Black Sabbath were an English rock band formed in Birmingham in 1968 by guitarist Tony Iommi, drummer Bill Ward, bassist Geezer Butler and vocalist Ozzy Osbourne. They are often cited as pioneers of heavy metal music. The band helped define the genre with releases such as Black Sabbath (1970), Paranoid (1970), and Master of Reality (1971). The band had multiple line-up changes following Osbourne's departure in 1979, with Iommi being the only constant member throughout its history.

After previous iterations of the group called the Polka Tulk Blues Band and Earth, the band settled on the name Black Sabbath in 1969. They distinguished themselves through occult themes with horror-inspired lyrics and down-tuned guitars. Signing to Philips Records in November 1969, they released their first single, "Evil Woman" in January 1970. Their debut album, Black Sabbath, was released the following month. Though it received a negative critical response, the album was a commercial success, leading to a follow-up record, Paranoid, later in 1970. The band's popularity grew, and by 1973's Sabbath Bloody Sabbath, critics were starting to respond favourably.

Osbourne's excessive substance abuse led to his firing in 1979. He was replaced by former Rainbow vocalist Ronnie James Dio. Following two albums with Dio, Black Sabbath endured many personnel changes in the 1980s and 1990s that included vocalists Ian Gillan, Glenn Hughes, Ray Gillen and Tony Martin, as well as several drummers and bassists. Martin, who replaced Gillen in 1987, was the second longest serving vocalist and recorded three albums with Black Sabbath before his dismissal in 1991. That same year, Iommi and Butler were rejoined by Dio and drummer Vinny Appice to record Dehumanizer (1992). After two more studio albums with Martin, who replaced Dio in 1993, the band's original line-up reunited in 1997 and released a live album Reunion the following year; they continued to tour occasionally until 2005. Other than various back catalogue reissues and compilation albums, as well as the Mob Rules-era lineup reunited as Heaven & Hell, there was no further activity under the Black Sabbath name for six years. They reunited in 2011 and released their final studio album and nineteenth overall, 13 (2013), which features all of the original members except Ward. During their farewell tour, the band played their final concert in their home city of Birmingham on 4 February 2017.

Black Sabbath have sold over 70 million records worldwide as of 2013, making them one of the most commercially successful heavy metal bands. They were ranked by MTV as the "Greatest Metal Band" of all time, and placed second in VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock" list. Rolling Stone magazine ranked them number 85 on their "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Black Sabbath were inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005 and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2006. They have also won two Grammy Awards for Best Metal Performance, and in 2019 the band were presented a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

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1970Black SabbathBlack Sabbath4.538
1970ParanoidBlack Sabbath4.7544
1971Master of RealityBlack Sabbath4.635
1972Vol 4Black Sabbath4.2532
1973Sabbath Bloody SabbathBlack Sabbath4.3532
1975SabotageBlack Sabbath423
1976Technical EcstasyBlack Sabbath3.1517
1978Never Say Die!Black Sabbath320
1980Heaven and HellBlack Sabbath4.823
1981Mob RulesBlack Sabbath4.416
1983Born AgainBlack Sabbath3.214
1986Seventh StarBlack Sabbath featuring Tony Iommi314
1987The Eternal IdolBlack Sabbath3.2514
1989Headless CrossBlack Sabbath3.3510
1990ᛏᛉᚱBlack Sabbath49
1992DehumanizerBlack Sabbath3.313
1994Cross PurposesBlack Sabbath36
1995ForbiddenBlack Sabbath2.59
201313Black Sabbath3.5519

