Jean Sibelius

~ Person

Legal name: Johan Julius Christian Sibelius


Jean Sibelius (/sɪˈbliəs, -ˈbljəs/;  Swedish pronunciation ), born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius (8 December 1865 – 20 September 1957), was a Finnish composer and violinist of the late Romantic and early-modern periods. He is widely recognized as his country's greatest composer and, through his music, is often credited with having helped Finland to develop a national identity during its struggle for independence from Russia.

The core of his oeuvre is his set of seven symphonies which, like his other major works, continue to be performed and recorded in his home country and internationally. His best-known compositions are Finlandia, the Karelia Suite, Valse triste, the Violin Concerto, the choral symphony Kullervo, and The Swan of Tuonela (from the Lemminkäinen Suite). Other works include pieces inspired by the Finnish national epic, the Kalevala, over a hundred songs for voice and piano, incidental music for numerous plays, the opera Jungfrun i tornet (The Maiden in the Tower), chamber music, piano music, Masonic ritual music, and 21 publications of choral music. Throughout his career, the composer found inspiration in nature and Nordic mythology, especially the heroic legends of the national epic, the Kalevala.

Sibelius composed prolifically until the mid-1920s but after completing his Seventh Symphony (1924), the incidental music for The Tempest (1926), and the tone poem Tapiola (1926), he failed to produce any major works in his last thirty years, a stunning and perplexing decline commonly referred to as "The Silence of Järvenpää", the location of his home. Although he is reputed to have stopped composing, he attempted to continue writing, including abortive efforts on an eighth symphony. In later life, he wrote Masonic music and re-edited some earlier works while retaining an active but not always favourable interest in new developments in music.

