Joséphine Baker

~ Person

Legal name: Freda Josephine McDonald

Wikipedia

Josephine Baker (born Freda Josephine McDonald; 3 June 1906 – 12 April 1975) was an entertainer, activist, and French Resistance agent. Her career was centered primarily in Europe, mostly in her adopted France. During her early career she was renowned as a dancer, and was among the most celebrated performers to headline the revues of the Folies Bergère in Paris. Her performance in the revue Un Vent de Folie in 1927 caused a sensation in Paris. Her costume, consisting of only a girdle of bananas, became her most iconic image and a symbol of the Jazz Age and the 1920s.

She was celebrated by artists and intellectuals of the era, who variously dubbed her the "Black Pearl", the "Bronze Venus", and the "Creole Goddess". Born in St. Louis, Missouri, she renounced her U.S. citizenship and became a French national after her marriage to French industrialist Jean Lion in 1937. She raised her children in France. "I have two loves," the artist once said, "my country and Paris."

Baker was the first person of color to become a world-famous entertainer and to star in a major motion picture, the 1934 Marc Allégret film Zouzou.

Baker refused to perform for segregated audiences in the United States and is noted for her contributions to the Civil Rights Movement. In 1968 she was offered unofficial leadership in the movement in the United States by Coretta Scott King, following Martin Luther King Jr.'s assassination. After thinking it over, Baker declined the offer out of concern for the welfare of her children.

