Jean Sibelius

~ Person

Legal name: Johan Julius Christian Sibelius

Wikipedia

Jean Sibelius (/sɪˈbliəs, -jəs/;  Swedish pronunciation ), born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius (8 December 1865 – 20 September 1957), was a Finnish composer and violinist of the late Romantic and early-modern periods. He is widely recognized as his country's greatest composer and, through his music, is often credited with having helped Finland to develop a national identity during its struggle for independence from Russia.

The core of his oeuvre is his set of seven symphonies which, like his other major works, continue to be performed and recorded in his home country and internationally. His best-known compositions are Finlandia, the Karelia Suite, Valse triste, the Violin Concerto, the choral symphony Kullervo, and The Swan of Tuonela (from the Lemminkäinen Suite). Other works include pieces inspired by the Finnish national epic, the Kalevala, over a hundred songs for voice and piano, incidental music for numerous plays, the opera Jungfrun i tornet (The Maiden in the Tower), chamber music, piano music, Masonic ritual music, and 21 publications of choral music. Throughout his career, the composer found inspiration in nature and Nordic mythology, especially the heroic legends of the national epic, the Kalevala.

Sibelius composed prolifically until the mid-1920s but after completing his Seventh Symphony (1924), the incidental music for The Tempest (1926), and the tone poem Tapiola (1926), he failed to produce any major works in his last thirty years, a stunning and perplexing decline commonly referred to as "The Silence of Järvenpää", the location of his home. Although he is reputed to have stopped composing, he attempted to continue writing, including abortive efforts on an eighth symphony. In later life, he wrote Masonic music and re-edited some earlier works while retaining an active but not always favourable interest in new developments in music.

