César Franck (Belgian-born French composer)

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César-Auguste-Jean-Guillaume-Hubert Franck (10 December 1822 – 8 November 1890) was a composer, pianist, organist, and music teacher who worked in Paris during his adult life.

He was born at Liège, in what is now Belgium (though at the time of his birth it was part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands). He gave his first concerts there in 1834 and studied privately in Paris from 1835, where his teachers included Anton Reicha. After a brief return to Belgium, and a disastrous reception to an early oratorio Ruth, he moved to Paris, where he married and embarked on a career as teacher and organist. He gained a reputation as a formidable improviser, and travelled widely in France to demonstrate new instruments built by Aristide Cavaillé-Coll.

In 1858 he became organist at Sainte-Clotilde, a position he retained for the rest of his life. He became professor at the Paris Conservatoire in 1872; he took French nationality, a requirement of the appointment. His pupils included Vincent d'Indy, Ernest Chausson, Louis Vierne, Charles Tournemire, Guillaume Lekeu and Henri Duparc. After acquiring the professorship Franck wrote several pieces that have entered the standard classical repertoire, including symphonic, chamber, and keyboard works.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2005 Prélude, fugue & variation / Prélude, choral & fugue / Quintette pour piano et cordes César Franck; Alice Ader, Ensemble Ader 1
2005 Zuzana Ferjenčíková, Organ Liszt, Franck, Reubke; Zuzana Ferjenčíková 1
2006 César Franck: Symphony in D minor / Ernest Chausson: Symphony in B-flat César Franck, Ernest Chausson; L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Marek Janowski 1
2006 Complete Organ Works Vol. III César Franck; Hans-Eberhard Roß 1
2006 Franck: Violin Sonata / Szymanowski: Mythes Franck, Szymanowski; Kaja Danczowska, Krystian Zimerman 2
2006 Fauré: Préludes op. 103 / Franck: Prélude, chorale et fugue / Prélude, aria et finale Fauré, Franck; Germaine Thyssens-Valentin 1
2007 L'oeuvre d'harmonium César Franck; Joris Verdin 1
2008 Fauré: String Quartet in E minor / Franck: String Quartet in D major Fauré, Franck; Dante Quartet 1
2008 Musique pour piano César Franck, Guillaume Lekeu; Satoshi Ishiyama 1
2008 Piano Quintet / String Quartet César Franck; Artur Pizarro, Petersen Quartett 1
2009 Franck, Lekeu: Sonates / Mathieu: Ballade-Fantaisie César Franck, Guillaume Lekeu, André Mathieu; Alain Lefèvre, David Lefèvre 1
2009 César Franck : Symphony D Minor César Franck, Wilhelm Furtwängler & Wiener Philharmoniker 1
2010 Prélude, choral et fugue / Les Djinns / Variations symphoniques / Prélude, fugue et variation César Franck; Bertrand Chamayou, Olivier Latry, Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Stéphane Denève 1
2011 Sergiu Celibidache conducts Franck & Tchaikovsky César Franck, Пётр Ильич Чайковский; Sergiu Celibidache 1
2011 Franck: Œuvres Orchestrales César Franck; Cédric Tiberghien, François‐Xavier Roth & Orchestre Philharmonique Royal de Liège 1
2011 Jennifer Pike plays Franck, Debussy, Ravel Franck, Debussy, Ravel; Jennifer Pike, Martin Roscoe 1
2011 Ernest Chausson: Symphonie B-Dur / César Franck: Symphonie d-moll Ernest Chausson, César Franck; Evgeny Svetlanov, Sveriges Radios Symfoniorkester 1
2011 Franck / Debussy / Poulenc Franck, Debussy, Poulenc; Anne Gastinel, Claire Désert 1
