Legal name: Charles-Camille Saint‐Saëns

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Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (French: [ʃaʁlkamij sɛ̃sɑ̃s]; 9 October 1835 – 16 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era. His best-known works include Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso (1863), the Second Piano Concerto (1868), the First Cello Concerto (1872), Danse macabre (1874), the opera Samson and Delilah (1877), the Third Violin Concerto (1880), the Third ("Organ") Symphony (1886) and The Carnival of the Animals (1886).

Saint-Saëns was a musical prodigy; he made his concert debut at the age of ten. After studying at the Paris Conservatoire he followed a conventional career as a church organist, first at Saint-Merri, Paris and, from 1858, La Madeleine, the official church of the French Empire. After leaving the post twenty years later, he was a successful freelance pianist and composer, in demand in Europe and the Americas.

As a young man, Saint-Saëns was enthusiastic for the most modern music of the day, particularly that of Schumann, Liszt and Wagner, although his own compositions were generally within a conventional classical tradition. He was a scholar of musical history, and remained committed to the structures worked out by earlier French composers. This brought him into conflict in his later years with composers of the impressionist and dodecaphonic schools of music; although there were neoclassical elements in his music, foreshadowing works by Stravinsky and Les Six, he was often regarded as a reactionary in the decades around the time of his death.

Saint-Saëns held only one teaching post, at the École de Musique Classique et Religieuse in Paris, and remained there for less than five years. It was nevertheless important in the development of French music: his students included Gabriel Fauré, among whose own later pupils was Maurice Ravel. Both of them were strongly influenced by Saint-Saëns, whom they revered as a genius.

