Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák

Wikipedia

Antonín Leopold Dvořák (/dəˈvɔːr.ʒɑːk, ˈdvɔːr-, -ʒæk/ d-VOR-zha(h)k; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk]; 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer. After Bedřich Smetana, he was the second Czech composer to achieve worldwide recognition. Following Smetana's nationalist example, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák’s own style has been described as ‘the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them’.

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was age 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he first submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but he did not win, and the manuscript, not returned, was lost until rediscovered many decades later. Then in 1874 he first made a submission for the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Johannes Brahms, unbeknownst to Dvořák, was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák for 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák’s international reputation at last was launched.

Dvořák’s first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works. The Symphony From the New World spread his reputation worldwide. His Cello Concerto is one of the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. Also, he wrote his American String Quartet, his most appreciated piece of chamber music. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States in 1895 and return to Bohemia.

Dvořák’s nine operas other than his first, Alfred, have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1993 Cello Concertos Dvořák, Walton; Gregor Piatigorsky, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch 3
1993 Dvořák: Symphonies nos. 7, 8 & 9 / The Wood Dove / Smetana: The Moldau Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetana; Rafael Kubelík 1
1993 The Classical Collection 13: Dvořák: The Great Symphonies Antonín Dvořák 3
1994 The Greatest Hits Antonín Dvořák 1
1994 Dvořák: Stabat Mater / Janáček: Messe Glagolitique Dvořák, Janáček; Václav Smetáček, Rafael Kubelík 1
1994 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Slavonic Dances Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 2
1994 Sinfonien Dvořák / Prokofiev 1
1994 Moldau / Symphony No. 9 Bedřich Smetana, Antonín Dvořák 2
1994 Smetana: Moldau (Vlatava) / Dvořák: Symphony no. 9 "New World" Smetana, Dvořák; Eugene Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra 2
1994 Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / Carnival Overture / Cello Concerto Dvořák; Eugene Ormandy, Leonard Rose, Isaac Stern 1
1994 The Classical Collection 55: Dvořák: Orchestral Masterpieces Antonín Dvořák 1
1995 Brahms: 8 Hungarian Dances / Dvořák: 5 Slavonic Dances Brahms, Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1995 Cello Concertos Dvořák, Elgar; Jacqueline du Pré 1
1995 Die Klassiksammlung 54: Dvořák: Böhmische Melodien Antonín Dvořák 2
1995 Liszt: Les Préludes / Mazeppa / Ungarische rhapsodie no. 4 / Smetana: Vyŝehrad / Die Moldau Smetana, Dvořák, Liszt; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1996 Symphony no. 9 “From The New World” Antonín Dvořák; San Francisco Symphony, Seiji Ozawa 1
1996 Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 5 / Variations / Dvořák: Symphony No. 8 / Slavonic Dances Beethoven / Dvořák 1
1996 Cello Concerto / Violin Concerto Dvořák; Paul Tortelier, André Previn, Kyung-Wha Chung, Riccardo Muti 1
1996 Die Klassiksammlung 96: Dvořák: Überschwengliche Melodien Antonín Dvořák 2
1996 Os grandes clássicos: Smetana: O moldava / Dvořák: Danças eslavas / Adam: Se eu fosse rei / Gounod: Fausto Bedřich Smetana, Antonín Dvořák, Adolphe Adam, Charles-François Gounod; London Symphony Orchestra, Alfred Scholz 1
1997 The Best of Dvořák Antonín Dvořák 1
1997 Dvorak: Violin Concerto / Romance, Op. 11 / Bartók: Violin Rhapsodies 1 and 2 Dvořák, Bartók; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti, Kyung-Wha Chung 1
1997 The Heifetz Collection, Volume 41: Dvořák: Quintet, op. 81 / Brahms: Sextet, op. 36 Dvořák, Brahms; Heifetz, Piatigorsky, Primrose, Lateiner 1
1998 Dvořák: Symphonies Nos. 7-9, Carnival Overture / Smetana: "Bartered Bride" Overture, "From My Life" Quartet Dvořák, Smetana; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 1
