Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák


Antonín Leopold Dvořák (/ˈdvɔrʒɑːk/ DVOR-zhahk or /dɨˈvɔrʒæk/ di-VOR-zhak; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk]; September 8, 1841 – May 1, 1904) was a Czech composer. Following the nationalist example of Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia (then parts of the Austrian Empire and now constituting the Czech Republic). Dvořák's own style has been described as 'the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them'.

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt student of violin playing from age 6. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was age 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he first submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but he did not win, and the manuscript, not returned, was lost until rediscovered many years later. Then in 1874 he first made a submission for the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Brahms, unbeknownst to Dvořák, was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák in that year and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák's international reputation at last was launched.

Dvořák's first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. After a brief conducting stint in Russia in 1890, Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory in 1891. In 1890-1891, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works. The Symphony From the New World spread his reputation worldwide. His Cello Concerto is the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. Also, he wrote his American String Quartet, his most appreciated piece of chamber music. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States in 1895 and return to Bohemia.

Dvořák's ten operas all have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile...composer of his time".

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1954 Songs by Grieg and Dvorak Grieg, Dvořák; Dorothy Warenskjold, Concert Arts Orchestra, George Greeley 5 1
1959 Sinfonie Nr. 9 Aus der neuen Welt Antonín Dvořák; Herbert von Karajan 1
1959 Symphony no. 9 in E minor op. 95 "From the New World" Dvořák; Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 2
1962 Konzert für Violoncello und Orchester h-moll, op. 104 Antonín Dvořák; Pierre Fournier, Berliner Philharmoniker, George Szell 1
1962 Symphonic Poems Antonín Dvořák, Česká filharmonie & Zdeněk Chalabala 1
1963 Symphonie N° 9 En Mi Mineur, Op. 95 "Nouveau Monde" Dvorak, Orchestre Philharmonique Tchèque, Karel Ancerl 1
1964 Streicherserenade op.22, Bläserserenade op. 44 Antonín Dvořák 1
1971 Smetana: Má vlast / Dvořák: Slavonic Dances, Op. 46 Nos. 1-6 Smetana / Dvořák 1
1972 Piano Quartets nos. 1 & 2 Dvořák; Beaux Arts Trio, Walter Trampler 2
1973 Aus der Neuen Welt - Symphonie Nr. 5 (9) E-Moll Op. 95 Dvořák; Herbert von Karajan, Berliner Philharmoniker 1
1977 Dvorak Cello Concertos nos 1 & 2 Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann, Miloš Sádlo 1
1980 Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; Wiener Philharmoniker, Kirill Kondrashin 5 3
1981 Symphony No. 9 in E minor, op. 95 "From the New World" / Carnival Overture Antonín Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Enrique Bátiz 1
1982 Smetana: Die Moldau / Dvorak: Slawische Tänze / Tchaikovsky: Dornröschen / Tchaikovsky: Romeo und Julia Bedřich Smetana, Antonín Dvořák, Пётр Ильич Чайковский; London Festival Orchestra, George Ralph Warren 1
1982 Symphony No. 8 in G major, op. 88 Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 1
1983 Serenades op. 22 & 44 Antonín Dvořák; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 1
1983 Dvořák: Trio no. 4 in E minor "Dumky" / Suk: Elegy Dvořák, Suk; Suk Trio 1
1983 Eighth Symphony in G major, op. 88 Antonín Dvořák; Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 1
1983 Symphonie no. 9 "Aus der Neuen Welt" / Karneval-Ouvertüre Dvořák; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 2
1984 Cello Concerto in B minor, op. 104 / Waldesruhe Antonín Dvořák; Frans Helmerson, The Gothenburg S.O., Neeme Järvi 1
1984 Symphony no. 8 / Nocturne for Strings Antonín Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
1984 Dvorak Symphonies 7, 8 & 9 "New World" Antonín Dvořák; Minnesota Orchestra, Neville Marriner 1
1984 Slavonic Dances and Rhapsody Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 2
1984 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" Dvořák; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1985 Slavonic Dances, Opp. 46 & 72 (March 1985 recording) Antonín Dvořák; Václav Neumann, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra 2
1985 Dvorak: "Dumky" Trio / Mendelssohn: Piano Trio No.1 Dvořák, Mendelssohn; Beaux Arts Trio 1
1985 Dvořák: Symphonie no. 9 / Smetana: Moldau Dvořák, Smetana; Wiener Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 3
1985 Slavonic Dances, op. 46 and op. 72 Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 3
1985 Streichquartett Nr. 10 Es-dur, op. 51 / Streichquartett e-moll Antonín Dvořák, Giuseppe Verdi; Vermeer Quartet 1
1985 Symphony No. 9 in E. minor "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, István Kertész 1
1986 Beethoven: Violin Romances / Dvořák: Romance, Op. 11 / Schubert: Konzertstück / Rondo / Polonaise Beethoven, Dvořák, Schubert; Pinchas Zukerman, St. Paul Chamber Orchestra 2
1986 Cello Concerto Op. 104 Dvořák; Yo‐Yo Ma, Berliner Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1986 Dvorák: Piano Trio no. 4 in E minor, op. 90 "Dumky" / Smetana: Piano Trio in G minor Dvořák, Smetana; Borodin Trio 1
1986 Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Smetana: Vltava Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetana; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1986 Klavierquintett op.81 / Sonatine für zwei Violinen und Klavier Dvořák / Martinů 1
1986 Serenade for Strings, op. 22 / Serenade for Wind, op. 44 Antonín Dvořák; Philharmonia Orchestra, Christopher Warren-Green 3
1986 Slawische Tänze · Slavonic Dances opp. 46 & 72 Antonín Dvořák; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelik 2
1986 Slovanské Tance Antonín Dvořák; Česká filharmonie, Václav Neumann 1
1986 Stabat Mater, op. 58 Antonín Dvořák; Orchestre de la Radio Ljubljana, Marko Munih 4
1986 String Quartet in D minor, op. 34 / String Quartet in E-flat major, op. 51 Antonín Dvořák; American String Quartet 1
1986 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák; Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
1987 Concert Overtures Antonín Dvořák; Ulster Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
1987 Dvořák: Concerto in B minor, op. 104 / Schubert: Sonata in A minor, D. 821 Dvořák, Schubert; London Symphony Orchestra, James Levine, Lynn Harrell 1
1987 Dvorak: Concerto pour violoncelle / Tchaikovski: Variations Rococo Dvorak, Tchaikovski; Mstislav Rostropovitch, Seiji Ozawa, Boston Symphony Orchestra 1
1987 New World Symphony, Carnival Overture, Scherzo Capriccioso Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
1987 Symphony no. 5 / The Water Goblin Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1987 Symphony no. 6 in D major, op. 60 / The Noon Witch, Symphonic Poem, op. 108 Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1987 Symphony no. 7 in D minor, op. 70 / The Golden Spinning Wheel, Symphonic Poem, op. 109 Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1987 Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / Symphonic Variations Dvořák; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
1987 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Symphonic Variations Antonín Dvořák; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Zdeněk Mácal 1

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