Maurice Ravel (classical composer)

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Joseph Maurice Ravel (French: [ʒozɛf mɔʁis ʁavɛl]; 7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor. He is often associated with impressionism along with his elder contemporary Claude Debussy, although both composers rejected the term. In the 1920s and 1930s Ravel was internationally regarded as France's greatest living composer.

Born to a music-loving family, Ravel attended France's premier music college, the Paris Conservatoire; he was not well regarded by its conservative establishment, whose biased treatment of him caused a scandal. After leaving the Conservatoire, Ravel found his own way as a composer, developing a style of great clarity, incorporating elements of baroque, neoclassicism and, in his later works, jazz. He liked to experiment with musical form, as in his best-known work, Boléro (1928), in which repetition takes the place of development. He made some orchestral arrangements of other composers' music, of which his 1922 version of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition is the best known.

As a slow and painstaking worker, Ravel composed fewer pieces than did many of his contemporaries. Among his works to enter the repertoire are pieces for piano, chamber music, two piano concertos, ballet music, two operas, and eight song cycles; he wrote no symphonies and only one religious work ("Kaddish" ). Many of his works exist in two versions: first, a piano score and later an orchestration. Some of his piano music, such as Gaspard de la nuit (1908), is exceptionally difficult to play, and his complex orchestral works such as Daphnis et Chloé (1912) require skilful balance in performance.

Ravel was among the first composers to recognise the potential of recording to bring their music to a wider public. From the 1920s, despite limited technique as a pianist or conductor, he took part in recordings of several of his works; others were made under his supervision.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
Greatest Hits of the 1900s Philharmonia Virtuosi, Richard Kapp 1
Greatest Hits of the Classics Various Artists 1
Greatest Hits of the Classics Various Artists 1
Greatest of the World's Great Composers, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
Guitar Dreams Various Artists 1
Historic Philips Recordings 1953-1962 Arthur Grumiaux 1
Historic Russian Archives: Daniel Shafran Edition Daniel Shafran 1
Historical Russian Archives: Yuri Temirkanov Edition Yuri Temirkanov 1
Karneval der Tiere: Wie Natur und Tierwelt klassische Musik inspiriert haben Various Artists 1
Klassik & Kino Various Artists 1
Klassische Meisterwerke V Various Artists 1
La colección definitiva Karajan 1
La Pub se la joue Classique Album n°1 Various Artists 1
La Valse for Piano Duet (pianos: Philip Moore & Simon Crawford-Phillips) Various Artists 1
Leichte Klassik Various Artists 1
Les Classiques du Cinema Various Artists 1
Les immortelles du piano Various Artists 1
Les triomphes - Les Grands Classiques Various Artists 1
Let's Do French Various Artists 1
Listening to Music: 4th Edition Craig Wright 1
Listening to Music: Third Edition Craig Wright 1
Love and Desire in the Classics: Romantic Piano Works Various Artists 1
Lovers Concerto Various Artists 1
Mittrich & Mittrich Test Special Various Artists 1
Movies: The Greatest Hits Various Artists 1
Music for a Special Woman Various Artists 1
Music for the Millions (multi-volume classical music collection) Various Artists 1
Music for the Millions - 7 Various Artists 1
Musik zur Ruhe Various Artists 1
Musique Maestro Various Artists 1
My Favourite Classics Various Artists 1
No Stress, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
Orchestral Fireworks Various Artists 1
Orchestre Philharmonique de Liège 1960-2010 : L'Intégrale Orchestre Philharmonique de Liège 1
Passport to Spain Various Artists 1
Petrouchka, Creation of the World, Daphnis et Chloé Suite No. 2 (Leningrad Phil., feat. conductor: Yuri Temirkanov) Various Artists 1
Piano Favourites Various Artists 1
Piano for Dummies Various Artists 1
Piano Interludes Various Artists 1
Populära Klassiker Various Artists 1
Proyecto Escala 1º ESO CDA Mari Cruz Gómez-Elegido Ruizolalla 1
Ravel: Bolero and Other Orchestral Favourites, Volume I Various Artists 1
RCA/Red Seal Presentation Sampler Various Artists 1
Relax, Volume 2: Smooth Classics Various Artists 1
Relaxation Various Artists 1
Rhapsodie Espagnole Budapest Symphony Orchestra, György Lehel 1
Rodrigo: Concierto de Aranjuez / Falla: El Sombrero de tres Picos Rodrigo; Falla; Alfonso Moreno, Enrique Bátiz, Victoria de los Ángeles, Carlo Maria Giulini, André Previn 1
Romantic Classics Various Artists 1
Romantic Masterpieces Wibi Soerjadi 1
SA Lotteries Symphony Sessions Various Artists 1
Sensual Moments: Classics for Lovers Various Artists 1
Simply Classical Gold Various Artists 1
Snoopy's Classical Classiks on Toys Various Artists 1
Spectacular Classics Various Artists 1
Super Classix Vol.1 Various Artists 1
Sweet Dreams Various Artists 1
The 99 Most Essential Pieces of Classical Music Various Artists 1
The American Orchestra Various Artists 1
The Art of Piano: Great Pianists of the 20th century Various Artists 1
The Best of the Classics Various Artists 1
The Classical Collection Various Artists 1
The Classical Top 100 Various Artists 1
The Classics Discovered No.05 Various Artists 1
The Essential Emma Johnson: In Concert & In Recital Emma Johnson 1
The Great Concertos Various Artists 1
The Greatest Classical Masterworks The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
The Greatest Hits of the Classics, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
The Most Relaxing Harp Album in the World Various Artists 1
The Norton Recordings: Eighth Edition Various Artists 1
The Only Classical Album You'll Ever Need, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
The Piano... the Passion Various Artists 1
The Qantas Collection 4 Melbourne Symphony Orchestra 1
The Simply Classical Collection, Volume IV: Romance Various Artists 1
The Sorcerer's Apprentice Hermann Scherchen 1
The Sunday Express Sampler Album Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
The Ultimate Relaxation Album Various Artists 1
The Very Best of the Great Composers, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
The Very Best of the Great Composers, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
Traumklassik Jubiläumsedition Various Artists 1
TuTTi Leonard Bernstein 1
Unforgettable Classics: Piano 2 Various Artists 1
Van Cliburn Piano Favorites Van Cliburn 1
Viva España! Various Artists 1
Warner Classics United Kingdom Instore Compact Disc Various Artists 1
Weltberühmte Klavierkonzerte Various Artists 4 1
Wishing You a Season of Music Various Artists 1
World Famous Masterpieces Sampler Various Artists 1
クラシック名曲小品集 Various Artists 1

Album + Compilation + DJ-mix

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2006 LateNightTales Air 2

Album + Compilation + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2004 Live from the Concertgebouw Martha Argerich 1
2005 Gergiev Festival Live Rotterdam Philharmonic, Gergiev 1
Live: The Radio Recordings Willem Mengelberg, Concertgebouw Orchestra 1

Album + Compilation + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2001 Le Cinéma de Bach à Wagner Vol. 2 Various Artists 1
2003 Trésors de la pub Various Artists 1
2006 Breath of Fire Original Soundtrack Special Box Various Artists 2

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1980 Live in Tokyo 1980 André Watts 2 1
1985 Live at Linz / The Mind of the Universe 冨田勲 2 4
1990 Live in Moscow Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1991 Live at Carnegie Hall Midori 1
1996 Benefit Performance Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra, Georges Prêtre 1

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