2013 Verdi / Franck / Gounod Giuseppe Verdi, César Franck, Charles Gounod; Chœur de l’armée française, Aurore Tillac 1
2013 The Art of the Violin Franck, Saint‐Saëns, Pierné, Massenet; Solenne Païdassi, Laurent Wagschal 4 1
2014 Musique pour piano César Franck 1
2014 Sonatas for Violin and Piano César Franck, Richard Strauss; Arabella Steinbacher, Robert Kulek 1
2014 Franck / Grieg / Dvořák Franck, Grieg, Dvořák; Khatia Buniatishvili, Renaud Capuçon 1
2014 Mahler: Adagietto From Symphony no. 5 / Glazunov: String Quartet no. 5 / Franck: Piano Quintet Gustav Mahler, Alexander Glazunov, César Franck; Delray String Quartet, Tao Lin 1
2015 …con alcune licenze Schumann, Hindemith, Désenclos, Franck; Ivory & Reed 1
2015 Dupré at Saint-Sulpice, Volume Three: Franck Franck; Marcel Dupré 2
2015 Sonatas Franck, Brahms; Elżbieta Mrożek-Loska, Zbigniew Raubo 1
2016 Franck: Piano Quintet / Debussy: String Quartet Franck, Debussy; Takács Quartet, Marc-André Hamelin 2
2016 Sonates pour violoncelle et piano Brahms, Franck, Debussy; Victor Julien-Laferrière, Adam Laloum 1
2016 Franck / Kurtág / Previn / Schumann Franck, Kurtág, Previn, Schumann; Augustin Hadelich, Joyce Yang 1
2017 Beau Soir Fauré, Franck, Debussy; Kyung Wha Chung, Kevin Kenner 2
2017 Franck: Sonate pour piano et violon / Chausson: Concert César Franck, Ernest Chausson; Isabelle Faust, Alexander Melnikov, Salagon Quartet 1
2017 Sonatas Franck, Fauré, Prokofiev; Bezaly, Ashkenazy 1
2018 Ravel / Franck / Ligeti / Messiaen Maurice Ravel, César Franck, György Ligeti, Olivier Messiaen; Duo Gazzana 1
2018 Brahms & Franck Brahms, Franck; Ana María Valderrama, Víctor del Valle 1
Franck a Notre-Dame de Paris César Franck; Philippe Lefebvre 1
Franck: Symphonic Variations / Schumann: Piano Concerto César Franck, Robert Schumann; Béla Síki, Sir Eugene Goossens, Pro Arte Orchestra 1
Grieg: Piano Concerto / R. Strauss: Burleske / Franck: Variations Symphoniques Grieg, R. Strauss, Franck; Michel Dalberto, Jean‐Bernard Pommier, Philharmonia Orchestra 1
Le Chasseur Maudit/Les Eolides/Psyche César Franck; Armin Jordan, Sinfonieorchester Basel 1
Les Béatitudes (Oratorio) Franck; Gächinger Kantorei Stuttgart, Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart, Helmuth Rilling 1
Quintette avec piano / Prélude, choral et fugue César Franck; Muir String Quartet, Jean‐Philippe Collard 1
Saint Saëns: Concerto No. 2 / Franck: Symphonic Variations Saint‐Saëns, Franck; Symphony of the Air, Alfred Wallenstein, Arthur Rubinstein 1
Sonates pour violon et piano César Franck, Guillaume Lekeu; Gérard Poulet, Noël Lee 1
Symphony in D minor / Le Chasseur maudit ("The Accursed Hunter") César Franck 1
Symphony in D minor / Le Chasseur maudit / Les Djinns César Franck; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli, Jean Fournet 1
The Rubinstein Collection, Volume 7: Franck / Fauré / Poulenc / Albéniz Franck, Fauré, Poulenc, Albéniz; Arthur Rubinstein 1
The Rubinstein Collection, Volume 30: Frank / Debussy / Granados / Liszt / Schubert / Mendelssohn César Franck; Claude Debussy; Enrique Granados; Franz Liszt; Franz Schubert; Felix Mendelssohn; Arthur Rubinstein 1
The Rubinstein Collection, Volume 68: J.S. Bach / Franck / Liszt / Debussy / Villa-Lobos J.S. Bach, Franck, Liszt, Debussy, Villa‐Lobos; Arthur Rubinstein 1
The Rubinstein Collection, Volume 70: Saint-Säens / Falla / Franck / Prokofiev Saint‐Saëns, Falla, Franck, Prokofiev; Arthur Rubinstein 1