The Finnish 100 mark note featured his image until 2002 when the euro was adopted. Since 2011, Finland has celebrated a Flag Day on 8 December, the composer's birthday, also known as the "Day of Finnish Music". In 2015, the 150th anniversary of the composer's birth, a number of special concerts and events were held, especially in the city of Helsinki.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2008 Scènes historiques I and II / King Christian Suite, op. 27 Jean Sibelius; New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, Pietari Inkinen 1
2008 Sinfonische Dichtungen Jean Sibelius 1
2008 BBC Music, Volume 16, Number 6: The Hallé 150th Anniversary Sibelius; Hallé, Mark Elder, Hamilton Harty, John Barbirolli, Leslie Heward 1
2008 Violin Concertos Schoenberg, Sibelius; Hilary Hahn, Esa-Pekka Salonen, Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra 3
2008 Original Works and Arrangements for Cello and Piano Jean Sibelius; Jussi Makkonen, Rait Karm 1
2008 Kullervo Sibelius; Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 2
2008 The Voice of Sibelius Jean Sibelius; YL Male Voice Choir, Matti Hyökki, Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Osmo Vänskä 1
2008 Symphonien / Orchesterwerke / Violinkonzert Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Karajan 1
2008 Symfonie no. 2 Jean Sibelius; Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest, Mariss Jansons 1
2008 Music for Violin and Piano Grieg, Sibelius, Elgar; Isabelle van Keulen, Ronald Brautigam 1
2008 Night Ride and Sunrise / Belshazzar's Feast / Kuolema Jean Sibelius; New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, Pietari Inkinen 2
2008 Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 3 / Sibelius: Symphonie No. 5 Ludwig van Beethoven, Jean Sibelius; Glenn Gould, Herbert von Karajan, Berliner Philharmoniker 1
2008 Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf / Sibelius: Symphony no. 2 Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев, Jean Sibelius; Eleanor Roosevelt, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Serge Koussevitzky 1
2008 Shakespeare's Tempest Sir Arthur Sullivan, Jean Sibelius; The Kansas City Symphony, Michael Stern 2
2008 Symphony no. 7 / Pelléas et Mélisande / Tapiola / The Oceanides Sibelius; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Thomas Beecham 2
2010 Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Sibelius: Humoresques / Prokofiev: Violin Concerto no. 1 Sibelius, Prokofiev; Vilde Frang, WDR Sinfonieorchester Köln, Thomas Søndergård 1
2010 The Symphonies Sibelius; Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra, Gennady Rozhdestvensky 1
2010 Beethoven: Violin Concerto in D major / Sibelius: Violin Concerto in D minor Beethoven, Sibelius; Ida Haendel, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Ančerl 2
2010 Piano Pieces Jean Sibelius; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
2010 Violin Concerto / The Bard / The Wood Nymph Sibelius; Frank Peter Zimmermann, Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, John Storgårds 1
2010 String Quartets Sibelius, Schönberg; Tetzlaff Quartett 1
2010 Symphonies nos. 1 and 3 Sibelius; New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, Pietari Inkinen 1
2010 Complete Symphonic Poems Sibelius; Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra, Vassily Sinaisky 1
2010 Complete Symphonies / Violin Concerto / Finlandia / Valse Triste Jean Sibelius; Adelaide Symphony Orchestra, Arvo Volmer 1
2010 Intimate Landscapes for Piano Jean Sibelius; Tuija Hakkila 1
2010 Miniaturvertrauen Jean Sibelius; Rudi Spring 1
2010 Piano Works Jean Sibelius; Janne Mertanen 1
2010 Symphony no. 1, op. 39 / Symphony no. 3, op. 52 / Orchestral Suite "Rakastava", op. 14 Jean Sibelius; Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
2011 Symphonies nos. 4 and 5 Sibelius; New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, Pietari Inkinen 1
2011 Symphony no. 2 / Karelia Suite Jean Sibelius; New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, Pietari Inkinen 1
2011 Sibelius: Finlandia / Grieg: Peer Gynt Suite No. 1 / Alfven: Swedish Rhapsody No. 1 Sibelius, Grieg, Alfvén; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
2011 Symphony no. 5 / En Saga / The Swan of Tuonela / Valse Triste Jean Sibelius; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Ole Schmidt 1
2011 Smetana: String Quartets nos 1 & 2 / Sibelius: Voces intimae, op. 56 Smetana, Sibelius; Dante Quartet 1
2011 Symphonies 2 & 5: Piano Transcriptions Jean Sibelius; Henri Sigfridsson 1
2011 Bruckner / Sibelius / Nielsen Bruckner, Sibelius, Nielsen; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Gustavo Dudamel 2
2011 Beethoven: Coriolanus Overture / Sibelius: Symphony no. 1 / Sibelius: Finlandia Ludwig van Beethoven, Jean Sibelius; Nordea Jean Sibelius Orchestra, Jukka-Pekka Saraste 2
2011 Violin Concertos Tchaikovsky, Sibelius; Oistrakh, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Ormandy 1
2012 Symphonies nos. 2 & 5 Jean Sibelius; Minnesota Orchestra, Osmo Vänskä 2
2012 Symphonies nos. 5 & 7 / Karelia Suite Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
2012 Saarella palaa (Fire on the Island) Jean Sibelius; Dominante Choir, Seppo Murto, Monica Groop, Jorma Hynninen, Folke Gräsbeck, Harri Viitanen 2
2012 Symphonies nos. 6 and 7 / Finlandia Jean Sibelius; New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, Pietari Inkinen 1
2012 Symphony no. 2 / Karelia Suite Sibelius; Pierre Monteux, Lorin Maazel 1
2013 Complete Symphonies / Tapiola / Karelia Suite / Finlandia / The Bard Jean Sibelius; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Berglund 1
2013 Symphonies nos. 1 & 4 Jean Sibelius; Minnesota Orchestra, Osmo Vänskä 2
2013 The Unknown Sibelius: Rarities and First Recordings Jean Sibelius 2
2013 BBC Music, Volume 21, Number 11: Nielsen: Symphony no. 5 / Sibelius: Symphony no. 5 Carl Nielsen, Jean Sibelius; BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Thomas Søndergård 1
2013 Masonic Ritual Music Jean Sibelius; Hannu Jurmu, Harri Viitanen, YL Male Voice Choir, Mika Pohjonen, Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Jaakko Kuusisto 2
2013 Symphonies nos. 6 & 7 / Tapiola Sibelius; Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Robert Spano 2
