Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák


Antonín Leopold Dvořák (/dəˈvɔːr.ʒɑːk, ˈdvɔːr-, -ʒæk/ d-VOR-zha(h)k; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk]; 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer. After Bedřich Smetana, he was the second Czech composer to achieve worldwide recognition. Following Smetana's nationalist example, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák’s own style has been described as ‘the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them’.

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was age 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he first submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but he did not win, and the manuscript, not returned, was lost until rediscovered many decades later. Then in 1874 he first made a submission for the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Johannes Brahms, unbeknownst to Dvořák, was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák for 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák’s international reputation at last was launched.

Dvořák’s first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works. The Symphony From the New World spread his reputation worldwide. His Cello Concerto is one of the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. Also, he wrote his American String Quartet, his most appreciated piece of chamber music. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States in 1895 and return to Bohemia.

Dvořák’s nine operas other than his first, Alfred, have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1994 Symphony nos. 8 & 9 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1994 Cello Concerto in B minor / Rondo / Silent Woods Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann, Angelica May 1
1994 String Quintet No. 2 / String Sextet / Intermezzo (Nocturne) Dvořák; Panocha Quartet 1
1994 Glazunov: Violin Concerto / Dvořák: Violin Concerto / Romance, op. 11 Glazunov, Dvořák; Ilya Kaler, Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra (Katowice), Camilla Kolchinsky 1
1994 A Hero's Song / Czech Suite / Hussite Overture / Festival March Antonín Dvořák; Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Antoni Wit 1
1994 Antonín Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 / Bedřich Smetana: Vltava Dvořák / Smetana 1
1994 Brahms: The String Quartets / Dvorak: String Quartet Op. 106 Brahms, Dvořák; Alban Berg Quartett 1
1994 Capriccio Italien / Symphony From the New World Tchaikovsky, Dvořák; Pro Musica Symphony Orchestra Hamburg, Hans-Jürgen Walther, Munich Symphony Orchestra, Alberto Lizzio 1
1994 Dvorak: Symphony "From the New World" / Prokofiev: "Classical" Symphony Dvořák, Prokofiev 1
1994 Dvorak: Symphony No. 8 / Janacek: Sinfonietta Antonín Dvořák / Leoš Janáček; New York Philharmonic, Kurt Masur 1
1994 From the New World / Slavonic Dances Nos. 1-4 Antonín Dvořák 1
1994 Saint Ludmila Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Chorus, Prague Symphony Orchestra, Václav Smetáček 1
1994 Smetana: Má Vlast / The Bartered Bride / Hakon Jarl / Dvořák: Czech Suite / Prague Waltzes Bedřich Smetana, Antonín Dvořák; Walter Weller, István Kertész, Antal Doráti 1
1994 Symphonies Nos. 7-9 Dvořák; Philharmonia Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 1
1994 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Carnival Overture, Op. 92 / Scherzo Capriccioso, Op. 66 Antonín Dvořák; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Paavo Järvi 2
1995 Rusalka: Opera in 3 Acts, Op.114 Antonín Dvořák; Orchestr Národního divadla, Zdeněk Chalabala 1
1995 Smetana: Die Moldau / Dvořák: Stabat Mater Bedřich Smetana, Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Alfred Scholz, Orchester Radio-Television Ljubljana 1
1995 Piano Quintets Dvořák, Martinů; Lindsay String Quartet, Peter Frankl 1
1995 Symphonien nos. 8 & 9 »Aus der Neuen Welt« Antonín Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Rafael Kubelík 2
1995 New World Symphony and Other Orchestral Masterworks Dvořák; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner 2
1995 Strauss / Barber / Dvorák Bruno Walter; Richard Strauss; Samuel Barber; Antonín Dvořák 1
1995 Serenades for Strings Пётр Ильич Чайковский, Antonín Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan, English Chamber Orchestra, Rafael Kubelík 1
