Maurice Ravel (classical composer)

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Joseph Maurice Ravel (French: [ʒɔzɛf mɔʁis ʁavɛl]; 7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor. He is often associated with impressionism along with his elder contemporary Claude Debussy, although both composers rejected the term. In the 1920s and 1930s Ravel was internationally regarded as France's greatest living composer.

Born to a music-loving family, Ravel attended France's premier music college, the Paris Conservatoire; he was not well regarded by its conservative establishment, whose biased treatment of him caused a scandal. After leaving the conservatoire Ravel found his own way as a composer, developing a style of great clarity, incorporating elements of baroque, neoclassicism and, in his later works, jazz. He liked to experiment with musical form, as in his best-known work, Boléro (1928), in which repetition takes the place of development. He made some orchestral arrangements of other composers' music, of which his 1922 version of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition is the best known.

As a slow and painstaking worker, Ravel composed fewer pieces than many of his contemporaries. Among his works to enter the repertoire are pieces for piano, chamber music, two piano concertos, ballet music, two operas, and eight song cycles; he wrote no symphonies or religious works. Many of his works exist in two versions: a first, piano score and a later orchestration. Some of his piano music, such as Gaspard de la nuit (1908), is exceptionally difficult to play, and his complex orchestral works such as Daphnis et Chloé (1912) require skilful balance in performance.

