Miles Davis (jazz trumpeter, bandleader, songwriter)

~ Person

Also performs as: Cleo Henry

Wikipedia

Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer. He is among the most influential and acclaimed figures in the history of jazz and 20th century music. With his ever-changing directions in music, Davis was at the forefront of a number of major stylistic developments in jazz over his five-decade career.

Born and raised in Illinois, Davis began performing in 1940s New York with saxophonist Charlie Parker before recording the Birth of the Cool sessions for Capitol Records, which were instrumental to the development of cool jazz. In the early 1950s, he recorded some of the earliest hard bop music while on Prestige Records but did so haphazardly due to a heroin addiction. After a widely acclaimed comeback performance at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1955, he signed a long-term contract with Columbia Records and recorded in 1955 and 1956 material ultimately released on the 1957 album 'Round About Midnight. It was his first work with saxophonist John Coltrane and bassist Paul Chambers, key members of the sextet he led into the early 1960s. During this period, he alternated between orchestral jazz collaborations with arranger Gil Evans, such as the Spanish music-influenced Sketches of Spain (1960), and band recordings, such as Milestones (1958) and Kind of Blue (1959). The latter featured harmonies developed by pianist Bill Evans and was an innovative work in the emerging modal jazz style, eventually becoming arguably the most popular jazz album ever.

Davis made several line-up changes while recording Someday My Prince Will Come (1961), his Blackhawk concerts, and Seven Steps to Heaven (1963), another mainstream success that introduced bassist Ron Carter, pianist Herbie Hancock, and drummer Tony Williams. After adding saxophonist Wayne Shorter to his new quintet in 1964, Davis led them on a series of more abstract recordings often composed by the band members, helping pioneer the post-bop genre with albums such as E.S.P (1965) and Miles Smiles (1967), before transitioning into his electric period. During the 1970s, he radically experimented with rock, funk, African rhythms, emerging electronic music technology, and an ever-changing line-up of musicians, including keyboardist Joe Zawinul, drummer Al Foster, and guitarist John McLaughlin. This period, beginning with Davis' 1969 studio album In a Silent Way and concluding with the 1975 concert recording Agharta, was the most controversial in his career, alienating and challenging many in jazz. His million-selling 1970 record Bitches Brew helped spark a resurgence in the genre's commercial popularity with jazz fusion as the decade progressed.