1998 Bernstein Century: Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / Carnival Overture / Slavonic Dances nos. 1 & 3 Dvořák; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 2
1998 Bernstein Century: Dvořák: Symphony no. 7 / Smetana: Bartered Bride / The Moldau Dvořák, Smetana; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1998 Piano Works, Volume 2 Antonín Dvořák; Radoslav Kvapil 1
1998 Symphonie No. 8, Op. 88 / Sérénade pour orchestre de cordes, Op. 22 Antonín Dvořák 2
1999 Gallery of Classical Music: Dvořák & Smetana Dvořák, Smetana; London Symphony Orchestra 1
1999 Classical Highlights Volume I Gounod, Smetana, Dvořák, Adam; London Festival Orchestra, Alfred Scholz 1
1999 The Nine Symphonies Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Rafael Kubelík 2
1999 Deutsche Grammophon Collection: Dvořák: Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / Haydn: Symphony no. 91 Antonín Dvořák, Joseph Haydn; Wiener Philharmoniker, Karl Böhm 1
1999 Dvořák: Symphony No. 8 / Mussorgksy/Ravel: Pictures at an Exhibition Antonín Dvořák, Модест Петрович Мусоргский; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1999 Sinfonia n.º 6 en re mayor, op. 60 / Serenata para cuerda en mi mayor, op. 22 Dvořák; Orquesta Filarmónica de Berlín, English Chamber Orchestra, Rafael Kubelík 1
1999 Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto no. 1 / Dvorak: Piano Concerto Tchaikovsky, Dvořák; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein, Philippe Entremont, Justus Frantz 1
2000 Symphony No. 9 in E minor "From The New World" (Ljubljana Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Anton Nanut) / Symphony No. 8 in G major (Philharmonia Slavonica feat. conductor: Alfred Scholz) Antonín Dvořák 1
2000 Smetana: Má vlast / Dvořák: Czech Suite - Symphony No. 4 Smetana, Dvořák; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 1
2000 Panorama Antonín Dvořák; Herbert von Karajan, Rafael Kubelík, Neville Marriner 2
2000 Czech Suite / American Suite / The Wild Dove / Scherzo capriccioso / Carnival Overture / Othello / My Home / In Natures's Realm Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 1
2000 Dvořák Sinfonie Nr. 9, Slawische Tänze Antonín Dvořák, The Cleveland Orchestra & George Szell 1
2000 Symphonies 1-9 / Orchestral Works Dvořák; Libor Pešek, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2001 Dvorak: Cello concerto in B minor / Brahms: Double concerto in A minor Brahms, Dvořák; Pablo Casals, Jacques Thibaud 1
2001 BBC Music, Volume 9, Number 12: Live From the Proms - Elgar: Falstaff / Dvořák: Symphonic Variations Elgar / Dvořák 1
2002 Symphonies nos. 5, 7, 8 & 9 Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
2002 The Complete Symphonies Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Stephen Gunzenhauser 1
2002 Brahms: Hungarian Dances / Dvořák: Slavonic Dances Brahms, Dvořák; Walter Weller, Antal Doráti 1
2002 Symphonies Nos. 7-9 Antonín Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Philharmonia Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
2002 Cello Concertos Elgar, Dvořák; Pablo Casals 1
2002 Dvorak: Cello Concerto / Strauss: Don Quixote Dvořák, Strauss; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2002 String Quartets (complete) Dvořák; Stamitz Quartet 1
2002 Symphonies 7, 8 and 9 / Symphonic Variations Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
2002 Symphony № 9 in E minor, “From the New World” / In Nature’s Realm / Othello Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Ančerl 5 1
2003 Violin Concertos Dvořák, Schumann; Thomas Zehetmair, Philharmonia Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal, Christoph Eschenbach 1
2003 Symphonies 1–2–3 Dvořák; Václav Neumann, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2003 Requiem Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Ančerl 1
2003 Fučík: Entry of the Gladiators: Famous Marches and Waltzes / Dvořák: Slavonic Rhapsody Op. 45 No. 1 Julius Fučík, Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 1
2003 Symphony № 6 Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Ančerl 1
2003 Dvořák: Symphonies nos. 8 & 9 "From the New World / Smetana: The Moldau / Smetana: Vyšehrad Dvořák, Smetana; Berliner Philharmoniker, Wiener Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
