Robert Schumann (German classical composer)

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Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured Schumann that Robert could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. Before their marriage, Clara—also a composer—had substantially supported her father through her considerable career as a pianist. Together, Clara and Robert encouraged, and maintained a close relationship with, Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His most famous works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. His writings about music appeared mostly in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died two years later in 1856 at the age of 46 without recovering from his mental illness.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2008 Dennis Brain: The Horn Player Dennis Brain 2
2008 Faszination Klassik Various Artists 1
2008 Für Elise - Berühmte Klavierwerke Various Artists 1
2008 Historical Russian Archives: Vladimir Sofronitzky Edition Vladimir Sofronitzky 1
2008 Jahrhundert Geiger, Volume 2: 20 große Violin-Virtuosen Various Artists 5
2008 Klavier Kaiser, Volume 2: 5 große Pianisten Various Artists 5
2008 Meditation: Classical Melodies for a Peaceful Mind Various Artists 1
2008 Myleene's Music for mothers Myleene Klass 1
2008 Piano favourites Various Artists 1
2008 Romantic Piano Various Artists 1
2008 The Complete EMI Recordings Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2008 The Great Composers II Various Artists 1
2008 The Great Composers III Various Artists 1
2008 The Most Popular Classical Music In The World...Ever! Various Artists 1
2009 The 99 Most Essential Pieces of the Romantic Era Various Artists 1
2009 Violin Masterworks: The World's Favourite Violin Classics Various Artists 1
2009 Pianist 46 CD Various Artists 1
2009 The Ultimate Collection: Classical - 100 Hits Various Artists 1
2009 Best Encores 100 Various Artists 1
2009 Sicilienne 高木綾子 1
2009 Classical Music for Meditation and Yoga (Classical Music for Meditation and Yoga) Various Artists 1
2009 Muzyka dla Ucha Mamy i Malucha Various Artists 1
2009 Pianist of the Century Sviatoslav Richter 1
2009 The Essential Piano: 40 Popular Classics Various Artists 2
2009 The American Decca Recordings 1 Andrés Segovia 1
2009 100 Best Adagio Voices Various Artists 1
2009 Best Cello 100 Various Artists 1
2009 Complete Works Johannes Brahms 1
2009 The Collection 2: The Concerto Recordings Martha Argerich 1
2009 Drømmeland - Musik til ro og hvile Various Artists 1
2009 Meditation: Classical Relaxation, Volume 5 Various Artists 3
2009 Meditation: Classical Relaxation, Volume 10 Various Artists 1
2009 111 Years of Deutsche Grammophon Various Artists 3
2009 111 Years of Deutsche Grammophon: The Collectors’ Edition Various Artists 52
2009 hmGold "Les Trésors (The Treasures)" Various Artists 1
2009 30 Years Outside the Box Yo‐Yo Ma 1
2009 The Symphony Collection Nikolaus Harnoncourt 1
2009 The Complete Original Jacket Collection Vladimir Horowitz 1
2009 Cello-Träume: Romantische Klänge zum Verlieben Mischa Maisky 1
2009 Great Music for Babies Various Artists 1
2009 Le monde du Piano: Beethoven, Brahms, Schumann Yves Nat 1
2009 Les Grands Classiques d'Edgar : La Musique romantique Various Artists 1
2009 Meisterwerke der Romantik Various Artists 1
2009 Musica Viva: International Concert Season 2010 Various Artists 1
2009 Selected Classics - Das Beste Der Klassik 2009 Various Artists 1
2009 Sweet Dreams: The Ultimate Sleep Companion Various Artists 1
2009 The Complete Published EMI Recordings, 1926-1955 Pablo Casals 1
2009 The Essential Guitar: Music of Beauty and Romance Various Artists 1
2009 The Essential Vladimir Horowitz Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
2009 The Magic of Horowitz Vladimir Horowitz 1
2010 Le Monde du piano: Chopin, Schumann, Liszt Martha Argerich 1
2010 Pianist 52 Various Artists 1
2010 Down in a Flowery Vale dwschorale 1
2010 Complete Decca Solo Recordings Radu Lupu 1
2010 Nodame Cantabile COMPLETE BEST 100 Various Artists 1
2010 Musical Concepts Classical Sampler Various Artists 1
2010 Ihre größten Erfolge Elisabeth Schwarzkopf 1
2010 Klassik Festival Various Artists 1
2010 Sehnsuchtswalzer: Schumann, Schubert, Weber & Czerny Herbert Schuch 1
2010 100 Hits: Classical Chillout Various Artists 1
2010 Hummelflug und Bärentanz Various Artists 1
2010 Acoustic Recordings 1901-1924 Various Artists 1
2010 The Legendary Concerto Recordings Byron Janis 1
2010 Best of Lang Lang Lang Lang 3
2010 Essential Piano Various Artists 1
2010 The 99 Most Essential Classical Pieces for Your Mind Various Artists 1
2010 The Collection 3: Chamber Ensembles Martha Argerich 1
2010 Angela Hewitt plays Bach Johann Sebastian Bach; Angela Hewitt 1
2010 111 Years of Deutsche Grammophon: The Collectors’ Edition 2 Various Artists 54
2010 Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon Horowitz 1
2010 111 More Classic Tracks Various Artists 1
2010 Meister Singer Various Artists 1
2010 The Symphony Edition New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
2010 La musique classique pour les nuls Various Artists 2
2010 The Complete Album Collection Jascha Heifetz 1
2010 Walevska Legendary Recordings Christine Walevska 1
2010 100 Greatest Classics Various Artists 1
2010 Best of Klassik 2010 Various Artists 1
2010 Candlelight Classics Various Artists 1
2010 Clara Haskil Edition Clara Haskil 1
2010 Das große Wunschkonzert der Klassik Various Artists 1
2010 Essential Cello Various Artists 1
2010 Giulini in America: Los Angeles Philharmonic Carlo Maria Giulini, Los Angeles Philharmonic 1
2010 Iedereen Klassiek Various Artists 1
2010 Iedereen Klassiek Blues Davide Vario 1
2010 Janet Baker: The Beloved Mezzo Dame Janet Baker 1
2010 L'édition intégrale Samson François 1
2010 Living Stereo: 60 CD Collection Various Artists 2
2010 Piano Perlen Various Artists 1
2010 So klingt Weihnachten: Klassikträume zur Weihnachtszeit Various Artists 1
2010 The Great EMI Recordings Paul Tortelier 1
2010 The Great EMI Recordings Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau 1
2010 Virtuose Cellokonzerte Mischa Maisky, Orpheus Chamber Orchestra, Berliner Philharmoniker, Zubin Mehta 1
2011 Allegro Classical 2011 Winter Sampler Various Artists 1
2011 International Piano Festival: A Benefit Concert Various Artists 1
2011 Winter Classics: Klassische Musik zum Verführen Various Artists 1
2011 Klassik für Kinder: Ausgewählte Werke für kleine Hörer Various Artists 1
2011 Martha Argerich Edition: Chamber Music Martha Argerich 1
2011 The Art of Martha Argerich Martha Argerich 1
2011 99 Must-Have Chillout Classics Various Artists 1

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