The Finnish 100 mark note featured his image until 2002 when the euro was adopted. Since 2011, Finland has celebrated a Flag Day on 8 December, the composer's birthday, also known as the "Day of Finnish Music". In 2015, the 150th anniversary of the composer's birth, a number of special concerts and events were held, especially in the city of Helsinki.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1988 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Nielsen; Cho-Liang Lin, Esa-Pekka Salonen 4
1988 Violin Concertos Пётр Ильич Чайковский, Jean Sibelius; David Oistrakh, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1989 Peer-Gynt-Suiten No. 1 & 2 / Aus Holbergs Zeit Grieg, Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 3
1989 Edvard Grieg: Peer Gynt Suiten Nr. 1 & 2 / Jean Sibelius: Der Schwan von Tuonela / Karelia-Suite Grieg, Sibelius 2
1989 Symphonien nos. 5 & 7 Jean Sibelius; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1989 Piano Quintet in G minor / String Quartet in D minor, op. 56 "Voces Intimae" Jean Sibelius; Gabrieli String Quartet, Anthony Goldstone 1
1989 Sibelius: Symphony no. 5 / Grieg: Peer Gynt: Suites 1 & 2 Jean Sibelius; The Ljubljana Symphony Orchestra, Andrew Schenck 1
1989 Songs Sibelius; Ritva Auvinen, Gustav Djupsjöbacka 1
1989 Symphony no. 1 in E minor, op. 39 / "Pelleas and Melisande", op. 26 (excerpts) Jean Sibelius; Hallé Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1989 Symphony no. 2 / The Swan of Tuonela Jean Sibelius; Hallé Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1989 Violin Concerto Sibelius; Dong-Suk Kang, CSR Orchestra, Adrian Leaper 2
1990 Romantic Music for Strings Grieg, Sibelius; Capella Istropolitana, Adrian Leaper 1
1990 Humoresques, opp. 87/89 / Serenades, op. 69 / Two Pieces, op. 77 / Overture in E major / Ballet Scene Sibelius; Dong-Suk Kang, Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1990 Grieg: Peer Gynt Suites / Sibelius: Finlandia, Valse Triste, Tapiola (Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan) Grieg, Sibelius 2
1990 Symphonies no. 1 & no. 5 Sibelius; Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Yoel Levi 1
1990 Cantatas Jean Sibelius; Finnish National Orchestra Chorus and Orchestra, Eri Klas 1
1990 Finlandia / Pohjola's Daughter / The Swan of Tuonela / The Oceanides / Tapiola Sibelius; Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
1990 Pelléas et Mélisande Schönberg, Sibelius, Fauré; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 2
1990 Sibelius: Violin Concerto in D minor / Chausson: Poème Jean Sibelius, Ernest Chausson; Alan Brind, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
1990 Six Humoresques for Violin and Orchestra / Rakastava / Pelléas et Mélisande Jean Sibelius; Leonidas Kavakos, City of Espoo Chamber Orchestra, Juhani Lamminmäki 1
1990 Symphonies nos. 1 & 3 Sibelius; Helsinki Radio Symphony Orchestra, Okko Kamu 2
1990 Symphonies nos. 4 & 6 Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1990 Symphony No. 2 / Finlandia / Valse Triste / Swan of Tuonela Sibelius; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
1990 Symphony no. 2 / Valse Triste / The Swan of Tuonela / Pohjola’s Daughter Jean Sibelius; Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Louis Rosenblatt 1
1990 Tapiola / Symphony no. 4 / Lemminkaïnen and the Maidens of Saari Jean Sibelius 1
1990 The Tempest Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1990 The Tempest / Finlandia / Karelia Suite / Scénes Historiques op. 66 / Festivo Sibelius; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, BBC Symphony & London Philharmonic Orchestras, Sir Thomas Beecham 1
1991 Symphonies nos. 1 & 6 Sibelius; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Adrian Leaper 1
1991 Symphonies nos. 3 & 4 Sibelius; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Adrian Leaper 1
1991 Violin Concerto in D minor, Original and Final Version Jean Sibelius; Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Leonidas Kavakos, Osmo Vänskä 2
1991 Symphony no. 5 / En Saga / Belshazzar's Feast Sibelius; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Adrian Leaper 1
1991 Scaramouche, op. 71 / Wedding March Jean Sibelius; Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1991 Symphonies 4 & 5 Jean Sibelius; Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Lorin Maazel 2
1991 String Quartets A minor (original version) / D minor "Voces Intimae" Jean Sibelius; Jean Sibelius Quartet 1
1991 Symphonies nos. 2 & 3 Sibelius; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 3
1991 Symphony No. 1 / The Oceanides Sibelius; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 1
1991 Finlandia / Symphony no. 2 Sibelius; The Ljubljana Symphony Orchestra, Anton Nanut, Marko Munih 1
1991 Great Summer of Music: Exclusive BBC Recordings Sibelius, Mozart, Dvorak; BBC Concert Orchestra, Barry Tuckwell, Owain Arwel Hughes 1
1991 Songs by Richard Strauss and Jean Sibelius Richard Strauss, Jean Sibelius; Birgit Nilsson, Janos Solyom 1
1991 String Quartets: op. 56 "Voces intimae" / op. 27 Sibelius, Grieg; Guarneri Quartet 5 2
1991 Symphonien 1 & 6 Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 4 2
1991 Symphonies 1 & 4 Sibelius; Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
1991 Symphonies 1 & 7 Jean Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1991 Symphonies 2 & 5 Sibelius; Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
1991 Symphonies 3, 6 & 7 Sibelius; Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
1991 Symphonies nos. 5 & 7 / Scene With Cranes (Kuolema) / Night Ride and Sunrise Sibelius; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Philharmonia Orchestra, Simon Rattle 1
1991 Symphony no. 1 / Karelia Suite / Finlandia Sibelius; Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, Mariss Jansons 2
1991 Symphony no. 4, op. 63 / The Tempest: Suite no. 1 Jean Sibelius; The Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 1
1991 Violin Concertos Nielsen, Sibelius; Yehudi Menuhin, Danish State Radio Symphony Orchestra, Mogens Wöldike, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
