Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák

Wikipedia

Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( d(ə)-VOR-zha(h)k; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk]; 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer, one of the first to achieve worldwide recognition. Following the Romantic-era nationalist example of his predecessor Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák frequently employed rhythms and other aspects of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák's own style has been described as "the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them".

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was aged 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but did not win, and the unreturned manuscript was lost until rediscovered many decades later. In 1874 he made a submission to the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Although Dvořák was not aware of it, Johannes Brahms was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák in 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák's international reputation was launched at last.

Dvořák's first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works: the Symphony From the New World, which spread his reputation worldwide, and his Cello Concerto, one of the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. He also wrote his most appreciated piece of chamber music, the American String Quartet, during this time. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States and return to Bohemia in 1895.

All of Dvořák's nine operas but his first have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1996 Treasury of the World’s Most Beautiful Music: 1. The Romantic Piano Various Artists 1
1996 TV Classics Various Artists 1
1996 Violoncelle — Son cœur ne bat que pour vous Various Artists 1
1997 Ten Years of Success Various Artists 2
1997 Classical Treasures: Favorite Romantic Classics Various Artists 1
1997 25 Classical Dance Favorites Various Artists 1
1997 25 Concerto Favorites Various Artists 1
1997 25 Symphony Favorites Various Artists 1
1997 100 Masterpieces of Classical Music Various Artists 6
1997 200 Greatest Classics VI Various Artists 1
1997 A Lasting Inspiration, Volume 2 Jacqueline du Pré 1
1997 A World of Dreams Various Artists 1
1997 Adagio Vol. 2: The Sound of Silence Various Artists 1
1997 Cecilia & Friends Sing Out Various Artists 1
1997 Classical Moods Various Artists 1
1997 Echoes of the Past Various Artists 1
1997 El Orfeón Donostiarra en su centenario Orfeón Donostiarra 1
1997 Famous Classical Themes from the Movies Various Artists 1
1997 Great Romantic Piano Favorites Various Artists 1
1997 Klassiska favoriter sommar Various Artists 1
1997 Kurt Masur: New York Philharmonic Kurt Masur, New York Philharmonic 1
1997 Meditation: Musik zum Träumen und Entspannen Various Artists 1
1997 Peace Various Artists 1
1997 Seagram Classics Various Artists 1
1997 Sound of Silence 5 Various Artists 1
1997 Spring Classics Various Artists 1
1997 The 11 Great Violin Concertos Various Artists 1
1997 The Best of Relaxation Classics Various Artists 3 1
1997 The Classic Touch James Last 1
1997 The Great Violin Concertos Various Artists 1
1997 The Greatest Opera Show on Earth Various Artists 1
1997 The HMV Classics Collection: Sampler Disc 1 Various Artists 1
1997 The Most Relaxing Classical Album in the World… Ever! Various Artists 4
1997 The Originals - Höhepunkte Various Artists 1
1997 The Russian Years 1950-1974 Mstislav Rostropovich 2
1997 The Wonderful World of Hyperion Various Artists 1
1997 The Yellow Guide: Classical Music Various Artists 1
1997 Wie is er bang van klassiek? Various Artists 1
1998 Gute Laune Klassik Various Artists 1
1998 Classic CD, Volume 93: Fairy Tales Various Artists 1
1998 Humoresque Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg 1
1998 Itzhak Perlman's Greatest Hits Itzhak Perlman 1
1998 Centenary Edition 1897-1997 Various Artists 1
1998 The Greatest Classical Show on Earth Various Artists 4
1998 Cinema Choral Classics II Various Artists 2
1998 Yehudi Menuhin - The Album Yehudi Menuhin 1
1998 Discover the Symphony Various Artists 2
1998 Selected Works by Ten Classical Masters Various Artists 1
1998 Hummelflug: Ein musikalischer Frühling Various Artists 1
1998 100 Classical Masterpieces Various Artists 1
1998 100% Classics Various Artists 1
1998 Classic Emotions: Melancholy Various Artists 1
1998 Classic FM: Sounds of the Spirit Various Artists 1
1998 Classica D’Oro, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
1998 Classical Moods Various Artists 1
1998 Classical Music Library: The Essential Collection Various Artists 1
1998 Classical Themes and Dreams Various Artists 1
1998 David Ojstrach David Oistrakh 1
1998 Desert Island Discs: Sue Lawley Celebrates 10 Years of The Castaways’ Choice Various Artists 1
1998 Forever Classics Various Artists 1
1998 furioso (Audiophile Sound Collection) Various Artists 1
1998 Gloria! Music of Praise and Inspiration Robert Shaw, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, Robert Shaw Chamber Singers, Robert Shaw Festival Singers 1
1998 Great Dream Classics Various Artists 1
1998 Great Summer Classics Various Artists 1
1998 Gypsy Themes Various Artists 1
1998 High Fidelity Reference CD No. 38 Various Artists 1
1998 In Classical Mood: From the New World Various Artists 1
1998 In Classical Mood: Morning Mists Various Artists 1
1998 In Classical Mood: String Serenade Various Artists 1
1998 In the Wee Hours Various Artists 1
1998 Kuschelklassik 3 Various Artists 1
1998 Les Chefs-d'Oeuvre du Violon Various Artists 1
1998 Liebeserklärung: Romantisch klassische Melodien Various Artists 1
1998 Party Time Various Artists 1
1998 Power Classics: Musik mit Kraft & Energie Various Artists 1
1998 Silence 4 Various Artists 1
1998 Teldec Classics 98/99 Various Artists 1
1998 The Age of Modern Composers, Volume Four Various Artists 1
1998 The Classical Top 100 Various Artists 1
1998 The Most Beautiful Melodies of Classical Music: Ave Maria Various Artists 1
1998 The Most Beautiful Melodies of Classical Music: Voices of Spring Various Artists 1
1998 The Most Beautiful Melodies of Classical Music: Winter Dreams Various Artists 1
1998 The Most Relaxing Classical Album in the World… Ever! II Various Artists 4
1998 Titanic Various Artists 1
1998 Träumerei Various Artists 1
1998 Violin Recital Eugène Ysaÿe 1
1999 David Oistrakh in Prague David Oistrakh 1
1999 Alan Freeman's Classical Bits Various Artists 1
1999 Classic CD, Volume 109: World Classics Various Artists 1
1999 100 Relaxing Classics Various Artists 1
1999 Classical Treasures: The Sampler Various Artists 1
1999 The Very Best of the Classic Experience Various Artists 1
1999 Sony Classical Great Performances: 1903-1998 Various Artists 1
1999 Dreams of Classics, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
1999 Dreams of Symphonies Various Artists 1
1999 The Best Classical Album of the Millennium... Ever! Various Artists 1
1999 My First 79 Years: A Musical Celebration Isaac Stern 1
1999 The Classical Love Album Various Artists 1
1999 Wunderbare Welt der Klassik Various Artists 5 1
1999 Das Jahrhundertkonzert Various Artists 1

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