Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák


Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( d(ə)-VOR-zha(h)k; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk]; 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer. After Bedřich Smetana, he was the second Czech composer to achieve major worldwide recognition. Following Smetana's nationalist example, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák's own style has been described as "the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them".

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was aged 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but did not win, and the unreturned manuscript was lost until rediscovered many decades later. In 1874 he made a submission to the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Although Dvořák was not aware of it, Johannes Brahms was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák in 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák's international reputation was launched at last.

Dvořák's first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works: the Symphony From the New World, which spread his reputation worldwide, and his Cello Concerto, one of the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. He also wrote his most appreciated piece of chamber music, the American String Quartet, during this time. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States and return to Bohemia in 1895.

All of Dvořák's nine operas but his first have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2001 Casals Plays Dvorák Antonín Dvořák; Pablo Casals, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, George Szell 1
2001 Old and New World: Quintets for Strings Antonín Dvořák; L'Archibudelli 1
2001 Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák; James Anagnoson, Leslie Kinton 1
2001 Slavonic Dances, op. 46 & 72 Antonín Dvořák; Wiener Philharmoniker, Rafael Kubelík 1
2001 String Quartet "American" Dvořák, Talich Quartet 1
2001 String Quartet no. 13 in G major, op. 106 / String Quintet in E-flat major, op. 97 Dvořák; Pacifica Quartet, Michael Tree 1
2001 Symphony No. 8 / Serenade for Strings Antonín Dvořák; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Yehudi Menuhin 3
2001 Symphony no. 8 in G major, op. 88 / Symphony no. 9 in E minor, op. 95 “From the New World” Dvořák; Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 1
2002 Serenade, op. 44 / Bagatelles / Czech Suite Antonín Dvořák; National Chamber Players, Lowell Graham 1
2002 Dvořák & Tchaikovsky: Serenades for Strings / Grieg: Holberg Suite Dvořák, Tchaikovsky, Grieg; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 1
2002 Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák; The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Nikolaus Harnoncourt 1
2002 Cello Concerto / Dumky Trio Dvořák; Yo‐Yo Ma, Berlin Philharmonic, Lorin Maazel 1
2002 Piano Concerto Dvořák; Rudolf Firkušný, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, László Somogyi 1
2002 Stabat Mater Antonín Dvořák; Brewer, Simpson, Aler, Gao, The Washington Chorus and Orchestra, Robert Shafer 2 1
2002 BBC Music, Volume 10, Number 11: The Golden Spinning-Wheel / Symphony no. 8 Dvořák; BBC Philharmonic, Gianandrea Noseda 1
2002 Concerto in A major / Polonaise / Rondo / Silent Woods / Slavonic Dance Dvořák; Jiří Bárta, Jan Čech 2
2002 String Quintet, op. 77 Dvořák; Vlach Quartet Prague, Jakub Waldmann 1
2002 Piano Quintets, opp. 5 and 81 Dvořák; Vlach Quartet Prague, Ivan Klánský 1
2002 Slavonic Dances (1972 recording) Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 1
2002 Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Schumann: Cello Concerto / Strauss: Don Quixote / Prokofiev: Symphony-Concerto Dvořák, Schumann, Strauss, Prokofiev; Heinrich Schiff 1
2002 Dvořák: Symphony 9 / Ravel: Ma mère l'oye Dvořák, Ravel; Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest, Carlo Maria Giulini 2
2002 Janáček: Lachian Dances / Dvořák: Suite in A major Janáček, Dvořák; Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra, David Zinman 1
2002 Las Quatro Estaciones Portenas / Trio op. 90 "Dumky" Piazzolla, Dvořák; Trío Argentino 1
2002 Symphonic Variations / Scherzo capriccioso / Legends Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
