Anton Webern

~ Person


Anton Webern (German: [ˈantɔn ˈveːbɐn]; 3 December 1883 – 15 September 1945) was an Austrian composer and conductor. Along with his mentor Arnold Schoenberg and his colleague Alban Berg, Webern comprised the core among those within and more peripheral to the circle of the Second Viennese School, including Ernst Krenek and Theodor W. Adorno. As an exponent of atonality and twelve-tone technique, Webern exerted influence on contemporaries Luigi Dallapiccola, Křenek, and even Schoenberg himself. As tutor Webern guided and variously influenced Arnold Elston, Frederick Dorian (Friederich Deutsch), Fré Focke, Karl Amadeus Hartmann, Philipp Herschkowitz, René Leibowitz, Humphrey Searle, Leopold Spinner, and Stefan Wolpe.

Webern's music was among the most radical of its milieu, both in its concision and in its rigorous and resolute apprehension of twelve-tone technique. His innovations in schematic organization of pitch, rhythm, register, timbre, dynamics, articulation, and melodic contour; his eagerness to redefine imitative contrapuntal techniques such as canon and fugue; and his inclination toward athematicism, abstraction, and lyricism all greatly informed and oriented post-war European, typically serial or avant-garde composers such as Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Luigi Nono, Bruno Maderna, Henri Pousseur, and György Ligeti. In the United States, meanwhile, it was very fruitfully reintroduced to Igor Stravinsky by Robert Craft; and it attracted the interest of Milton Babbitt, although he ultimately found Schoenberg's twelve-tone techniques more useful than those of Webern, and Elliott Carter, whose critical ambivalence was marked by a certain enthusiasm nonetheless.