Violin Sonatas Johannes Brahms, César Franck; Святослав Теофилович Рихтер, Давид Фёдорович Ойстрах 1
Violinsonate & Streichquartett César Franck 1
Works for Cello and Piano César Franck, Eugène Ysaÿe; Alexander Kniazev, Plamena Mangova 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1962 Magnificent Two-Piano Performances Debussy, Poulenc, Franck, Saint‐Saëns; Leonid Hambro, Jascha Zayde 2
1984 Jongen: Symphonie Concertante / Franck: Fantaisie in A / Pastorale Jongen, Franck; San Francisco Symphony, Edo de Waart, Michael Murray 2
1987 Saint-Saëns: Symphony no. 3 / Poulenc: Concerto for Organ, Strings and Timpani / Franck: Le Chasseur Maudit Camille Saint‐Saëns; Francis Poulenc; César Franck; Berj Zamkochian, Boston Symphony, Charles Munch 5 1
1987 Symphonie en Ré mineur / Variations Symphoniques Franck; Alexis Weissenberg, Orchestre de Paris, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1988 Franck: Sonata for Violin and Piano / Debussy: Sonata for Violin and Piano / Sonata for Flute, Viola and Harp / Ravel: Introduction and Allegro Franck, Debussy, Ravel; Kyung Wha-Chung, Radu Lupu, Osian Ellis, Melos Ensemble 2
1988 Franck: Symphony in D minor / D'Indy: Symphony sur un chant montagnard / Berlioz: Beatrice and Benedict Overture Franck, Berlioz, D'Indy 1
1989 Classic Collection: Hallelujah Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Friedrich Händel, Johann Sebastian Bach, Antonín Dvořák, César Franck 1
1990 The Violin Sonatas Fauré, Franck; Arthur Grumiaux 1
1991 Grieg & Schumann: Piano Concertos / Franck: Symphonic Variations Grieg, Schumann, Franck; Clifford Curzon, Friedrich Gulda 2
1992 Symphony in D minor / Poeme op. 25 / Ballade op. 19 / Tzigane Franck, Fauré, Chausson, Ravel; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1994 Die Klassiksammlung 38: Franck: Symphonische Variationen César Franck 2
1994 Sir Thomas Beecham and the L.P.O., Volume II: Berlioz / Franck / Offenbach / Debussy Berlioz, Franck, Offenbach, Debussy; The L.P.O., Sir Thomas Beecham 1
1994 The Best of César Franck César Franck 1
1995 Peer Gynt / Piano Concerto etc. Grieg, Schumann, Franck; John Ogdon, Paavo Berglund, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1995 Piano Concerto no. 1 Brahms, Franck, Litolff; Clifford Curzon 2
1996 Franck: Symphonie D‐moll / Mendelssohn: Symphonie Nr. 5 “Reformation” César Franck, Felix Mendelssohn; Radio‐Symphonie‐Orchester Berlin, Berliner Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1996 A Life in Music, Volume 27: Violin Sonatas Franck, Debussy, Enesco; Isaac Stern, Alexander Zakin 1
1996 Organ Works J. S. Bach, Franck, Widor; Fernando Germani 1
1997 Flute Sonatas Franck, Prokofiev, Reinecke; James Galway, Martha Argerich, Phillip Moll 1
1998 Debussy, Franck: Violin Sonatas / Chausson: Poème Debussy, Franck, Chausson; Kyung Wha Chung, Lupu 1
1999 Brahms: Alto Rhapsody / Franck: Nocturne / Mahler: Songs on the Death of Children - Five Lieder Johannes Brahms, César Franck, Gustav Mahler; Christa Ludwig 1
1999 Cello Sonatas Debussy; Poulenc; Franck, Steven Isserlis, Pascal Devoyon 1
1999 Deutsche Grammophon Collection: Franck: Symphony in D minor, Psyché et Eros / Ravel: Ma mère l'oye César Franck, Maurice Ravel; Berliner Philharmoniker, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1999 Les Béatitudes César Franck; Jessye Norman, Brigitte Fassbaender, René Kollo, Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau 1
1999 Trois Pièces pour Orgue et Trois Choral César Franck 1