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Discography

Album

YearTitleArtistRatingReleases
1925Introduction et Rondo CapricciosoSaint‐Saëns; Renée Chemet, Harold Craxton1
1949Symphony no. 3 in C MinorSaint‐Saëns; Charles Muench, Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra of New York, E. Nies-Berger1
1958Concerto n° 5 / SeptuorCamille Saint‐Saëns; Jeanne-Marie Darré1
1958Concerto No. 2 / Symphonic VariationsSaint-Saëns / Franck - Rubinstein, Wallenstein, Symphony Of The Air1
1961Ibert: Divertissement / Bizet: Jeux d’enfants / Saint‐Säens: Danse macabre / Le rouet d’omphaleIbert, Bizet, Saint‐Saëns; Paris Conservatoire Orchestra, Jean Martinon1
1965Violin Concerto / HavanaiseKhachaturian; Saint‐Saëns, Kogan, Boston Symphony, Monteux1
1967Poulenc: Les Animaux modèles / Saint-Saëns: Le Carnaval des animauxSaint‐Saëns, Poulenc; Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Aldo Ciccolini, Alexis Weissenberg, Georges Prêtre1
1970Poème / Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso / Concerto No. 5 / Polonaise in DZukerman, London Symphony Orchestra, Charles Mackerras; Chausson, Saint‐Saëns, Vieuxtemps, Wieniawski1
1974French Piano MusicDebussy, Satie, Saint-Saëns, Chabrier; Cécile Ousset1
1975Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf / Saint-Saëns: Carnival of the AnimalsSergey Prokofiev, Camille Saint‐Saëns; Wiener Philharmoniker, Karl Böhm, Hermione Gingold2
1976Saint‐Saëns: Violin Concerto no. 3 / Vieuxtemps: Violin Concerto no. 5Saint‐Saëns, Vieuxtemps; Kyng‐Wha Chung, London Symphony Orchestra, Lawrence Foster2
1976Symphony no. 3 ”Organ” · „Orgel-Symphonie”Camille Saint-Saëns; Gaston Litaize, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim1
1976Сен-Санс: Концерт но. 2 для фортепиано с оркестром соль минор, соч. 22 / Шуман: Карнавал, соч. 9К. Сен‐Санс, Р. Шуман; Григорий Соколов1
1978"Organ" Symphony no. 3Camille Saint‐Saëns; Leonard Raver, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein1
1978Rachmaninoff: Piano Concerto No. 4 / Saint‐Saëns: Piano Concerto No. 2Rachmaninoff, Saint‐Saëns; Earl Wild1
1978Saint-Saëns: Introduction et Rondo Capriccioso / Chausson: Poème / Saint-Saëns: Havanaise / Ravel: TziganeSaint‐Saëns, Chausson, Ravel; Kyung‐Wha Chung, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Charles Dutoit1
1980Symphony no. 3 "Organ"Saint‐Saëns; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Michael Murray2
1981Danse Macabre · Phaéton · Le Rouet d'Omphale · La Jeunesse d'Hercule · Marche HéroïqueCamille Saint‐Saëns1
1981Lalo: Symphonie espagnole / Saint‐Saëns: Violin Concerto no. 1Lalo, Saint‐Saëns; Kyung Wha Chung, Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit1
1982Symphonie en ré mineurFranck, Saint‐Saëns; Orchestre National de France, Leonard Bernstein1
1982Piano Concerto no. 2 / Rhapsody on a Theme of PaganiniSaint‐Saëns, Rachmaninoff; Bella Davidovich, Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam, Neeme Järvi1
1982Sinfonie N.3 in c-moll mit Orgel, op.78Camille Saint‐Saëns, Peter Hurford, Orchestre symphonique de Montréal & Charles Dutoit1
1982Sonates pour violoncelle et piano opus 19 & opus 32Rachmaninov, Saint‐Saëns; Aleth Lamasse, Daria Hovora1
1982Symphonie no. 3 "Organ"Camille Saint‐Saëns; Pierre Cochereau, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan4
1982Symphony no. 3 "Organ"Saint‐Saëns; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit, Peter Hurford2
1983Cello ConcertosSchumann, Saint‐Saëns; Lynn Harrell, The Cleveland Orchestra, Neville Marriner1
1983Concerto pour violon n° 3 Op61; Havanaise Op83; Introduction & Rondo Capriccioso pour violon Op28Camille Saint‐Saëns; Augustin Dumay, Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte‐Carlo, 矢崎広1
1983Piano Concertos nos. 2, 4 & 5Saint‐Saëns; Pascal Rogé, Philharmonia Orchestra, Charles Dutoit2
1983Saint-Saëns: Violin Concerto no. 3 / Wieniawski: Violin Concerto no. 2Saint‐Saëns, Wieniawski; Orchestre de Paris, Daniel Barenboim, Itzhak Perlman1
1984Le Carnaval des Animaux (Grande Fantaisie Zoologique)Camille Saint‐Saëns1
1984Pavane / L’Apprenti sorcier / Danse macabre / Marche hongroise / Joyeuse marche / Prélude à L’Après-midi d’un fauneDebussy, Ravel, Dukas, Saint‐Saëns; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Sir Neville Marriner1
1984Peter and the Wolf / Carnival of the AnimalsProkofiev, Saint‐Saëns; התזמורת הפילהרמונית הישראלית1
