Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák


Antonín Leopold Dvořák (/dˈvɔːr.ʒɑːk, -ʒæk/ d-VOR-zha(h)k; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk]; 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer. After Bedřich Smetana, he was the second Czech composer to achieve worldwide recognition. Following Smetana's nationalist example, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák’s own style has been described as ‘the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them’.

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was age 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he first submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but he did not win, and the manuscript, not returned, was lost until rediscovered many decades later. Then in 1874 he first made a submission for the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Brahms, unbeknownst to Dvořák, was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák for 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák’s international reputation at last was launched.

Dvořák’s first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works. The Symphony From the New World spread his reputation worldwide. His Cello Concerto is one of the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. Also, he wrote his American String Quartet, his most appreciated piece of chamber music. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States in 1895 and return to Bohemia.

Dvořák’s nine operas other than his first, Alfred, have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2001 New World Symphony Dvořák; Chicago Symphony, Fritz Reiner 1
2001 Music for Violin and Piano, Volume 1 Dvořák; Qian Zhou, Edmund Battersby 1
2001 Cello Concertos Dvořák, Saint‐Saëns; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2001 Piano Quintets Dvořák, Brahms; Arthur Rubinstein, Guarneri Quartet 1
2001 BBC Music, Volume 10, Number 3: Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Grieg: Piano Concerto Dvořák, Grieg; BBC Philharmonic, Neeme Järvi 1
2001 Complete Piano Trios Dvořák; Suk Trio 1
2001 Concertos (Complete): Cello Concerto / Piano Concerto / Violin Concerto Antonín Dvořák 1
2001 Dvořák: Violin Concerto / Sarasate: Carmen Fantasy Dvořák, Sarasate; Akiko Suwanai, Budapest Festival Orchestra, Iván Fischer 1
2001 Old and New World: Quintets for Strings (L'Archibudelli) Antonín Dvořák 1
2001 Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák; James Anagnoson, Leslie Kinton 1
2001 Slavonic Dances, op. 46 & 72 Antonín Dvořák; Wiener Philharmoniker, Rafael Kubelík 1
2001 String Quartet "American" Dvořák, Talich Quartet 1
2001 Symphony No. 8 / Serenade for Strings (Royal Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Yehudi Menuhin) Antonín Dvořák 2
2002 Dvorak: Serenade, Op. 44 / Bagatelles / Czech Suite Antonín Dvořák 1
2002 Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák; The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Nikolaus Harnoncourt 1
2002 Cello Concerto / Dumky Trio Dvořák; Yo‐Yo Ma, Berlin Philharmonic, Lorin Maazel 1
2002 Cello Concertos (London Philharmonic Orchestra feat. cello: Robert Cohen) Elgar / Dvořák 1
2002 Piano Concerto Antonín Dvořák 1
2002 Stabat Mater Antonín Dvořák; Brewer, Simpson, Aler, Gao, The Washington Chorus and Orchestra, Robert Shafer 1
2002 BBC Music, Volume 10, Number 11: The Golden Spinning-Wheel / Symphony no. 8 Dvořák; BBC Philharmonic, Gianandrea Noseda 1
2002 Concerto in A major Antonín Dvořák; Jiří Bárta, Jan Čech 2
2002 Slavonic Dances (1972 recording) Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 1
2002 a touch of... Dvorak Antonín Dvořák 1
2002 Dvořák Antonín Dvořák 1
2002 Dvořák & Tchaikovsky: Serenades for Strings / Grieg: Holberg Suite Dvořák, Tchaikovsky, Grieg; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 1
2002 Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Schumann: Cello Concerto / Strauss: Don Quixote / Prokofiev: Symphony-Concerto Dvořák, Schumann, Strauss, Prokofiev; Heinrich Schiff 1
