Robert Schumann (German classical composer)

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Wikipedia

Robert Schumann (8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

Schumann's published compositions were written exclusively for the piano until 1840; he later composed works for piano and orchestra; many Lieder (songs for voice and piano); four symphonies; an opera; and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. Works such as Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C are among his most famous. His writings about music appeared mostly in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication which he jointly founded.

In 1840, Schumann married Friedrich Wieck's daughter Clara, against the wishes of her father, following a long and acrimonious legal battle, which found in favor of Clara and Robert. Clara also composed music and had a considerable concert career as a pianist, the earnings from which, before her marriage, formed a substantial part of her father's fortune.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder, first manifesting itself in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode, which recurred several times alternating with phases of ‘exaltation’ and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted to a mental asylum, at his own request, in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with "psychotic melancholia", Schumann died two years later in 1856 without having recovered from his mental illness.

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Discography

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
Schumann: Piano Quintet, op. 44 / Mozart: String Quartet, KV 465 "Dissonance" Schumann, Mozart; Philippe Entremont, Alban Berg Quartett 1

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1993 Musique de chambre (Michaïl Rudy, Michel Portal, Boris Pergamenschikow & Gérard Caussé) Robert Schumann 1

Single

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2001 Album für die Jugend, op. 68 Schumann; Rico Gulda 1

Other

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2006 Cello Concerto in A minor, Op.129 (Bavarian Chamber Philharmonic, feat. cello: Natalia Gutman, conductor: W. Albert) Robert Schumann 1
2006 Kreisleriana Op. 16 (Pavel Gintov) Robert Schumann 1
2006 Märchenbilder, for viola and piano, Op. 113 Schumann; Ilya Hoffman, Sergey Koudirakov 1
2006 Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 54 (St. Petersburg New Philharmony Orchestra, feat. conductor: Alexander Titov, piano: T. Min) Robert Schumann 1
2006 Piano Sonata no. 1 in F-sharp minor, op. 11 Robert Schumann; Elisso Virsaladze 1
Der Rose Pilgerfahrt Robert Schumann 1
Landscape Classics Series, No. 60 Robert Schumann 1
Landscape Classics Series, No. 68 Robert Schumann 1

Other + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2003 Beethoven: Piano Concerto no. 4 / Schuman: Piano Concerto Beethoven, Schumann; Hélène Grimaud, Deutsches Symphonie‐Orchester Berlin, David Zinman, New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Kurt Masur 1

Broadcast + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2002 Schumann: Symphonie No. 1 / Bruckner: Symphonie No. 4 / Haydn: Symphonie Hob. I/88 / Beethoven: Coriolan Robert Schumann, Anton Bruckner, Joseph Haydn, Ludwig van Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Wilhelm Furtwängler 4 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1990 Symphonies 1 & 4 (London Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Kurt Masur) Robert Schumann 1
1991 Symphonische Etuden, Arabeske Robert Schumann; Maurizio Pollini 1
1991 Das Grosse Klassikerlebnis / Die Grossen Komponisten Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Antonio Vivaldi, Peter Tschaikowsky, Robert Schumann, Johann Sebastian Bach 1
1993 Genoveva (Gewandhausorchester Leipzing, feat. conductor: Kurt Masur, singers: Moser, Fischer-Dieskau, Schreier, Schröter) Robert Schumann 1
1997 Schumann: Song Cycles: Op. 24, 42, & 48 Schumann; Leon Fleisher, Phyllis Bryn‐Julson, John Shirley‐Quirk 1
1999 Schumann: Piano Sonata no. 1 / Scarlatti: 5 Keyboard Sonatas / Bach / Tchaikovsky / Prokofiev Schumann, Scarlatti, Bach, Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev; Emil Gilels 1
1999 Kerner Lieder, op. 35; Liederkreis, op. 39 Robert Schumann; Margaret Price, Graham Johnson 1
2002 Fantasie in C-Dur / Faschingsschwank aus Wien / Papillions Schumann; Swjatoslaw Richter 1
2006 Ses enregistrements 1930-1956 Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin, Brahms, Schumann, Franck, Liszt, Стравинский; Yves Nat 1
2007 An Clara Robert Schumann; Éric Le Sage 1
2007 Davidsbundlertanze Op.6 - Intermezzi Op.4 Robert Schumann; Claire Désert 1
2011 Piano Sonata no. 1, op. 11 / Fantasia op. 17 Robert Schumann; Jin Ju 1
2015 Klavierkonzert Op 54 Klaviertrio No 2 Op80 Robert Schumann; Alexander Melnikov, Freiburger Barockorchester, Pablo Heras-Casado, Jean‐Guihen Queyras, Isabelle Faust 1
Alfred Cortot plays Schumann 1950's Robert Schumann; Alfred Cortot 1
Coll. radio classique Vol. 18 Mendelssohn - Schumann Robert Schumann & Felix Mendelssohn 1
Dichterliebe, Liederkreis op. 24 Robert Schumann 1
Frauenliebe und -leben Schumann; Lucia Popp, Geoffrey Parsons 1
Klavierkonzert a-Moll / Symphonie No. 4 Robert Schumann 1
Piano Music (Leon McCawley) Robert Schumann 1
Piano Quartet Op. 47 / Piano Quintet Op. 44 (Cleveland Quartet, Emanuel Ax) Robert Schumann 1
Rubinstein Collection, Volume 52: Schumann: Kreisleriana / Fantasia (feat. piano: Arthur Rubinstein) Robert Schumann 1
Schumann - The Rubenstein Collection Robert Schumann 1
Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 (Norrington, London Classical Players) Robert Schumann 1
Symphonische Etüden Op.13, Fantasiestücke Op.12, Toccata Op. 7 Robert Schumann; François‐René Duchâble 1
Szenen aus Goethes Faust Schumann; Benjamin Britten, Fischer‐Dieskau, Harwood, Pears, Shirley‐Quirk 1
The Romantic Piano [J. Karnavichius] Robert Schumann 1

Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2003 Rhapsody in Blue: Schumann Piano Concerto in A minor Robert Schumann 1
2004 Violin Fantasies Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Arnold Schönberg, Ornette Coleman; Jennifer Koh, Reiko Uchida 1
2010 Träumerei -- Best of Schumann Robert Schumann; Christian Zacharias, WDR Rundfunkorchester Köln & Hans Vonk 1
2015 Andreas Staier plays Schumann Robert Schumann; Andreas Staier 1

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