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Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian:  Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич , tr. Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich, pronounced [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ˈdmʲitrʲɪɪvʲɪtɕ ʂəstɐˈkovʲɪtɕ]; 25 September [O.S. 12 September] 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Soviet composer and pianist, and a prominent figure of 20th-century music.

Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government. Nevertheless, he received accolades and state awards and served in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (1947–1962) and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (from 1962 until his death).

A poly-stylist, Shostakovich developed a hybrid voice, combining a variety of different musical techniques into his music. Shostakovich's music is characterized by sharp contrasts, elements of the grotesque, and ambivalent tonality; the composer was also heavily influenced by the neo-classical style pioneered by Igor Stravinsky, and (especially in his symphonies) by the post-Romanticism associated with Gustav Mahler.

Shostakovich's orchestral works include 15 symphonies and six concerti. His chamber output includes 15 string quartets, a piano quintet, two piano trios, and two pieces for string octet. His piano works include two solo sonatas, an early set of preludes, and a later set of 24 preludes and fugues. Other works include three operas, several song cycles, ballets, and a substantial quantity of film music; especially well known is The Second Waltz, Op. 99, music to the film The First Echelon (1955–1956), as well as the Suites composed for The Gadfly.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2007 Richter the Master, Volume 3: Scriabin, Prokofiev, Shostakovich Scriabin, Prokofiev, Shostakovich; Richter 1
2007 Shostakovich Quartet No. 3 in F Major, Op. 73 / Britten Quartet No. 2 in C Major, Op. 36 Shostakovich, Britten; The Jupiter String Quartet 1
2007 Symphonies no. 1 & 6 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2007 Symphonies no. 2 & 12 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2007 Symphony no. 4 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2008 Symphony no. 8 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
2008 Cello Concertos no. 1 & 2 Shostakovich, Daniel Müller-Schott, Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Yakov Kreizberg 1
2008 Cello Concerto no. 2 / Sonata for Cello and Piano Dmitry Shostakovich; Sol Gabetta, Münchner Philharmoniker, Marc Albrecht, Mihaela Ursuleasa 2
2008 24 Preludes and Fugues, op. 87 Shostakovich; Tatiana Nikolayeva 1
2008 André Previn conducts Shostakovich: Symphony No. 5 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
2008 Skrjabin: 9 Mazurkas, op. 25 / Schostakowitsch: 24 Präludien, op. 34 Skrjabin, Schostakowitsch; Daniela Müller-Jung 1
2008 Symphonies no. 3 & 15 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2008 Symphony No. 7 "Leningrad" Dmitri Shostakovich; Toronto Symphony Orchestra, Peter Oundjian 1
2008 Symphony No. 7 in C, op. 60 'Leningrad' Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2008 Symphony no. 10 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2008 Symphony no. 11 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2008 Symphony no. 14 Shostakovich; Iano Tamar, Taras Shtonda, Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2009 24 Preludes & Fugues, op. 87 Dmitri Shostakovich; Jenny Lin 1
2009 Symphony no. 11 "The Year 1905" Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2009 Hamlet op. 32 / Symphony no. 15 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Russian National Orchestra, Mikhail Pletnev 1
2009 Shostakovich: Violin Concerto no. 1 - Violinkonzert Nr. 1 / Prokofiev: Symphony no. 1 "Classical" - "Symphonie Classique" Shostakovich, Prokofiev; Gustav Schmahl, Dresdner Philharmonie, Kurt Masur 1
2009 The Nose Shostakovich; Mariinsky Orchestra & Chorus, Valery Gergiev 1
2009 Symphony no. 4 Shostakovich; Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra, Mark Wigglesworth 1
2009 The Girlfriends / Rule, Britannia! / Salute to Spain / Symphonic Movement (Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Mark Fitz-Gerald) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2009 Symphonies nos. 1 & 15 Shostakovich; Mariinsky Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 1
