Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák


Antonín Leopold Dvořák (/dˈvɔːr.ʒɑːk, -ʒæk/ d-VOR-zha(h)k; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk]; 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer. After Bedřich Smetana, he was the second Czech composer to achieve worldwide recognition. Following Smetana's nationalist example, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák’s own style has been described as ‘the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them’.

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was age 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he first submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but he did not win, and the manuscript, not returned, was lost until rediscovered many decades later. Then in 1874 he first made a submission for the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Brahms, unbeknownst to Dvořák, was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák for 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák’s international reputation at last was launched.

Dvořák’s first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works. The Symphony From the New World spread his reputation worldwide. His Cello Concerto is one of the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. Also, he wrote his American String Quartet, his most appreciated piece of chamber music. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States in 1895 and return to Bohemia.

Dvořák’s nine operas other than his first, Alfred, have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
String Quartets 1 & 2 / Piano Quintet Janáček, Dvořák; Alban Berg Quartett, Elisabeth Leonskaja 1
String Quartets Op. 51/Op.96 - The Trávnicek Quartet Antonín Dvořák 1
String Quartets Vol. 7: No. 1 in A major, op. 2 / No. 6 in A major, op. 12 Dvořák; Vlach Quartet Prague 1
String Quatets "American" & "Slavonic" Dvořák; Panocha Quartet 1
String Quintet in G, op. 77 / Nocturne, op. 40 / String Quintet in E-flat, op. 97 Dvořák; Berlin Philharmonic String Quintet 1
Symphonie No.9 'Aus Der Neuen Welt' Antonín Dvořák 1
Symphonie Nr. 9 "Aus der neuen Welt"; Slawische Tänze (Rundfunk-Symphonie-Orchester Ljubljana feat. conductor: Anton Nanut) Antonín Dvořák 1
Symphonies 5 6 and 7 Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Zdeněk Košler 1
Symphonies 8 & 9 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák 1
Symphony No 9 in e minor, "From the new world", Herbert Von Karajan Antonín Dvořák 1
Symphony No. 5 "From the New World" / Slavonic Dance No. 8 Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Leopold Ludwig 1
Symphony no. 5 in E minor “New World” Antonín Dvořák; Rafael Kubelík, Chicago Symphony Orchestra 1
Symphony no. 7 Dvořák; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
Symphony no. 7 Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
Symphony no. 7 Dvořák; Carlo Maria Giulini, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra 1
Symphony no. 7 / Enigma Variations Dvořák, Elgar; London Symphony Orchestra, Eduardo Mata 1
Symphony no. 7 in D minor, op. 70 / The Water Goblin Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Zdeněk Košler 1
Symphony No. 8 / The Golden Spinning Wheel Dvořák; Philharmonia Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 1
Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 1
Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" (The Philharmonia Slavonica feat. conductor: Henry Adolph) Antonín Dvořák 1
Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / String Serenade Antonín Dvořák 1
Symphony No. 9 / Symphonic Variations Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Zdeněk Košler 1
Symphony No. 9 / The Wild Dove Dvořák; BRTN Philharmonic Orchestra Brussels, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Alexander Rahbari 1
Symphony no. 9 in E minor, op. 95 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; The Hampshire Symphony Orchestra, Cyril Holloway 1
Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 "From the New World" (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor Barry Tuckwell) / Serenade for Strings in E major, Op. 22 (Scottish Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor Jaime Laredo) Antonín Dvořák 1
Symphony no. 9 in E minor, op. 95 “From the New World” / Carnival Overture for Orchestra op. 92 Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Barry Tuckwell 1