1991 Wagner: Siegfried-Idyll / Sibelius: Valse triste Richard Wagner, Jean Sibelius; Orpheus Chamber Orchestra 1
1992 Violin Concertos Beethoven, Sibelius; Zino Francescatti, David Oistrakh, Bruno Walter, Eugene Ormandy 1
1992 Music for Violin and Piano, Volume 1 Jean Sibelius; Nils‐Erik Sparf, Bengt Forsberg 1
1992 Violin Concertos Tchaikovsky, Sibelius; Nigel Kennedy 1
1992 Sibelius: Violinkonzert / Schnittke: Concerto Grosso Sibelius, Schnittke; Gidon Kremer, London Symphony Orchestra, Gennadi Roshdestvensky 2
1992 The Tempest, op. 109 Jean Sibelius; Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Lahti Opera Chorus, Osmo Vänskä 2
1992 BBC Music, Volume 1, Number 3: Carl Nielsen: Symphony no. 2 “The Four Temperaments”, op. 16 / Jean Sibelius: Symphony no. 5 in E flat, op. 82 Nielsen, Sibelius; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Andrew Davis, Matthias Bamert 1
1992 Finlandia / Swan of Tuonela / Symphony no. 1 in E minor Jean Sibelius 1
1992 Lemminkäinen Legends / Luonnotar / The Bard Sibelius; Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 1
1992 Lemminkäinen Legends, op. 22 / En saga, op. 9 Jean Sibelius; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Esa-Pekka Salonen 2
1992 Masterpiece: Valse Suite / Karelia Suite / Lemminkainen Return Jean Sibelius 1
1992 Respighi / Sibelius / Walton Ottorino Respighi, Jean Sibelius, William Walton; Aaron Rosand, John Covelli 1
1992 Symphonie No. 1 Sibelius; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1992 Symphony No. 2 / Finlandia / Karelia Suite Sibelius; Philharmonia Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1992 Symphony no. 2 / Tapiola / Valse Triste Jean Sibelius; San Francisco Symphony, Herbert Blomstedt 1
1992 Verdi: String Quartet in E minor / Sibelius: String Quartet in D minor, op. 56 "Voces intimae" Verdi, Sibelius; Juilliard String Quartet 1
1993 Finlandia / En Saga / Karelia Suite / Pohjola’s Daughter / The Swan of Tuonela Sibelius; Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Yoel Levi 1
1993 Sibelius: Violin Concerto in D minor, Op. 47 / Chausson: Poeme Sibelius, Chausson; Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, London Symphony Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
1993 Sibelius Week 1945: Violin Concerto / Tapiola / Symphony no. 7 Jean Sibelius; David Oistrakh, Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Nils-Eric Fougstedt, Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Thomas Beecham 1
1993 Grieg: Peer Gynt Suites, Holberg Suite / Sibelius: Valse Triste, Finlandia, The Swan of Tuonela Grieg, Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1993 Finlandia / En Saga / Swan of Tuonela / Karelia / Pohjola's Daughter Sibelius; Wiener Philharmoniker, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Sir Malcolm Sargent 1
1993 Kullervo Sibelius; Esa-Pekka Salonen, Los Angeles Philharmonic 1
1993 Piano Pieces Jean Sibelius; Marita Viitasalo 2
1993 Suites: Pelléas et Melisande / King Christian II / Swanwhite Jean Sibelius; Iceland Symphony Orchestra, Petri Sakari 3
1993 Symphonie no. 2 / Finlandia / Valse Triste Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, James Levine 1
1993 Symphonien nos. 4 & 7 / Valse triste Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1993 Symphonies 1 & 7 Jean Sibelius; Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Lorin Maazel 2
1993 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Tchaikovsky; Gil Shaham, Philharmonia Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli 2
1994 Symphony No. 2 in D Major / Karelia Suite / Finlandia Sibelius; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 2
1994 Symphonies nos. 2 & 7 Sibelius; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Adrian Leaper 2
1994 Symphonies nos. 5, 6 / Der Schwan von Tuonela Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1994 Symphonies no. 2 & no. 7 Sibelius; Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1994 The Sibelius Collection Jean Sibelius 1
1994 Music for Violin and Piano, Volume 2 Jean Sibelius; Nils‐Erik Sparf, Bengt Forsberg 2
1994 Scandinavian Rhapsody Sibelius, Grieg, Nielsen; Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, Leif Segerstam 1
1994 Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Bruch: Scottish Fantasy Sibelius, Bruch; Midori, Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 1
1994 Songs, Volume 2 Jean Sibelius; Monica Groop, Love Derwinger 1
1994 Symphonies Nos. 3 & 5 Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
1994 "Kullervo" Symphony Jean Sibelius; Helsingin kaupunginorkesteri, Paavo Berglund 1
1994 2. Sinfonie D-dur / Finlandia Jean Sibelius; Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra, Moshe Atzmon 1
1994 Cello & Piano Works Grieg, Sibelius 1
1994 Early Chamber Works Jean Sibelius; The Sibelius Academy Quartet, Tapiola Trio, Erik T. Tawaststjerna 2
1994 Sibelius: Klavierquintett g-Moll / Sinding: Klavierquintett e-Moll, op. 5 Jean Sibelius, Christian Sinding; Pihtipudas Kvintetti 1
1994 Symphonies Nos. 4 and 5 Sibelius; Berliner Sinfonie-Orchester, Kurt Sanderling 1
1994 Symphony no. 5 / Valse Triste / Finlandia / Tapiola Jean Sibelius; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1994 Violin Concerto / En Saga / Serenade for Violin and Orchestra, op. 69 no. 2 Sibelius; Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Julian Rachlin, Lorin Maazel 1
1994 Violin Concerto in D major, op. 61 / Violin Concerto in D minor, op. 47 Beethoven, Sibelius; David Oistrakh, Stockholm Festival Orchestra, Sixten Ehrling 1
1995 Early Chamber Music, Volume 1 Jean Sibelius 1
1995 Early Chamber Music, Volume 2 Jean Sibelius 1
1995 Jedermann, op. 83 / Belshazzar's Feast, op. 51 (original score) / The Countess's Portrait Jean Sibelius; Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Lahti Chamber Choir, Osmo Vänskä 1
1995 Symphonies nos. 2 & 6 Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 2

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