2002 Symphonies 8 & 9 « du Nouveau Monde » Dvořák; Orchestre Philharmonique de Berlin, Herbert von Karajan 2
2003 Symphonies 8 & 9 Dvořák; Budapest Festival Orchestra, Iván Fischer 2
2003 Serenades Dvořák; Wiener Philharmoniker, Myung-Whun Chung 1
2003 Violin Concerto / Piano Quintet Dvořák; Sarah Chang, Leif Ove Andsnes 1
2003 BBC Music, Volume 11, Number 11: Dvořák: Symphony No. 6 / Novák: Eternal Longing Dvořák, Novák; BBC SO, Jiří Bělohlávek 1
2003 Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Brahms: Double Concerto Dvořák, Brahms; Paul Tortelier, Yehudi Menuhin 2
2003 Dvořák: Symphonie Nr. 5 F-Dur, op. 76 / Fibich: Roman und die Waldfee, op. 49 / Sturm, op. 46 Antonín Dvořák, Zdeněk Fibich; Martin Turnovský, Bamberger Symphoniker 1
2003 Grieg: Holberg Suite, op. 40 / Dvorak: Serenade for Strings, op. 22 / Elgar: Serenade for Strings, op. 20 Grieg, Dvořák, Elgar; Rotterdam Chamber Orchestra, Conrad van Alphen 1
2003 Konzert für Violine und Orchester a-Moll, op. 53 / Romanze, op. 11 / Mazurka, op. 49 Antonín Dvořák; Ruggiero Ricci, Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Walter Süsskind 1
2003 Piano Concerto / The Golden Spinning Wheel Dvořák; Pierre‐Laurent Aimard, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Nikolaus Harnoncourt 2
2003 Quatuors op. 61 & 96 "Américain" Antonín Dvořák; Le Quatuor Talich 1
2004 Romantic Pieces Dvořák, Janáček, Smetana; James Ehnes, Eduard Laurel 1
2004 Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture / Liszt: Mephisto Waltz / Dvořák: Carnival Overture / Weinberger: Polka and Fugue from Schwanda / Smetana: The Bartered Bride Overture Tchaikovsky, Liszt, Dvořák, Weinberger, Smetana; Reiner, Chicago Symphony Orchestra 1
2004 Piano Quintet, op. 81 / String Quintet, op. 97 Antonín Dvořák; Leipziger Streichquartett, Christian Zacharias 1
2004 Lieder Antonín Dvořák; Bernarda Fink, Roger Vignoles 1
2004 Complete Solo Piano Music Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 Eight Humoresques / Silhouettes / Six Mazurkas Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 Poetic Tone Pictures / Two Little Pearls Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 Six Pieces / Four Eclogues / Two Furiants Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 Suite in A / Scottish Dances Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 Theme with Variations / Eight Waltzes / Two Minuets Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 String Quartets Vol. 7: No. 1 in A major, op. 2 / No. 6 in A major, op. 12 Dvořák; Vlach Quartet Prague 1
2004 Čzeska suita, op. 39 / String Quintet, op. 77 Dvořák; Ensemble Acht 1
2004 American Suite / Silent Woods / Prague Waltzes / Mazurka Dvořák; Dmitri Yablonsky, Alexander Trostianski, Russian Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2004 Piano Quintets Dvořák, Schumann; Jan Panenka, Smetana Quartet 1
2004 Coleridge-Taylor: Violin Concerto / Dvořák: Violin Concerto Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, Antonín Dvořák; Philippe Graffin, Johannesburg Philharmonic Orchestra, Michael Hankinson 1
2004 Complete Piano Trios Dvořák; Grieg Trio 1
2004 Concerto pour violon et orchestre op.53 / Trio op.65 Dvořák; Isabelle Faust, Jean‐Guihen Queyras, Alexander Melnikov, Prague Philharmonia, Jiří Bělohlávek 1
2004 Dvorák: String Quartet No. 13 / Tchaikovsky: String Quartet No. 3 Dvořák, Tchaikovsky; Vlach Quartet 1
2004 Mendelssohn: Trio No. 1 / Dvorák: Dumky Trio Dvořák, Mendelssohn; Beaux Arts Trio 1
2004 Piano Masterpieces, Klassische Meisterwerke großer Komponisten Chopin, Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Haydn, Mendelssohn, Brahms, Schumann, Dvořák, Scarlatti 1
2004 Piano Works played on Dvořák's own Bösendorfer Piano (1879) Antonín Dvořák; Radoslav Kvapil 1
2004 Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák; Kristina Krkavcová, Martin Kasík 1
2004 Stabat Mater Dvořák; Woytowicz, Soukupová, Žídek, Borg, Prague Philharmonic Choir, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Smetáček 1
2004 String Quintet in G, op. 77 / String Sextet in A, op. 48 / Waltz no. 1 & 4, op. 54 Antonín Dvořák; Uppsala Kammarsolister 1
2004 Symphony No. 5 / Othello / Scherzo capriccioso Antonín Dvořák; Oslo‐Filharmonien, Mariss Jansons 1
2004 Symphony no. 6 / The Golden Spinning Wheel Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
