Robert Schumann (German classical composer)

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Robert Schumann (8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

Schumann's published compositions were written exclusively for the piano until 1840; he later composed works for piano and orchestra; many Lieder (songs for voice and piano); four symphonies; an opera; and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. Works such as Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C are among his most famous. His writings about music appeared mostly in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication which he jointly founded.

In 1840, Schumann married Friedrich Wieck's daughter Clara, against the wishes of her father, following a long and acrimonious legal battle, which found in favor of Clara and Robert. Clara also composed music and had a considerable concert career as a pianist, the earnings from which, before her marriage, formed a substantial part of her father's fortune.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder, first manifesting itself in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode, which recurred several times alternating with phases of 'exaltation' and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted to a mental asylum, at his own request, in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with "psychotic melancholia", Schumann died two years later in 1856 without having recovered from his mental illness.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1990 Symphony No. 1 "Spring" / Symphony No. 4 Robert Schumann; Baltimore Symphony Orchestra & David Zinman 1
1991 Kinderszenen / Carnaval / Faschingsschwank aus Wien Robert Schumann; Daniel Barenboim 1
1991 Piano Quartets Robert Schumann; André Previn, Heiichiro Ohyama, Young Uck Kim, Gary Hoffman 1
1991 Music for the Millions, Vol. 16: Schumann Robert Schumann 1
1991 Piano Concerti Grieg, Schumann; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis, Claudio Arrau 1
1991 Schumann / Brahms / Bach Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms, Johann Sebastian Bach; Heinrich Neuhaus 1
1991 Schumann: Davidsbündlertänze / Debussy: Estampes / Scriabin: Poèmes / Sonata no. 5 Schumann, Debussy, Scriabin; Stina Backlund 1
1991 Schumann: Phantasie in C / Liszt: Sonata in B minor Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt; Vlado Perlemuter 2
1991 Symphonien Nos. 2 & 3 "Rheinische" (London Philharmonic Orchestra, feat. conductor: Kurt Masur) Robert Schumann, London Philharmonic Orchestra & Kurt Masur 5 2
1991 Symphonies No. 1 "Spring" - No. 3 "Rhenish" Schumann; BRT Philharmonic Orchestra, Brussels, Alexander Rahbari 1
1991 Symphonies Nos. 2 & 3 "Rhenish" (Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, feat. conductor: David Zinman) Robert Schumann 1
1992 Sonatas op. 105 and 121, Romances nos 1–3 op. 94 Robert Schumann; Charles Neidich, Leonard Hokanson 1
1992 Brahms/Schumann Soirée Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; David Shifrin, Carol Rosenberger 1
1992 Carnaval, Op. 9 / Kinderszenen, Op. 15 Robert Schumann; Pavel Egorov 1
1992 Kathleen Ferrier, Vol 4: Schumann / Brahms / Schubert Schumann, Brahms, Schubert; Kathleen Ferrier 1
1992 Kathleen Ferrier, Volume 9: Schubert / Brahms / Schumann Schubert, Brahms, Schumann; Kathleen Ferrier, Bruno Walter 1
1992 Overture to Genoveva and Overture, Scherzo and Finale Robert Schumann: Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra, Raymond Leppard 1
1992 Piano Concertos Robert Schumann, Edvard Grieg; Philharmonia Cassovia 1
1992 Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor / Chopin: Piano Concerto no. 2 in F minor Robert Schumann, Frédéric Chopin; The Philharmonia, Neeme Järvi, Louis Lortie 2
1992 Symphonies no. 1 "Spring" / Symphony no. 3 "Rhenish" Schumann; Silesian Philharmonic, Karol Stryja 2
1992 Symphony no. 1 “Spring” / Symphony no. 2 Robert Schumann; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
1992 Symphony no. 3 “Rhenish” / Symphony no. 4 / Manfred Overture Schumann; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
1992 The Four Symphonies / Overtures: Genoveva, Manfred Schumann; Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Rafael Kubelík 1
1992 Waldszenen, 6 Fantasiestücke Op. 12, Abegg-Variationen, Toccata, Novellette Op. 21/1, Marsch Op. 76/2 Robert Schumann; Sviatoslav Richter 1