1985KlaviertriosCamille Saint‐Saëns; Münchner Klaviertrio1
1985Symphony no. 3 "Organ Symphony"Camille Saint‐Saëns; San Francisco Symphony, Edo de Waart, Jean Guillou1
1986Carnaval des animauxSaint‐Saëns; London Sinfonietta, Philharmonia Orchestra, Charles Dutoit, Cristina Ortiz, Pascal Rogé1
1986Berühmte OrgelwerkeCamille Saint‐Saëns; Joachim Dorfmüller1
1986Carnaval des Animaux, Septuor Op. 65Camille Saint‐Saëns1
1986Lalo, Saint‐Saëns: Cello Concertos / Fauré: ÉlégieLalo, Saint‐Saëns, Fauré; Lynn Harrell, Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Riccardo Chailly1
1986Symphony No. 3 "Organ"Camille Saint‐Saëns; Bern Symphony Orchestra, Peter Maag, Daniel Chorzempa1
1986Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations / Offenbach & Saint-Saens: Cello ConcertosTchaikovsky, Offenbach, Saint‐Saëns; Ofra Harnoy1
1987Saint‐Saëns: Introduction & Rondo Capriccioso / Havanaise / Sarasate: Carmen‐Fantasy / Chausson: Poème / Ravel: TziganeSaint‐Saëns, Sarasate, Chausson, Ravel; Itzhak Perlman, New York Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta3
1987Les 5 concertos pour pianoSaint‐Saëns; Aldo Ciccolini, Orchestre de Paris, Serge Baudo3
1987Saint-Saëns: Piano Trio no. 2 / Ravel: Piano TrioSaint‐Saëns, Ravel; The Arden Trio1
1987Saint-Saëns: Symphony No.3 "Organ" / Dukas: The Sorcerer's ApprenticeSaint‐Saëns, Dukas; Berliner Philharmoniker, James Levine3
1987Symphony No. 3 in C minor, op. 78 "Organ"Camille Saint‐Saëns; Royal Promenade Orchestra, Alfred Gehardt2
1987Weihnachtsoratorium / Vom Himmel HochSaint‐Saëns, F. Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; Dresdner Philharmonie, Dresdner Kreuzchor, Martin Flämig1
1988Peter und der Wolf / Karneval der TiereСергей Сергеевич Прокофьев, Camille Saint‐Saëns;Hermann Prey1
1988Symphony no. 3 "Organ"Saint‐Saëns; Imrich Szabo, CSR Symphony Orchestra (Bratislava), Stephen Gunzenhauser1
1988Lalo: Symphonie Espagnole / Saint‐Saëns: Violin Concerto no. 3 in B minorÉdouard Lalo, Camille Saint‐Saëns; Aaron Rosand, Southwest German Radio Orchestra, Baden‐Baden, Tibor Szőke1
1988Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto / Saint-Saëns: Havanaise / Introduction and Rondo capriccioso / Massenet: Meditation from 'Thais'Mendelssohn, Saint‐Saëns, Massenet; Nadja Salerno‐Sonnenberg, New York Chamber Symphony, Gerard Schwarz1
1988Ravel: Introduction et allegro / Debussy: Danse sacrée et danse profane / Sonate / Saint-Saëns: Fantaisie / Roussel: SérénadeRavel, Debussy, Saint‐Saëns, Roussel; Academy of St Martin in the Fields Chamber Ensemble, Skaila Kanga1
1988Robert Schumann: Piano Concerto / Camille Saint‐Saëns: Wedding Cake / César Franck: Symphonic VariationsRobert Schumann, Camille Saint‐Saëns, César Franck; Jorge Federico Osorio, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Enrique Bátiz1
1988Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Saint-Saëns: Rondo CapricciosoJean Sibelius, Camille Saint‐Saëns; Dylana Jenson, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy3
1989Saint‐Saëns, Lalo: Cello Concertos / Bruch: Kol NidreiSaint‐Saëns, Lalo, Bruch; Matt Haimovitz, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, James Levine1
1989Le carnaval des animaux / Septet / Allegro Appassionato / BagatellesSaint‐Saëns; Ian Hobson, The Sinfonia da Camera1
1989Les 5 SymphoniesSaint‐Saëns; Orchestre national de l’ORTF, Jean Martinon3
1989Piano Concertos nos. 2 & 4Saint‐Saëns; Philharmonia Orchestra, James Loughran, İdil Biret2
1989Requiem / Psaume XVIIISaint‐Saëns; Orchestre National d'Ile de France, Jacques Mercier1
1989The 5 Piano ConcertosSaint‐Saëns; Philippe Entremont, L'Orchestre du Capitole de Toulouse & Michel Plasson1
1990Symphony no. 2 / Symphony no. 3 "Organ"Saint‐Saëns; Gillian Weir, Ulster Orchestra, Yan Pascal Tortelier2
1990French Violin SonatasDebussy, Saint‐Saëns, Ravel, Poulenc; Dong-Suk Kang, Pascal Devoyon2
1990Franck / Saint-Saëns: Violin Sonatas / Ravel: TziganeFranck, Saint‐Saëns, Ravel; Gil Shaham, Gerhard Oppitz1
1990Carnaval des Animaux, Variations sur un theme de Beethoven, PolonaiseSaint-Saëns; Yo‐Yo Ma, Gaby Casadesus, Philippe Entremont1
1990Cello ConcertosSaint‐Saëns, Lalo, Fauré; Gaspar Cassadó, Bamberger Symphony, Jonel Perlea1
1990Christmas Oratorio / A Ceremony of CarolsSaint‐Saëns, Benjamin Britten; Dresden Kreuzchor, Dresden Philharmonic, Martin Flämig1
1990Complete Works For Piano & WindsCamille Saint‐Saëns31