1995 String Quartets, opp. 96 “American” and 106 Dvořák; Vlach Quartet Prague 1
1995 Concertos From the New World Dvořák, Herbert; Yo‐Yo Ma, New York Philharmonic, Kurt Masur 3
1995 9 Symphonies Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Zdeněk Košler 1
1995 Brahms: Hungarian Dances / Dvořák: Slavonic Dances / Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel Brahms, Dvořák, Strauss; Wiener Philharmoniker, Fritz Reiner 1
1995 Chamber Works Vol. 16 Antonín Dvořák; Josef Suk, Josef Hála 1
1995 Concerto for Cello & Orchestra in B minor Dvořák; Pieter Wispelwey, Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra, Lawrence Renes 2
1995 Dvořák: "American" Quartet / Tchaikovsky: Quartet no. 1 / Borodin: Quartet no. 2 Dvořák, Tchaikovsky, Borodin; Emerson String Quartet 1
1995 Quintette à cordes nº 3 « Américain » / Quatuors à cordes n° 12 « Américain » Dvořák; Melos Quartett, Gérard Caussé 1
1995 Symphonie No. 9 "Du Nouveau Monde", Romantique vol. 10 Antonín Dvořák 1
1995 Symphony no. 2 / Overty “My Home” Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 1
1995 Symphony no. 7 / The Water Goblin / Nocturne for Strings Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Jiří Bělohlávek 1
1995 Violin Concertos Tchaikovsky / Dvořák 1
1996 Requiem / Mass in D Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
1996 Piano Quintet in A, op. 81 / String Quintet in G, op. 77 Antonín Dvořák; The Gaudier Ensemble 2
1996 BBC Music, Volume 4, Number 5: Beethoven: Piano Trio Op. 97 (Archduke) / Dvořák: Piano Trio Op. 90 (Dumky) Ludwig van Beethoven, Antonín Dvořák; György Pauk, Ralph Kirshbaum, Peter Frankl 1
1996 Dvořák: String Quartet Op. 96 "American" / Smetana: String Quartet No. 1 "From My Life" Dvořák, Smetana; Alban Berg Quartet 1
1996 String Quartets nos. 8 and 11 Antonín Dvořák; Vlach Quartet Prague 1
1996 Four-Hand Piano Music, Volume 1: Legends, op. 59 / From the Bohemian Forest Antonín Dvořák; Silke-Thora Matthies, Christian Köhn 1
1996 Romantic - Brahms: Symphony No. 3; Dvorak: Various Slavonic Danches; and Grieg: "Peer Gynt" Suite No. 1 Brahms / Dvořák / Grieg 1
1996 Romantic - Mussorgsky: A Night on Bald Mountain; Dvorak: Symphony No. 9, "From the New World" Mussorgsky / Dvořák / Suppé 1
1996 String Quartet, op. 34 / Terzetto, op. 74 Antonín Dvořák; Vlach Quartet Prague 1
1996 Piano Trios Nos. 3 & 4 Dvořák; The Florestan Trio 1
1996 Slavonic Dances, opp. 46 & 72 Dvořák; Russian National Orchestra, Mikhail Pletnev 1
1996 Cello Concerto / Symphony no. 8 Dvořák; Pierre Fournier, Berliner Philharmoniker, George Szell, Rafael Kubelík 2
1996 Complete Piano Trios Dvořák; Beaux Arts Trio 1
1996 Dvořák / Janáček / Eben Dvořák, Janáček, Eben; Prague Chamber Choir, Josef Pančík 2
1996 Stabat Mater op. 58 Antonín Dvořák; Oregon Bach Festival Orchestra, Oregon Bach Festival Choir, Helmuth Rilling 1
1996 Symphonic Poems Antonín Dvořák, Česká filharmonie & Zdeněk Chalabala 1
1996 Symphonien Nr. 4 & Nr. 5 Antonín Dvořák 1
1996 Symphony no. 5 / The Noon Witch / Scherzo Capriccioso Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Jiří Bělohlávek 1
1996 Symphony No. 7 / The Water Goblin Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic, Zdeněk Košler 1
1996 The 3 Great Symphonies Antonín Dvořák; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
1997 Four-Hand Piano Music, Volume 2: Slavonic Dances op. 46 and 72 Antonín Dvořák; Silke-Thora Matthies, Christian Köhn 1
1997 Dvořák for Two: Works for Violin and Piano Antonín Dvořák; Gil Shaham, Orli Shaham 1
1997 String Quartets no. 10, op. 51 / no. 14, op. 105 Antonín Dvořák; Vlach Quartet Prague 1
1997 Serenades for Strings Tchaikovsky, Dvořák; Vienna Chamber Orchestra, Philippe Entremont, Capella Istropolitana, Jaroslav Krček 1
1997 Serenades / American Suite Antonín Dvořák; Hogwood, Doráti 1
1997 BBC Music, Volume 5, Number 12: Symphony no. 7 / The Water Goblin / Slavonic Dance op. 72 no. 1 Dvořák; BBC Philharmonic, Vassily Sinaisky 1
1997 Symphonien no. 8 / no. 9 Antonín Dvořák; Wiener Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1997 The Late Symphonies / Legends Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Witold Rowicki, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Raymond Leppard 1
