Ella Fitzgerald

~ Person

Legal name: Ella Jane Fitzgerald


Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was an American jazz singer often referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz and Lady Ella. She was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, and a "horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing.

After tumultuous teenage years, Fitzgerald found stability in musical success with the Chick Webb Orchestra, performing across the country, but most often associated with the Savoy Ballroom in Harlem. Fitzgerald's rendition of the nursery rhyme "A-Tisket, A-Tasket" helped boost both her and Webb to national fame. Taking over the band after Webb died, Fitzgerald left it behind in 1942 to start a solo career that would last effectively the rest of her life.

Signed with manager and Savoy co-founder Moe Gale from early in her career, she eventually gave managerial control for her performance and recording career to Norman Granz, who built up the label Verve Records based in part on Fitzgerald's vocal abilities. With Verve she recorded some of her more widely noted works, particularly her interpretation of the Great American Songbook.

While Fitzgerald appeared in movies and as a guest on popular television shows in the second half of the twentieth century, her musical collaborations with Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and The Ink Spots were some of her most notable acts outside of her solo career. These partnerships produced recognizable songs like "Dream a Little Dream of Me", "Cheek to Cheek", "Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall", and "It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)". In 1993, Fitzgerald capped off her sixty-year career with her last public performance. Three years later, she died at the age of 79, following years of decline in her health. After her passing, Fitzgerald's influence lived on through her fourteen Grammy Awards, National Medal of Arts, Presidential Medal of Freedom, and tributes in the form of stamps, music festivals, and theater namesakes.

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Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2008 Hamburg Duets 1976 Ella Fitzgerald & Joe Pass 1
2009 Twelve Nights in Hollywood Ella Fitzgerald 1
2010 The Best of Twelve Nights in Hollywood Ella Fitzgerald 5 1
2011 's Wonderful: Ella in Japan Ella Fitzgerald 1
2012 The 1961 Amsterdam Concert Ella Fitzgerald 1
2015 Live at Chautauqua, Vol. 1 Ella Fitzgerald 1
1966-01-30: Teatro Lirico, Milan, Italy Duke & Ella 1
Columbia Jazz 1973 Ella Fitzgerald 1
Compact Jazz: Ella Fitzgerald Live Ella Fitzgerald 1
Immortal Concerts: Ella Fitzgerald 1957-1958 Ella Fitzgerald 1
In the Groove Ella Fitzgerald 1
The Stockholm Concert Ella Fitzgerald 1


Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1944 I'm Making Believe / Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall Ink Spots and Ella Fitzgerald 1
1945 I'm Beginning to See the Light / That's Just the Way It Is Ella Fitzgerald and Ink Spots 1
1945 It's Only a Paper Moon / Cry You Out of My Heart Ella Fitzgerald & The Delta Rhythm Boys 1
1946 (I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons / It's a Pity to Say Goodnight Ella Fitzgerald & The Delta Rhythm Boys 1
1962 Desafinado (Slightly Out of Tune) Ella Fitzgerald 1
1967 Born to Lose / I Taught Him Everything He Knows Ella Fitzgerald 1
1968 Hawaiian War Chant / It's Only Love Ella Fitzgerald 1
1968 It's Up to Me and You / Brighten the Corner Ella Fitzgerald 1
1969 A Place for Lovers / Lonely Is Ella Fitzgerald 2
It's Too Soon to Know / I Can't Go On Ella Fitzgerald 1


Year Title Artist RatingReleases
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Cole Porter Song Book 1 Ella Fitzgerald 1

Other + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2007 Love Letters From Ella (Starbucks Special Issue) Ella Fitzgerald 1

Other + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1973-07-05: Newport Jazz Festival, Carnegie Hall, New York, NY, USA Ella Fitzgerald 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1950 Ella Sings Gershwin Ella Fitzgerald 2
1993 Anthology Ella Fitzgerald 1
1994 Ella Ella Fitzgerald 1
1994 Hallelujah! Ella Fitzgerald 2
1994 Rock It For Me Ella Fitzgerald 1
2000 On the Air, Volume 3: 1944-1947 Ella Fitzgerald 1
2001 Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald 1
2006 The Complete Fitzgerald & Armstrong Studio Recorded Duets Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong 1
2007 Love, Ella: The Original Versions Ella Fitzgerald 1
A-Tisket, A-Tasket Ella Fitzgerald 1
Basin Street Blues Ella Fitzgerald 1
Big Boy Blue Ella Fitzgerald 1
Ella Ella Fitzgerald 1
Ella and Louis Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong 1
Ella Fitzgerald - Jazz Masters - 100 Años de Swing Ella Fitzgerald 1
For the Love of Ella Fitzgerald: Monuments of Swing Ella Fitzgerald 1
Lover Come Back To Me Ella Fitzgerald 1
Masters of JAZZ Ella Fitzgerald 1
Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald 1
The Ella Fitzgerald Story Ella Fitzgerald 1


Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1994 Best of Ella Fitzgerald: First Lady of Song Ella Fitzgerald 1
2003 The Greatest 50 Classic Hits Ella Fitzgerald 1
Ella's Greatest Ella Fitzgerald 1

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