Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák


Antonín Leopold Dvořák (/dˈvɔːr.ʒɑːk, -ʒæk/ d-VOR-zha(h)k; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk]; 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer. After Bedřich Smetana, he was the second Czech composer to achieve worldwide recognition. Following Smetana's nationalist example, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák’s own style has been described as ‘the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them’.

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was age 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he first submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but he did not win, and the manuscript, not returned, was lost until rediscovered many decades later. Then in 1874 he first made a submission for the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Brahms, unbeknownst to Dvořák, was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák for 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák’s international reputation at last was launched.

Dvořák’s first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works. The Symphony From the New World spread his reputation worldwide. His Cello Concerto is one of the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. Also, he wrote his American String Quartet, his most appreciated piece of chamber music. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States in 1895 and return to Bohemia.

Dvořák’s nine operas other than his first, Alfred, have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".

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Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1999 Sinfonia n.º 6 en re mayor, op. 60 / Serenata para cuerda en mi mayor, op. 22 Dvořák; Orquesta Filarmónica de Berlín, English Chamber Orchestra, Rafael Kubelík 1
1999 Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto no. 1 / Dvorak: Piano Concerto Tchaikovsky, Dvořák; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein, Philippe Entremont, Justus Frantz 1
2000 Symphony No. 9 in E minor "From The New World" (Ljubljana Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Anton Nanut) / Symphony No. 8 in G major (Philharmonia Slavonica feat. conductor: Alfred Scholz) Antonín Dvořák 1
2000 Smetana: Má vlast / Dvořák: Czech Suite - Symphony No. 4 Smetana, Dvořák; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 1
2000 Panorama Antonín Dvořák; Herbert von Karajan, Rafael Kubelík, Neville Marriner 2
2000 Czech Suite / American Suite / The Wild Dove / Scherzo capriccioso / Carnival Overture / Othello / My Home / In Natures's Realm Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 1
2000 Dvořák Sinfonie Nr. 9, Slawische Tänze Antonín Dvořák, The Cleveland Orchestra & George Szell 1
2000 Symphonies 1-9 / Orchestral Works Dvořák; Libor Pešek 1
2001 Dvorak: Cello concerto in B minor / Brahms: Double concerto in A minor Brahms, Dvořák; Pablo Casals, Jacques Thibaud 1
2001 BBC Music, Volume 9, Number 12: Live From the Proms - Elgar: Falstaff / Dvořák: Symphonic Variations Elgar / Dvořák 1
2002 Symphonies nos. 5, 7, 8 & 9 Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
2002 The Complete Symphonies Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Stephen Gunzenhauser 1
2002 Brahms: Hungarian Dances / Dvořák: Slavonic Dances Brahms, Dvořák; Walter Weller, Antal Doráti 1
2002 Symphonies Nos. 7-9 Antonín Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Philharmonia Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
2002 Cello Concertos Elgar, Dvořák; Pablo Casals 1
2002 Dvorak: Cello Concerto / Strauss: Don Quixote Dvořák, Strauss; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2002 String Quartets (complete) Dvořák; Stamitz Quartet 1
2002 Symphonies 7, 8 and 9 / Symphonic Variations Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
2002 Symphony no. 9 in E minor, "From the New World" / In Nature's Realm / Othello Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Ančerl 5 1
2003 Violin Concertos Dvořák, Schumann; Thomas Zehetmair, Philharmonia Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal, Christoph Eschenbach 1
2003 Symphonies 1–2–3 Dvořák; Václav Neumann, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2003 Karel Ančerl Gold Edition Vol. 13: Requiem Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Ančerl 1
2003 Fučík: Entry of the Gladiators: Famous Marches and Waltzes / Dvořák: Slavonic Rhapsody Op. 45 No. 1 Julius Fučík, Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 1
2003 Karel Ančerl Gold Edition Vol. 19: Symphony no. 6 Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Ančerl 1
2003 Dvořák: Symphonies nos. 8 & 9 "From the New World / Smetana: The Moldau / Smetana: Vyšehrad Dvořák, Smetana; Berliner Philharmoniker, Wiener Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
2003 The Perlman Edition: Violin Concerto / Romance / Sonatina / 4 Romantic Pieces Dvořák; Perlman, Barenboim, Sanders 1
2004 100th Anniversary Edition: Concertos, Requiem, Serenades & Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák 1
2004 The Dvořák Album Antonín Dvořák; Yo‐Yo Ma 1
2004 Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Ibert: Concerto for Cello & Wind Instruments Dvořák, Ibert; du Pré 1