Ravel was among the first composers to recognise the potential of recording to bring their music to a wider public. From the 1920s, despite limited technique as a pianist or conductor, he took part in recordings of several of his works; others were made under his supervision.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2012 Rhapsody in Blue Saint‐Saëns, Ravel, Gershwin; Benjamin Grosvenor, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, James Judd 2
2013 Art nouveau Strauss, Zemlinsky, Ravel, Respighi; Teodora Gheorghiu, Jonathan Aner 1
2013 L'Enfance Fauré, Bizet, Debussy, Ravel; Claire Désert, Emmanuel Strosser 1
2013 Voyages Meredith Monk, Sergei Rachmaninov, Conrad Tao, Maurice Ravel; Conrad Tao 1
2013 Debussy: Ibéria / Ravel: La Valse / Rapsodie Espagnole Debussy; Ravel; Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra, Theodore Bloomfield 1
2013 Klavierkonzerte Debussy, Poulenc, Ravel, Françaix; Florian Uhlig, Deutsche Radio Philharmonie Saarbrücken Kaiserslautern, Pablo González 1
2013 Ravel: Ma Mère l’Oye Maurice Ravel; Nederlands Philharmonisch Orkest, Carlo Rizzi 1
2013 Ravel: oréloB Maurice Ravel; Nederlands Philharmonisch Orkest, Carlo Rizzi 1
2013 Sound Waves Romberg, Debussy, Ravel, Liszt, Schubert; Alexandra Silocea 1
2014 Bloch: Schelomo / Voice in the Wilderness / Caplet: Epiphanie / Ravel: Kaddish Bloch, Caplet, Ravel; BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Benjamin Wallfisch, Raphael Wallfisch 1
2014 Orchestral & Virtuoso Piano Maurice Ravel; Vincent Larderet 1
2014 Coleção Folha Mestres da música clássica, volume 12: Maurice Ravel Maurice Ravel 1
2014 Daphnis et Chloé Maurice Ravel; Beethoven Orchester Bonn; WDR Rundfunkchor Köln; Stefan Blunier 1
2014 Rachmaninov: Sonate pour piano nº 2 / Haydn: Sonate nº 38 / Ravel: La Valse Rachmaninov, Haydn, Ravel; Alain Lefèvre 1
2015 Broadway-Lafayette Ravel, Lasser, Gershwin; Simone Dinnerstein, MDR Leipzig Radio Symphony Orchestra, Kristjan Järvi 1
2015 Daphnis et Chloé / Pavane Ravel; Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra, Yannick Nézet-Séguin 1
2016 Complete Works for Solo Piano Maurice Ravel; Bertrand Chamayou 1
2016 L'Heure espagnole / Don Quichotte à Dulcinée Ravel; Lombardo, Druet, Antoun, Barrard, Courjal, Le Roux, Orchestre National de Lyon, Leonard Slatkin 1
2016 Orchestral Works 3: Orchestrations Maurice Ravel; Orchestre National de Lyon, Leonard Slatkin 1
2016 Rèves d’Espagne Dørumsgaard, Ibert, Ravel, Shostakovich; Henk Neven, Hans Eijsackers 1
2016 Duo Sessions Kodály, Schulhoff, Ravel, Halvorsen; Julia Fischer, Daniel Müller‐Schott 1
2016 Après un rêve Fauré, Debussy, Ravel; Christian Svarfvar, Roland Pöntinen 1
Bolero Maurice Ravel 1
Bolero Ravel; Staatskapelle Dresden, Neville Marriner 1
Boléro Ravel; Vienna Symphony Orchestra, Salvatore Accardo 1
Bolero (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Jan-Pascal Tortelier) Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Yan Pascal Tortelier 1
Bolero / Benvenuto Cellini Overture / The Corsair Overture Maurice Ravel, Hector Berlioz; Paris Conservatory Orchestra, Charles Munch 1
Bolero / Daphnis et Chloé / Pavane Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Árpád Joó 1
Boléro / La Valse / Pavane pour une infante défunte / Ma Mère l'oye / Valses nobles et sentimentales Ravel; Orchestre national du Capitole de Toulouse, Michel Plasson 1
Boléro / La Valse / Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune / Nocturnes Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy; Claudio Abbado 1
Boléro / La Valse / Rapsodie espagnole / Alborada del gracioso Ravel; Orchestre National de France, Lorin Maazel 1
Bolero / La Valse / Rapsodie espagnole / Pavane Maurice Ravel; Minnesota Orchestra, Stanisław Skrowaczewski 1
Boléro / La Valse / Rapsodie espagnole / Valses nobles et sentimentales / Menuet antique / Pavane pour une infante défunte / Le Tombeau de Couperin / Ma Mère l'Oye / Alborada del gracioso / Une barque sur l’océan Ravel; Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, André Cluytens 1
Boléro / Pavane pour une infante défunte / Valses nobles et sentimentales / Menuet antique / Le Tombeau de Couperin Maurice Ravel; Orchestre du Théâtre National de l'Opéra de Paris, Manuel Rosenthal 1
Boléro / Rapsodie espagnole / La valse / Alborada del gracioso Ravel; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit 1