2009 Symphony no. 6 Shostakovich; Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, Yevgeni Mravinsky 1
2009 Symphonies nos. 5 & 9 Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2009 Piano Trios Shostakovich, Schnittke; Kempf Trio 1
2009 Piano Works Shostakovich; Lilia Boyadjieva 1
2009 Russian Masterpieces for Cello and Orchestra Tchaikovsky, Shostakovich; Zuill Bailey, San Francisco Ballet Orchestra, Martin West 1
2010 Symphony no. 4 Dmitri Shostakovich; Wiener Symphoniker, Eliahu Inbal 1
2010 Symphony no. 7 “Leningrad” Dmitri Shostakovich; Wiener Symphoniker, Eliahu Inbal 1
2010 Symphony no. 11 "The Year 1905" Dmitri Shostakovich; Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra, Mark Wigglesworth 1
2010 Polyphonic Dialogues Shostakovich, Shchedrin; Joachim Kwetzinsky 1
2010 Symphony no. 8 Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2010 The Preludes & Fugues Shostakovich; Alexander Melnikov 1
2010 Symphony no. 10 Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2010 Symphonies nos. 2 & 11 Shostakovich; Mariinsky Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 1
2010 Shostakovich: 24 Preludes & Fugues, op. 87 / Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto no. 1, op. 23 Shostakovich, Tchaikovsky; Tatiana Nikolayeva 1
2011 Symphonies nos. 3 & 10 Shostakovich; Mariinsky Orchestra, Mariinsky Chorus, Valery Gergiev 1
2011 Symphonie n° 11 en sol mineur, op. 103 "L'année 1905" (Orchestre philarmonique de Monte-Carlo - Y. Kreizberg, cond.) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2011 Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 3 "The First of May" Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2011 Piano Trios nos. 1 & 2 / Seven Romances, op. 127 Shostakovich; The Florestan Trio, Susan Gritton 1
2011 ベルリン・フィル・デビューLIVE ショスタコーヴィチ, 武満徹;ベルリン・フィルハーモニー管弦楽団,佐渡裕 1
2011 Shostakovich: Cello Concerto no. 1 / Symphony no. 9 / Liadov: Baba Yaga / The Musical Snuffbox / Kikimora / The Enchanted Lake / Ballade Shostakovich, Liadov; Lynn Harrell, Seattle Symphony, Gerard Schwarz 1
2011 The Soviet Experience, Volume 1: Shostakovich: Quartets nos. 5-8 / Miaskovsky: Quartet no. 13 Shostakovich, Miaskovsky; Pacifica Quartet 1
2011 Symphony no. 6 / Symphony no. 12 "The Year 1917" Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2011 Symphony no. 15 Shostakovich; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
2011 Chopin / Liszt / Rachmaninoff / Schostakowitsch Chopin, Liszt, Rachmaninoff, Schostakowitsch; Trio D’Ante Vienna 1
2011 24 Preludes Scriabin, Shostakovich; Kyoko Hashimoto 1
2011 Shostakovich: Cello Concerto no. 1 / Britten: Cello Symphony Shostakovich, Britten; Johannes Moser, WDR Sinfonieorchester Köln, Pietari Inkinen 1
2011 Sonates pour violoncelle et piano Chostakovitch, Prokofiev; Sonia Wieder-Atherton, Laurent Cabasso 1
2011 Symphony No. 11 “The Year 1905” Dmitri Shostakovich; Peter Oundjian, Toronto Symphony Orchestra 1
2012 The Soviet Experience, Volume 2: Shostakovich: Quartets nos. 1-4 / Prokofiev: Quartet no. 2 Shostakovich, Prokofiev; Pacifica Quartet 1
2012 Symphony no. 2 "To October" / Symphony no. 15 Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2012 Piano Concertos nos. 1 and 2 / Symphony no. 9 Shostakovich; Peter Jablonski, Cristina Ortiz, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
2012 Shostakovich Rachmaninov Shostakovich, Rachmaninov; Sol Gabetta, Münchner Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel, Olga Kern 1
2012 Shostakovich: Piano Concertos nos. 1 & 2 / Shchedrin: Piano Concerto no. 5 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович, Родион Константинович Щедрин; Denis Matsuev, Valery Gergiev, Mariinsky Orchestra 1
2012 Symphonies nos. 9 & 15 Dmitry Shostakovich; Andrey Boreyko, Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart der SWR 1
2012 Symphony No. 7 'Leningrad' Shostakovich; Valery Gergiev, Mariinsky Orchestra 2
2013 The Soviet Experience, Volume 3: Shostakovich: Quartets nos. 9-12 / Weinberg: Quartet no. 6 Shostakovich, Weinberg; Pacifica Quartet 1
2013 Symphony no. 7 "Leningrad" Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2013 The Execution of Stepan Razin / Zoya Suite / Suite on Finnish Themes Shostakovich; Shenyang, State Choir "Latvija", Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
2013 Symphony no. 8 Shostakovich; Mariinsky Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 2
2013 Symphony no. 4 Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2013 The Soviet Experience, Volume 4: Shostakovich: Quartets nos. 13-15 / Schnittke: Quartet no. 3 Shostakovich, Schnittke; Pacifica Quartet 1
