Legal name: Ferdinand Joseph LaMothe

Wikipedia

Ferdinand Joseph LaMothe (October 20, 1890 – July 10, 1941), known professionally as Jelly Roll Morton, was an American ragtime and early jazz pianist, bandleader and composer who started his career in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Widely recognized as a pivotal figure in early jazz, Morton is perhaps most notable as jazz's first arranger, proving that a genre rooted in improvisation could retain its essential spirit and characteristics when notated. His composition "Jelly Roll Blues" was the first published jazz composition, in 1915. Morton is also notable for naming and popularizing the "Spanish Tinge" (habanera rhythm and tresillo), and for writing such standards as "King Porter Stomp", "Wolverine Blues", "Black Bottom Stomp", and "I Thought I Heard Buddy Bolden Say", the last a tribute to New Orleans musicians from the turn of the 19th century to 20th century.

Reputed for his arrogance and self-promotion as often as recognized in his day for his musical talents, Morton claimed to have invented jazz outright in 1902—much to the derision of later musicians and critics. The jazz historian, musician, and composer Gunther Schuller says of Morton's "hyperbolic assertions" that there is "no proof to the contrary" and that Morton's "considerable accomplishments in themselves provide reasonable substantiation". However, the scholar Katy Martin has argued that Morton's bragging was exaggerated by Alan Lomax in the book Mister Jelly Roll, and this portrayal has influenced public opinion and scholarship on Morton since.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1999 Jelly Roll Morton Plays Jelly Roll Morton and Other Favorites Jelly Roll Morton 1
2005 The Complete Library of Congress Recordings Jelly Roll Morton 1
King Porter Stomp Jelly Roll Morton 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1953 Rediscovered: Jelly Roll Morton Solos Jelly Roll Morton 1
1983 Greatest Jazz Recordings of All Time: Kings of New Orleans Jazz (disc 17) Jelly Roll Morton 1
1988 The Pearls Jelly Roll Morton 1
1989 The King & Mister Jelly Lord King Oliver & Jelly Roll Morton 1
1990 The Complete Jelly Roll Morton’s Red Hot Peppers: 1926–1930 Jelly Roll Morton 1
1991 Jelly Roll Morton Jelly Roll Morton 1
1991 The Chronological Classics: Jelly-Roll Morton 1923-1924 Jelly-Roll Morton 1
1991 The Chronological Classics: Jelly-Roll Morton 1924-1926 Jelly-Roll Morton 1
1991 The Chronological Classics: Jelly-Roll Morton 1926-1928 Jelly Roll Morton 1
1992 The Chronological Classics: Jelly-Roll Morton 1928-1929 Jelly-Roll Morton 1
1992 The Chronological Classics: Jelly-Roll Morton 1929-1930 Jelly-Roll Morton 1
1992 The Chronological Classics: Jelly-Roll Morton 1930-1939 Jelly Roll Morton 1
1992 The Chronological Classics: Jelly-Roll Morton 1939-1940 Jelly-Roll Morton 1
1993 The Library Of Congress Recordings - Volume 3 - The Pearls Jelly Roll Morton 1
1993 Kansas City Stomp: The Library of Congress Recordings, Volume 1 Jelly Roll Morton 1
1993 The Best of Jelly Roll Morton Jelly Roll Morton 1
1995 Birth of the Hot Jelly Roll Morton 1
1996 Greatest Hits Jelly Roll Morton 1
1996 Jazz Greats, Volume 17: Jelly Roll Morton: Doctor Jazz Jelly Roll Morton 1
1997 Last Sessions: The Complete General Recordings Jelly Roll Morton 1
1997 Doctor Jazz Jelly Roll Morton 1
1997 The Piano Rolls Jelly Roll Morton 1
1999 The Essential Collection Jelly Roll Morton 1
2000 Absolutely the Best Jelly Roll Morton 1
2001 The Best of Jelly Roll Morton (Red Hot Peppers, New Orleans Jazzmen & Trios) Jelly Roll Morton 1
2005 Quadromania Jazz Edition: Jelly Roll Morton: Sidewalk Blues Jelly Roll Morton 1
2007 Doctor Jazz Jelly Roll Morton 1
Blues and Stomps from Rare Piano Rolls Jelly Roll Morton 1
Jazz & Blues Collection Jelly Roll Morton 1
Library of Congress Recordings Jelly Roll Morton 1
Library of Congress Recordings, Volume 1 Jelly Roll Morton 1
Masters of Jazz: Jelly Roll Morton Jelly Roll Morton 1
Mr. Jelly Lord Jelly Roll Morton 1
New Orleans Memories Plus Two Jelly Roll Morton 1
The Library of Congress Recordings, Volume 4: Winin' Boy Blues Jelly Roll Morton 1

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1992 Jelly's Last Jam Jelly Roll Morton 1

Single

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1924 Grandpa’s Spells Jelly Roll Morton 1
1924 King Portor Jelly Roll Morton 1
1924 London Blues Jelly Roll Morton 1
1924 Mr. Jelly Lord Jelly Roll Morton 2
1924 Shreveport Stomp Jelly Roll Morton 1
1924 Stratford Huntch Jelly Roll Morton 1
1924 Tin Roof Blues Jelly Roll Morton 1
1924 The “Jelly Roll” Blues Jelly Roll Morton 1
1924 The Pearls Jelly Roll Morton 1
1924 Tom Cat Blues Jelly Roll Morton 1
1924 Bucktown Blues / Tom Cat Blues Jelly Roll Morton 1

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