Maurice Ravel (classical composer)

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Joseph Maurice Ravel (French: [ʒozɛf mɔʁis ʁavɛl]; 7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor. He is often associated with impressionism along with his elder contemporary Claude Debussy, although both composers rejected the term. In the 1920s and 1930s Ravel was internationally regarded as France's greatest living composer.

Born to a music-loving family, Ravel attended France's premier music college, the Paris Conservatoire; he was not well regarded by its conservative establishment, whose biased treatment of him caused a scandal. After leaving the conservatoire, Ravel found his own way as a composer, developing a style of great clarity, incorporating elements of baroque, neoclassicism and, in his later works, jazz. He liked to experiment with musical form, as in his best-known work, Boléro (1928), in which repetition takes the place of development. He made some orchestral arrangements of other composers' music, of which his 1922 version of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition is the best known.

As a slow and painstaking worker, Ravel composed fewer pieces than many of his contemporaries. Among his works to enter the repertoire are pieces for piano, chamber music, two piano concertos, ballet music, two operas and eight song cycles; he wrote no symphonies or church music. Many of his works exist in two versions: first, a piano score and later an orchestration. Some of his piano music, such as Gaspard de la nuit (1908), is exceptionally difficult to play, and his complex orchestral works such as Daphnis et Chloé (1912) require skilful balance in performance.