2013 Cello Concerto no. 1 / Sonata for Cello and Piano, op. 40 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Emmanuelle Bertrand, Pascal Amoyel, BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Pascal Rophé 1
2013 Shostakovich: Viola Sonata / Rachmaninov: Cello Sonata / Vocalise Shostakovich, Rachmaninov; Leonard Elschenbroich, Alexei Grynyuk 1
2014 Symphonies nos. 1 & 15 Shostakovich; Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra, Mark Wigglesworth 1
2014 Six Romances on Verses by English Poets / Scottish Ballade / Suite on Poems by Michelangelo Shostakovich; Gerald Finley, Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, Thomas Sanderling 1
2014 Cello Concertos Shostakovich; Truls Mørk, Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 2
2014 Symphonies nos 1-3 Shostakovich; Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra, Mark Wigglesworth 1
2014 Symphony no. 14 Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2014 Schumann Shostakovitch Piazzolla Robert Schumann, Dimitri Shostakovich, Astor Piazzolla; Trio Pirandello 1
2014 Violin Concertos 1 & 2 Shostakovich; Christian Tetzlaff, Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra, John Storgårds 1
2014 String Quartets Nos 14 & 15, Two pieces, Op. 36 Dmitry Shostakovich; Pražák Quartet 1
2014 Symphony no. 13 "Babi Yar" Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2014 Russian Soul Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev, Shostakovich; Apollon Musagete Quartett 1
2015 Russian Recital Mussorgsky, Prokofiev, Shostakovich; Jorge Federico Osorio 1
2015 Shostakovich: Preludes / Prokofiev: Visions Fugitives / Weill: Seven Pieces from "The Threepenny Opera" Shostakovich, Prokofiev, Weill; Benjamin Schmid, Lisa Smirnova 2
2015 String Quartets nos. 4, 8 & 11 Dmitri Shostakovich; Carducci String Quartet 2
2015 Piano Quintet & String Quartet no. 2 Shostakovich; Takács Quartet, Marc-André Hamelin 1
2015 Cello Concertos Prokofiev, Shostakovich; Steven Isserlis, Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Järvi 2
2015 Shostakovich: Symphony no. 8, op. 65 / Scriabin: Le Poème de l'extase, op. 54 Shostakovich, Scriabin; Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, Yevgeny Mravinsky 1
2015 BBC Music, Volume 23, Number 8: Shostakovich: Symphony No. 10 Shostakovich; BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, Donald Runnicles 1
2015 Cantatas Shostakovich; Estonian Concert Choir, Estonian National Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Järvi 2
2015 Symphony no. 9 / Violin Concerto no. 1 Shostakovich; Leonidas Kavakos, Mariinsky Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 2
2015 Piano Concertos Shostakovich; Anna Vinnitskaya, Kremerata Baltica 1
2015 BBC Music, Volume 23, Number 11: Beethoven: Piano Sonata no. 18 / Britten: Lachrymae / Shostakovich: Cello Sonata Beethoven, Britten, Shostakovich 1
2015 Shostakovich Under Stalin’s Shadow: Symphony No. 10 Shostakovich; Andris Nelsons, Boston Symphony Orchestra 1
2015 The Cello Concertos Shostakovich; Mariinsky Orchestra, Valery Gergiev, Gautier Capuçon 1
2016 Rèves d’Espagne Dørumsgaard, Ibert, Ravel, Shostakovich; Henk Neven, Hans Eijsackers 1
2016 Piano Trios Nos. 1 & 2 / Viola Sonata Shostakovich; Vladimir Ashkenazy, Zsolt-Tihamér Visontay, Mats Lidström, Ada Meinich 1
2016 Beethoven: Symphony no. 4, op. 60 / Shostakovich: Symphony no. 10, op. 93 Ludwig van Beethoven, Dmitry Shostakovich; Yevgeny Mravinsky, Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2016 Shostakovich / Glazunov Shostakovich, Glazunov; Nicola Benedetti, Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Kirill Karabits 1
2016 Cello Concertos 1 & 2 Shostakovich; Alisa Weilerstein, Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Pablo Heras-Casado 1
2016 Arcanum Lera Auerbach, Dmitri Shostakovich; Kim Kashkashian, Lera Auerbach 1
2016 Violin Concertos 1 & 2 Dmitri Shostakovich; Frank Peter Zimmermann, NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchester, Alan Gilbert 1
Barber: Violin Concerto / Shostakovich: Violin Concerto no. 1 in A minor, op. 99 Barber, Shostakovich; Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, London Symphony Orchestra, Maxim Shostakovich 1
Chamber Symphony / Piano Concerto No. 1 / Two pieces for string octet Dmitri Shostakovich; BT Scottish Ensemble, Clio Gould, Sophia Rahman & John Wallace 1

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