2000 Franck: Symphony in D minor / Le Chasseur maudit / Dukas: L'apprenti sorcier / Ibert: Escales César Franck, Paul Dukas, Jacques Ibert; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch 1
2000 BBC Music, Volume 8, Number 12: Live From the Proms: Franck: Symphony in D minor / Chausson: Poeme de l’Amour et de la Mer Franck, Chausson 1
2000 Franck: Symphonic Variations / Saint-Saëns: Piano Concerto no. 4 / Waltz Etude / Ravel: Piano Concerto for the Left Hand Franck, Saint‐Saëns, Ravel; Alfred Cortot, Landon Ronald, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Charles Munch, L’Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Paris 1
2001 Schumann: Piano Concerto / Grieg: Piano Concerto / Franck: Variations symphoniques Robert Schumann, Edvard Grieg, César Franck; Philharmonia Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan, Walter Gieseking 1
2001 Prélude, choral et fugue / Sonatine / Préludes / Pour le piano Franck, Ravel, Debussy; Ivan Moravec 1
2001 The Celibidache Edition: The Swedish Radio Recordings Sibelius, Franck, Hindemith, Richard Strauss, Shostakovich; Jacqueline du Pré, Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Sergiu Celibidache 1
2002 Pianist 3: The CD Telemann, Pachelbel, J. Strauss, J.-S. Bach, Schumann, Mozart, D. Scarlatti, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Debussy, Chopin, Franck, Beethoven, Elton John 1
2003 Argerich / Gitlis : Beethoven, Haydn, Schumann, Franck, Debussy Beethoven, Haydn, Schumann, Franck, Debussy; Argerich, Gitlis 1
2004 Die Kern-Orgel in St. Martini zu Stadthagen Boëllmann, Mushel, Franck, Vierne, Bach; Winfried Berger 1
2005 Cello Sonatas Brahms, Chopin, Franck; Jacqueline du Pré, Daniel Barenboim 2
2006 Coleção Folha de música clássica, volume 33: César Franck César Franck; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2007 Saint-Saëns: Concerto no. 2 / Franck: Symphonic Variations / Liszt: Concerto no. 1 Saint‐Saëns, Franck, Liszt; Rubinstein, Symphony of the Air, Wallenstein 1
2007 Symphony / Symphonic Variations César Franck; Orchestre du Capitole de Toulouse, Michel Plasson 1
2011 Franck: Symphony in D minor / Schumann: Symphony No. 4 Franck, Schumann; Otto Klemperer, The New Philharmonia Orchestra 1
2012 Great Romantic Symphonies Schubert, Brahms, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Berlioz, Mahler, Bruckner, Saint‐Saëns, Franck, Dvořák, Strauss 1
2012 Complete Organ Works César Franck; Hans-Eberhard Roß 1
2012 Romantic Symphonies & Overtures Berlioz, Dvořák, Franck, Mendelssohn, Schubert, Schumann, J.S. Straus II, Tchaikovsky, Weber; Philharmonia Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 2
2014 Carlo Maria Giulini Collection, Vol. 2 Franz Schubert, César Franck, Antonín Dvořák; Carlo Maria Giulini, Philharmonia Orchestra 1
Piano Concertos / Variations Symphonique Grieg, Schumann, Franck; John Ogdon, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Philharmonia Orchestra, Paavo Berglund, Sir John Barbirolli 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1994 The Heifetz Collection, Volume 46: The Final Recital Franck, Strauss, Bach, Debussy, Kreisler, Ravel, Rachmaninoff; Heifetz 1
1996 The Berlin Recital Brahms, Debussy, Franck, Mozart; Anne‐Sophie Mutter, Lambert Orkis 1
1997 Piano Trios Franck, Ravel; Sviatoslav Richter, Oleg Kagan, Natalia Gutman 2
1999 Beethoven: "Kreutzer" Sonata / Franck: Sonata Beethoven, Franck; Itzhak Perlman, Martha Argerich 1

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