She was also known for aiding the French Resistance during World War II. After the war, she was awarded the Croix de guerre by the French military, and was named a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur by General Charles de Gaulle.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1995 Speakeasy Directions In Groove 2
1998 A Century of Glory George Gershwin 1
1999 Overzicht van de 20ste eeuw: Muziek, Beeld & Radiofragmenten Various Artists 1
2007 Café de Paris Various Artists 1
2008 Essential French Café Music Various Artists 1
Le Kiosque aux chansons, Volume 1: Best of French Songs Various Artists 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1981 Wintergarten: Musik des neuen Berliner Wintergartens, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
1987 Falling in Love Again: Classic Female Vocalists of the 1930s Various Artists 1
1988 Paris After Dark Various Artists 1
1988 Stereoplay Spezial CD 28: Entertainment Various Artists 1
1989 Vive la France Vive la Chanson Various Artists 1
1991 Cabaret's Golden Age, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
1991 Sous le ciel de Paris Various Artists 1
1992 Songs and Stars of the Thirties: France's Most Popular Songs Various Artists 1
1993 A Tribute to Black Entertainers Various Artists 1
1993 Les Cinglés du music-hall : 1939 Various Artists 1
1994 Les Cinglés du music-hall : 1937 Various Artists 1
1994 Paris: Les Plus Belles Chansons Various Artists 1
1995 Paris ! Oh ! Que j'aime Paris Various Artists 1
1995 Great Stars of France Various Artists 1
1995 Mega Retro Various Artists 1
1995 Tendrement… – Les plus belles chansons d’amour Various Artists 1
1996 L'Âme des poètes : L'Essentiel de la chanson française Various Artists 1
1996 L'Âme des poètes Various Artists 1
1997 Club Verboten Various Artists 1
1997 L'Âme des poètes : L'Essentiel de la chanson française, Volume 3 Various Artists 1
1997 A Portrait of French Café Songs Various Artists 1
1997 Best of Rétro Various Artists 1
1997 Chantons français Various Artists 1
1997 On connait la chanson Various Artists 1
1997 Paris mon amour Various Artists 1
1998 72 Légendes d'or de la chanson Various Artists 1
1999 From France With Love Various Artists 1
1999 50 ans de chanson française Various Artists 2
1999 Chansons de Paris Various Artists 1
1999 A música do século, volume 44 Various Artists 1
1999 Divas Exotica Various Artists 2
1999 Les plus grandes chansons du siècle Various Artists 2
1999 Overzicht van de 20e eeuw 1925-1949 Various Artists 1
1999 Paris en Chansons Various Artists 1
1999 Wie man mit Jazz die Herzen der Frauen gewinnt Joseph von Westphalen 1
2000 Café de Paris Various Artists 1
2000 Déclaration d'amour Various Artists 1
2000 The Story of Chanson Various Artists 1
2001 Fleur de Paris: 25 Great French Hits Various Artists 1
2001 La Mer, Anthologie maritime de la chanson française 1923-1946 Various Artists 1
2001 Les 100 plus belles chansons d’amour (disc 3) Various Artists 3
2002 100 Chansons françaises de légende Various Artists 1
2002 Les plus grands chantent Vincent Scotto Vincent Scotto 1
2003 100 Chansons françaises de légende, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
2003 Paris 1919-1950 Various Artists 1
2003 100 chansons pour Paris Various Artists 1
2003 The Art Deco Music Collection Various Artists 1
2004 Les grandes dames de la Chanson, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
2004 100 Chansons françaises de légende, Volume 3 Various Artists 1
2004 American in Paris: Jazzmen Love France Various Artists 1
2004 120% Those Were the Days Various Artists 1
2004 Bonjour Paris Various Artists 1
2005 Jazz in Paris, Volume 1: Champs-Élysées 1917-1949 (Deluxe edition: 3CDs boxset) Various Artists 1
2005 100 chansons formidables Various Artists 1
2005 J'adore la chanson française, Vol. 1 Various Artists 2
2005 Lady Sings the Blues Various Artists 1
2005 Vic van de Reijt Présente: Les Meilleurs 69 Various Artists 1
2006 France : Chansons éternelles Various Artists 1
2006 Le Beau Temps des colonies Various Artists 1
2006 Lady Sings the Blues Various Artists 1
2006 French Café Classics Volume 1 Various Artists 1
2006 Le Petit Dictionnaire de la chanson française Various Artists 1
2007 Smile Style Various Artists 1
2007 L'ABC de la chanson française Volume 1 Various Artists 1
2007 L'ABC de la chanson française Volume 2 Various Artists 1
2007 Jazz in Paris: 1917/1959 (Deluxe edition: 12CDs boxset) Various Artists 1
2007 Café de Paris Various Artists 1
2008 Paris romantique Various Artists 3 1
2008 Mademoiselles de France Various Artists 1
2008 L’Intégrale Chanson Française Various Artists 1
2008 100 Franse Klassiekers, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
2008 Café de Paris : 75 grands succès français Various Artists 1
2009 Simply Cafe de Paris Various Artists 1
2010 Muziek uit de oorlogsjaren Various Artists 1
2010 Café de Paris Various Artists 1
2010 Jazz Divas Various Artists 1
2010 Chansons Françaises : Les 60 titres rétro que vous devez posséder Various Artists 1
2010 Living Stereo: 60 CD Collection Various Artists 2
2010 Nostalgie Various Artists 2
2011 Sex Symbols: A Sublime Selection of Sultry Sensual Screen Sirens Various Artists 1
2011 The Rough Guide Legends: Edith Piaf Édith Piaf 1
2011 Chanson: The Essential French Café Selection Various Artists 1
2011 Chantons français : 1925-1944 Various Artists 1
2011 Mega Chansons Françaises Various Artists 1
2012 Parisienne Affair - Les Femmes Chantent Various Artists 1
2012 Paris: Le Café Concert Various Artists 1
2013 MFM Radio : Les 100 titres cultes de la chanson française Various Artists 1
2013 Jazz Divas: The Very Best of, Volume 3 Various Artists 1
2013 Jukebox Favourites: Best of Jazz Ladies Various Artists 1
2013 Simply France Various Artists 1
2014 Le Jour J : Les chansons de la victoire Various Artists 1
1906-1942 Chansons Coloniales et Exotiques Various Artists 1
Anthologie de la chanson française enregistrée : 1930 Various Artists 1
Anthologie de la chanson française enregistrée : 1931 Various Artists 1

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