2004 Chamber Music Dvořák 1
2004 The Best of Dvořák Antonín Dvořák 1
2004 The Masterworks Dvořák 1
2005 Cello Concertos Haydn, Dvořák, Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev, Miaskovsky, Shostakovich, Kernis; Truls Mørk 1
2005 Antonín Dvořák - The Complete Symphonies Antonín Dvořák; Václav Neumann & Česká filharmonie 1
2005 Los clásicos de la Ópera, No. 21: Rusalka (Orquesta y Coro del Teatro Nacional de Praga feat. conductor: Jaroslav Krombholc) Antonín Dvořák 1
2005 Slavonic Dances Op. 46 & 72 (Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor V. Dudarová) Antonín Dvořák 1
2005 String Quartets Dvořák; Panocha Quartet 1
2006 Symphonie Nr. 9 "Aus der Neuen Welt" / Slawische Tänze Antonín Dvořák 1
2006 Symphonie No. 9 "Du Nouveau Monde" (Orchestre Symphonique de Radio Télé Luxembourg feat. conductor: Rudolf Albert) Antonín Dvořák 1
2006 Richard STRAUSS - Anton DVORAK (Bläserensemble Sabine Meyer) R. Strauss / Dvořák 1
2006 The Very Best of Dvořák Antonín Dvořák 1
2006 DIE ZEIT Klassik-Edition 19: Mstislaw Rostropowitsch spielt Dvořák und Schumann Antonín Dvořák, Robert Schumann; Mstislaw Rostropowitsch 1
2006 Smetana: El Moldova / Dvorak: Sinfonía “Del Nuevo Mundo” Smetana, Dvořák; Orquesta Filarmónica de Viena, Herbert von Karajan 1
2008 Dvorak, Chopin, Tschaikowsky Antonín Dvořák, Fryderyk Chopin, Пётр Ильич Чайковский; Duisburger Philharmoniker, Boris Bloch, Jonathan Darlington 1
2008 Mstislav Rostropovich Plays Cello Works by… Bach, Dvořák, Handel, Jolivet, Landowski, Prokofiev, Saint‐Saëns, Shostakovich, Tchaikovsky, Vivaldi; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2008 String Quartet op. 96 "American" / String Quartet no. 2 / String Quartet no. 8, op. 110 Dvořák, Borodin, Shostakovich; Janáček Quartet, Borodin Quartet 1
2008 Symphonies (complete) Dvořák 1
2008 The Best of Czech Classics: Dvořák Concertos Antonín Dvořák 1
2008 The Collection Antonín Dvořák 1
2009 Grandes compositores da música clássica, Volume 24: Dvorák Antonín Dvořák 1
2010 Symphonie du "Nouveau Monde" Antonín Dvořák; Herbert von Karajan 1
2010 Slavonic Dances Op. 46 & 72; Overtures; Symphonic Poems Antonín Dvořák; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
2010 Symphonies nos. 9 "From the New World" / 8 Dvořák; Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 4 1
2011 Symphony no. 8 / Slavonic Dances Dvořák; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 1
2012 Symphonic Works Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 2
2012 Great Romantic Symphonies Schubert, Brahms, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Berlioz, Mahler, Bruckner, Saint-Saëns, Franck, Dvořák, Strauss 1
2012 Great Violin Concertos Vivaldi, J.S. Bach, Mozart, Spohr, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Bruch, Vieuxtemps, Brahms, Paganini, Saint-Saëns, Lalo, Tchaikovsky, Glazunov, Elgar, Wieniawski, Dvořák, Sibelius, Shostakovich, Prokofiev 1
2012 Piano Concertos Dvořák, Grieg, Schumann; Sviatoslav Richter 1
2012 Romantic Symphonies & Overtures Berlioz, Dvořák, Franck, Mendelssohn, Schubert, Schumann, J.S. Straus II, Tchaikovsky, Weber; Philharmonia Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 2
2012 Hungarian Dances / Slavonic Dances Brahms, Dvořák; Budapest Festival Orchestra; Iván Fischer 1
2013 ICON: Paavo Berglund - The Bournemouth Years Smetana, Dvořák, Grieg, Sibelius, Vaughan Williams, Shostakovich; Paavo Berglund 1
2013 Orchestral Works & Concertos Dvořák 1
2014 Dvořák: Complete Symphonies, Tone Poems, Overtures, Requiem (Not 6CD release "The Symphonies") Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 2
2014 Piano Quintets Dvořák, Suk; Ensemble Syntonia 1
2014 The Symphony Edition Beethoven, Schumann, Dvořák, Mahler; Rafael Kubelík 1
2014 Complete Symphonies & Concertos Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic, Jiří Bělohlávek, Ohlsson, Alisa Weilerstein, Zimmermann 2
Antonin Dvorak Symphony No. 8. and Joseph Haydn Symphony No. 82 Dvořák / Haydn 1
Berühmte Meisterwerke Tschaikowsky, Ravel, Dvořák 1
Brahms: Ungarische Tänze / Dvořák: Slawische Tänze Brahms, Dvořák; Wiener Symphoniker, Tibor Paul, Karel Ančerl 1
Cello Concerto / Variations on a Rococo Theme Dvořák, Tchaikovsky; Paul Tortelier 1
Cello Concertos Dvořák, Elgar; Heinrich Schiff, Staatskapelle Dresden, Sir Neville Marriner 1
Dvořák: Romantic Music's Most Versatile Genius Antonín Dvořák 1
Dvořák: Symphonie No. 9 - "Aus der neuen Welt", Schubert: Symphonie No. 8 - "Unvollendete" Antonín Dvořák; Franz Schubert; Herbert von Karajan 1
Dvorak: Symphonie No. 9 / Smetana: La Moldau Dvořák / Smetana 1
Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 / Smetana: The Moldau Dvořák, Smetana; Rafael Kubelík 1
Klavier Trios, Klavirni Trios op 65 und op. 90 Antonín Dvořák 1
Perfect Classical Masterpieces: Dvorak Antonín Dvořák 1
String Serenades Antonín Dvořák, Sir Edward Elgar, Jean Sibelius, Albert Roussel; Paul Angerer, Alois Springer, Jörg Faerber 1
Symphony no.9 / Czech Suite / Prague Waltzes Dvořák; Kirill Kondrashin, Antal Doráti 1
The Best of Dvorak Antonín Dvořák 1
The World of Dvorak Antonín Dvořák 1
Violin Concertos Brahms, Dvořák; Isaac Stern, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1