2002 Symphonic Variations / Scherzo capriccioso / Legends (Czech Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Sir Charles Mackerras) Antonín Dvořák 1
2002 Symphonies 8 & 9 « du Nouveau Monde » Dvořák; Orchestre Philharmonique de Berlin, Herbert von Karajan 2
2003 Symphonies 8 & 9 Dvořák; Budapest Festival Orchestra, Iván Fischer 2
2003 Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 "From the New World" (Staatskapelle Dresden feat. conductor: James Levine) / Cello Concerto in B minor, Op. 104 (Berlin Philharmonic feat. conductor: George Szell, feat. cello: Pierre Fournier) Antonín Dvořák 1
2003 Serenades (Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Myung-Whun Chung) Antonín Dvořák 1
2003 The Symphonies nos. 4-6 Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
2003 Violin Concerto / Piano Quintet Dvořák; Sarah Chang, Leif Ove Andsnes 1
2003 BBC Music, Volume 11, Number 11: Dvořák: Symphony No. 6 / Novák: Eternal Longing Dvořák, Novák; BBC SO, Jiří Bělohlávek 1
2003 Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Brahms: Double Concerto Dvořák, Brahms; Paul Tortelier, Yehudi Menuhin 2
2003 Konzert für Violine und Orchester a-Moll, op. 53 / Romanze, op. 11 / Mazurka, op. 49 Antonín Dvořák; Ruggiero Ricci, Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Walter Süsskind 1
2003 Quatuors op. 61 & 96 "Américain" (Quatuor Talich) Antonín Dvořák 1
2003 Rendezvous of Angels: Cello Concertos Dvořák, Hindemith; Miklós Perényi, Budapest Festival Orchestra, Iván Fischer,György Lehel 1
2004 Romantic Pieces Dvořák, Janáček, Smetana; James Ehnes, Eduard Laurel 1
2004 Piano Quintet, op. 81 / String Quintet, op. 97 Antonín Dvořák; Leipziger Streichquartett, Christian Zacharias 1
2004 The Complete Published Orchestral Works Antonín Dvořák 3
2004 Lieder Antonín Dvořák; Bernarda Fink, Roger Vignoles 1
2004 Complete Solo Piano Music Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 Eight Humoresques / Silhouettes / Six Mazurkas Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 Poetic Tone Pictures / Two Little Pearls Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 Six Pieces / Four Eclogues / Two Furiants Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 Suite in A / Scottish Dances Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 Theme with Variations / Eight Waltzes / Two Minuets Antonín Dvořák; Stefan Veselka 1
2004 Čzeska suita, op. 39 / String Quintet, op. 77 Dvořák; Ensemble Acht 1
2004 American Suite / Silent Woods / Prague Waltzes / Mazurka Dvořák; Dmitri Yablonsky, Alexander Trostianski, Russian Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2004 Cello Concerto in B minor op. 104 Antonín Dvořák; Mstislaw Rostropowitsch, Gregor Piatigorsky 1
2004 Cello Concertos Dvořák, Schumann; Jacqueline du Pré, Daniel Barenboim 1
2004 Complete Piano Trios (Grieg Trio) Antonín Dvořák 1
2004 Concerto pour violon et orchestre op.53 / Trio op.65 Dvořák; Isabelle Faust, Jean-Guihen Queyras, Alexander Melnikov, Prague Philharmonia, Jiří Bělohlávek 1
2004 Dvorák String Quartet No. 13; Tchaikovsky String Quartet No. 3 Dvořák / Tchaikovsky 1
2004 Mendelssohn: Trio No. 1; Dvorák: Dumky Trio Dvořák, Mendelssohn; Beaux Arts Trio 1
2004 New World Symphony in E minor Op. 95, "The New World" (Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra feat conductor: Libor Pesek) / Slavonic Dances / Stabat Mater, Op 58 (Radio Symphony Orchestra Ljubljana feat conductor: Marko Munih) Antonín Dvořák 1
2004 Piano Works played on Dvořák's own Bösendorfer Piano (1879) Antonín Dvořák; Radoslav Kvapil 1
2004 Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák; Kristina Krkavcová, Martin Kasík 1
2004 Symphony No. 6 in D major / The Golden Spinning Wheel (Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, feat. conductor: Sir Charles Mackerras) Antonín Dvořák 1
2005 Works for Cello and Orchestra Antonín Dvořák, Josef Suk; Staatskapelle Dresden, Michael Helmrath, Peter Bruns 1
2005 Die Sinfonien Antonín Dvořák; Staatskapelle Berlin, Otmar Suitner 1
2005 Favourite Cello Concertos Haydn, Dvořák, Schumann, Elgar, Tchaikovsky; Mischa Maisky 2