The 99 Most Essential Dvorák Masterpieces Antonín Dvořák 1
The Bartered Bride / Slavonic Dance no. 2 / Symphony no. 9 'From the New World' Smetana, Dvořák; Philharmonic Festival Orchestra, Vladimir Petroschoff, London Symphony Orchestra, Alfred Scholz 3
The Great Composers: 38 - Dvorak: Cello Concerto / Smetana: Moldau Dvořák, Smetana 1
Trois Trios Op. 65 & Op. 90 Antonín Dvořák; Jean-François Heisser, Elisabeth Balmas, Roland Pidoux 1
Violin Concerto in A Minor, Romance in F Minor (Czech Philharmonic Orchestra feat. violin: Josef Suk) Antonín Dvořák 1
Violin Concertos Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, Antonín Dvořák; Johannesburg Philharmonic Orchestra, Philippe Graffin, Michael 1
Works for Cello and Orchestra Antonín Dvořák; Mark Drobinsky, Lithuanian Chamber Orchestra, Saulius Sondeckis 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1963 Symphony no. 8 / Scherzo Capriccioso Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
1963 Smetana: Bartered Bride Dances / The Moldau / Dvorak: Carnival Overture / Four Slavonic Dances Smetana, Dvořák; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 4
1968 Cello Concerto Antonín Dvořák; Anja Thauer, Česká filharmonie, Zdeněk Mácal 1
1987 Cello Concertos Dvorák, Haydn; Jacqueline du Pré 1
1987 Dvorak: Violin Concerto / Romance / Mazurek; Smetana: The Bartered Bride (Dances) Dvořák, Smetana; Ricci, Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Süsskind 1
1987 Serenades Tchaikovsky, Dvořák; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 1
1988 Die Moldau / Aus Böhmens Hain und Flur / Slawische Tänze Smetana, Dvořák; Rafael Kubelík 4
1988 Cello Concertos Dvořák, Elgar; Pierre Fournier, Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, George Szell, Alfred Wallenstein 2
1988 Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Antal Doráti 2
1988 The World of the Classics: Anton Dvořák Antonín Dvořák 1
1989 Classic Collection: Hallelujah Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Friedrich Händel, Johann Sebastian Bach, Antonín Dvořák, César Franck 1
1989 Complete Symphonic Poems / My Home Overture Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1989 Dvořák: Sinfonie no. 9 "Aus der Neuen Welt" / Weber: Aufforderung zum Tanz Dvořák, Weber; Berliner Philharmoniker, Philharmonia Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan 1
1989 Symphonies 7–8–9 ‘New World’ Dvořák; Václav Neumann, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 2
1989 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World", Slavonic Dances no. 1-4 Antonín Dvořák 1
1990 Brahms: Hungarian dances / Dvorak: Slavonic Dances Brahms, Dvořák; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1990 Boccherini & Dvořák: Cello Concertos / Bruch: Kol Nidrei Boccherini / Dvořák / Bruch 1
1990 Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Elgar: Cello Concerto / Bruch: Kol Nidrei Dvořák, Elgar, Bruch; Pau Casals 2
1990 Dvorak: Symphony No. 9 / Kodaly: Hary Janos, Suite / Smetana: The Moldau Antonín Dvořák, Zoltán Kodály, Bedřich Smetana; NBC Symphony Orchestra, Arturo Toscanini 1
1990 Sibelius: Symphony no. 2 / Dvořák: Symphony no. 8 Sibelius, Dvořák; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Thomas Beecham 2
1991 Dvořák: Concerto pour violoncelle / Brahms: Double Concerto Dvořák, Brahms; Mstislav Rostropovich, David Oistrakh 2
1991 Mendelssohn & Dvořák: Violin Concertos / Wieniawski: Légende Mendelssohn, Dvořák, Wieniawski; Yehudi Menuhin, George Enesco 1
1991 Symphonies Nos. 7 & 8 Dvořák; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 1
1991 Symphony no. 9 / American Suite Antonín Dvořák; Kondrashin, Doráti 1
1991 The Complete Symphonies Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1992 Dvořák: Symphony no. 9 "New World" / Sibelius: Symphony no. 2 Dvořák, Sibelius; Detroit Symphony Orchestra, Paul Paray 1
1992 Dvořák: Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / "Carnival" Overture / Two Slavonic Dances / Smetana: The Moldau Dvořák, Smetana; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1992 Requiem / 6 Biblischen Lieder Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Ančerl 2
1992 Serenade for Strings in E major, op. 22 / Slavonic Dances for orchestra, B. 83 (Op. 46) Antonín Dvořák; Kurt Redel, Pro Arte Munich 1
1992 The Essential Dvořák Antonín Dvořák 1
