Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák


Antonín Leopold Dvořák (/dˈvɔːr.ʒɑːk, -ʒæk/ d-VOR-zha(h)k; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk]; 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer. After Bedřich Smetana, he was the second Czech composer to achieve worldwide recognition. Following Smetana's nationalist example, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák’s own style has been described as ‘the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them’.

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was age 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he first submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but he did not win, and the manuscript, not returned, was lost until rediscovered many decades later. Then in 1874 he first made a submission for the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Brahms, unbeknownst to Dvořák, was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák for 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák’s international reputation at last was launched.

Dvořák’s first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works. The Symphony From the New World spread his reputation worldwide. His Cello Concerto is one of the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. Also, he wrote his American String Quartet, his most appreciated piece of chamber music. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States in 1895 and return to Bohemia.

Dvořák’s nine operas other than his first, Alfred, have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2008 Rusalka Antonín Dvořák; Opera Australia, Richard Hickox, Cheryl Barker, Rosario La Spina, Bruce Martin 1
2008 Danses polovtsiennes du prince Igor de Borodine, Symphonie n°8 de Dvorak Borodin, Dvořák; Orchestre National des Pays de la Loire 1
2008 Dvořák: Piano Trio in B flat major, op. 21 / Piano Trio in G minor, op. 26 / Suk: Elegy, op. 23 Antonín Dvořák, Josef Suk; The Florestan Trio 1
2008 Stabat Mater Dvořák; Accentus, Laurence Equilbey 1
2008 Symphonies 7, 8 & 9 Dvořák; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 1
2008 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Symphonic Variations (Baltimore Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Marin Alsop) Antonín Dvořák 1
2008 Symphony no. 6 / Vodník op. 107 Antonín Dvořák; Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra Amsterdam, Yakov Kreizberg 1
2009 Cello Concertos Dvořák, Herbert; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Järvi, Gautier Capuçon 1
2009 Piano Trio (Dumky) / 4 Romantic Pieces / Terzetto Antonín Dvořák; Jonathan Carney, Clive Greensmith, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2009 David Oistrakh Plays Piano Trios by Chopin, Dvorák, Ravel & Smetana Chopin, Dvořák, Ravel, Smetana; David Oistrack, Lev Oborin, Sviatoslav Knushevitsky 1
2009 Dvořák: Violin Concerto in A minor, op. 53 / Romance in F minor, op. 11 / Szymanowski: Violin Concerto no. 1, op. 35 Antonín Dvořák, Karol Szymanowski; Arabella Steinbacher, Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester Berlin, Marek Janowski 1
2009 Serenade for Winds, Op. 44 / String Quartet No. 13 Antonín Dvořák 1
2009 Symphonies nos. 7 and 8 Antonín Dvořák; Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, Marin Alsop 1
2010 Symphonic Poems Dvořák; Sir Charles Mackerras, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2010 Serenade for String Orchestra in E major, op. 22 Antonín Dvořák 1
2010 Old World - New World Dvořák; Emerson String Quartet 1
2010 String Quartets: G major, op. 106 / F major, op. 96 "American" Dvořák; Pavel Haas Quartet 2
2010 Symphony no. 6 / Nocturne / Scherzo capriccioso Dvořák; Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, Marin Alsop 1
2010 The Symphonies Antonín Dvořák; Witold Rowicki, London Symphony Orchestra 2