Album + Compilation

1973Attention! Black Sabbath Volume OneBlack Sabbath1
1976The OriginalBlack Sabbath1
1976We Sold Our Soul for Rock ’n’ RollBlack Sabbath513
1977Greatest HitsBlack Sabbath59
1984Hand of DoomBlack Sabbath1
1984Heavy Metal Vol. 1Motörhead, Judas Priest, Black Sabbath2
1985The Sabbath CollectionBlack Sabbath53
1987Master Of Reality / Black Sabbath Vol.4Black Sabbath1
1987Paranoid / Black SabbathBlack Sabbath1
1989Blackest SabbathBlack Sabbath2
1989Backtrackin’Black Sabbath2
1991The Ozzy Osbourne YearsBlack Sabbath43
1991The Black Sabbath StoryBlack Sabbath1
1992ForeverBlack Sabbath1
1992Iron ManBlack Sabbath1
1993Between Heaven & Hell: The Best of Black SabbathBlack Sabbath2
1994Iron ManBlack Sabbath1
1995The Best of Ozzy Osbourne YearsBlack Sabbath1
1995Between Heaven and HellBlack Sabbath2
1996Ozzy Osbourne: Best TracksBlack Sabbath1
1996The Sabbath StonesBlack Sabbath2
1996Under Wheels of Confusion: 1970–87Black Sabbath1
1996The Best of Black SabbathBlack Sabbath11
1997Rock GiantsBlack Sabbath1
1999The CollectionBlack Sabbath1
2000The Singles (1970–1978)Black Sabbath1
2001The Complete 70’s Replica CD Collection: 1970–1978Black Sabbath1
2001Rock ChampionsBlack Sabbath1
2002Symptom of the Universe: 1970–1978Black Sabbath1
2004Black Box: The Complete Original Black Sabbath (1970–1978)Black Sabbath2
2005The Best of Black SabbathBlack Sabbath1
2006Greatest Hits 1970–1978Black Sabbath52
2006Black SabbathBlack Sabbath1
2007The Dio YearsBlack Sabbath510
2008The Rules of HellBlack Sabbath52
2009Greatest HitsBlack Sabbath41
2010The Ozzy Years: Complete Albums Box SetBlack Sabbath1
2010Cross BoxBlack Sabbath1
2012Iron Man: The Best of Black SabbathBlack Sabbath2
2012The Vinyl Collection 1970-1978Black Sabbath2
2016The Ultimate CollectionBlack Sabbath2
2021Solid Gold Black SabbathBlack Sabbath1
ForeverBlack Sabbath1
Greatest HitsBlack Sabbath1
Sabbath Bloody Sabbath / Black SabbathBlack Sabbath1
The Complete Albums 1970-1978Black Sabbath0

Album + Live

1980Live at LastBlack Sabbath414
1982Live EvilBlack Sabbath414
1995Cross Purposes LiveBlack Sabbath2
1998ReunionBlack Sabbath45
1999The Last SupperBlack Sabbath2
2002Past LivesBlack Sabbath3.57
2007Live at Hammersmith OdeonBlack Sabbath1
2013Live… Gathered in Their MassesBlack Sabbath3
2017The EndBlack Sabbath49


1970Evil Woman / Wicked WorldBlack Sabbath4
1970ParanoidBlack Sabbath4
1970The Wizard / Evil Woman, Don't Play Your Games With MeBlack Sabbath1
1971Sweet LeafBlack Sabbath1
1971Iron Man / Electric FuneralBlack Sabbath1
1972Children of the GraveBlack Sabbath1
1972Tomorrow's DreamBlack Sabbath1
1973Sabbath Bloody Sabbath / ChangesBlack Sabbath1
1976GypsyBlack Sabbath1
1976It's AlrightBlack Sabbath1
1978Hard RoadBlack Sabbath1
1978Never Say DieBlack Sabbath1
1980Neon KnightsBlack Sabbath1
1980Die YoungBlack Sabbath1
1981Mob RulesBlack Sabbath1
1981Turn Up the NightBlack Sabbath1
1987The ShiningBlack Sabbath1
1988Black SabbathBlack Sabbath1
1989Devil and DaughterBlack Sabbath1
1989Headless CrossBlack Sabbath2
1989Paranoid / Electric Funeral / Sabbath Bloody SabbathBlack Sabbath1
1990Feels Good to MeBlack Sabbath1
1992TV CrimesBlack Sabbath6
1992Master of InsanityBlack Sabbath3
1998Psycho ManBlack Sabbath3
2007Shadow of the WindBlack Sabbath1

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