2005 The 9 Symphonies (Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra, feat. conductor: Ivan Anguélov) Antonín Dvořák 1
2005 Piano Concerto / Violin Concerto Antonín Dvořák; Rustem Hayroudinoff, James Ehnes, BBC Philharmonic, Gianandrea Noseda 1
2005 Tone Poems Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 1
2005 Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 / Martinů: Symphony No. 2 Antonín Dvořák, Bohuslav Martinů; Paavo Järvi, Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra 1
2005 Cello Concerto and Dumky Trio Dvořák; Jean-Guihen Queyras, Isabelle Faust, Alexander Melnikov, The Prague Philharmonia, Jiří Bělohlávek 2
2005 Václav Talich Special Edition 5 Antonín Dvořák; Václav Talich, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, František Maxián, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2005 BBC Music, Volume 14, Number 2: Ma Vlast / The Noonday Witch / The Wood Dove Smetana, Dvořák 1
2005 Coleção Folha de música clássica, volume 11: Antonín Dvořák Antonín Dvořák; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2005 Complete Piano Music Dvořák; Inna Poroshina 2
2005 Dvořák: Piano Trio no. 2 in G minor, op. 26 / Suk: Elegie, op. 23 / Smetana: Piano Trio in G minor, op. 15 Dvořák, Suk, Smetana; The Rogeri Trio 1
2005 Festival Internacional de Inverno de Campos do Jordão Barber, Mahler, Brahms, Dvořák, Mussorgsky, Ravel, Almeida Prado, Carlos Gomes; Kurt Masur, Roberto Minczuk, Orquestra Acadêmica 1
2005 Klavierquartette op. 23 & 87 / Klavierquintett, op. 81 / Bagatellen op. 47 Antonín Dvořák; Juilliard String Quartet, Rudolf Firkušný 1
2005 Rusalka (DIsc 1) Antonín Dvořák 1
2005 Rusalka (Disc 2) Antonín Dvořák 1
2005 Slavonic Dances op. 46 & op. 72 Antonín Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
2005 Symphonies 5-7-8-9 Dvořák; Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, Mariss Jansons 1
2005 Symphonies Nos. 8, 9 (Prague Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Sir Charles Mackerras) Antonín Dvořák 1
2005 Symphony Nos. 9 "New World", 8 Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
2006 Symphonic Poems Antonín Dvořák; Zinman, Neumann, SWR Symphony Orchestra 1
2006 Václav Talich Special Edition 7 Antonín Dvořák; Václav Talich, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2006 Quatuor op. 96 « Américain » / Quintette avec piano op. 81 Dvořák; Jerusalem Quartet, Stefan Vladar 1
2006 Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations Dvořák, Tchaikovsky; Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, Mariss Jansons, Truls Mørk 1
2006 Violin Works Dvořák, Suk; Pavel Šporcl, Petr Jiříkovský 1
2006 Piano Trios Antonín Dvořák; Dumky Trio 1
2006 Piano Trios: No. 4 "Dumky" & No. 3 in F minor Dvořák; Smetana Trio 1
2006 String Quartets Dvořák, Janáček; Artemis Quartet 1
2006 Symphony no. 8 / Symphony no. 9 "New World" Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
2007 BBC Music, Volume 15, Number 11: Brahms: Piano Quintet in F minor / Dvořák: Piano Quartet in E-flat major Brahms / Dvořák 1
2007 Symphonies Nos. 6, 9 (Swedish Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor: Thomas Dausgaard) Antonín Dvořák 1
2007 Virtuoso Cello Showpieces Orr, Cassadó, Danzi, Dvořák, Castelnuovo-Tedesco; Maria Kliegel, Nina Tichman 3 1
2007 Sinfonie No. 9 "Aus der neuen Welt" / Tschechische Suite (Württembergische Philharmonie Reutlingen feat. conductor: John Axelrod) Antonín Dvořák 1
2007 Symphony no. 8 Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Stephen Gunzenhauser 1
2007 Dvořák Collection: Czech Suite / Symphony no. 8 / Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák 3 1
2007 Dvořák Symphony no. 8 / The Wild Dove / The Noon Witch Antonín Dvořák; Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra Amsterdam, Yakov Kreizberg 1
2007 Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Bruch: 'Kol Nidrei' Antonín Dvořák, Max Bruch; Philharmonia Slavonica, Camerata Romana, Alberto Lizzio, Herbert Krepela, Josef Vondra 1
2007 Dvorak: Der Jakobiner Antonín Dvořák 1
2007 Hommage à Rostropovitch Antonín Dvořák; Mark Drobinsky 1

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