2010 Dvorak Strauss - Zubin Mehta Dvořák / R. Strauss 1
2011 Symphonic Variations / Symphony no. 8 Antonín Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 2
2011 Chamber Works: Piano Quartets & Quintets / String Quintets & Sextet Dvořák; Panocha Quartet, Suk trio 2
2011 Violin Concerto / Romance / Four Romantic Pieces Antonín Dvořák; Hrachya Avanesyan, Sinfonia Varsovia, Augustin Dumay, Marianna Shirinyan 1
2011 Dvořák: Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / Ravel: Ma Mère l'Oye Antonín Dvořák, Maurice Ravel; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
2011 Klenoty Klasické Hudby: Antonín Dvořák Antonín Dvořák 1
2012 Piano Quintet in A major / Piano Quartet in E-flat major Dvořák; Schubert Ensemble 1
2012 Love and Longing Dvořák, Ravel, Mahler; Magdalena Kožená, Berliner Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 1
2012 Czech Flute Music Schulhoff, Feld, Martinů, Dvořák; Jeffrey Khaner, Charles Abramovic 1
2012 Symphonie 7 / Enigma Variations Dvořák, Elgar; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
2012 BBC Music, Volume 20, Number 12: Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 'New World' / Turnage: Canon Fever Dvořák, Mark-Anthony Turnage 1
2012 Silent Woods: Music for Cello and Piano Antonín Dvořák; Christian Poltéra, Kathryn Stott 1
2012 Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / Czech Suite / My Home Antonín Dvořák; Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra, Claus Peter Flor 1
2012 String Quartets, Volume 1 Antonín Dvořák; Vogler Quartett 1
2012 Cello Concerto Antonín Dvořák; Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra, Jun Märkl, Zuill Bailey 1
2012 Slavonic Dances: Czech music by Dvořák, Fibich, Schulhoff and Hurník Dvořák, Fibich, Schulhoff, Hurník; Piano Duo Danhel-Kolb 1
2013 Violin Concertos Bruch, Dvořák; Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich, David Zinman, Julia Fischer 1
2013 Cello Concertos Dvořák; Steven Isserlis, Mahler Chamber Orchestra, Daniel Harding 1
2013 Violin Concerto / Mazurek / Romance / Humoresque Dvořák; Anne-Sophie Mutter, Berliner Philharmoniker, Manfred Honeck 1
2013 Symphony no. 2 / 3 Slavonic Dances Dvořák; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, José Serebrier 2
2014 Dvořák Antonín Dvořák; Alisa Weilerstein, Česká filharmonie, Jiří Bělohlávek 1
2014 Dvořák / Smetana / Suk Dvořák, Smetana, Suk; Sitkovetsky Trio 2
2014 Works for Violin and Piano Dvořák, Janáček, Suk; Jennifer Pike, Tom Poster 1
2014 Symphony no. 6 / American Suite op. 98b Antonín Dvořák; Luzerner Sinfonieorchester, James Gaffigan 1
2014 Symphony no. 8 / Complete Legends Dvořák; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, José Serebrier 2
2014 Coleção Folha Mestres da música clássica, volume 17: Antonín Dvorák Antonín Dvořák 1
2014 New World Quartets Dvořák, Barber, Gershwin, Copland, Brubeck; Brodsky Quartet 1
2015 Requiem Antonín Dvořák; Philippe Herreweghe, Collegium Vocale Gent, deFilharmonie 1
2015 Dvořák: Symphony No. 9, New World / Varèse: Amériques Antonín Dvořák, Edgard Varèse; Seattle Symphony, Ludovic Morlot 2
2015 Cello Concertos Dvořák, Lalo; Johannes Moser, PKF – Prague Philharmonia, Jakub Hrůša 1
2015 Alla Czeca Dvořák, Schulhoff, Suk; Signum Quartett 1
2016 Overtures Antonín Dvořák; Jakub Hrůša, PKF Prague Philharmonia 1
2016 Dvořák: Violin Concerto / Romance / Suk: Fantasy Dvořák, Suk; Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, John Storgårds, Christian Tetzlaff 1
2016 Piano Concertos Dvořák, Schumann; Stephen Hough, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Andris Nelsons 1
2016 Symphony no. 6 / 2 Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák; Houston Symphony, Andrés Orozco-Estrada 1
"New World" Symphony Dvořák; István Kertész 1
Abertura - Quarteto Antonín Dvořák 1
Aus der neuen Welt / Slavischer Tanz (Anton Nanut) Antonín Dvořák 1