1993 Schubert: Arpeggione Sonata / Schumann: Fantasiestücke / Stücke im Volkston / Adagio and Allegro Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann; Maria Kliegel, Kristin Merscher 1
1993 Overtures Schumann; Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Johannes Wildner 1
1993 Piano Concerto no. 2 / Introduction and Allegro appassionato, op. 92 Brahms, Schumann; BRT Philharmonic (Brussels), Alexander Rahbari, Jenő Jandó 1
1993 Piano Works: Kinderszenen / Papillons / Carnaval (1992 recordings) Robert Schumann; Jenő Jandó 2
1993 2 Sonatas for Violin & Piano / 3 Romances, op. 22 Robert & Clara Schumann; Fabio Biondi, Luigi Di Ilio 1
1993 Brahms: Clarinet Sonatas 1 & 2 / Schumann: Fantasy Pieces Brahms, Schumann; Franklin Cohen, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1993 Brahms: Sonaten für Bratsche und Klavier / Schumann: Märchenbilder, op. 113 Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; Lars Anders Tomter, Leif Ove Andsnes 1
1993 Complete Symphonies Robert Schumann; New Philharmonia Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 1
1993 Davidbündlertänze / Piano Sonata op. 22 / Toccata op. 7 Robert Schumann & Boris Berezovsky 1
1993 Dichterliebe / Liederkreis Schumann; Thomas Quasthoff, Roberto Szidon 1
1993 Fantasie in C major, op. 17 / Bunte Blätter, op. 99 Robert Schumann; Dénes Várjon 1
1993 Grande Sonate, Op. 14 / Kinderszenen, Op. 15 / Kreisleriana, Op. 16 Robert Schumann; Jean-Efflam Bavouzet 1
1993 Kinderszenen/Waldszenen/Albumblätter Robert Schumann; Cyprien Katsaris 1
1993 Merktar hljóðritanir frá árunum 1948—1963: Schumann / Debussy / Liszt / Jón Þórarinsson / Jón Leifs / Hallgrímur Helgason Schumann, Debussy, Liszt, Jón Þórarinsson, Jón Leifs, Hallgrímur Helgason; Rögnvaldur Sigurjónsson 1
1993 Overtures: Manfred / Julius Caesar / Genoveva / Overture, Scherzo & Finale Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1993 Piano Concerto & Other Works for Piano and Orchestra Robert Schumann; Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra, Stefan Soltesz, Heidrun Holtmann 1
1993 Robert Schumann: Carnaval/Scenes From Childhood/Arabeske Robert Schumann; Pavel Jegorov 2
1993 Schubert: Piano Sonata, D958 / Mozart: Piano Sonata K. 570 / Schumann: Piano Sonata, op. 22 Schubert, Mozart, Robert Schumann; Dieter Zechlin, Peter Rösel 1
1993 Schumann: Piano Concerto Robert Schumann; Yevgeny Kissin, Wiener Philharmoniker, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1993 Symphonies 1 and 2 Schumann; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1993 Violončelist Miloš Mlejnik Schumann, Krek, Boccherini; Miloš Mlejnik 1
1994 The Great Piano Concertos Grieg, Schumann 1
1994 Das Paradies und die Peri / Romanzen Robert Schumann; Düsseldorfer Symphoniker, Henryk Czyz 1
1994 Piano Quartets Beethoven, Schumann; Isaac Stern, Yo‐Yo Ma, Emanuel Ax, Jaime Laredo 1
1994 BBC Music, Volume 2, Number 10: Liederkreis, Op. 39 & Twelve Poems, Op. 35 Robert Schumann 1
1994 Schumann, Shostakovich Robert Schumann, Dmitri Shostakovich; Sviatoslav Richter 1
1994 Fantasie C-Dur, op. 17 / Symphonische Etüden (Spätfassung 1852) Robert Schumann; Burkard Schliessmann 5 1
1994 Shostakovich: Violin Concerto No. 2 / Schumann: Cello Concerto Shostakovich, Schumann; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa, Gidon Kremer 1
1994 4 Symphonies / Overture, Scherzo & Finale Robert Schumann; The Hanover Band, Roy Goodman 1
1994 Brahms: Sonatas for Piano & Cello / Schumann: Adagio & Allegro Brahms, Schumann; János Starker, Rudolf Buchbinder 1
1994 Frauenliebe und Leben / Dichterliebe / 10 Lieder Robert Schumann; Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Christoph Eschenbach, Brigitte Fassbaender, Irwin Gage 1
1994 Kreisleriana / Waldszenen Robert Schumann; Valery Afanassiev 1
1994 Marchenbilder / Fantasiestucke / Stucke im Volkston / Romanzen Robert Schumann; Paul Meyer, Éric Le Sage 1
1994 Piano Quartets Schumann, Brahms; The Ames Piano Quartet 1
1994 Schumann: Fantasy in C, op. 17 / Kinderszenen, op. 15 / Liszt: Sonata in B minor Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt; Dag Achatz 1
1994 Schumann: The Works for Solo Piano Schumann; Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1994 Symphonien nr. 2 & 3 “Rheinische” Robert Schumann; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim 1