After a five-year retirement in the late 1970s due to poor health, Davis returned to recording new music and performing live in the early 1980s, which found him employing younger musicians and pop music sounds on albums such as The Man with the Horn (1981) and Tutu (1986). Critics were generally unreceptive but the decade garnered Davis his highest level of commercial recognition, as he performed sold-out concerts worldwide while branching out into visual arts, film, and television work, before his death in 1991. In 2006, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, which recognized him as "one of the key figures in the history of jazz". Rolling Stone described Davis as "the most revered jazz trumpeter of all time, not to mention one of the most important musicians of the 20th century," while Gerald Lyn Early called him inarguably one of the most influential and innovative musicians of that period.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1988 Old Devil Moon Miles Davis 1
1988 The CBS Years (1955-1985) Miles Davis 1
1988 The Columbia Years 1955–1985 Miles Davis 1
1988 The Legendary Masters: Unissued or Rare: 1948–60 Miles Davis 1
1989 Compact Jazz: Miles Davis Miles Davis 2
1990 Ballads Miles Davis 1
1990 Evolution of a Genius 1954-1956 Miles Davis 1
1990 Evolution of a Genius: Miles Davis 1945 - 1954 Miles Davis 1
1990 Plays Classic Ballads Miles Davis 2
1990 The Collection Miles Davis 1
1991 First Miles Miles Davis 1
1991 '58 Miles Featuring Stella by Starlight Miles Davis 1
1991 The Essence of Miles Davis Miles Davis 1
1991 All Blues Miles Davis 1
1991 Big Fun Miles Davis 1
1991 Big Fun Miles Davis 1
1991 Conception Miles Davis, Stan Getz & Lee Konitz 1
1991 Evolution of a Genius: Miles Davis 1957 - 1958 Miles Davis 1
1991 Miles Davis Story Miles Davis 2
1991 The Best Live Miles Davis 1
1992 The Best of Miles Davis: The Capitol/Blue Note Years Miles Davis 2
1992 Mellow Miles Miles Davis 1
1992 The Ballad Artistry of Miles Davis Miles Davis 1
1992 The Miles Davis Gold Collection Miles Davis 1
1993 Miles Davis Miles Davis & Lennie Tristano 1
1993 Blue Haze Miles Davis 1
1993 Collection Miles Davis 1
1993 The Man in the Green Shirt Miles Davis 1
1993 This is Miles! Vol.1 Acoustic Side Miles Davis 1
1994 Essentiel Jazz: Miles Davis, Vol. 1 Miles Davis 1
1994 Portrait Miles Davis 1
1995 Bird of Paradise Miles Davis 2
1995 Miles Davis vs. Thelonius Monk Miles Davis 1
1996 Ballads & Blues Miles Davis 1
1996 This Is Jazz 8: Miles Davis Acoustic Miles Davis 1
1996 Electric Shout Miles Davis 1
1996 Jazz Portraits Miles Davis 1
1996 The Complete Columbia Studio Recordings Miles Davis & Gil Evans 2
1996 Bluing: Miles Davis Plays the Blues Miles Davis 1
1996 Jazz Masters - 100 ans de Jazz: Miles Davis Miles Davis 1
1996 Miles Davis & Freddie Hubbard Miles Davis 2
1996 Warner Jazz Les Incontournables Miles Davis 1
1997 The Best of Miles Davis & Gil Evans Miles Davis & Gil Evans 1
1997 This Is Jazz 22: Miles Davis Plays Ballads Miles Davis 1
1997 Miles Davis' Greatest Hits Miles Davis 2
1997 Autumn Leaves Miles Davis 1
1997 Selection of Miles Davis Miles Davis 1
1998 This Is Jazz 38: Electric Miles Davis 1
1998 Jazz Showcase Miles Davis 1
1998 The Complete Birth of the Cool Miles Davis 2
1998 The Very Best of Miles Davis Miles Davis 1
1998 The Complete Bitches Brew Sessions Miles Davis 5 3
1998 Miles Davis & Friends: Jazz & Blues Miles Davis 1
1998 So What! Miles Davis 1
1999 Love Songs Miles Davis 3
1999 Out of the Blue Miles Davis 1
1999 Ballads and More Miles Davis 1
1999 Gold Miles Davis 1
1999 Milestones: New York, Berlin, Tokyo Miles Davis 1
1999 The Best of Miles Davis Miles Davis 1
2000 EMI Jazz Masters: Miles Davis Miles Davis 1
2000 Ken Burns Jazz Miles Davis 2
2000 Midnite Jazz & Blues: Bye Bye Blackbird Miles Davis 1
2000 Midnite Jazz & Blues: Cool Jazz Classics Miles Davis 1
2000 Midnite Jazz & Blues: The Prince of Darkness Miles Davis 1
2000 Miles Davis & John Coltrane: The Complete Columbia Recordings 1955-1961 Miles Davis 4
2000 Miles to Go Miles Davis 1
2000 Millennium Collection Miles Davis 1
2000 Round Midnight Miles Davis 1
2000 The Story of Jazz Miles Davis 1
2001 Young Miles Miles Davis 1
2001 Blue Moods Miles Davis 2
2001 Super Hits Miles Davis 2
2001 The Best of Miles Davis & John Coltrane (1955–1961) Miles Davis & John Coltrane 2
2001 The Essential Miles Davis Miles Davis 3 1
2001 Charlie Parker & Miles Davis Charlie Parker & Miles Davis 1
2001 Miles Davis Volume 2 Miles Davis 2
2001 Boplicity Miles Davis 1
2001 The Complete in a Silent Way Sessions Miles Davis 2
2001 Ballads Miles Davis 1
2001 Boplicity Miles Davis 1
2001 Complete Birth of the Cool Miles Davis 1
2001 Miles Stones Miles Davis 2
2001 The Legendary Years 1955-1965 Miles Davis 1
2002 The Very Best of Miles Davis: The Warner Bros Sessions 1985-1991 Miles Davis 2
2002 Bird of Paradise Miles Davis 1
2002 Milestones Miles Davis 1
2002 Blue Moods: Music for You Miles Davis 1
2002 Timeless Miles Davis 1
2002 Gold Collection Miles Davis 1
2002 The Best of Miles Davis Miles Davis 1
2002 Blue Bird: Legendary Savoy Sessions Charlie Parker & Miles Davis 1
2002 Miles Davis - The Giant of Jazz Miles Davis 1
2002 Walkin' Miles Davis 1
2003 The Quintessence 1945 - 1951 Miles Davis 1
2003 Love Songs 2 Miles Davis 1
2003 Miles Plays for Lovers Miles Davis 1
2003 The Complete Jack Johnson Sessions Miles Davis 2
2003 A Night in Tunisia Miles Davis 1
2003 Enigma / The Complete Blue Note Sessions, 1952 - 1953 Miles Davis 1

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