During and shortly after the post-war period, then, Webern was posthumously received with attention first diverted from his sociocultural upbringing and surroundings and, moreover, focused in a direction apparently antithetical to his participation in German Romanticism and Expressionism. A richer understanding of Webern began to emerge in the later half of the 20th century, notably in the work of scholars Kathryn Bailey, Julian Johnson, and Anne Schreffler, as archivists and biographers (e.g., Hans and Rosaleen Moldenhauer) regained access to sketches, letters, lectures, audio recordings, and other articles of and associated with Webern's estate.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1971 Schoenberg: Pierrot Lunaire / Webern: Zwei Lieder, op. 8 / Fünf Canon, op. 16 / Boulez: Improvisation sur Mallarmé Arnold Schönberg, Anton Webern, Pierre Boulez; Erika Sziklay, Orchestre de Chambre de Budapest, András Mihály 2
1986 Streichtrios der Neuen Wiener Schule Krenek, Schönberg, Webern; Wiener Streichtrio 1
1987 Orchesterstücke Anton Webern, Arnold Schönberg, Alban Berg; Berliner Philharmoniker, James Levine 1
1988 Schoenberg: Pelleas und Melisande / Webern: Passacaglia Schoenberg, Webern; Scottish National Orchestra, Matthias Bamert 1
1989 Schoenberg: 5 Orchesterstücke, op. 16 / Webern: 6 Orchesterstücke, op. 6 / Berg: Lulu-Suite Schoenberg, Webern, Berg; Arleen Augér, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 2
1990 Metamorphosen / Verklarte Nacht / 5 Satze Strauss, Schoenberg, Webern; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 1
1991 Berg: Suite lyrique / Dutilleux: Ainsi la nuit / Webern: Langsamer Satz Alban Berg, Henri Dutilleux, Anton Webern; Quatuor Ludwig 1
1991 Complete Works opp. 1-31 Anton Webern 1
1991 Schoenberg: Pierrot Lunaire / Webern: Concerto, op. 24 Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern; Nash Ensemble, Simon Rattle, Jane Manning 2
1992 Lutosławski: Grave / Webern: Three Little Pieces / Rachmaninov: Sonata for Cello and Piano in G minor Lutosławski, Webern, Rachmaninov; William Conway, Peter Evans 1
1992 String Quartets Nos. 1 & 2 / Langsamer Satz Szymanowski, Webern; Carmina Quartet 1
1992 Webern: String Quartet 1905 / Slow Movement / Rondo for String Quartet / 5 Movements, op. 5 / Bagatelles, op. 9 / String Quartet, op. 28 / Gielen: Variations for String Quartet Webern, Gielen; Artis Quartett 1
1994 Streichquartette Debussy, Ravel, Webern; Hagen Quartett 1
1995 Boulez Conducts Webern Webern; Ensemble intercontemporain, Pierre Boulez 1
1995 Boulez Conducts Webern II Webern; Berliner Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 1
1996 Bach: English Suite No. 6 in D minor, BWV 811 / Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 31 in A-flat major, Op 110 / Webern: Variations, Op. 27 Bach, Beethoven, Webern; Piotr Anderszewski 2
1996 Boulez Conducts Webern III Webern; Berliner Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 1
1996 L'Œuvre pour quatuor à cordes Anton Webern; Quatuor Debussy 1
1997 Webern: Langsamer Satz / Shostakovich: String Quartet no. 8 / Burian: String Quartet no. 4 Anton Webern, Dmitri Shostakovich, Emil František Burian; Rosamunde Quartett 1
1999 Piano Music Schoenberg, Berg, Webern; Peter Hill 1
1999 Schoenberg, Berg, Webern: Orchestral Works Anton Webern; Arnold Schoenberg; Alban Berg; Berliner Philharmoniker; Herbert von Karajan 1
1999 Im Sommerwind - Orchestral Pieces - Variations Anton Webern, Staatskapelle Dresden & Giuseppe Sinopoli 1
2000 Recital 2000 Prokofiev, Crumb, Webern, Respighi; Anne-Sophie Mutter, Lambert Orkis 5 1
2001 Passacaglia / Symphony / Five Pieces (Ulster Orchestra, feat. Conductor Takuo Yuasa) Anton Webern 1
2001 Complete Works for String Quartet and String Trio Anton Webern; Artis Quartett Wien 1
2001 Schoenberg: Piano Concerto / Piano Pieces, opp. 11 & 19 / Berg: Piano Sonata Schönberg, Webern, Berg; Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez, Mitsuko Uchida 1
2003 Chamber Music for Strings Anton Webern; Schoenberg Quartet 1
2004 Symphony, op. 21 / Six Pieces, op. 6 / Concerto for Nine Instruments, op. 24 ( Anton Webern; Twentieth Century Classics Ensemble, Philharmonia Orchestra, Robert Craft 1
2004 Webern / Schoenberg / Berg Webern, Schoenberg, Berg; Quatuor Manfred, Marieke Koster 1
2005 Schoenberg / Webern Schoenberg, Webern; Ulf Wallin, Torleif Thedéen, Roland Pöntinen 1
2006 Arpeggione Sonata Schubert, Webern, Berg; Jean-Guihen Queyras, Alexandre Tharaud 1
2007 Schoenberg: Verklärte Nacht / Berg: Lyrischen Suite / Webern: Passacaglia Schoennberg, Berg, Webern; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
2007 Vocal and Orchestral Works Anton Webern; Robert Craft 1
2007 Complete Songs With Piano Anton Webern; Svetlana Savenko, Yuri Polubelov 1
2010 Piano Works of New Viennese School ShoenbergWebernBergYuji Takahashi 1
2011 Kammermusik von Hugo Wolf bis Kelly-Marie Murphy Kelly-Marie Murphy, Anton von Webern, Hugo Wolf & Johannes Brahms 1
2012 Schulhoff: Five Pieces for String Quartet / Webern: Langsamer Satz / Rääts: Concerto for Chamber Orchestra, op. 16 / Vasks: String Quartet no. 4 Schulhoff, Webern, Rääts, Vasks; Prezioso String Quartet 1
2016 BBC Music, Volume 24, Number 11: Beethoven: String Quartet, Op. 18 No. 3, Brahms: Piano Quintet, Op. 34 Ludwig van Beethoven,Johannes Brahms,Anton Webern;Apollon Musagete Quartett,Signum Quartet,Christian Ihle Hadland 1
Complete Music for String Quartet (Quartetto Italiano) Anton Webern 1
Complete Works opp. 1-31 Webern; Pierre Boulez 0
Lieder (Dorow, Jansen) Anton Webern 1
Neue Wiener Schule (Kammerorchester der jungen deutschen Philharmonie feat. conductor: Peter Gülke, soprano: Eva Csapó) Webern / Berg / Schönberg 1
Pelleas und Melisande / Passacaglia Schönberg, Webern; Houston Symphony 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1986 Stravinsky: Pétrouchka / Prokofiev: Sonate No. 7 / Webern: Variationen, Op. 27 / Boulez: Sonate No. 2 Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Webern, Boulez; Maurizio Pollini 2
1987 String Quartets Arnold Schönberg, Alban Berg, Anton Webern; LaSalle Quartet 2
1989 Schoenberg / Berg / Webern Schoenberg, Berg, Webern; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1990 Vienna: Schoenberg: 5 Pieces for Orchestra / Webern: 5 Pieces for Orchestra / Berg: 3 Pieces for Orchestra, Lulu Suite Schönberg, Webern, Berg; London Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
1995 Boulez Conducts Bartók - Debussy - Ravel - Stravinsky - Webern Béla Bartók, Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, Igor Stravinsky, Anton Webern; Pierre Boulez 1
2000 Complete Webern Anton Webern; Pierre Boulez 1
2008 Berg / Schoenberg / Webern Arnold Schönberg, Alban Berg, Anton Webern; Giuseppe Sinopoli, Staatskapelle Dresden 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1991 Modern Pictures Stravinsky, Fortner, Webern, Martin; NDR-Sinfonieorchester, Günter Wand 1
2003 Beethoven: Diabelli / Webern: Opus 27 / Händel: Air mit Variationen Beethoven, Webern, Händel; Evgeni Koroliov 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1992 The Orchestral Pieces Anton Webern; Nederlands Ballet Orkest, Roelof van Driesten 1
1995 Works for String Quartet / String Trio, Op. 20 Anton Webern; Emerson String Quartet, Mary Ann McCormick 1

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