Symphonie No. 3 d-moll Gustav Mahler; Jessye Norman, Konzertvereinigung Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Sängerknaben, Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 2
1984 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Jessye Norman, Jon Vickers, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
1984 Das Lied von der Erde Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Bruno Walter, Kathleen Ferrier 2
1984 Symphonie No. 4 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado, Frederica von Stade 1
1984 Symphony No. 1 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 3
1984 Symphony no. 4 Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1984 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 2
1985 Brahms: Alto Rhapsody/ Song of Destiny - Mahler: Songs of the Wayfarer Johannes Brahms, Gustav Mahler; Bruno Walter, Columbia Symphony Orchestra 1
1985 Das klagende Lied Mahler; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle, Helena Döse, Alfreda Hodgson, Robert Tear, Sean Rea 5
1985 Symphony no. 1 / Adagietto from Symphony no. 5 Mahler; Vienna Philharmonic, Lorin Maazel 1
1985 Symphony no. 1 in D major Mahler; Columbia Symphony Orchestra, Bruno Walter 1
1985 Symphony no. 5 (1970 recording) Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 3
1985 Symphony No. 5 & 10 Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 1
1986 Quartet no. 14 in D minor / Der Tod und das Mädchen (Lied) Franz Schubert, arr. Gustav Mahler; English Chamber Orchestra, Jeffrey Tate, Ann Murray 1
1986 Symphonie no. 4 Gustav Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal, Helen Donath 1
1986 Symphonie no. 9 Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 1
1986 Symphonie Nr. 3 Mahler; New York Choral Artists, Brooklyn Boys Chorus, Christa Ludwig, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 2
1986 Symphonies Nos. 7, 9 & 10 Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 2
1986 Symphonies Nos. 8, 10 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1986 Symphony no. 1 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1986 Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 2
1986 Symphony No. 7 Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 1
1987 Symphony no. 3 / Kindertotenlieder Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1987 Symphony no. 2 Mahler; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Tanglewood Festival Chorus, Seiji Ozawa, Kiri Te Kanawa, Marilyn Horne 1
1987 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Christa Ludwig, René Kollo, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 3 2
1987 Mahler Lieder Gustav Mahler; Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Philharmonia Orchestra, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Berliner Philharmoniker, Rudolf Kempe, Daniel Barenboim 1
1987 Symphony no. 1 Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Solti 3
1987 Symphony no. 2 “Resurrection” Mahler; Arleen Augér, Janet Baker, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 4 3
1987 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta 4
1987 Symphony no. 7 Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 1
1987 Symphony no. 8 Gustav Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra and Choir, Tiffin School Boys' Choir, Klaus Tennstedt 1
1987 Symphony no. 8 Gustav Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 1
1988 Symphonie No. 2 »Resurrection · Auferstehung« Gustav Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 3 1
1988 Symphony No. 1 “Titan” Mahler; Slovak Philharmonic, Zdeněk Košler 2
1988 Symphonie No. 6 / Rückert-Lieder Gustav Mahler; Hanna Schwarz, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1988 Des Knaben Wunderhorn Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, George Szell, Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau 2
1988 Symphonie Nr. 1 Gustav Mahler; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa 1
1988 Symphonie Nr. 1 "Der Titan" Mahler; Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Sir Colin Davis 1
1988 Symphony no. 1 Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Bernard Haitink 1
1988 Symphony no. 2 "Resurrection" Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Gilbert Kaplan 2
1988 Symphony no. 3 / Rückert-Lieder Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas, Dame Janet Baker 1
1988 Symphony no. 3 in D minor Gustav Mahler; Norma Procter, London Symphony Orchestra, Jascha Horenstein 2
1989 Symphonie No. 1 Mahler; Concertgebouworkest Amsterdam, Leonard Bernstein 5 2
1989 Symphonie no. 4 Mahler; Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 2
1989 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 2
1989 Symphonie No. 3 / Symphonie No. 10 Gustav Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
1989 Symphony No. 4 Gustav Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
1989 Symphonie No. 6 / Kindertotenlieder Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Thomas Hampson 1
1989 Des Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler 1
1989 Des Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler; Lucia Popp, Andreas Schmidt, Concertgebouworkest Amsterdam, Leonard Bernstein 1
1989 Hugo Wolf , Gustav Mahler: Lieder Hugo Wolf, Gustav Mahler; Anne Sofie von Otter 1
1989 Symphony no. 1 in D Gustav Mahler; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1989 Symphony No. 4 Gustav Mahler; Jo Vincent, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra of Amsterdam, Willem Mengelberg 1
1990 Symphony No. 2 "Resurrection" Gustav Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 5
1990 Mahler: Symphony no. 10 / Schoenberg: Verklarte Nacht Mahler, Schoenberg; RSO Berlin, Riccardo Chailly 1
1990 Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Des Knaben Wunderhorn Gustav Mahler; Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Daniel Barenboim, Berliner Philharmoniker 1
1990 Symphony No. 1 in D major Gustav Mahler; Philharmonia Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli 1
1990 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1990 Symphony No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
1990 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; Rundfunk-Sinfonie-Orchester Ljubljana, Anton Nanut 3
1991 Death and the Maiden Schubert orch. Mahler; I Musici de Montréal, Yuli Turovsky 1
1991 Symphonie No. 1 in D Gustav Mahler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
1991 Symphony no. 4 / Songs of a Wayfarer Gustav Mahler; Judith Raskin, Frederica von Stade, The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell, London Philharmonic, Andrew Davis 1
1991 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1991 Symphonie no. 1 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 1
1991 Symphony No. 8 in E flat major "Symphony of a Thousand" Gustav Mahler; Robert Shaw, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus 1
1991 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest, Bernard Haitink 1
1991 Das klagende Lied Gustav Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez, 1
1991 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Radio Symphonie Orchester Ljubljana, Anton Nanut 3 2
1991 Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Kindertotenlieder / 5 Rueckert-Lieder Mahler; Gabriele Schreckenbach, Phillip Moll 1
1991 Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Kindertotenlieder / Rückert-Lieder Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Thomas Hampson 1
1991 Symphonie No. 5 Gustav Mahler; Orchestre National Bordeaux Aquitaine, Alain Lombard 1
1991 Symphony no. 1 Gustav Mahler; Festivalový orchestr Praha, Vladimir Petroschoff 3
1991 Symphony no. 3 Mahler; Anne Gjevang, Copenhagen Boys' Choir, Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra & Choir, Leif Segerstam 1
1991 Symphony no. 4 / Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen Gustav Mahler; Royal Scottish Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Linda Finnie 1
1991 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Bruno Walter 1
1991 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler 1
1991 Symphony No. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta 2

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