1997 Dvořák: Messe D-Dur, Op. 86 / Duruflé: Missa "Cum jubilo", Op. 11 Antonín Dvořák, Maurice Duruflé; Knabenchor Hannover, Heinz Hennig, Tobias Götting 1
1997 Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák, Prague Symphony Orchestra, Petr Altrichter 1
1997 Slavonic Dances Antonín Dvořák; Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
1997 Symphony no. 7 in D minor / Symphony no. 8 in G major Antonín Dvořák 1
1997 Symphony No. 8 / Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Wolfgang Sawallisch 2
1997 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; Bamberger Symphoniker, Heinrich Hollreiser 1
1997 Symphony no. 9 in E minor, op. 95 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; Berliner Symphoniker, Alun Francis 1
1997 Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 "From the New World" / Serenade for Strings in E major, Op. 22 Antonín Dvořák; Hungarian State Philharmonic Orchestra, Tibor Laszlo / London Symphony Orchestra, Yuri Ahronovitch 1
1998 Dvorak: Rusalka (Gesamtaufnahme Prag 1961) Antonín Dvořák; Zdeněk Chalabala 1
1998 Symphony no. 9 / Cello Concerto / Serenade for Strings / Serenade for Winds Antonín Dvořák; Arto Noras, Oramo, Inbal, Wolff 1
1998 Works for String Quartet: Cypresses Antonín Dvořák; Vlach Quartet Prague 1
1998 Chopin: Piano Concerto no. 1 (for piano and string quintet) / Dvořák: Piano Quintet no. 2 Chopin, Dvořák; Jean-Marc Luisada, Quatuor Talich 2
1998 Works for Violin and Piano Dvořák, Janáček, Brahms; Akiko Suwanai, Boris Berezovsky 1
1998 Rusalka Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras, Fleming, Heppner, Zajick, Hawlata, Urbanová 1
1998 Piano Trios, Vol. 1 Antonín Dvořák; Joachim Trio 1
1998 Brahms: The String Quartets / Dvorak: String Quartet "American" Johannes Brahms, Antonín Dvořák; Amadeus Quartet 1
1998 Chamber Music Dvořák, Saint‐Saëns; The Nash Ensemble 1
1998 Complete String Quintets / The Piano Quintet / The String Sextet Antonín Dvořák; Members of the Berlin Philharmonic Octet, Stephen Kovacevich 1
1998 New World Symphony, Serenade for Strings Antonín Dvořák 2
1998 Stabat Mater Antonín Dvořák; Symfonický orchestr hlavního města Prahy FOK, Jiří Bělohlávek 1
1998 Symphonic Poems / Concert Overtures / Symphonic Variations / Scherzo Capriccioso Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
1998 Symphonie Nr. 8 / Streicherserenade op. 22 Antonín Dvořák; Slowakische Philharmonie, Zdenek Kosler, Slowakisches Kammerorchester, Bohdan Warchal 1
1998 Violin Concertos Jean Sibelius, Antonín Dvořák; Salvatore Accardo, London Symphony Orchestra, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam, Sir Colin Davis 2
1998 Von Karajan Inédito 11 Antonín Dvořák; Herbert von Karajan 1
1999 Souvenirs Dvořák, Bach, Kreisler, Massenet; Kyung Wha Chung 2
1999 The String Quartets Dvořák; Prager Streichquartett 1
1999 Stabat Mater Dvořák; Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, Robert Shaw 1
1999 String Quartets, Volume 6: No. 5 in F minor, op. 9 / No. 7 in A minor, op. 16 Antonín Dvořák; Vlach Quartet Prague 1
1999 Symphony no. 8 Antonín Dvořák; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Nikolaus Harnoncourt 2
1999 Cello Concertos Dvořák, Saint‐Saëns; Christine Walevska 2
1999 Cypresses / String Quartet in G major, Op. 106 Antonín Dvořák; The Audubon Quartet 1
1999 New World Symphony Dvořák; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1999 Slavonic dances Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
1999 Slavonic Dances 1 & 3 / Rustic Wedding Symphony / Children's Prayer From Hansel and Gretel / Three Dances From The Bartered Bride Antonín Dvořák, Karl Goldmark, Engelbert Humperdinck, Bedřich Smetana; Leonard Bernstein & New York Philharmonic 1
1999 Smetana: Die Moldau / Vyšehrad / Dvořák: Scherzo capriccioso / Liszt: Les Préludes / Ungarische Rhapsodie Nr. 4 Smetana, Dvořák, Liszt; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1999 Smyčcové kvintety G dur, op. 77 / Smyčcové kvintety Es dur, op. 97 Antonín Dvořák; Josef Suk, Pavel Šporcl, Karel Untermüller, Vladimir Bukač, Tomáš Strašil, Jiří Bárta, Tomáš Vybíral 2
1999 String Quartets nos. 12 & 14 "American" Antonín Dvořák; Moyzes Quartet 1
1999 Violinkonzerte / Violin Concertos Max Bruch, Antonín Dvořák; Shlomo Mintz, Claudio Abbado, James Levine 2

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