Robert Schumann (German classical composer)

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Robert Schumann (8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

Schumann's published compositions were written exclusively for the piano until 1840; he later composed works for piano and orchestra; many Lieder (songs for voice and piano); four symphonies; an opera; and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. Works such as Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C are among his most famous. His writings about music appeared mostly in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication which he jointly founded.

In 1840, Schumann married Friedrich Wieck's daughter Clara, against the wishes of her father, following a long and acrimonious legal battle, which found in favor of Clara and Robert. Clara also composed music and had a considerable concert career as a pianist, the earnings from which, before her marriage, formed a substantial part of her father's fortune.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder, first manifesting itself in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode, which recurred several times alternating with phases of ‘exaltation’ and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted to a mental asylum, at his own request, in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with "psychotic melancholia", Schumann died two years later in 1856 without having recovered from his mental illness.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
Piano Quartet Op. 47 / Piano Quintet Op. 44 (Cleveland Quartet, Emanuel Ax) Robert Schumann 1
Rubinstein Collection, Volume 52: Schumann: Kreisleriana / Fantasia (feat. piano: Arthur Rubinstein) Robert Schumann 1
Schumann - The Rubenstein Collection Robert Schumann 1
Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 (Norrington, London Classical Players) Robert Schumann 1
Symphonische Etüden Op.13, Fantasiestücke Op.12, Toccata Op. 7 Robert Schumann; François-René Duchâble 1
Szenen aus Goethes Faust Schumann; Benjamin Britten, Fischer-Dieskau, Harwood, Pears, Shirley-Quirk 1
The Romantic Piano [J. Karnavichius] Robert Schumann 1


Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2003 Rhapsody in Blue: Schumann Piano Concerto in A minor Robert Schumann 1
2004 Violin Fantasies Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Arnold Schönberg, Ornette Coleman; Jennifer Koh, Reiko Uchida 1
2010 Träumerei -- Best of Schumann Robert Schumann; Christian Zacharias, WDR Rundfunkorchester Köln & Hans Vonk 1
2015 Andreas Staier plays Schumann Robert Schumann; Andreas Staier 1

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