2005 Works for Cello and Orchestra Antonín Dvořák, Josef Suk; Staatskapelle Dresden, Michael Helmrath, Peter Bruns 1
2005 Favourite Cello Concertos Haydn, Dvořák, Schumann, Elgar, Tchaikovsky; Mischa Maisky 2
2005 Piano Concerto / Violin Concerto Antonín Dvořák; Rustem Hayroudinoff, James Ehnes, BBC Philharmonic, Gianandrea Noseda 1
2005 Tone Poems Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 1
2005 Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 / Martinů: Symphony No. 2 Antonín Dvořák, Bohuslav Martinů; Paavo Järvi, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra 1
2005 Cello Concerto / Dumky Trio Dvořák; Jean‐Guihen Queyras, Isabelle Faust, Alexander Melnikov, The Prague Philharmonia, Jiří Bělohlávek 2
2005 Piano & Cello Concertos Dvořák; Václav Talich, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, František Maxián, Mistislav Rostropovich 1
2005 BBC Music, Volume 14, Number 2: Ma Vlast / The Noonday Witch / The Wood Dove Smetana, Dvořák; National Youth Orchestra, Sir Roger Norrington 1
2005 Complete Piano Music Dvořák; Inna Poroshina 2
2005 Dvořák: Piano Trio no. 2 in G minor, op. 26 / Suk: Elegie, op. 23 / Smetana: Piano Trio in G minor, op. 15 Dvořák, Suk, Smetana; The Rogeri Trio 1
2005 Festival Internacional de Inverno de Campos do Jordão Barber, Mahler, Brahms, Dvořák, Mussorgsky, Ravel, Almeida Prado, Carlos Gomes; Kurt Masur, Roberto Minczuk, Orquestra Acadêmica 1
2005 Symphonies 5-7-8-9 Dvořák; Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, Mariss Jansons 1
2005 Symphonies Nos. 8, 9 Antonín Dvořák; Prague Symphony Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
2005 Symphony no. 5 / Slavonic Rhapsodies Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Šejna 1
2005 Symphony Nos. 9 "New World", 8 Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
2005 The Secrets of Dvořák’s Cello Concerto Dvořák; Jan Vogler, New York Philharmonic, David Robertson, Angelika Kirchschlager, Helmut Deutsch 1
2006 Symphonic Poems Dvořák; Václav Talich, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2006 Quatuor op. 96 « Américain » / Quintette avec piano op. 81 Dvořák; Jerusalem Quartet, Stefan Vladar 1
2006 Symphony no. 8 / Symphony no. 9 “New World” Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
2006 Slavonic Dances, Op. 46 & Op. 72 Dvořák; Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Yoel Levi 1
2006 Violin Works Dvořák, Suk; Pavel Šporcl, Petr Jiříkovský 1
2006 Piano Trios Antonín Dvořák; Dumky Trio 1
2006 Piano Trios: no. 4 “Dumky” & no. 3 in F minor Dvořák; Smetana Trio 1
2006 String Quartets Dvořák, Janáček; Artemis Quartet 1
2006 Symphony no. 2 / Scherzo Capriccioso Dvořák; Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra, Zdeněk Mácal 1
2006 Symphony no. 3 / The Hero’s Song Dvořák; Zdeněk Mácal, Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra 1
2006 Symphony no. 5 and The Golden Spinning Wheel Dvořák; Zdeněk Mácal, Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra 1
2006 Symphony no. 6 and Husitská Dvořák; Zdeněk Mácal, Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra 1
2006 Symphony no. 7 and Wild Dove Dvořák; Zdeněk Mácal, Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra 1
2007 Beethoven: Symphony no. 4 / Dvořák: Symphony no. 7 Beethoven, Dvořák; Whatcom Symphony Orchestra, Roger Briggs 1
2007 Symphonies nos. 8 & 9 “From the New World” Dvořák; Václav Talich, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2007 Symphonies nos. 6 & 7 Dvořák; Václav Talich, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2007 Symphony no. 2 / Symphony no. 6 Dvořák; Zdeněk Mácal, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2007 Symphony no. 3 / Symphony no. 7 Dvořák; Zdeněk Mácal, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2007 Symphony no. 4 / Symphony no. 8 Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Zdeněk Mácal 1
2007 Quintette, op. 81 / Bagatelles, op. 47 Dvořák; Frank Braley, Ensemble Explorations, Roel Dieltiens 1
2007 BBC Music, Volume 15, Number 11: Brahms: Piano Quintet in F minor / Dvořák: Piano Quartet in E-flat major Brahms, Dvořák; Ralph Kirshbaum, Wu Han, Colin Carr, Ian Swensen 1
2007 Symphonies nos. 6 & 9 Dvořák; Swedish Chamber Orchestra, Thomas Dausgaard 1
2007 Virtuoso Cello Showpieces Orr, Cassadó, Danzi, Dvořák, Castelnuovo-Tedesco; Maria Kliegel, Nina Tichman 3 1

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