Bohemia and the New World Antonín Dvořák 1
Bohemian Melodies - Classic Composers Late Romantic 9 Antonín Dvořák 1
Brahms: Symphony no. 1 / Dvořák: In Nature’s Realm / Carnival / Othello Johannes Brahms, Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Gerd Albrecht 1
Cello Concerto / "New World" Symphony Antonín Dvořák 1
Cello Concerto, Op. 104 / Waldesruhe, Op. 68 No. 5 Dvořák; Jacqueline du Pré, Daniel Barenboim 1
Cello Concertos Dvořák, Bartók; Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin, János Starker 1
Chamber Music Mozart, Beethoven, Dvořák; members of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, Marlboro Festival Wind Ensemble 1
Classic Collection: Aus der neuen Welt Antonín Dvořák 1
Classical Masterpieces Antonín Dvořák 1
Dvořák Serenade for Strings in B minor / Cello Concerto in E minor Antonín Dvořák 1
Dvořák: Cello Concerto in B minor, op. 104 / Haydn: Cello Concerto no. 2 in D major, H. 7b-2, op. 101 Dvořák, Haydn; Daniil Shafran 1
Dvořák: Piano Concerto / Janáček: Piano Concertino (Czech Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Václav Neumann, piano: Rudolf Firkusný) Dvořák / Janáček 1
Dvorak: Symphony No. 8 / Janacek: Sinfonietta (New York Philharmonic feat. conductor: Kurt Masur) Dvořák / Janáček 1
Dvořák: Zypressen / Notturno / Respighi: Suite all' antica Dvořák, Respighi; Reussisches Kammerorchester, Georg Fritzsch, Felix Friedrich 1
Dvorak/Smetana: Serenade, The Moldau, etc. Dvořák / Smetana 1
Janáček: Lachian Dances / Dvořák: Suite in A major Janáček / Dvořák 1
Kodaly / Smetana / Dvorak (The Hollywood String Quartet) Kodály / Smetana / Dvořák 1
Legends; The Czech Suite Antonín Dvořák 1
Mass in D Major Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Choir, Lubomír Mátl, Josef Kšica 1
Moldau / The Bartered Bride / Slavonic Dances Opus 46, Nos. 1, 2, 3, & 8 Smetana, Dvoràk; Slovenská filharmónia, Barry Wordsworth 1
Mozart: Quartetto in re minore KV 421 / Dvorak: Quartetto in fa maggiore Op. 96 / Ravel: Quartetto in fa maggiore Mozart, Dvořák, Ravel; Quartetto Italiano 1
New World Symphony Antonín Dvořák 1
New World Symphony / Ma Vlast Dvořák, Smetana; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 1
New World Symphony / Slavonic Dances Nos. 1-4, 7 & 8 Antonín Dvořák 1
Piano Concerto in G minor, Op. 33 Antonín Dvořák 1
Piano Quintet No. 2 / String Quartet No. 12 "American" (Guarneri Quartet) Antonín Dvořák 1
Piano Quintets Dvořák, Schumann; Alban Berg Quartet 1
Piano Trios Nos. 1 & 2 Antonín Dvořák; Raphael Trio 1
Popular Dvořák Antonín Dvořák 1
Rachmaninoff: Cello Sonata / Vocalise / Dvořák: Polonaise / Sibelius: Malinconia Rachmaninoff, Dvořák, Sibelius; Heinrich Schiff, Elisabeth Leonskaja 1
Requiem Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Slovak Philharmonic Choir, Zdeněk Košler 1
Serenade E-dur, op. 22 / Sextett A-dur, op. 48 Antonín Dvořák; Camerata Bern 1
Sextet in A; Martinu / Sextet, Serenada II Dvořák / Martinů 1
Sinfonie Nr. 9 Aus der neuen Welt Antonín Dvořák; Herbert von Karajan 1
Slavonic Dances Dvořák; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
Slavonic Dances / Serenade for Strings Antonín Dvořák 1
Slavonic Dances for Four-Hand Piano Antonín Dvořák; Peter Toperczer, Marián Lapšanský 1
Slawische Tänze Antonín Dvořák; Alfons & Aloys Kontarsky 1
Smetana: The Two String Quartets / Dvořák: Romance, Op. 9 / Two Waltzes, Op. 54 Smetana, Dvořák; Lindsay String Quartet 1
Sonata in E-flat / Romantic Pieces / Sonatina in G major R. Strauss, Dvořák; Arnold Steinhardt, Lincoln Mayorga 1
String Quartet no. 12 in F, op. 96 "American" / Piano Quintet in A, op. 81 Dvořák; Juilliard String Quartet, Rudolf Firkušný 1
String Quartet op. 51 & op. 105 Dvořák; Alban Berg Quartett 1
String Quartets 1 & 2 / Piano Quintet Janáček, Dvořák; Alban Berg Quartett, Elisabeth Leonskaja 1

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