Carnaval des animaux / Ma mère l'oye Saint‐Saëns, Ravel; Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
Classical Masterpieces: Ravel (Radio Symphony Orchestra) Maurice Ravel 1
Concertos pour piano / Le Tombeau de Couperin Maurice Ravel; Orchestre philharmonique de Strasbourg, Alain Lombard, Anne Queffélec 1
Debussy & Ravel: String Quartets Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel; St. Petersburg String Quartet 1
Debussy: La Mer / Ravel: La Valse / Valses Nobles et Sentimentales Debussy, Ravel; Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Vladimir Golschmann 1
en miroir: Dans un caractère populaire Georges Enesco, Maurice Ravel, Maurice Emmanuel, Fritz Kreisler; Patrick Bismuth, Anne Gaels 1
Famous Orchestral Works Maurice Ravel; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam, Bernard Haitink 1
Greatest Hits Maurice Ravel 1
Impressionisten Ravel, Debussy; Friedrich Gulda 1
Influencias Ravel, Turina, Toldrà; Cuarteto Casals 1
L'Enfant et les sortilèges Maurice Ravel; Orchestre National de la R.T.F., Lorin Maazel 1
L'Enfant et les Sortilèges Ravel; Chœurs National de la Radiodiffusion Française, Maitrise de la Radiodiffusion Française, Orchestre National de la Radiodiffusion Française, Ernest Bour 1
La Damoiselle Elue/Piano Concerto for the Left Hand Claude Debussy & Maurice Ravel; Eugene Ormandy, Bidu Sayão & Robert Casadesus 1
Les Chemins de l'amour Duparc, Ravel, Poulenc, Satie; Jessye Norman, Dalton Baldwin 1
Les Nuits D'été / La Damoiselle élue / Shéhérazade Hector Berlioz; Claude Debussy; Maurice Ravel; Boston Symphony Orchestra, 小澤征爾 1
Mélodies Ravel; Bernard Kruysen, Noël Lee 1
Mother Goose Maurice Ravel, Georges Bizet; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Jukka‐Pekka Saraste 1
Mozart: Quartetto in re minore KV 421 / Dvorak: Quartetto in fa maggiore Op. 96 / Ravel: Quartetto in fa maggiore Mozart, Dvořák, Ravel; Quartetto Italiano 1
Musique de chambre Maurice Ravel 1
Mussorgsky: Pictures From an Exhibition / Ravel: Le Tombeau de Couperin Mussorgsky, Ravel; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
Mussorgsky/Ravel: Pictures at an Exhibition / Rimsky-Korsakov: Capriccio espagnol / Tchaikovsky: Capriccio italien Mussorgsky / Ravel, Rimsky-Korsakov, Tchaikovsky; Leonard Bernstein, New York Philharmonic 1
On Wings of Song Beethoven, Brahms, Chopin, Massenet, Mendelssohn, Ravel, Schubert, Schumann, Tchaikovsky; Elly Ameling, Rudolf Jansen 1
Pavane Ravel, Satie, Fauré; Orpheus Chamber Orchestra 1
Piano Concerto in G Major / Piano Concerto in D Major for the Left Hand Maurice Ravel; Samson François, Paris Consevatoire Orchestra, André Cluytens 1
Piano Concertos Maurice Ravel; Monique Haas, Orchestre National de la RTF, Paris, Paul Paray 1
Piano Music, Vol. 1 Maurice Ravel; Monique Haas 1
Piano Works Debussy, Ravel; Pascal Rogé 1
Rachmaninov / Ravel Rachmaninov, Ravel; Lise de la Salle 1
Ravel Maurice Ravel 1
Ravel: Boléro / Bizet: Carmen‐Suiten Ravel, Bizet; Orchestre Radio Symphonique, Loic Bertrand 1
Ravel: Boléro / Stravinksy: Le Sacre du printemps / Debussy: Prélude à láprès-midi dún faune Ravel, Stravinsky, Debussy; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
Ravel: Bolero & Works By Chabrier, Dukas, Berlioz Ravel, Chabrier, Dukas, Berlioz; Hallé Orchestra, James Loughran 1
Respighi: Feste Romane / Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé Suite No. 2 / Dukas: L'Apprenti sorcier Ottorino Respighi, Maurice Ravel, Paul Dukas; Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, Mariss Jansons 1
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade / Ravel: La Valse Rimsky-Korsakov, Ravel; André Previn 1
Stravinsky: Duo Concertante - Divertimento / Ravel: Violin Sonata - Tzigane Stravinsky, Ravel; Jennifer Frautschi, Marta Aznavoorian 1
The Best of Ravel Maurice Ravel 1
The Best of Ravel (Tbilisi Symphony Orchestra) Maurice Ravel 1
The Complete Piano Works, Volume 2 Maurice Ravel; Pascal Rogé 1
The Great Composers, Volume 26 - Ravel Orchestral Works (Australian release) Maurice Ravel 1
The Great Composers: 39 - Ravel Orchestral Works Maurice Ravel 1
The Music of Ravel (Minnesota Orchestra) Maurice Ravel 1
Violin Sonatas Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев, Maurice Ravel, Shlomo Mintz & Yefim Bronfman 1