1990Complete Works for Violin & Orchestra, Cello & OrchestraSaint‐Saëns; Ruggiero Ricci, Laszlo Varga1
1990Dukas: The Sorcerer's Apprentice / Saint-Saëns: Danse macabre / Rossini/Respighi: La Boutique fantasqueDukas, Saint‐Saëns, Rossini/Respighi; Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson4
1990Saint-Saëns / Ravel / MartinSaint‐Saëns, Ravel, Martin; Guarneri Trio1
1990Saint-Saëns: Le Carnaval des animaux / Poulenc: Concerto pour 2 pianos et orchestreSaint‐Saëns, Poulenc; Orchestre philharmonique de Radio France, Marek Janowski, Güher & Süher Pekinel1
1991Symphony No. 3 "Organ" / Le Carnaval des animauxSaint‐Saëns; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit2
1991Airs BohemiensPablo de Sarasate, Niccolò Paganini, Camille Saint‐Saëns; Itzhak Perlman2
1991Carnival of the Animals / Organ SymphonySaint‐Saëns; Yo‐Yo Ma, E. Power Biggs3
1991Chamber Music for Wind Instruments and PianoCamille Saint‐Saëns; Ensemble Villa Musica1
1991Lalo: Symphonie Espagnole / Vieuxtemps: Violin Concerto no. 5 / Saint-Saëns: Introduction & Rondo CapricciosoLalo, Vieuxtemps, Saint‐Saëns; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta, Shlomo Mintz2
1991Paganini: Violin Concerto no. 1 / Saint-Saëns: Violin Concerto no. 3Paganini, Saint‐Saëns; Gil Shaham, New York Philharmonic, Giuseppe Sinopoli1
1991PoèmeChausson, Massenet, Saint‐Saëns, Ravel; Joshua Bell, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Andrew Litton1
1991Saint-Saëns à la MadeleineSaint‐Saëns; Maîtrise des Hauts-de-Seine, Orchestre d’Orléans, Jean-Marc Cochereau, François-Henri Houbart1
1991Saint-Saëns: Violin Concerto No. 3 / Lalo: Symphonie espagnoleSaint‐Saëns, Lalo, Chausson; Joshua Bell1
1991Symphonie nº 3 avec orgue / La Jeunesse d'HerculeSaint‐Saëns; Marie‐Claire Alain, Wiener Symphoniker; Georges Prêtre1
1992Fantasies in E-flat major, D-flat major & C major / Bénédiction nuptiale / The Preludes and FuguesCamille Saint‐Saëns; Hans Fagius1
19922 Violin SonatasSaint‐Saëns; Jean‐Jacques Kantorow, Jacques Rouvier1
1992Carnival of the Animals (LSO, Barry Wordsworth)Camille Saint‐Saëns1
1992Dvořák: Cello Concerto in B minor / Saint‐Saëns: Cello Concerto no. 1 in A minorDvořák, Saint‐Saëns; London Symphony Orchestra, William Boughton, Alexander Michejew1
1992French Clarinet ArtSaint‐Saëns, Debussy, Chausson, Milhaud, Poulenc, Honegger; Paul Meyer, Éric Le Sage1
1992Le Carnaval des animaux / Wedding Cake / Septuor / CapriceSaint‐Saëns; Guennadi Rojdestvenski, Viktoria Postnikova, Jean‐François Heisser1
1992Peter and the Wolf / Carnival of the AnimalsProkofiev, Saint‐Saëns; Noni Hazlehurst, Sydney Symphony Orchestra, Stuart Challender1
1992Pièces de musique de chambreCamille Saint‐Saëns1
1992Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf / Saint‐Saëns: The Carnival of the Animals / Britten: The Young Person's Guide to the OrchestraProkofiev, Saint‐Saëns, Britten; Michael Flanders1
1992Prokofiev: Pierre et le loup / Saint-Saëns: Le Carnaval des animauxProkofiev, Saint‐Saëns; Orchestre national du Capitole de Toulouse, Michel Plasson1
1992The Grand Symphony no. 3 for Organ and OrchestraCamille Saint‐Saëns; Virgil Fox, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Vladimir Sokolov1
1993Saint-Saëns: Symphony no. 3 / Debussy: La Mer / Ibert: EscalesSaint‐Saëns, Debussy, Ibert; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch, Berj Zamkochian2
1993Saint‐Saëns: Symphonie no. 3 / Messiaen: L'AscensionSaint‐Saëns, Messiaen; Orchestre de l’Opéra Bastille, Myung-Whun Chung2
1993Cello Concerto no. 1 / Sonata no. 1 / RomancesSaint‐Saëns; London Symphony Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas, Steven Isserlis, Pascal Devoyon1
1993Piet Kee at the ConcertgebouwAlain, Franck, Saint‐Saëns; Piet Kee2
1993Fauré: Violin Sonata No. 1 / Debussy: Violin Sonata / Saint‐Saëns: Violin Sonata No. 1Fauré, Debussy, Saint‐Saëns; Chee‐Yun, Akira Eguchi1
1993Peter and the WolfProkofiev, Saint‐Saëns, Bizet; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Andrea Licata, Sir John Gielgud1
1993Piano TriosMaurice Ravel, Cécile Chaminade, Camille Saint‐Saëns; The Rembrandt Trio1
1993Quatuors pour piano, violon, alto, violoncelle: en mi majeur et si bémol majeur, op. 41Camille Saint‐Saëns; Quatuor Elyséen1
1993Samson et Dalila (Highlights)Camille Saint‐Saëns; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Sir Colin Davis1

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