1994 The Magic of The French Horn: Greatest Concertos Corrette, Bochsa, Telemann, Mozart, Dauprat, Dukas, Schumann 2
1994 Variations Abegg / Scènes d'enfants / Kreisleriana Robert Schumann; Katia Skanavi 1
1994 Violin Sonatas Nos. 1 & 2 Robert Schumann; Ilya Kaler, Boris Slutsky 1
1995 Kinderszenen / Kreisleriana / Humoreske Schumann; Radu Lupu 1
1995 Brahms: Symphonie No. 1 / Schumann: Symphonie No. 1 Brahms, Schumann; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1995 BBC Music, Volume 3, Number 10: Imogen Cooper plays Schumann & Brahms Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms; Imogen Cooper 1
1995 Klavierkonzert / Introduction and Allegro Appassionato / Waldszenen / Novellette no. 1 / Toccata Schumann; Sviatoslav Richter 2
1995 Piano Quintet Op. 44 / Piano Quartet Op. 47 Schumann; Emerson String Quartet, Menahem Pressler 1
1995 Piano Concertos Grieg, Schumann; RSO Berlin, Riccardo Chailly, Jorge Bolet 1
1995 Brahms: Double Concerto for Violin & Cello, op. 102 / Schumann: Cello Concerto in A minor, op. 129 Brahms, Schumann; Maria Kliegel, Ilya Kaler, National Symphony Orchestra of Ireland, Andrew Constantine 2
1995 Carnaval / Kinderszenen / Papillons Schumann; Ethella Chuprik 1
1995 Carnaval / Kreisleriana Schumann; Mitsuko Uchida 1
1995 Concertos for Piano and Orchestra Robert Schumann, Clara Schumann; Berliner Symphoniker, Gerard Oskamp, Shoko Sugitani 3
1995 Fantasiestücke, Op. 12 / Intermezzi, Op. 4 Robert Schumann 1
1995 Grieg: Píanókonsert í a-moll, op. 16 / Schumann: Kinderszenen, op. 15 Grieg, Schumann; Steinunn Birna Ragnarsdóttir 2
1995 Grieg: Songs / Schumann: Dichterliebe Grieg, Schumann; Harald Bjørkøy, Jens Harald Bratlie 1
1995 Hommage a R. Sch. György Kurtág & Robert Schumann 1
1995 Klavierquintett Op. 44 / Streichquartette Op. 41 No. 1 Robert Schumann; Hagen Quartett, Paul Gulda 1
1995 Mstislav Rostropovich in concert Haydn, Schumann, Tchaikovsky; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1995 Papillons / Davidsbündlertänze Schumann; Christian Zacharias 1
1995 Robert Schumann Robert Schumann 2
1995 Scarlatti: 7 Sonates / Debussy : Pour le piano / Schumann : Études symphoniques op. 13 Scarlatti, Debussy, Schumann; Emil Gilels 1
1996 Schubert: Wanderer-Fantasie / Schumann: Fantasie, op. 17 Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann; Maurizio Pollini 1
1996 Beethoven: Symphony no. 3 in E-flat major, op. 55 "Eroica" / Schumann: Manfred-Ouverture Beethoven, Schumann; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1996 Chamber Music Robert Schumann 1
1996 Schumann: Piano Concerto / Strauss: Burleske Schumann, Strauss; Deutsches Symphonie‐Orchester Berlin, David Zinman, Hélène Grimaud 1
1996 Symphonies Nos. 1 “Spring” and 3 “Rhenish” Schumann; Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra (Katowice), Antoni Wit 1
1996 Piano Sonatas: no. 1 in F-sharp minor, op. 11 / no. 3 in F minor, op. 14 Robert Schumann; Nikolai Demidenko 1
1996 The Four Symphonies / Manfred Overture (Cleveland Orchestra feat. conductor: George Szell) Robert Schumann 1
1996 Violin Concertos in D & A minor Robert Schumann; John Storgårds, Tampere Filharmonia, Leif Segerstam 1
1996 Das Paradies und die Peri Schumann; Hajóssyová, Schiml, Büchner, Polster, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Rundfunk-Sinfonie-Orchester Leipzig, Wolf-Dieter Hauschild 1
1996 Carnaval, op. 9 / 3 Fantasiestücke, op. 111 / Symphonische Etüden, op. 13 Robert Schumann; Shura Cherkassky 1
1996 Klaviersonate No. 1 / Symphonische Etüden Op. 13 Robert Schumann; Maurizio Pollini 1
1996 Streichquartette Op. 41 Nos. 2 & 3 Robert Schumann; Hagen Quartett 1
1996 Symphonies 1 & 2 Schumann: St. Petersburg Radio & TV Orchestra 1
1996 The Classical Collection: Romantic Chamber Music: Lyrical Masterworks: Sonatina for Violin & Piano / Piano Trio / Cello Sonata Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms 1
1996 The Great Composers 07: Schumann Symphony No. 1 in B Flat Major Op. 38 "Spring" / Piano Concerto in a Minor Op. 54 Robert Schumann; Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Orchestre symphonique de Radio Télé Luxembourg 3
1996 The Great Violin Concertos Schumann, Sibelius; Peter Rybar 1
1996 The Last Recital: Ossiach, June 28 1969 Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann; Wilhelm Backhaus 1

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