Album + Compilation + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1999 Schubert / Mozart / Dvořák / Mahler / R Strauss Schubert, Mozart, Dvořák, Mahler, R Strauss; Lucia Popp, Geoffrey Parsons, Irwin Gage 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1985 Piano Quintets in A major, op. 5 & op. 81 Dvořák; Borodin Quartet, Sviatoslav Richter 4 2
1987 Live in Limburg: Rolduc 1987 Antonín Dvořák & Franz Schubert 1
1994 Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 2
1995 Stabat Mater (Live) Antonín Dvořák 1
1998 Symphony no. 7 / The Wild Dove Dvořák; Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra 1
2000 Symphony no. 8 Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
2000 Symphony no. 9 Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
2001 Dvorák: Violin Concerto in A minor, op. 53 / Elgar: Sonata for Violin and Piano in E minor, op. 82 Dvořák, Elgar; Maxim Vengerov, New York Philharmonic, Kurt Masur 1
2001 Beethoven: Leonore Overture no. 3 / Prokofiev: The Love for Three Oranges - Suite / Dvořák: Symphony no. 9 Beethoven, Prokofiev, Dvořák; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Rudolf Kempe 1
2003 Symphony no. 7 Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
2004 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" Dvořák; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Mariss Jansons 2
2004 Dvorak: Cello Concerto / Richard Strauss: Don Quixote Dvořák, Richard Strauss; Mischa Maisky, Berliner Philharmoniker, Zubin Mehta 1
2005 Symphony no. 6 Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
2005 Dvořák: Sonatina / Janáček, Brahms, Beethoven: Sonatas Dvořák, Janáček, Brahms, Beethoven; Rudolf Firkušný, Josef Suk 1
2006 Messe en Ré, Op. 86 Antonín Dvořák; Chorale Josquin des Prés, Frédérique Marchoul 1
2007 Concerto for Cello and Orchestra in B minor op. 104 / Symphonic Variations for Orchestra op. 78 Dvořák; Pieter Wispelwey, Budapest Festival Orchestra, Iván Fischer 1
2008 Brandenburg Concerto / Serenade for Winds / Petite Symphonie / Simple Symphony / Dance of the Pink Girl Bach, Dvořák, Gounod, Britten, Khachaturian; 2008 Festival Chamber Orchestra, Gregory Cherninsky, David Weiss, Yakov Birman, Cyrus Forough, David Shostac 1

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