Album + Audiobook

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
Pictures at an Exhibition / La Valse Mussorgsky, Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1970 Saint-Saens / Ravel Saint‐Saëns, Ravel; L'Orchestre National de l'Opéra de Monte-Carlo, Edouard van Remoortel, Henryk Szeryng 1
1971 Debussy: Nocturnes / Ravel: Daphnis Et Chloé Suite No. 2, Pavane / Scriabin: Le Poème de L'Exstase Debussy, Ravel, Scriabin; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1976 Parkening and the Guitar: Music of Two Centuries Handel, Couperin, Scarlatti, Weiss, Visée, Debussy, Ravel, Satie, Poulenc 1
1980 Beaux Arts Trio Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Schumann, Brahms, Dvořák, Tchaikowsky, Ravel; Beaux Arts Trio 1
1982 Ravel: Bolero / Debussy: Prélude / Tchaikovsky: Romeo and Juliet / 1812 Ravel, Debussy, Tchaikovsky; Daniel Barenboim 1
1985 CBS Great Performances, Volume 1: Boléro / La Valse / Alborada del gracioso / Daphnis et Chloé Suite no. 2 Maurice Ravel; Leonard Bernstein, New York Philharmonic, Orchestre National de France 2
1986 Debussy: La Mer / Prélude à l'Après-midi d'un Faune / Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé Suite no. 2 / Pavane Debussy, Ravel; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1986 String Quartets Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel; Nuovo Quartetto 1
1987 Lalo: Symphonie espagnole / Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Ravel: Tzigane Lalo, Sibelius, Ravel; Itzhak Perlman, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Erich Leinsdorf, London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1988 Franck: Sonata for Violin and Piano / Debussy: Sonata for Violin and Piano / Sonata for Flute, Viola and Harp / Ravel: Introduction and Allegro Franck, Debussy, Ravel; Kyung Wha-Chung, Radu Lupu, Osian Ellis, Melos Ensemble 2
1988 Mussorgsky, Ravel: Bilder einer Austellung / Bartok: Konzert für Orchester Mussorgsky, Ravel, Bartók; Sir Georg Solti 4 1
1989 Ravel: Bolero / Debussy: La Mer Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1989 Ravel: Trio / Debussy & Respighi: Sonatas / Martinů: Duo for Violin & Cello Maurice Ravel, Respighi, Debussy, Martinů; Jascha Heifetz, Arthur Rubinstein, Gregor Piatigorsky 2
1989 Ravel: Bolero / La Valse / Debussy: La Mer / Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune Ravel, Debussy 1
1990 Der Rosenkavalier Suite / Bolero / Romeo and Juliet Overture-Fantasy Richard Strauss; RCA Symphony Orchestra / Maurice Ravel; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra / Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky; National Philharmonic Orchestra / Charles Gerhardt, conductor 1
1990 Gershwin: Piano Concerto in F / Ravel: The 2 Piano Concertos Gershwin, Ravel; Philippe Entremont, Eugene Ormandy, Pierre Boulez 1
1990 L'Oeuvre du XXe Siècle, Tome 1: Paris Debussy, Ravel, Stravinsky, Roussel; Sinfonieorchester des Südwestfunks, Ernest Bour 1
1990 Ravel: Bolero / Bizet: Carmen Suites Ravel, Bizet; Orchestre radio-symphonique, Loic Bertrand 3
1990 Ravel: Bolero & Daphnis et Chloé / Debussy: La Mer Ravel, Debussy; Philharmonia Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli 1
1990 References: Ginette Neveu Chausson, Debussy, Ravel, R. Strauss; Ginette Neveu, Philharmonia Orchestra, Issay Dobrowen, Jean Neveu, Gustaf Beck 1
1990 Schumann: Kinderszenen / Ravel: Piano Concerto / Beethoven: "Spring" Sonata Schumann, Ravel, Beethoven; Martha Argerich 1
1991 Berühmte Werke, Volume II Maurice Ravel 1

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