Ravel was among the first composers to recognise the potential of recording to bring their music to a wider public. From the 1920s, despite limited technique as a pianist or conductor, he took part in recordings of several of his works; others were made under his supervision.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2002 Classical Chill Various Artists 1
2002 Classical Heat Various Artists 1
2002 Classics for Relaxation Various Artists 1
2002 Editor's Choice: The Top Ten Discs of July 2002 Various Artists 1
2002 Gardens in the Rain - The Colours of the Piano Various Artists 1
2002 Great Romantic Classics Various Artists 1
2002 Here Come The Classics Volume 1 Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2002 Kuschelklassik 7 Various Artists 1
2002 Metro Classical CD Metro Philharmonic Orchestra, Joel Spiegelman 1
2002 Musique classique pour petites oreilles Various Artists 1
2002 The #1 Piano Album Various Artists 1
2002 The Classic 100, Volume II Various Artists 1
2002 The Very Best of Classical Masterpieces Various Artists 1
2003 Bar Classics 4 Various Artists 1
2003 The Complete Musician Friedrich Gulda 1
2003 The Very Best of Victoria de los Angeles Victoria de los Ángeles 1
2003 Nocturne - Late Night Piano Music Various Artists 1
2003 Massive Classics Various Artists 2
2003 The Most Relaxing Classical Album in the World… Ever! II Various Artists 3
2003 For a Quiet Evening Various Artists 1
2003 Guess How Much I Love You: 12 Sweet Classical Keepsakes for Your Little Ones Sam McBratney 1
2003 Classical Gold Various Artists 1
2003 Diamond Classics Various Artists 1
2003 The Art of Alicia de Larrocha Alicia de Larrocha 1
2003 The Only Piano Album You'll Ever Need Various Artists 1
2003 Classical Chillout Various Artists 1
2003 The Very Best of Kiri Te Kanawa Kiri Te Kanawa 2
2003 Decca Recordings, Volume 1: 1965-1972 Leopold Stokowski 1
2003 Piano Fantasy: Music for Two Pianos Katia & Marielle Labèque 1
2003 Janine Jansen Janine Jansen 2
2003 The Very Best of Classical Chillout Gold Various Artists 1
2003 101 Love Songs Various Artists 1
2003 25 Golden Classics Various Artists 1
2003 A Total Embrace: The Conductor Leonard Bernstein 1
2003 Another Touch of Romance Wibi Soerjadi 1
2003 Chamber Music Various Artists 1
2003 Forbidden Music Klein, Krása, Schulhoff; Daniel Hope, Philip Dukes, Paul Watkins 1
2003 In the Garden: Soothing Music For Relaxation Various Artists 1
2003 Karajan Forever: The Greatest Classical Hits Herbert von Karajan 1
2003 Les plus belles berceuses pour les tout petits Various Artists 1
2003 Masterpieces of Chamber Music, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
2003 Rapture Various Artists 1
2003 Simply the Best Classical Passion: Music for Classic Lovers Various Artists 2
2003 Stimmungsvolle Melodien zum Fruehstueck Various Artists 1
2003 The Classical Love Album Various Artists 1
2003 The Most Relaxing Classical Music in the Universe Various Artists 2
2003 The Perlman Edition Itzhak Perlman 1
2003 The Very Best of Classical Spectacular Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2004 Joujou - Les plus belles musiques classiques pour jouer Various Artists 1
2004 Tea Time Classics Volume 2 Various Artists 1
2004 Linn "Selektions": The Surround Sound Sampler Various Artists 1
2004 Artist Portrait: Martha Argerich Various Artists 1
2004 Spectacular Classics Various Artists 1
2004 Yellow Lounge Vol. 3 Various Artists 1
2004 Klavier Kaiser: 14 große Pianisten Various Artists 15
2004 All That Classical Various Artists 1
2004 Classical Chillout Platinum Various Artists 1
2004 The Best Classical Album in the World ...Ever! Various Artists 1
2004 Cara Klara Various Artists 1
2004 The Classical Album 2005 Various Artists 1
2004 Classic FM: 10 Greatest Hits Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Gerard Schwarz 1
2004 Classic FM: Hall of Fame: The Great Composers Various Artists 1
2004 Classical Anthology Various Artists 1
2004 Classical Interludes With Nature, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
2004 Klassik Radio: New Classics Various Artists 1
2004 Klavier zum Kuscheln Various Artists 1
2004 Listen: Brief Fifth Edition Various Artists 1
2004 Natures Symphonies Various Artists 1
2004 Nocturne Voices Various Artists 1
2004 Paul Paray Conducts French Orchestral Music Detroit Symphony Orchestra, Paul Paray 1
2004 Peter and the Wolf and Other Children's Favourites Prokofiev; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sian Edwards, Willie Rushton 1
2004 Simply Classical Chillout Various Artists 1
2004 The Classical Love Collection Various Artists 1
2004 The Gramophone Awards 2004 Various Artists 1
2004 Top 100 der Klassik: Die 100 schönsten klassischen Melodien Various Artists 1
2005 Peace: Pure Classical Calm Various Artists 2
2005 Space Night Vol. 12 Classic Various Artists 1
2005 Voyage Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2005 Berühmte Klavierwerke Friedrich Gulda 1
2005 100 Popular Classics: Best Loved Works of the Great Composers Various Artists 1
2005 Drive Time: Autobahn Various Artists 1
2005 Simply Christmas Various Artists 1
2005 20 große Pianisten/20 Famous Pianists Various Artists 1
2005 Best Piano Classics 100 Various Artists 5 4
2005 Century: La musique des siècles, volume 19: Les voies de la musique moderne Various Artists 1
2005 The Best Ever Music for Relaxation Collection Various Artists 1
2005 Classic FM: Relaxing Various Artists 1
2005 The Da Vinci Mode Various Artists 1
2005 Music for Striptease Various Artists 1
2005 The Best Classics... Ever! Various Artists 1
2005 Best of Karajan Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
2005 A High Resolution Audio Experience Various Artists 1
2005 Aangenaam klassiek 2005 Various Artists 1
2005 Best Piano Classics 50 Various Artists 2
2005 Børns Klassiske Favoritter Various Artists 1
2005 Dancing Under the Stars Various Artists 1
2005 De si, de la Françoise Pons, Blandine Bernard, Petro Odrekhivsky 1
2005 Extreme Classics Various Artists 1
2005 Film Music: The Essential Album Various Artists 1
2005 Great Classics for Reading II Various Artists 1

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