1993 Best of the Classics Antonín Dvořák 1
1993 Cello Concertos Dvořák, Walton; Gregor Piatigorsky, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch 3
1993 Dvořák: Symphonies nos. 7, 8 & 9 / The Wood Dove / Smetana: The Moldau Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetana; Rafael Kubelík 1
1993 The Classical Collection 13: Dvořák: The Great Symphonies Antonín Dvořák 3
1994 Dvořák in Prague: A Celebration Antonín Dvořák 1
1994 The Greatest Hits Antonín Dvořák 1
1994 Dvořák: Stabat Mater / Janáček: Messe Glagolitique Dvořák, Janáček; Václav Smetáček, Rafael Kubelík 1
1994 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Slavonic Dances Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 2
1994 Sinfonien Dvořák / Prokofiev 1
1994 Moldau / Symphony No. 9 Bedřich Smetana, Antonín Dvořák 1
1994 Smetana: Moldau (Vlatava) / Dvořák: Symphony no. 9 "New World" Smetana, Dvořák; Eugene Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra 1
1994 Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / Carnival Overture / Cello Concerto Dvořák; Eugene Ormandy, Leonard Rose, Isaac Stern 1
1994 The Classical Collection 55: Dvořák: Orchestral Masterpieces Antonín Dvořák 1
1995 Brahms: 8 Hungarian Dances / Dvořák: 5 Slavonic Dances Brahms, Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1995 Cello Concertos Dvořák, Elgar; Jacqueline du Pré 1
1995 Die Klassiksammlung 54: Dvořák: Böhmische Melodien Antonín Dvořák 2
1995 Liszt: Les Préludes / Mazeppa / Ungarische rhapsodie no. 4 / Smetana: Vyŝehrad / Die Moldau Smetana, Dvořák, Liszt; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1996 Symphony no. 9 “From The New World” Antonín Dvořák; San Francisco Symphony, Seiji Ozawa 1
1996 Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 5 / Variations / Dvořák: Symphony No. 8 / Slavonic Dances Beethoven / Dvořák 1
1996 Cello Concerto / Violin Concerto Dvořák; Paul Tortelier, André Previn, Kyung-Wha Chung, Riccardo Muti 1
1996 Die Klassiksammlung 96: Dvořák: Überschwengliche Melodien Antonín Dvořák 2
1996 Os grandes clássicos: Smetana: O moldava / Dvořák: Danças eslavas / Adam: Se eu fosse rei / Gounod: Fausto Bedřich Smetana, Antonín Dvořák, Adolphe Adam, Charles-François Gounod; London Symphony Orchestra, Alfred Scholz 1
1997 The Best of Dvořák Antonín Dvořák 1
1997 Dvorak: Violin Concerto / Romance, Op. 11 / Bartók: Violin Rhapsodies 1 and 2 Dvořák, Bartók; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti, Kyung-Wha Chung 1
1997 The Heifetz Collection, Volume 41: Dvořák: Quintet, op. 81 / Brahms: Sextet, op. 36 Dvořák, Brahms; Heifetz, Piatigorsky, Primrose, Lateiner 1
1998 Dvořák: Symphonies Nos. 7-9, Carnival Overture / Smetana: "Bartered Bride" Overture, "From My Life" Quartet Dvořák, Smetana; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 1
1998 Bernstein Century: Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / Carnival Overture / Slavonic Dances nos. 1 & 3 Dvořák; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 2
1998 Bernstein Century: Dvořák: Symphony no. 7 / Smetana: Bartered Bride / The Moldau Dvořák, Smetana; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1998 Piano Works, Volume 2 Antonín Dvořák; Radoslav Kvapil 1
1998 Symphonie No. 8, Op. 88 / Sérénade pour orchestre de cordes, Op. 22 Antonín Dvořák 2
1999 Gallery of Classical Music: Dvořák & Smetana Dvořák, Smetana; London Symphony Orchestra 1
1999 Classical Highlights Volume I Gounod, Smetana, Dvořák, Adam; London Festival Orchestra, Alfred Scholz 1
1999 The Nine Symphonies Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Rafael Kubelík 2
1999 Deutsche Grammophon Collection: Dvořák: Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / Haydn: Symphony no. 91 Antonín Dvořák, Joseph Haydn; Wiener Philharmoniker, Karl Böhm 1
1999 Dvořák: Symphony No. 8 / Mussorgksy/Ravel: Pictures at an Exhibition Antonín Dvořák, Модест Петрович Мусоргский; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1999 Sinfonia n.º 6 en re mayor, op. 60 / Serenata para cuerda en mi mayor, op. 22 Dvořák; Orquesta Filarmónica de Berlín, English Chamber Orchestra, Rafael Kubelík 1
1999 Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto no. 1 / Dvorak: Piano Concerto Tchaikovsky, Dvořák; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein, Philippe Entremont, Justus Frantz 1

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