2013 Heimo Haitto Plays Sibelius Sibelius; Heimo Haitto, Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Berglund 1
2013 Solitude: Sibelius Songs Jean Sibelius; Hanna Kronqvist, Ilmari Räikkönen 1
2013 Symphony no. 2 / The Oceanides / Pohjola's Daughter Sibelius; Hallé, Sir Mark Elder 1
2014 Violin Concerto / Karelia Suite / Finlandia / Valse triste / Andante festivo / Valse lyrique / The Swan of Tuonela Sibelius; Jennifer Pike, Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Andrew Davis 2
2014 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Adès; Augustin Hadelich, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Hannu Lintu 1
2014 Complete Symphonies / Three Late Fragments Sibelius; BBC Philharmonic, John Storgårds 1
2014 Martinů: Cello Sonatas 1-3 / Works by Sibelius and Mustonen Martinů, Sibelius, Mustonen; Steven Isserlis, Olli Mustonen 2
2014 Lemminkäinen Suite / The Wood-Nymph Jean Sibelius; Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Osmo Vänskä 2
2014 Violin Concerto in D minor, op. 47 / Tapiola, Tone Poem, op. 112 Jean Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Tauno Hannikainen, Tossy Spivakovsky 2
2015 Jean Sibelius Jean Sibelius 2
2015 Folke Gräsbeck plays Sibelius on the Ainola Piano Sibelius; Folke Gräsbeck 2
2015 Malinconia: Works for Cello & Piano Jean Sibelius, Edvard Grieg; David Geringas, Ian Fountain 1
2015 Kuolema / King Christian II / Overture in A minor / Two Songs from Twelfth Night Sibelius; Pia Pajala, Waltteri Torikka, Turku Philharmonic Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 1
2015 Belshazzar's Feast / Overture in E / Scéne de Ballet / Wedding March / Cortège / Menuetto / Processional Sibelius; Pia Pajala, Turku Philharmonic Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 1
2015 Pelléas et Mélisande / Musik zu einer Szene / Valse lyrique / Valse chevaleresque / Morceau romantique Sibelius; Pia Pajala, Sari Nordqvist, Turku Philharmonic Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 2
2015 Jedermann / Two Serious Melodies / In memoriam Sibelius; Pia Pajala, Tuomas Katajala, Nicholas Söderlund, Mikaela Palmu, Cathedralis Aboensis Choir, Turku Philharmonic Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 1
2015 Swanwhite / The Lizart / A Lonely Ski Trail / The Countess' Portrait Sibelius; Riho Eklundh, Turku Philharmonic Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 1
2015 Symphonies 1-7 Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Sir Simon Rattle 2
2015 The Symphonies Sibelius; Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Okko Kamu 1
2015 Humoresques Sibelius; Nicolas Dautricourt 1
2015 Scaramouche Sibelius; Turku Philharmonic Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 2
2015 Sväng Plays Sibelius Jean Sibelius; Sväng 1
2015 Complete Works for Mixed Choir Sibelius; Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, Heikki Seppänen 1
2015 Different Voices Jean Sibelius, Jouni Kaipainen, Jukka Tiensuu; Kamus String Quartet 1
2015 Fiðlukonsertar Johannes Brahms, Alban Berg, Antonín Dvořák, Jean Sibelius; Sigrún Eðvaldsdóttir, Sinfóníuhljómsveit Íslands 1
2015 Intimate Voices: Sibelius String Quartets Sibelius; Flinders Quartet 2
2015 Lemminkäinen Legends / Pohjola's Daughter Sibelius; Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Hannu Lintu 1
2015 Norden: Songs by Jean Sibelius Jean Sibelius; Pia Freund, Tommi Hakala, Kristian Attila 1
2015 Piano Works, Vol. 1 Jean Sibelius; Joseph Tong 2
2015 Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Bruch: Violin Concerto Sibelius, Bruch; Zino Francescatti, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein, Thomas Schippers 1
2015 Symphonies 2 & 7 Sibelius; BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Thomas Søndergård 2
2015 The Seven Symphonies: Symphony no. 3 / Symphony no. 4 Sibelius, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
2015 Violin Concertos / 2 Serenades Nielsen, Sibelius; Baiba Skride, Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra, Santtu-Matias Rouvali 1
2016 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Glazunov; Esther Yoo, Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
2016 Symphony no. 5 in E-flat / Symphony no. 7 in C / En saga Sibelius; Hallé, Sir Mark Elder 1
2016 Symphonies nos. 3 / 6 / 7 Sibelius; Minnesota Orchestra, Osmo Vänskä 2
2016 Sibelius: Symphony no. 3, op. 52 / The Swan of Tuonela, op. 22 no. 3 / Symphony no. 7, op. 105 / Debussy: Nocturnes: Nuages-Fêtes Sibelius, Debussy; Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, Yevgeny Mravinsky 1
Classic Collection, Volume 10: Symphony no. 6 “Pathetique” & Romeo and Juliet / Symphony no. 2 Tchaikovsky, Sibelius; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
Collins Sibelius Cycle, Volume 4: Symphonies no. 4 & 5 Jean Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Anthony Collins 1
Complete Symphonies, CD1 Jean Sibelius; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Berglund 1
Complete Symphonies, CD2 Jean Sibelius; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Berglund 1
Masterpiece Classical Sibelius 1
Musique religieuse op. 113: Hengellistä musiikkia Jean Sibelius; Tauno Äikää, Matti Piipponen 1
Pelleas and other Orchestral Music Sibelius; English String Orchestra, William Boughton 1
Rachmaninoff: Cello Sonata / Vocalise / Dvořák: Polonaise / Sibelius: Malinconia Rachmaninoff, Dvořák, Sibelius; Heinrich Schiff, Elisabeth Leonskaja 1
Sibelius Masterpieces Jean Sibelius; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Sinding: Suite for Violin and Orchestra, op. 10 Sibelius, Sinding; Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Itzhak Perlman, André Previn 1
Songs: Illalle Jean Sibelius; Jorma Hynninen, Kalevi Kiviniemi, Laura Hynninen, Marko Ylönen 1
Symphonies 3 & 6 Jean Sibelius; Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
Symphony no. 4 / Finlandia / Luonnotar Jean Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Elisabeth Söderström, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
Symphony no. 6 / Scènes historiques Jean Sibelius; Jukka-Pekka Saraste, Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra 1
The Best of Sibelius Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy, L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Horst Stein 1

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