2003 The Perlman Edition: Violin Concerto / Romance / Sonatina / 4 Romantic Pieces Dvořák; Perlman, Barenboim, Sanders 1
2004 100th Anniversary Edition: Concertos, Requiem, Serenades & Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák 1
2004 The Dvořák Album Antonín Dvořák; Yo‐Yo Ma 1
2004 Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Ibert: Concerto for Cello & Wind Instruments Dvořák, Ibert; du Pré 1
2004 Chamber Music Dvořák 1
2004 The Best of Dvořák Antonín Dvořák 1
2004 The Masterworks Dvořák 1
2005 Cello Concertos Haydn, Dvořák, Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev, Miaskovsky, Shostakovich, Kernis; Truls Mørk 1
2005 Antonín Dvořák - The Complete Symphonies Antonín Dvořák; Václav Neumann & Česká filharmonie 1
2005 Los clásicos de la Ópera, No. 21: Rusalka (Orquesta y Coro del Teatro Nacional de Praga feat. conductor: Jaroslav Krombholc) Antonín Dvořák 1
2005 Slavonic Dances Op. 46 & 72 (Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor V. Dudarová) Antonín Dvořák 1
2005 String Quartets Dvořák; Panocha Quartet 1
2006 Symphonie Nr. 9 "Aus der Neuen Welt" / Slawische Tänze Antonín Dvořák 1
2006 Symphonie No. 9 "Du Nouveau Monde" (Orchestre Symphonique de Radio Télé Luxembourg feat. conductor: Rudolf Albert) Antonín Dvořák 1
2006 Richard STRAUSS - Anton DVORAK (Bläserensemble Sabine Meyer) R. Strauss / Dvořák 1
2006 The Very Best of Dvořák Antonín Dvořák 1
2006 DIE ZEIT Klassik-Edition 19: Mstislaw Rostropowitsch spielt Dvořák und Schumann Antonín Dvořák, Robert Schumann; Mstislaw Rostropowitsch 1
2006 Smetana: El Moldova / Dvorak: Sinfonía “Del Nuevo Mundo” Smetana, Dvořák; Orquesta Filarmónica de Viena, Herbert von Karajan 1
2008 Ultimate Dvorák: The Essential Masterpieces Antonín Dvořák 1
2008 Dvorak, Chopin, Tschaikowsky Antonín Dvořák, Fryderyk Chopin, Пётр Ильич Чайковский; Duisburger Philharmoniker, Boris Bloch, Jonathan Darlington 1
2008 String Quartet op. 96 "American" / String Quartet no. 2 / String Quartet no. 8, op. 110 Dvořák, Borodin, Shostakovich; Janáček Quartet, Borodin Quartet 1
2008 Symphonies (complete) Dvořák 1
2008 The Best of Czech Classics: Dvořák Concertos Antonín Dvořák 1
2008 The Collection Antonín Dvořák 1
2009 Grandes compositores da música clássica, Volume 24: Dvorák Antonín Dvořák 1
2010 Music for the Millions, Vol. 8: Dvorak Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic, Libor Pešek, Marián Lapšanský, Peter Toperczer 1
2010 Symphonie du "Nouveau Monde" Antonín Dvořák; Herbert von Karajan 1
2010 Slavonic Dances Op. 46 & 72; Overtures; Symphonic Poems Antonín Dvořák; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
2010 Symphonies nos. 9 "From the New World" / 8 Dvořák; Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 4 1
2011 Symphony no. 8 / Slavonic Dances Dvořák; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 1
2012 Symphonic Works Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 2
2012 Great Romantic Symphonies Schubert, Brahms, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Berlioz, Mahler, Bruckner, Saint‐Saëns, Franck, Dvořák, Strauss 1
2012 Great Violin Concertos Vivaldi, J.S. Bach, Mozart, Spohr, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Bruch, Vieuxtemps, Brahms, Paganini, Saint‐Saëns, Lalo, Tchaikovsky, Glazunov, Elgar, Wieniawski, Dvořák, Sibelius, Shostakovich, Prokofiev 1
2012 Piano Concertos Dvořák, Grieg, Schumann; Sviatoslav Richter 1
2012 Romantic Symphonies & Overtures Berlioz, Dvořák, Franck, Mendelssohn, Schubert, Schumann, J.S. Straus II, Tchaikovsky, Weber; Philharmonia Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 2
2012 Hungarian Dances / Slavonic Dances Brahms, Dvořák; Budapest Festival Orchestra; Iván Fischer 1
2013 Chamber Works II Antonín Dvořák 1
2013 ICON: Paavo Berglund - The Bournemouth Years Smetana, Dvořák, Grieg, Sibelius, Vaughan Williams, Shostakovich; Paavo Berglund 1
2013 Orchestral Works & Concertos Dvořák 1
2014 Complete Symphonies, Tone Poems, Overtures, Requiem (Not 6CD release "The Symphonies") Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 3
2014 Piano Quintets Dvořák, Suk; Ensemble Syntonia 1
2014 The Symphony Edition Beethoven, Schumann, Dvořák, Mahler; Rafael Kubelík 1

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